四级听力考试高频场景及相关词汇

  1. 学校 optional course 选修课 selective course 选修课 elective (n.) 选修课 compulsory course 必修课 required course 必修课 day course 白天的课 evening course 晚上的课 credit 学分 schedule of the course 课程安排 mathematics 数学 ?? mathematician history 历史 ?? historian chemistry 化学 ?? chemist literature 文学 ?? writer physics 物理 ?? physicist economics 经济学 ?? economist psychology 心理学 ?? psychologist geography 地理 ?? geologist architecture 建筑学 ?? architect biology 生物学 ?? biologist engineering 工程 ?? engineer computer programming 计算机编程 data processing 数据处理 barely stay awake final exam 期终考试 middle exam 期中考试 make up 补考 private school 私立学校 religious school 教会学校 president / principal 校长 dean 系主任 professor 教授 associate professor 副教授 lecturer 讲师 assistant 助教 tutor 导师;家教 postdoctor 博士后 doctor 博士 宾馆 book / reserve 预订 make a reservation 预订 master 硕士 bachelor 学士 BA (Bachelor of Arts) 文学士 BS (Bachelor of Science) 理学士 semester 学期 lecture 讲课(n.) register/registration 登记,注册 vacation 假期 freshman 大一新生 sophomore 大二学生 junior 大三学生 senior 大四学生 graduate 毕业生 undergraduate 本科生 postgraduate 研究生 graduate school 研究生院 library 图书馆 ?? librarian reference book 参考书 overdue 过期 return 还书 fine 罚金 attend / have a lecture 上课 cut / skip a class 旷课 assignment 作业 presentation 阐述,介绍(作业之形式) book report 读书报告 experimental report 实验报告 extensive reading 泛读 intensive reading 精读 paper 论文 essay 论文,小文章 revise 修改,复查 polish 修改 thesis (本科/硕士)学位论文 dissertation (博士)学位论文 seminar / workshop 研讨会

  2.
confirm the reservation 确认预订 cancel the reservation 取消预订
fully booked / full up / full 客满 single room 单人间 double room 双人间 (一张双人床) twin room 双人间(两张单人床) shared room 双人间(共用卫生间但卧 室分开) triple room 三人间 a standard suite 标准套间 a presidential suite 总统套房
  3. 饭店 waiter / waitress 男/女服务生 customer 顾客 book a table 订位子 order 点菜 menu 菜单 alcohol 酒 drink 饮料 beverage 饮料 Check the bill, please. 买单 Check, please. 买单 Bill, please. 买单 工作 job vacancy 空缺职位 candidate 求职者 applicant 求职者,申请者 compete (against/with sb) (for sth) application letter 求职信 resume 简历 basic / personal information 基本信息/ 个人资料 academic background 教育背景 work experience 工作经验 interview 面试 work overtime 加班 wage 周薪 salary 月薪 bonus 奖金 allowance 津贴 annual income 年收入 pension 养老金; 抚恤金; 退休金 promotion 升职 recruit 招募(新成员)
reception 前台 receptionist 前台接待员 porter 行李搬运人员 tip 小费 occupancy rate 入住率 room service 客房服务部 check in 入住登记 check out 退房
treat 请客 go Dutch 分账, 制(但这一说法较老 AA 化,现在一般不用) split the bill 分账,AA 制 keep the change 不用找零 service charge 服务费 takeaway 外卖 main course 主食 dessert 餐后甜点 dining-hall / canteen / refectory (学校的) 餐厅,食堂

