月大学英语四级考试试卷、 2002 年 12 月大学英语四级考试试卷、答案
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)? Section A ? Directions:In this section,you will hear 10 short conversations.At the Directions end of each conversation,a question will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause.During the pause,you must read the four choices marked A),B),C) and D),and decide which is the best answer.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.? Example:You will hear:? Example You will read: A) At the office.? B) In the waiting room.? C) At the airport.? D) In a restaurant.? From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening.This is most likely to have taken place at the office.Therefore,A)"At the office" is the best answer.You should choose on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre. ? Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
  1.A) They are both anxious to try Italian food. B) They are likely to have dinner together.? C) The man will treat the woman to dinner tonight. D) The woman refused to have dinner with the man.?
  2.A) It's only for rent, not fof sale. B) It's being redecorated.? C) It's not as good as advertised. D) It's no longer available.?
  3.A) Colleagues. B) Employer and employee. C) Husband and wife. D) Mother and son ?
  4.A) She contacts her parents occasionally. B) She phones her parents regularly at weekends.? C) She visits her parents at weekends when the fares are down.? D) She often calls her parents regardless of the rates.?
  5.A) The next bus is coming soon.? B) The bus will wait a few minutes at the stop. C) There are only two or three passengers waiting for the bus.?
D) They can catch this bus without running.?
  6.A) The assignment looks easy but actually it's quite difficult. B) The assignment is too difficult for them to complete on time. C) They cannot finish the assignment until Thursday. D) They have plenty of time to work on the assignment.?
  7.A) The man will go to meet the woman this evening. B) The man and the woman have an appointment at 7 o'clock. C) The woman can't finish making the jam before 7 o'clock. D) The woman won't be able to see the man this evening.?
  8.A) She's learned a lot from the literature class. B) She's written some books about world classics. C) She's met some of the world's best writers. D) She's just back from a trip round the world.?
  9.A) The exam was easier than the previous one.? B) Joe is sure that he will do better in the next exam.? C) Joe probably failed in the exam.? D) The oral part of the exam was easier than the written part.?
  10.A) She is tired of driving in heavy traffic.? B) She doesn't mind it as the road conditions are good.? C) She is unhappy to have to drive such a long way every day.? D) She enjoys it because she's good at driving.
Section B Compound Dictation ? 注意:听力理解的 B 节(Section B)为复合式听写(Compound Dictation),题目在试卷二上, 现在请取试卷 二。 Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)? Directions:There are 4 passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions or Directions unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. ? Passage One Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage. Like many of my generation, I have a weakness for hero worship. At some point, however, we all begin to question our heroes and our need for them. This leads us to ask: What is a hero? Despite immense differences in cultures, heroes around the world generally share a number of characterstics that instruct and inspire people. A hero does something worth talking a about. A hero has a story of adventure to tell and a community who will listen. But a hero goes beyond mere fame. Heroes serve powers or principles larger than themselves. Like high ? voltage transformers,
heroes take the energy of higher powers and step it down so that it c an be used by ordinary people. The hero lives a life worthy of imitation. Those who imitate a genuine hero experience life with new depth, enthusiasm, and meaning. A sure test for would ? be heroes is what or whom do they serve? What are they willing to live and die for? If the answer or evidence suggests they serve only their own fame, they may be famous persons but not heroes. Madonna and Michael Jackson are famous, but who would claim that their fans find life more abundant? Heroes are cantalysts(催化剂) for change. they have a vision from the mountain top. They have the skill and the charm to move the masses. They create new possibilities. Without Gandhi, India might still be part of the British Empire. Without Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr., we might still have segregated (隔离的) buses, restaurants, and parks. It may be possible for large scale change to occur without leaders with magnetic personalities, but the pace of change would be slow, the vision uncertain, and the committee meetings endless.
  11.Although heroes may come from different cultures, they . A) generally process certain inspiring characteristics ordinary people ? C) are often influenced by previous generations of fans
  12.According to the passage, heroes are compared to high-voltage transformers in that . ? A) they have a vision from the mountaintop emotions ? C) they can serve as concrete examples of noble principles and more confident
  13.Madonna and Michael Jackson are not considered heroes because .? A) they are popular only among certain groups of people their fans morally C) their primary concern is their own financial interests D) they are not clear about the principles they should follow
  14.Gandhi and Martin Luther King are typical examples of outstanding leaders who . ? A) are good at demonstrating their charming characters forceful speeches ? C) are capable of meeting all challenges and hardships of their people
  15.The author concludes that historical changes would .? A) be delayed without leaders with inspiring personal qualities B) not happen without heroes making the necessary sacrifices D) can provide an answer to the problems B) can move the masses with their B) their performances do not improve D) they can make people feel stronger B) they have a warm feelings and D) all unknowingly attract a large number B) probably share some weaknesses of
C) take place if there were heroes to lead the people D) produce leaders with attractive personalities Passage Two Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage: According to a survey, which was based on the responses of over 188,000 students , today's traditional ? age college freshmen are "more materialistic and less ? altruistic ? (利他主 义的)" than at any time in the 17 years of the poll.? Not surprising in these hard times, the student's major objective "is to be financially well off. Less important than ever is developing a meaningful philosophy of life." It follows then that today the most popular course is not literature or history but accounting. Interest in teaching, social service and the "altruistic" fields is at a low. On the other hand, enrollment in business programs, engineering and computer science is way up.? That's no surprise either. A friend of mine (a sales representative for a chemic al company) was making twice the salary of her college instructors her first yea r on the job-even before she completed her two ? year associate degree.? While it's true that we all need a career, it is equally true that our civilization has accumulated an incredible amount of knowledge in fields far removed from our own and that we are better for our understanding of these other contributions- be they scientific or artistic. It is equally true that, in studying the diverse wisdom of others, we learn how to think. More important, perhaps, education teaches us to see the connections between things, as well as to see beyond our immediate needs.? Weekly we read of unions who went on strike for higher wages, only to drive their employer out of business. No company: no job. How shortsighted in the long run ! But the most important argument for a broad education is that in studying the ac cumulated wisdom of the ages, we improve our moral sense. I saw a cartoon recently which shows a group of businessmen looking puzzled as they sit around a conference table; one of them is talking on the ? intercom ? (对讲机):"Miss Baxter ," he says, "could you please send in someone who can distinguish right from wrong?" From the long ? term point of view, that's what education really ought to be about.
  16.According to the author's observation, college students .? A) have never been so materialistic as today ? C) have never been so financially well off as today D) have never attached so much importance to moral sense
  17.The students' criteria for electing majors today have much to do with .? A) the influences of their instructors ? C) their own interpretations of the courses of others D) their understanding of the contributions B) the financial goals they seek in life B) have never been so interested in the arts

