unit 1 Day 1 计算类概述 牛刀小试??计算类概述 虽然近五年来十次四级听力考试计算类的题型在小对话中出现的频率不高, 但有可 能这次你会遇见咯! 所以不得不防之。 相对其他题型而言, 计算类是四级听力中的基础题 (可 分为计算题、细节辨认题、等值转换题) ,也应该是你的抢分题,故不可“大意失荆州” 。地 球人都知道四级中听力的计算类不是在考咱们连小学生一年级都会做的加减乘除, 测评大家 的 IQ,醉翁之意不在酒,而是在考大家对英语听力的反应速度,只要意识到这一点,现在 你就要学会如何运用技巧来所谓的“抓鱼”了??核心在于抓住关键的细节所在之处,in a other word,你要知道根据题意该听什么,怎么把它去听准。 计算题 M: When does the next shuttle bus leave? W: You have just missed one by 20 minutes. We have a bus every 45 minutes, so you’ll have to wait for a while. Q: How long does the man need to wait for the next bus? A) 25 minutes B) 65 minutes C) 20 minutes D) 45 minutes 【解析】 当你看见这四个选项,不难发现这一题是在考与时间有关的内容,并且 从选项当中可以推测到是考时间的加减关系,因为其中三个选项都是正确答案的干扰选项, 说到这里,你就要做好充分的思想准备。原文中除了听清 20 和 45 两个数字之外,重要的是 明白其之间的联系,通过 missed 知道已经错过,而介词“by”专门用在计算题表差额;通 过 every 知道每辆车之间 45 分钟,问的是 wait for the next bus 还得等多长时间,很清楚这 里是减法的计算关系,所以选择 A。 细节辨认题 M: I wonder if Jack will come here by 11 o’clock. W: His wife said he left home at 10:30, so he should be here at 11:20 at the latest. Q: What time did Jack leave home? A) 11:20 B) 10:30 C) 10:50 D) 11:30 【解析】 原文中出现三个数字,11:00 是 Man 觉得杰克应该到的时间;10:30 是杰 克的妻子说他离开家的时间;11:20 是 Woman 认为杰克应该到的时间。我们再来看问题, 选 B 是对号入座。 【死马活医】 如果没听清,这里就要充分运用技巧来猜选, 时间中的 B 和 C 选项, 可以合并小时“10” ;时间中的 B 和 D 选项,可以合并分钟“30” ,通过合并同列项方法, 就能猜选答案为 B。 等值转换题 M: These postcards cost 60 cents a dozen. W: Two dozen should certainly do. Q: How many postcards will the man buy? A) 60 B) 12 C) 24 D) 16 【解析】 第一句话是“声东击西” ,60 美分一打,问题并不是我们所期待的考多 少钱,考价格,而是在问数量,第二句话提到数量,但前面加了 pair,意味着要乘以
  2。除了 清楚这些还不够,dozen 是英语中数字的代用词,表示
  12。所以选 C。 常见的数字计算类提问形式:
  1. What time…?
  5. How far…?

  2. How much/many…?
  6. How often…?
  3. How long…?
  7. How old…?
  4. When…? 先来热热身
  1. A) 6 B) 15 C) 20 D) 21
  2. A) 5:00 B) 5:15 C) 5:30 D) 5:45
  3. A) $ 2 B) $ 20 C) $ 12 D) $ 10
  4. A) 5:00 B) 5:15 C) 5:30 D) 5:45
  5. A) in 5 minutes B) in 10 minutes C) in 15 minutes D) in 25 minutes
  1. 【选 D】原文重现 M: Tom must be over twenty now. W: I think so, when I left Paris six years ago, he was already fifteen. Q: How old is Tom now?
  2. 【选 B】原文重现 19
  97.1 M: What’s the time for departure? W: 5:
  30. That only leaves us 15 minutes to go through the customs and check our baggage. Q: At what time did the conversation take place?
  3. 【选 C】原文重现 W: Good evening , sir. Why not try our dry beer. Two dollars for each bottle, and twenty for a dozen. M: Well, a dozen is too much for me. Give me a half. Q: How much does the man need to pay?
  4. 【选 C】原文重现 W: It’s five already, I suppose the meeting will be postponed to 5:
  45. M: Well, the secretary said something unexpected happened. The meeting will begin in 30 minutes. Q: When will the meeting begin?
