对立观点模式
第一段交代某些人的观点: X(代表所以论的 topic)is usually an issue of controversy. Some people take no hesitation to claim that… (Some people 的主要观点).Among their arguments, the major one is that… (主 要论据). 第二段交代另外一些人的观点: As for the some issue, we also hear many different voices. A large number of people oppose the above opinion by saying that… (另外一些人的观点).They do have their own reasons. In their belief,… (主要论据). 第三段阐明自己的看法: To be frank, it is very difficult for me to say which one is 100% right as both opinions make some sense. But I still find myself in favor of the former/latter idea. I don’t take this side for nothing. A strong evidence is that…
批驳观点模式
第一段交代某些人的观点(通常是一个片面的观点) : To my surprise, the number of the people who believe that…(那些人的观点)is quite large. Many of my colleagues/fellow students and even my parents are firm supporters of such opinion. In their beliefs,…(他们的论据) 第二段对上述观点进行批驳: I stand firmly against the above belief even if that may mean I have to stand against many people around me. To my joy,however,I have also found quite a few people who are in my shoes. Here are our reasons :…(我们的主要论据)
解析问题模式 解析问题模式
第一段介绍一个存在的问题: I want to point out in this passage a problem that calls for prompt solution.No matter whether people have realized it or not,…(阐述问题的内容).I am glad to see that more and more people come to pay attention to the above problem. 第二段阐述该问题的危害: Nobody can deny that X has brought considerable negative effects and it will continue to do so if nothing is done.Among the harmful things.X has done to us,one is the worst.(X 是带来 的一个危害). 第三段分析问题的原因: Why does the situation remain unimproved?If we try to locate the very causes of this problem,we may find many.But among them,the biggest one is that... 第四段表明要采取措施解决问题的必要性: Given the bad effects X has given rise to,we find it compelling to do something to bring it under control.otherwise,nobody knows what it will be like if ths problem continues to hang around us.The first priority is to…(具体解决问题的措施)
分析某问题的重要作用模式
第一段表述 X(X 代表所阐述问题)的重要性: Many people tend to agree with me if I say that X makes a necessity for us to live a happy/decent/comfortable/convenient/interesting life.We are now seeing increasing existence of X in our life.The implications/users of X can be illustrated as follows: 第二段论述 X 的第一个意义/好处: Firstly,...(X 的作用或意义) 第三段论述 X 的第二个意义/好处: People are also talking about another implication/use of X…(X 的另外一个意义或作用).It may not be as important as the first one.But any discussion about X without mentioning it will be an inadequate one.
信件系列( 信件系列(
  1)抱怨和指责模式
第一段信的开头: I hope my letter doesn’t bother you much.(请根据写信的对象介绍自己)I am writing this letter to say something about…I hope that you would give it serious consideration if it is not much trouble for you. 第二段是正文内容。 第三段信的结尾: Sorry for the uneasiness this letter might have brought to you.It’s not meant to criticize you.Rather,I just want to let you know what is going on and what we feel about it.
信件系列( 信件系列(
  2)介绍和表明观点模式
第一段信的开头: I know you must be quite busy with your daily work.So thank you very much for reading my letter.I am here writing to represent most of my peers/fellow students,making known our opinions about…(目的)It is our hope that you will read it in details at your convenience. 第二段为一般阐述性的观点。 第三段信的结尾: That is all we want to tell you about…And I hope I have made myself well understood.
 

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