  4.
a want ad 招聘广告 hire 雇用 fire 解雇 resign 辞职 retire 退休 laid-off 下岗 vacation 休假 annual leave 年假 sick leave 病假 get away for a while 离开一段时间去度 假 coffee break 指喝杯咖啡的休息 be tired of 厌倦 be fed up with 厌倦 be bored with 厌倦 mechanical jobs 呆板的工作 repetitive / unbearable jobs workload 工作量 post / position / vocation / title 职务 consult sb/sth (about sth) 就某事请教某
人 marketing consultant 营销顾问 accountancy 会计学 ?? accountant teller 出纳 mechanic 技工,修理工 temporary staff 临时工
  5. 电话 cell phone/mobile phone 手机 pay phone 公用电话 telephone box / booth 电话亭 extension 分机 put sb/sth through (to sb/...) 为...接通电 医院 clinic 诊所 emergency room 急诊室 a public ward (普通)病房 see a doctor 去医院看医生 send for a doctor 请医生出诊 be discharged from hospital /discharge a patient 出院 be in hospital 住院 physician 内科医生 surgeon 外科医生 surgery 手术 dentist 牙医 make an appointment 预约 bad cold 感冒 交通 fare 车票 license 驾照 rush hours 高峰时间 traffic jam 交通堵塞 overtake 超车 one way street 单行线 over-speed 超速 speeding 超速 ticket 罚单 parking meter 汽车停放收费表 express way 高速公路 free way 免费高速公路 ring road 环线
permanent employment 固定的工作 administrative work 行政工作 personnel department 人事部门 stress 压力 motivation 激励
话 hold on 不要挂断,稍等 take/leave a message 留言 hang up / get off 挂断

  6.
flu 流感 headache 头痛 stomachache 肚子痛 sore throat 嗓子痛 toothache 牙疼 decaying teeth 龋齿 fever 发烧 suffer a second degree burn 二度烧伤 twist one’s ankle 扭伤脚踝 pill / tablet 药片 check up / examine 检查 prescribe 开药方 pill / tablet 药片

  7.
subway (美) / underground (英) 地铁 underpass 地下通道 overhead 轻轨 flyover 人行天桥,立交桥 timetable 时间表 destination 目的地 one way ticket 单程票 round trip ticket 来回票 non-stop / direct flight 直航 transfer / lay over / stop over 转机 first cabin 头等舱 business cabinet 商务舱 economy cabin / class 经济舱
book an air ticket 订机票 confirm the flight 确认航班 check in 登记 boarding card 登机牌
security check 安检 see off 送行 board 登机
提纲式作文