  5. 【选 D】原文重现 W: Excuse me, sir. Does the No.1 bus stop here? M: Yes, but the bus only runs every half hour and one just went by five minutes ago. Q: When will the No.1 bus come?
unit 1 收得领地 Day 2 计 算 题 计 算 题 计算题中应注意对话中的具体数字,抓住其类型是时间,还是价格、重量、或数量 以及其针对的相关动作或事件, 在听的过程中有目的地做笔记, 为以后计算做好充分的准备。 以下为与数字相关的常用词汇及表达方式。 ① 数字单位
百 hundred 千 thousand 百万 million 十亿 billion ② 不定数目 about 接近,大约 around 在……周围,差不多 almost 几乎 or so 大约 more than 比……更多 less than 比……更少 below 在……以下,不及 under 未满,少于 ③ 时刻表述 3:15 a quarter past three(英)或 three fifteen(美) 9:30 half past nine(英)或 nine thirty(美) 15:00 fifteen o’clock(英)或 three p.m(美) 00:10 ten past midnight(美) ④ 年、月、日的读法 2004 年 10 月 13 日 October the thirteenth two thousand and four 前天 the day before yesterday 后天 the day after tomorrow 每隔一天 every other day 或 every two days 每天 daily 每周 weekly 每月 monthly 每年 annual ⑤ 分数和小数的读法 1/3 one third 2/5 two fifths
  4.45 four point four five ⑥ 与价格、货币相关的词汇 美元 dollar 美分 cent 英镑 pound 便士 penny 欧元 European dollar/euro 钞票 bill 硬币 coin 零钱 change $
  17.56 seventeen dollars fifty-six cents / seventeen fifty-six 打折 on sale/discount/off 七折 30% off 半价 half price 两倍 double 三倍 triple ⑦ 与容量、重量、长度相关的词汇 加仑 gallon 品脱 pint 盎司 ounce 夸脱 quart 磅 pound 英尺 foot /feet( pl.) 英寸 inch 码 yard 英里 mile ⑧ 电话号码的读法 8848390 double eight four eight three nine zero/o ⑨ 三位数的读法 147 one hundred and forty seven ⑩ 字母与数字的并列读法 AVT64HO a v t six four h o 【例
  1】 19
  97.6 W: Here’s a 10-dollar bill, give me two tickets for tonight’s show please. M: Sure. Two tickets and here’s $
  1.40 change.
Q: How much does one ticket cost? A) $
  1.40 B) $
  4.30 C) $
  6.40 D) $
  8.60 【预测】 看见选项带有“$”的符号,可断定这题是考与钱有关的内容,选项中的 B 和 D 又是倍数关系,往往为货币倍数计算题,所以确定 B、D 为最可疑选项。 【解析】 原文中出现 4 个数字,首先,聪明的你必须分清楚它们分别代表什么, 之间有什么联系: “10”代表一张面值 10 美元(bill)的应付钞票, “2”代表要买的 2 张门 票(tickets)“
  1.40”代表所找的
  1.40 元零钱(change)“1”代表问题中问到的 1 张门票值 , , 多少钱(cost) 。再来计算,不难发现 (10-
  1.
  40)/2=
  4.
  30,答案为 B 选项。 【例
  2】 19
  97.1 M: What’s the time for departure? W: 5:
  30.That only leaves us 15 minutes to go through the customs and check our baggage. Q: At what time did this conversation take place? A) 5:00 B) 5:15 C) 5:30 D) 5:45 【预测】 通过选项发现此题的答案小时都为
  5,分钟各不同,可预测到这题肯定 是考分钟的加减运算,并且分钟之间差额按顺序都有 15 分钟,故判断原文中可能会围绕 “fifteen minutes”的计算。 【解析】 原文中共出现两个数字,因此在听的过程中注意与这两个时间有关的动 作或事件。5:30 代表航班起飞的时间,明白 leave 代表只剩下 15 分通关的意思,不难听出 它们之间的加减关系,所以 A 和 C 可以排除,剩下用减法,答案为 B。 Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said, both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked [A], [B], [C], [D], and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Example: You will hear: You will read: A) At the office B) In the waiting room C) At the airport D) In a restaurant From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This conversation is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) “At the office” is the best answer. You should choose A) on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre .
  1. A) At 10:30 B) At 10:25 C) At 10:40 D) At 10:45
  2. A) More than an hour and a half B) Not more than half an hour C) More than two hours D) Less than an hour and a half
  3. A) $
  1.00 B) $
  2.00 C) $
  3.00 D) $
  4.00
  4. A) 25 B) 5 C) 15 D) 20
  5. A) half an hour B) one hour C) two hours D) three hours
  6. A) Tuesday B) Wednesday C) Thursday D) Friday
  7. A) Sunday B) Wednesday C) Tuesday D) Friday
  8. A) 36 B) 38 C) 40 D) 42
  9. A) March 12th B) March 19th
C) March 26th D) March 28th
  10.A) 10 minutes B) 15 minutes C) 20 minutes D) 30 minutes
  1. 【选 C】原文重现(时间) M: So when are the other guys going to get here? The train is leaving in 10 minutes. We can’t wait here forever. W: It’s 10:30 already. They’re supposed to be here by now. I told everybody to meet here by 10:
  15. Q: When is the train leaving? 听力词汇扩展: leave alone 听其自然,不要去管 leave behind 丢弃;留下;忘记携带 leave off (使)停止;停下来 leave out 忽略,遗漏;省略
  2. 【选 D】原文重现(时间) W: How much time did you have for writing the paper? M: We were given three hours, but I finished up in less than half the time. Q: How long did it take the man to write his paper? 听力词汇扩展: finish up 结束;完成 finish up with 以……结束;最后有…… finish with 完成,结束
  3. 【选 C】原文重现(价格) M: Does a half gallon of milk sell for $
  2.00? W: Right, but if you buy two half-gallons now, the second is only half-price. Q: How much will the man pay for a gallon of milk now? 听力词汇扩展: pay for 付款 pay back 偿还(借款等) ;回报 pay off 还清 pay respect to 考虑,关心,重视
  4. 【选 A】原文重现(数量) M: How many students enjoyed the party the day before yesterday? W: Twenty were expected to come, but five more appeared. Q: How many students actually showed up for the party? 听力词汇扩展: show up 出现,显现 show in 领入,领进来 show off 炫耀,卖弄 show...around... 带领(某人)参观……
  5. 【选 D】原文重现(小时) M: Come on, hurry up, we can save an hour if we can catch the express train! W: Yes, it takes only two hours to get to Manchester. Q: How long will take the man and woman get to Manchester if they take the ordinary train? 听力词汇扩展: get to 到达 get along (with sb.) (与某人)相处融洽 get into 进入 get down 下来,落下 get back 回来
  6. 【选 C】原文重现(星期) W: I wonder if you can finish your homework by Tuesday morning?
M: Sorry, Ms. Ford . I don’t think I can finish it so early. I need two days more. Q: When will the man hand in his homework? 听力词汇扩展: hand in 交进来,交纳 hand down 把……传下来;传给 hand over 交出,移交;让与 hand on 传下来,依次传递
  7. 【选 B】原文重现(星期) M: Today is already Tuesday. The package should have arrived two days ago. W: Your Mum sent it last Friday. It takes five days to come to America from China by air. Be patient, honey. Q: When should the package arrive according to the woman?
  8. 【选 C】原文重现(温度) M: Do you think it’ usually this hot at this time of the year? The temperature is 38 right s now. W: Not really. It can be two degrees higher. Q: What’s the highest temperature in the year?
  9. 【选 C】原文重现(日期) M: How long can I keep the book, please? W: It’s March 12th today and you have to return it in two weeks’ time. Q: When must the man return the book?
  10. 【选 A】原文重现(时间) M: Why are you in such a hurry? W: We’re already late for the play. It starts at 7:
  50. It takes us 30 minutes to get there, and it’s already half past seven. Q: How late will they be for the play if they leave now?
unit 1 收得领地 Day 3 细节辨认题 细节辨认题 数字细节的辨认是数字类最简单的一种, 直接就能在听力原文中找到答案, 但往往 也是许多考生丢分的所在之处。原因是在原文中有很多干扰信息,其迷惑性极高,容易使人 掉入其陷阱当中。所以遇到这种题型,首先务必明确其所有相关数字它们分别代表什么,并 且关键是问什么,做好相应笔记,不要张冠李戴,盲目作答。尤其是要分清数字中“-teen” 和“-ty”等之类读法的区别:前者为重读音节“ee”发长元音/ i:/,而后者不是。 【例
  1】 20
  01.6 M: I wonder if Suzy will be here by 5 o’clock. W: Her husband said she left home at 4:30, she should be here at 5:10,maybe 5:15 at the latest. Q: What time did Suzy leave home? A) 5:15 B) 5:10 C) 4:30 D) 5:00 【解析】 首先辨清问题是 Suzy 什么时
 

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