  18.By saying "While it's true that... be they scientific or artistic" (Lines 1-3, Para.
  5),the author means that .? A) business management should be included in educational programs B) human wisdom has accumulated at an extraordinarily high speed C) human intellectual development has reached new heights D) the importance of a broad education should not be overlooked
  19.Studying the diverse wisdom of others can .? A) create varying artistic interests perspective ? C) help improve connections among people D) regulate the behavior of modern people B) help people see things in their right

  20.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?? A) Businessmen absorbed in their career are narrow ? minded. B) Managers often find it hard to tell right from wrong.? C) People engaged in technical jobs lead a more rewarding life. D) Career seekers should not focus on immediate interests only. Passage Three Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage: New technology links the world as never before. Our planet has shrunk. It's now a "global village" where countries are only seconds away by fax or phone satellite link. And, of course, our ability to benefit from this high-tech communications equipment is greatly enhanced by foreign language skills. Deeply involved with this new technology is a breed of modern businesspeople who have a growing respect for the economic value of doing business abroad. In modern markets, success overseas often help support domestic business efforts. Overseas assignments are becoming increasingly important to advancement within executive ranks. The executive stationed in another country no longer need fear being "out of sight and out of mind." He or she can be sure that the overseas effort is central to the company's plan for success, and that promotions often follow or accompany an assignment abroad. If an employee can succeed in a difficult assignment overseas, superiors will have greater confidence in his or her ability to cope back in the United Sates where cross ? cultural considerations and foreign language issues are becoming more and more ? prevalent (普遍的).? Thanks to a variety of relatively inexpensive communications devices with business applications, even small businesses in the United States are able to get into international markets. English is still the international language of business. But there is an ever ? growing need for people who can speak another language. A second language isn't generally required to get a job in business, but having language skills gives a candidate the edge when other qualifications appear to be equal. The employee posted abroad who speaks the country's principal language has an opportunity to fast ? forward certain negotiations, and can have the cultural insight to know when it is better
to move more slowly. The employee at the home office who can communicate well with foreign clients over the telephone or by fax ma chine is an obvious asset to the firm.
  21.What is the author's attitude toward high-tech communications equipment ?? A) Critical. B) Indifferent. C) Prejudiced. D) Positive.

  22.With the increased use of high-tech communications equipment, business people . ? A) have to get familiar with modern technology domestic operations C) are attaching more importance to their overseas business D) are eager to work overseas B) are gaining more economic benefits from

  23.In this passage, "out of sight and out of mind" (Lines 2 ? 3, Para.
  3) probably means . ? A) being unable to think properly for lack of insight at home ? C) missing opportunities for promotion when abroad D) leaving all care and worthy behind B) being totally out of touch with business

  24.According to the passage, what is an important consideration of international corporations in empl



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