1. Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧。
  2. God helps those who help themselves.天助自助者
  3. Easier said than done.说起来容易做起来难。
  4. Where there is a will,there is a way.有志者事竟成。
  5. One false step will make a great difference.失之毫厘,谬之千里。
  6. Slow and steady wins the race.稳扎稳打无往而不胜。
  7. A fall into the pit, a gain in your wit.吃一堑,长一智。

  8. Experience is the mother of wisdom.实践出真知。
  9. All work and no play makes jack a dull boy.只工作不休息,聪明孩子也变傻。
  10. Beauty without virtue is a rose without fragrance.无德之美犹如没有香味的玫瑰, 徒有其表。
  11. More hasty,less speed.欲速则不达。
  12. It's never too old to learn.活到老,学到老。
  13. All that glitters is not gold.闪光的未必都是金子。
  14. A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.千里之行始于足下。
  15. Look before you leap.三思而后行。
  16. Rome was not built in a day.伟业非一日之功。
  17. Great minds think alike.英雄所见略同。
  18. well begun,half done.好的开始等于成功的一半
  19. It is hard to please all.众口难调。
  20. Out of sight,out of mind.眼不见,心不念。
  21. Facts speak plainer than words.事实胜于雄辩。
  22. Call back white and white back.颠倒黑白。

  23. First things first.凡事有轻重缓急。
  24. Ill news travels fast.坏事传千里。
  25. A friend in need is a friend indeed.患难见真情。
  26. live not to eat,but eat to live.活着不是为了吃饭,吃饭为了活着。
  27. Action speaks louder than words.行动胜过语言。
  28. East or west,home is the best.金窝银窝不如自家草窝。
  29. It's not the gay coat that makes the gentleman.君子在德不在衣。
  30. Beauty will buy no beef.漂亮不能当饭吃。
  31. Like and like make good friends.趣味相投。
  32. The older, the wiser.姜是老的辣。
  33. Do as Romans do in Rome.入乡随俗。
  34. An idle youth,a needy age.少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲。
  35. As the tree,so the fruit.种瓜得瓜,种豆得豆。
  36. To live is to learn,to learn is to better live.活着为了学习,学习为了更好的活 着。
四级最常考的 100 个短语

  1. at the thought of 一想到…
  2. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论
  3. at will 随心所欲
  4. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有
  5. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解

  6. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,
  7. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地
  8. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同….不一致
  9. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地
  10. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据
  11. on one’s own account
  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益
  2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责
  3) (=by oneself)依靠自己
  12. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去
  13. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)
  14. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.
  15. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.
  16. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句 子要倒装)
  17. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告
  18. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.
  19. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟 悉
  20. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理
  21. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于
  22. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需 要)

  23. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之
  24. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外
  25. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循
  26. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的
  27. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;
  28. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地.
  29. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.
  30. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.
  31. have an advantage over 胜过. have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事
  32. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness) 利用.
  33. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意
  34. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致
  35. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前.
  36. in the air
  1)不肯定, 不具体.
  37. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的.
  38. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计
  39. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.
  40. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到.

  41. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.
  42. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负 责.
  43. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.
  44. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或 anxious for
  45. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉
  46. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力
  47. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请; apply for 申请; apply to 适用.
  48. apply to 与…有关;适用
  49. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准
  50. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起.
  51. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth. 安排…做…
  52. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地 (大地方);
  53. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…为羞耻
  54. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确 信.
  55. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结
  56. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做…
  57. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料
  58. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法
  59. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的 结果

  60. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均
  61. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到, 知道.
  62. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面
  63. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.
  64. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 有…支持, 有…作后台
  65. turn one’ back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way) 不理睬(某人), s 背弃,抛弃
  66. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)
  67. be based on / upon 基于
  68. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上
  69. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢
  70. begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始 语)
  71. on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义
  72. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.
  73. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.
  74. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)
  75. for the better 好转
  76. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.
  77. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生
  78. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上
  79. in blossom 开花(指树木) be in blossom 开花(强调状态) come into blossom 开 花(强调动作)

  80. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机
  81. boast of (or about) 吹嘘
  82. out of breath 喘不过气来
  83. in brief(=in as few words as possible)简言之
  84. in bulk 成批地,不散装的
  85. take the floor 起立发言
  86. on business 出差办事.
  87. be busy with sth.于某事。 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事
  88. last but one 倒数第二.
  89. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设
  90. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买
  91. be capable of 能够, 有能力 be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的
  92. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何
  93. in case (=for fear that) 万一;
  94. in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一 in the case of 至于…, 就…而言
  95. in no case 在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)
  96. be cautious of 谨防
  97. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中 在…上
  98. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定.

  99. for certain of (=for sure )肯定地,有把握地 1
  00. by chance(=accidentally, by accident)偶然
一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) ~~~ the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) 例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen. 海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。 Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had. 张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。
二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V 例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education. 没有比接受教育更重要的事。
三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much. (再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。 ) 例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. 我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。
四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...) 例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse. 不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。
五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道...) 例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us. 全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。 六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的...) 例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired. 毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。
七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的优点是...) 例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won‘t create (produce) any pollution. 使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。
八、The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的原因是...) 例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air. The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh
air for us. 我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。
九、So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子 (如此...以致于...) 例句:So precious is time that we can‘t afford to waste it. 时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。
十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然...) 例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不} 虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。 十一、The + ~er + S + V, ~~~ the + ~er + S + V ~~~ The + more + Adj + S + V, ~~~ the + more + Adj + S + V ~~~(愈...愈...) 例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make. 你愈努力,你愈进步。 The more books we read, the more learned we become. 我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。
十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借着...,..能够..) 例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy. 借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。
十三、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (..使..能够..) 例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed. 听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。
十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能...) 例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge. 我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。
十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是...的时候了) 例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems. 该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。 十六、Those who ~~~ (...的人...) 例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished. 违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。
十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...) 例句:There is no one but longs to go to college. 没有人不渴望上大学。
十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不...) 例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports. 既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。
十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的) It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的) It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的) 例句:It is conceivable



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   unit1a 我哥哥吉米出生时遇上难产,因为缺氧导致大脑受损。两年后,我出生了。 从此以后,我的生活便围绕我哥哥转。 伴随我成长的,是“到外面去玩,把你哥哥也带上。” 不带上他,我是哪里也去不了的。因此,我怂恿邻居的孩子到我家来,尽情地玩孩子们玩的游戏。 我母亲教吉米学习日常自理,比如刷牙或系皮带什么的。 我父亲宅心仁厚,他的耐心和理解使一家人心贴着心。 我则负责外面的事,找到那些欺负我哥哥的孩子们的父母,告他们的状,为我哥哥讨回公道。 父亲和吉米形影不离。 他们一道吃早饭,平时每天早上一道开 ...