Breakfast or Internet Karl and Dorsey Gude of East Lansing, Michigan, USA, can remember simpler mornings, not too long ago. They sat together and chatted as they ate breakfast at home. They read the newspapers and competed only with the television for the attention of their two teenage sons. That was so last century. Today, Mr. Gude wakes at around 6 a.m. to check his work e ? mail and his Facebook(脸谱网站) and Twitter(微型博客) accounts. The two boys, Cole and Erik, start each morning with text messages, video games and Facebook. The new routine in the morning quickly became a source of conflict in the family, with Ms Gude complaining that technology was eating into family time. But ultimately, even she partially yielded, cracking open her laptop after breakfast. “Things that I thought were unacceptable a few years ago are now commonplace in my house,” she said, “like all four of us starting the day on four computers in four separate rooms. ” Technology has shaken up plenty of life ? s modes, but for many people it has completely altered the once predictable routines at the start of the day. This is morning in America in the Internet age. After six to eight hours of network deprivation?also known as sleep?people are increasingly waking up and heading for cell ? phones and laptops, sometimes even before moving their legs to the floor and tending to more biologically urgent activities. “It used to be you woke up, went to the bathroom, maybe brushed your teeth and picked up the newspaper,” said Naomi S. Baron, a professor of linguistics(语言学) at American University, who has written about technology ? s push into everyday life. “But what we do first now has changed so dramatically. I ? ll be the first to admit: the first thing I do now is to check my e ? mail. ” The Gudes ? sons sleep with their phones next to their beds, so they start the day with text messages in place of alarm clocks. Mr. Gude, an instructor at Michigan State University, sends texts to his two sons in order to wake up. “We use texting as an in ? house phone,” he said. “I could just walk upstairs, but they always answer their texts. ” The Gudes recently began shutting their devices down on weekends so as to hold back the decrease in family time. In other households, the impulse to go online before getting out the door adds an extra layer of chaos to the existing morning disorder. Weekday mornings have long been busy and chaotic. Families that used to fight over the shower or the newspapers now fight over access to the household computer?or about whether they should be using the gadgets(小器具,小玩意) at all, instead of communicating with one another. “They used to have blankets; now they have phones,” said Liz Perle, a mother in San Francisco who recently feels annoyed at the early ? morning technology immersion(沉浸,专心) of her two teenage children. “If their beds were far from the power outlets, they would most probably sleep on the floor. ” The increase of early risers is reflected in online and wireless traffic patterns. Internet
companies that used to watch traffic levels rise only when people started working, but now they find the up ? tick much earlier. Arbor Networks, a Boston company that analyzes Internet use, says that Web traffic in the United States gradually declines from midnight to around 6 a.m. on the East Coast and then gets a huge morning swing. “It ? s a rocket ship that takes off at 7 a. m,” said Craig Labovitz, Arbor ? s chief scientist. Akamai, which helps some web ? sites like Facebook and Amazon keep up with visitor demand, says traffic takes off even earlier nowadays, at around 6 a. m. on the East Coast. Verizon Wireless Company reported the number of text messages sent between 7 and 10 a.m. jumped by 50 percent in July, compared with a year earlier. Both adults and children have good reasons to wake up and go on line. Morn and Dad might need to catch up on e ? mail from colleagues in different time zones. Children check text messages and Facebook posts from friends with different bedtimes?and sometimes forget their own duties in the process. In May this year, Gabrielle Glaser of Montclair, N. J., bought her 14 ? year ? old daughter, Moriah, an Apple laptop for her birthday. In the weeks after, Moriah missed the school bus three times and went from walking the family Labradoodle dog for 20 minutes each morning to only briefly letting the dog outside. Moriah admits that she neglected the bus and dog, and blames Facebook, where the possibility that important updates from friends might be waiting draws her online as soon as she wakes. “I have some friends who are up early and chatting,” she said. “There is definitely a pull to check it. ” Some families have tried to set limits on Internet use in the mornings. James Steyer, founder of Common Sense Media, a nonprofit organization that deals with children and entertainment, wakes every morning at 6 and spends the next hour on his BlackBerry(商务通), managing e ? mail from contacts in different parts of the world. But when he meets his wife, Liz, and their four children, ages 5 to 16, at the breakfast table, no laptops or phones are allowed. Mr. Steyer says he and his sons feel the temptation of technology early. Kirk, 14, often runs through much of his daily one ? hour allotment(分配) of video ? game time in the morning. Even Jesse, 5, has started asking each morning if he can play games on his father ? s iPhone. And Mr. Steyer says he constantly feels the trouble of waiting messages on his BlackBerry, even during morning hours that are usually reserved for family time. “You have to resist the impulse. You have to switch from work mode to parenting mode,” Mr. Steyer said. “But meeting my own standard is tough. ” 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 1 上作答。
  1. What does Mr. Gude ? s family do early in the morning today? A) They eat breakfast together.B) Some read newspapers. C) The kids watch TV.D) They are engaged in on ? line activities.