  1.对立观点式 A.有人认为 X 是好事,赞成 X,为什么? B.有人认为 X 是坏事,反对 X,为什么? C.我的看法。 a) Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X. They point out the fact that… (支持 X 的第一个原因) They also argue that… (支持 X 的另一个原因) b) However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X. They firmly point out that… (反对 X 的第一个理由) An example can give the details of this argument: 一个例子。 c) There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages…
  2.批驳观点式 A.一个错误观点。 B.我不同意。 a) Many people argue that… (错误观点) By saying that, they mean... (对这个观点的进一步解释) An example they have presented is that… (一个例子) According to a survey performed by X on…, almost 80% of them… (赞成这个错误观点或者受到 这个错误观点的影响)。 b) There might be some element of truth in these people’s belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that… (与错误观点相反的观点) There are a number of reasons behind my belief.
  3.社会问题(现象)式 A.一个社会问题或者现象。 B.产生的原因。 C.对社会和我们生活的影响。 D.如何杜绝(如果是问题的话)。 E.前景的预测。 a) Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social / economic / environmental problem. (or: X has increasingly become a common concern of the public). According to a survey, ... (调查内容说明这种现象的情况;或者是一个例子)
b) There are a couple of reasons booming this problem / phenomenon… c) X has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated in the following aspects… d) A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent X from bringing us more harm… e) Based on the above discussions, I can easily forecast that more and more people will ……..
图表式作文
It is obvious in the graph / table that the rate / number / amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up / grown / fallen / dropped considerably in recent years (as X varies). At the point of X1, Y reaches its peak value of … (多少). What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are … (多少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graph / table. First of all, … (第一个原因). More importantly, … (第二个原因). Most important of all, … (第三个原因). From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graph / table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken 括号里的用于那些不太好的变化趋势). 图表描述常用句型 图表描述常用句型
  1. In 1990, it increased/decreased from ... to ...
  2. By comparison with 1998, it decreased/increased by… ?compared with ?
  3. The figure has nearly doubled,and a half times? ? that of last year. ?two ? ?increased ? ? ?as against ? ,?compared with ...
  4. It has ? ? almost ? ? twice ? ?twice ? ?decreased ? 4 times? assix timesas that of 19
  90. ? much ?
  5. The number is ? ? ? ? accounts for ? ? ? ? of the total.
  6. It ? ?half ? ? ... percent ?half ? ?takes (up) was ..., ?less than ? a ?third ? of the 1990 total. ?
  7. The number ? ? ? ?
?more than ?
?quarter ? ? ?
辩论式议论文 模版 1
Some people believe (argue, recognize, think) that … (观点
  1). But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that … (观点
  2). As for me, I agree to the former / latter idea.
There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, … (论据
  1). More importantly, … (论据
  2). Most important of all, … (论 据
  3). In summary, … ( 总 结 观 点 ). As a college student, I am supposed to … (表决心). 或: From above, we can predict that …(预 测).
模版 2
People hold different views about X. Some people are of the opinion that … (观点
  1), while others point out that … (观点
  2). As far as I am concerned, the former / latter opinion holds more weight. For one thing, … (论据
  1). For another, … (论据
  2). Last but not the least, … (论据
  3). To conclude, … ( 总 结 观 点 ). As a college student, I am supposed to … (表决心). 或: From above, we can predict that … (预测).
模版 3
There is no consensus of opinions among people about X (争 论的焦点). Some people are of the view that … (观点
  1),while others take an opposite side, firmly believing that … (观点
  2). As far as I am concerned, the former / latter notion is preferable in many senses. The reasons are obvious. First of all, … (论据
  1). Furthermore, … (论据
  2). Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, … (论据
  3). A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that… (总结 观点). As a college student, I am supposed to … (表决心). 或: From above, we can predict that … (预测)
常用句型
  1. 表示原因
  1) The reasons for this are as follows.
  2) The reason for this is obvious.
  3) The reason for this is not far to seek.
  4) The reason for this is that…
  5) We have good reason to believe that…

  6)
  7)
  8)
?results from ? ? ? The phenomenon/change in ... mainly ?arises from ? the fact ?sign of ... ? that ... ? ? ?causes ? One may regard the phenomenon as a ?response to ...? ? ? ?reasons? for this dramatic growth/decrease. There are many
First, ... Second, ... Finally, ...
  9) A number ?arefactors can account for the change in ... of ? ? ? ? contributory factor of ... is ... ?For one thing, ... For another, ...?
  10) Anotherdo ? ? ? ?did ? ? ? ...? ?One reason is .... Another is .... ? Perhaps the
  11) Why ?rise ? primary reason is .... ? ? ?decrease? in ...
  12) ... is also responsible for the 例: There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life . Firstly , people’s living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.

  2.表示好处

  1)It has the following advantages.
  2)It does us a lot of good.
  3)It benefits us quite a lot.
  4)It is beneficial to us.
  5)It is of great benefit to us. ? A outweigh any
  6)The advantages of sounds ridiculous? benefit we gain from B. ? ? ?means nothing ? when B's advantages are 7 ) A's advantage considered. 例: Books are like friends. They can help us know the world better, and they can open our minds and widen our horizons. Therefore, reading extensively is of great benefit to us.

  3.表示坏处

  1)It has more disadvantages than advantages. ?enormous ?
  2)It does us much harm. ?much ? ? ?
  3)It is harmful to us. ? ? ?substantial ?
  4)Good as A is, it has its own ? disadvantages. For one thing, it ...; ?considerable for another, it .... ? ? ?a distinct ? ? advantage over B ..., it can not
  5)Although A has ? compete with B in ... 例: However, everything divides into two. Television can also be
harmful to us. It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much t
 

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