大学英语四级测试题
Four) College English (Band Four)
Part I Writing (30minutes)(15%) 注意:此部分试题做在答题纸上。 答题纸 答题 Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes) (10%) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet.. For questions 1-10, mark A (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage; B (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage; C (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage. How to Make Love Grow Loving relationships are vitally important to all of us, yet we spend so little time considering what makes them work. A few years ago I determined to learn as much as possible about the daily struggle of living together in peace and love. I decided to start by questioning the architects of relationships themselves. I sent out 1,000 questionnaires to people who had written to me about love. I asked them to examine their primary loving relationship (for over two-thirds of the 600-plus respondents, it was with a spouse) and their secondary relationships (with parents, grandparents, children, in-laws, friends and co-workers). What qualities did they feel were most conductive to creating a loving, growing relationship? They identified these four above all others: Communication. Though communicating is probably the most essential skill for sustaining any loving relationship, we seem to be talking to ourselves most of the time. Either we are unclear about what we want to say or we are unable to put it into the right words. And good listeners are as rare as sensitive speakers. Sharing, so vital to loving communication, stops when you sense the other person has ceased listening. Any loving relationship will be enhanced if each party makes?and acts upon?these suggestions: Listen to me without judgment. Don't tell me what I feel is insignificant or not real. It's my Tell me often that you love me, through your actions and words. Don't assume that I know it. I may look embarrassed and even deny that I need the attention?but don't believe me. Do it anyway. Compliment me often for jobs well done, and reassure me when I fail. Don't take what I do for you for granted. Let me know when you feel low or lonely or misunderstood. Knowing that I have the power to comfort you makes me stronger. Remember, though I love you, I can't read your mind. Express joyous thoughts and feelings spontaneously. They bring vitality to our relationship. The world is full of delights and rich in possibilities. Allow the unplanned and unpredictable to enliven our routines. experience and therefore important and real to me. Let others know you value me. Public affirmation (确定) of our love makes me feel special
and proud. Affection. We seem to be fearful both of giving physical affection and of receiving it?perhaps because touching is related to old, often unconscious, sexual taboos. But demonstrations of affection are necessary for health. David Bresler, executive director of the Bresler Center Medical Group in Santa Monica, Calif., tell his patients to get and give four hugs a day. He even writes out a formal prescription. "Don't ever underestimate how powerful this therapy can be, and the role it can play in the healing process," he says. "To my knowledge, no one has ever died of an overdose of hugging." If we are strangers to physical affection, naturally it will make us uncomfortable at first. We may want to start among family and friends, with a handshake, a pat on the back, a touch of the fingers. From there we can move to a warm hug or a tender kiss. It takes so little to open our arms to one another, and it is one of the clearest statements of love we can make. Forgiveness. There is warmth and strength in the verb "forgive". It suggests the power to soothe, heal, reunite and recreate. But forgiveness often comes hard, especially when we can find no explanation for another person's hurtful behavior. We can forgive only when we perceive these wrongdoers with compassion?as vulnerable, imperfect human being like ourselves, capable of weakness, cowardice and frailty. Love enables us to put the wrong in perspective and view the act apart from the person. We can see our long-range relationships as greater and more valuable than the momentary pain caused by isolated negative act. Honesty. Our personal security is based upon the assumption that those we love will be honest with us. When that security is shaken by a deception, lives can be shattered (粉碎). Trust is impossible without truth. And when there is no truth there can be no love. Even insignificant deceptions can lead to distrust. Truth can be offered lovingly: "I’m not fond of that outfit (衣服) as I am of your blue one, but remember, it's only my opinion." This is far easier to take than "It's awful! I hate it!" We must accept the fact that we may fall from truth from time to time. But if we want our relationships to last and grow, honesty and trust must be our constant goals. Beyond these four essential qualities, the respondents to my questionnaire emphasized others that enhance growth in love. Freedom from jealousy. Since few of us are totally without jealousy, we must come to terms with the emotion. Jealousy can become an all-consuming monster, capable of destroying us and the people we love. Only when we have conquered its extremes will we emerge as better and stronger lovers. Jealousy won't diminish until we finally accept that we can never possess another human being. We must learn that loving others is to want them to be themselves?painful as it may be. Perhaps the greatest love presupposes the greatest freedom. Love must be set free, and only when it comes back to us will we know the real thing. Acceptance. Developing as a person is a lifetime process. For now, we must accept one another as we are incomplete and imperfect. If we are afraid to disclose our imperfect selves, we cannot expect others to do so, and we remain strangers. I have a friend who assures me that he may not be much, but it's all he has at the moment. This he is willing to give?and hence it is more than enough.