  2. Why did Ms Gude complain? A) She became tired of her life routine. B) She was too busy to open her computer.
C) She felt technology took up much family time. D) She thought technology led to much trouble.
  3. How does Mr. Naomi S. Baron think about the change in the morning routine? A) He thinks it is amazing.B) He thinks it is awful. C) He thinks it is reasonable.D) He thinks it is unacceptable.
  4. In the morning, may wake up Mr.Gude ? s sons. A) an alarm clockB) text messagesC) phone bellsD) door bells
  5. It is implied in the article that now on weekday mornings . A) families should have more communications B) families should read more newspapers C) families should make more use of cell ? phones D) families should have easy access to computers
  6. Mr. Craig Labovitz said :“It ? s a rocket ship that takes off at 7 a.m. ( Line 3, Para.
  14). ” What does the statement mean? A) He considers the web traffic declines slowly. B) He considers the web traffic increases gradually. C) He considers the web traffic decreases sharply. D) He considers the web traffic rises suddenly.
  7. What does Moriah do when she wakes up? A) She talks with her schoolmates.B) She checks her account. C) She visits Facebook online.D) She sees her friends.
  8. After Moriah got an Apple laptop, she was so interested in the computer that she her school bus and the family dog.
  9. Parents realize that,communication among family members is very important and some families have tried to on Internet use in the mornings.
  10. Mr. Steyer has already felt as his son Kirk often plays video games in the morning. Part ⅢListening Comprehension(35 minutes) Section A Directions:In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。
  11. A) Because short hair is fashionable. B) Because short hair looks nicer. C) Because she didn ? t have an airconditioner. D) Because short hair is comfortable.
  12. A) All the passengers were killed.B) The plane crashed in the night. C) No more survivors have been found.D) It ? s too late to search for survivors.
  13. A) She will go to the movies.B) She will go to New Zealand.
C) She will visit her brother.D) She will drive her mother to the airport.
  14. A) Go to sleep.B) Watch the film later. C) Change the channel.D) Set the alarm clock.
  15. A) Have his hair done.B) Take a trip to Denmark. C) Go to the post office.D) Eat in a restaurant.
  16. A) Don ? t type his term paper tonight.B) Don ? t pay attention to his roommate. C) Ask someone else to type his term paper.D) Go to the typing room to type.
  17. A) Check the price of calculators.B) Finish his statistics homework. C) Look for an accounting job.D) Use a smaller calculator.
  18. A) The man shouldn ? t attend the exam. B) The man should ask his instructor ? s opinion. C) Only a doctor can tell him what to do. D) The instructor won ? t watch the students in the exam. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  19. A) Their lecture notes.B) The man ? s election plans. C) Putting up posters.D) The campus radio station.
  20. A) School senator.B) School treasurer.C) School secretary.D) School president.
  21. A) In the morning.B) During lunch.C) In the afternoon.D) During dinner.
  22. A) He will make posters.B) He will write a speech. C) He will answer questions.D) He will study chemistry. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  23. A) Record companies should pay attention not to offend people. B) Record companies should be very careful with their employees. C) People should be very careful with their new CDs. D) Parents should forbid children to buy new CDs.
  24. A) The music companies put a warning label on albums. B) The music companies don ? t describe violence. C) The music companies never use strong language. D) The music companies are encouraged to put photos on CDs.
  25. A) He thinks it a good idea to prevent children from violence. B) He thinks the children have the right to buy any CD. C) He thinks the musicians should use the strong language. D) He thinks the musicians should have the right to speak freely. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B) , C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。 Passage One Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  26. A) Space Travel.B) Problems of Astronauts.
C) Water Pollution.D) The Spaceship Earth.
  27. A) The present population on earth is fourteen billion. B) Water is recycled every seventy million years. C) The planet Earth travels around the sun at 18 miles per second. D) The earth is compared to a spaceship because they both travel around the sun.
  28. A) Someday human beings will be able to live on a spaceship. B) Space travel will cause pollution to other planets. C) Man must stop abusing the environment in order to have a better future. D) The spaceship Earth can not make a trip to the moon when its supplies are used up. Passage Two Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  29. A) Three types of noise that can make communication difficult. B) The meaning of external noise. C) The effect of cigarette smoke. D) The reason why you can become speechless.
  30. A) External noise.B) Physiological noise. C) The effect of a cold.D) Psychological effect.
  31. A) Various forces outside the sender or receiver that make them unable to communicate. B) Various difficulties that a listener or receiver can experience when they have a cold. C) Various forces within a sender or receiver that cause them less able to communicate. D) Various reasons that can cause a person unable to take full advantage of his talents. Passage Three Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  32. A) Its spacious rooms.B) Its unusual location. C) Its comfortable chairs.D) The number of its readers.
  33. A) The latest version of the Bible. B) A book written by Columbus. C) A map of the New World. D) One of the earliest copies of Shakespeare ? s work.
  34. A) There are few employees.B) It is becoming too old. C) It is over ? crowded.D) It lacks money to cover its expenses.
  35. A) Every day.B) From Monday to Saturday. C) From Monday to Friday.D) On Saturdays and Sundays. Section C Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44
to
 

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