To form lasting relationships with others, we must be happy with what we?and they?are. We must have as deep a respect for their rights, attitudes and feelings as we do for our own. Consideration. Often it's not the big problems that cause relationships to fail but a series of small things over a long period of time: little, inconsiderate behaviors; thoughtless comments; words left unspoken or well-intended acts that are constantly put off. We should create an environment of warmth and consideration for those we love, treating each other with dignity. We grow best in an atmosphere of thoughtfulness. Tradition. These days tradition is often devalued as romantic nonsense. We have discontinued those Sunday family dinners, holiday get-togethers and happenings that used to bring us together. The old song remembered. The note on the back of a post card reread. The cake that commemorates another year of life. The public renewal of marriage vows. These are things that bind us to the ones we love. As they are passed along from one generation to the next, they remain something certain in a world of uncertainty. Sharing dreams. Dreams enrich our future with possibility. To dream together adds an element of wonder to our relationships, We dream of tomorrow's successes?of children, of travel, of financial security. We dream of peace, of pleasure, of joy. A dream is a private place. Sharing it with those we love allows ourselves to be known. Courage. Timidity can prevent us from coming together. Relationships require us to be bold, to assert, to commit. Problems, disagreements and frustrations are inevitable, so we need courage to meet them. We must give our relationships a chance, because there is nothing greater in life than loving another and being loved in return. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 答题卡上作答。 答题卡
  1.The author bases his arguments on the solid evidence provided by the questionnaires he sent out.
  2. People are generally fully aware of the importance of communication to a loving relationship.
  3. It is suggested in this passage that when listening to others, you'd better remember to make some judgments in order to give some suggestions.
  4. The author quotes David Bresler's words "to my knowledge, no one has ever died of an overdose of hugging" to illustrate his point that demonstrations of affection are necessary for health.
  5. Some are capable of never being jealous of others.
  6. Only when we accept that others are as incomplete and imperfect as we are can we form lasting relationships with them.
  7. Sometimes a relationship may fail because of some inconsiderate behaviors.
  8. Communication, affection, forgiveness and honesty are the four essential qualities that are most conductive to creating a loving, growing relationships.
  9. Honesty is where we base our personal security on.
  10. To dream can add an element of wonder to our relationships. Part III Listening Comprehension (25 minutes) (25%) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the
conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 答题卡上作答。 答题卡
  11. A) Give her more information. B) Plan his budget carefully. C) Ask someone else for advice. D) Buy a gift for his girlfriend.
  12. A) She'll have some chocolate cake. B) She'll take a look at the menu. C) She'll go without dessert. D) She'll prepare the dinner.
  13. A) The man can speak a foreign language. B) The woman hopes to improve her English. C) The woman knows many different languages. D) The man wishes to visit many more countries.
  14. A) Go to the library. B) Meet the woman. C) See Professor Smith. D) Have a drink in the bar.
  15. A) She isn't sure when Professor Bloom will be back. B) The man shouldn't be late for his class. C) The man can come back sometime later. D) She can pass on the message for the man.
  16. A) He's got emotional problems. B) He has a strange personality. C) His illness is beyond cure. D) His behavior is hard to explain.
  17. A) The tickets are more expensive than expected. B) The tickets are sold in advance at half price. C) It's difficult to buy the tickets on the spot. D) It's better to buy the tickets beforehand.
  18. A) He turned suddenly and ran into a tree. B) He was hit by a fallen box from a truck. C) He drove too fast and crashed into a truck. D) He was trying to overtake the truck ahead of him. Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  19. A) To go boating on the St. Lawrence River. B) To go sightseeing in Quebec Province. C) To call on a friend in Quebec City. D) To attend a wedding in Montreal.
  20. A) Study the map of Quebec Province. B) Find more about Quebec City. C) Brush up on her French. D) Learn more about the local customs.
  21. A) It has many historical buildings. B) It's most beautiful in summer. C) It was greatly expanded in the 18th century. D) It's the only French-speaking city in Canada. Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  22. A) It was about a little animal. B) It took her six years to write. C) It was adapted from a fairy tale. D) It was about a little girl and her pet.

  23. A) She knows how to write best-selling novels. B) She can earn a lot of money by writing for adults. C) She is able to win enough support from publishers. D) She can make a living by doing what she likes.
  24. A) The characters. B) The readers. C) Her ideas. D) Her life experiences.
  25. A) She doesn't really know where they originated. B) She mainly drew on stories of ancient saints. C) They popped out of her childhood dreams. D) They grew out of her long hours of thinking. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 答题卡上作答。 答题卡 Passage One Questions 26 to 28 are based on the following passage you have just heard.
  26. A) Monitor students' sleep patterns. B) Help students concentrate in class. C) Record students' weekly performance. D) Ask students to complete a sleep report.
  27. A) Lack of attention. B) Declining health. C) Loss of motivation. D) Improper behavior.
  28. A) They should make sure their children are always punctual for school. B) They should ensure their children grow up in a healthy environment. C) They should help their children accomplish high-quality work. D) They should see to it that their children have adequate sleep. Passage Two Questions 29 to 32 are based on the following passage you have just heard. 29
 

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