一、常用句型及单词 A. 开头
  1、There is an interesting and instructive picture which goes like this: .
  2、 has become a hot topic among people, especially among the young, and heated debates are right on their way.
  3、Recently, has been brought to such popular attention that (e.g. Recently, the problem of global warminmg has been brought to such popular attention th at governments at all levels place it on the the top of the agenda.).
  4、One of our ancient philosophers said, . Chinese people have always been hold ing this idea to be one of their standards of morality.
  5. No one,regardless of race, religion or nationality, would deny that... 或:Everyone would agree that... B 结尾
  1) Only in this way/Only when……/Only through……, will/can we……或:It is only if/when…… that we will…… It is only if all sides of society take their roles fully that we will achieve the society w e want.
  2) As long as……we will be able to……/the problem is bound to…… As long as we persist in spreading scientific knowledge among the masses,all the superstitio ns are bound to go out of our life.
  3) With a constant/steady improvement in ……(或 With the gradual worsening of……) sth.wil l……
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With a steady improvement in our legal system,this problem will sure be solved earlier or la ter.
  4) In a word,there is every/little chance/probability/possibility that.……in time to come.A
In one word,there is every chance that this Chinese Traditon will continue to entertain mill ions of Chinese citizens. C. 中间
  1.建议和解决方法
  1). A great number of solutions are being offered. Some people suggest that . Others argue that .
  2). But I don’t think it is a very good way to solve . For instance, . Worst of all, .
  3). My suggestion to deal with/solve/relieve the problem are as follows. In the first plac e,…. Secondly,…. Finally
  4). If we let the situation go as it is, …. By that time, …. 如果让这种情况继续发展下去, 那么到那个时候,……。
  5) If……, will there be anything that can make me even happier? 如果(我们怎么怎么做),那 将没有比这令我更高兴的了。
  2.It 结构
  1) It is advisable to exercise(拥有)patience in dealing with such complicated situations.
  2) It is necessary that young and old people should communicate more with each other.
  3) It is certain that fresh air and exercises are more enjoyable and beneficial than medicin e.
2

  4) It is well known that many of our problems are caused at least in part by failure to comm unicate.
  5) It seemed to me that the only thing that matters is to learn through failure.
  6) It pays in the long run (从长远的角度看……)to introduce new technique.
  3.动名词或分词结构
  1) Drinking,eating,and smoking excessively can do severe harm to even a young person's hea lth.
  2) The art of communication requires learning the language and culture of the audience.
  4.递进式结构
  1) Fresh vegetables are nutritious(有营养的);furthermore,they re cheaper than frozen one s.
  2) Helping others will not only bring joy into other people's lives,but also added happines s into our own.
  5.表示重要性或必要性
  1) It's important to set aside time for relaxation,hobbies ,and entertainment as well.
  2) A harmonious atmosphere is essential(necessary / critical / indispensable)to achieve su ccess.
  3) Global warming can endanger our lives so much that we are obliged to make a careful study of the problem and try to find out a lasting solution to it.
  6.表示目的
  1) The purpose of a test is to show what you have leaned about a subject.
  2) The intent is not to catch everyone but rather to catch enough to spread the word.
3

  3) Competitive sports are recommended to young adults to prepare them for the competitive wo rld of college and business.
  7.表示结果
  1) Too much work and too little rest may lead to loss of health.
  2) If you try to learn too many things at a time,you may get confused.
  3) By consistent hard work we will be able to achieved our objectives (目标).
  8.表示对比和比较
  1) Jobs and work do much more than most of us realize to provide happiness and contentment.
  2) Work is more than a necessity for most human beings;it is the focus of their lives,the source of their identity and creativity.
  3) Rather than a punishment or a burden,work is the opportunity to realize one's potential.

  4) The more scientists find out,the more questions they are unable to answer.
  9.表示条件或假设的结构
  1) Without the distraction of TV,they might sit around together after dinner.
  2) As long as the brain is given plenty of exercise it keeps its power.
  3) Were it left to me to decide whether we should , I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.
  4) Without a degree and with no vocational experience their chances of getting good jobs are slim.
  10.表示举例
  1) Takefor example,
4

  2) An illustration(例证)may make the point clear.
  11.表示采取措施
  1) The government should be taking effective(有效的)measures to overcome current difficult ies.
  2) As college students, we are obliged to make every effort to help support the Olymic Games.

  3) The school authorities should invest more energy and money in improving working and livin g conditions for the teachers.
  12.表示让步关系
  1) While it may be more convenient to possess a car,it is also expensive and troublesome at times.
  2) Although I do not earn a great deal of money for this job,the pleasure I receive from th e work makes it worthwhile.
  13.表示因果或前提关系
  1) Because of(owing to) the pressure(压力)of examinations, many students are left with li ttle or no free time.
  2) Perhaps it's because few of us know how to accept compliments(赞扬)gracefully.
  3) That is why housework is considered as such a dreary grind(乏味的苦差事)。
  4) The reason for this is that
  14.表示存在的问题
  1)One of the greatest problems facing the 21st century will be what to do with all the rubbi sh produced in the world.
  2) To travel abroad is a desire shared by many people,but few can afford to do it.
5

  3) Cheating is now considered to be a major problem in colleges and universities.
  4) Many people find it harder and harder to keep up with the radical changes that characteri ze our time.
  5) At first thought, the problem seems far too involved (复杂),but it can certainly be s olved when seriously dealt with .
  15. There be 结构
  1) There are other techniques that might help you with you studying.
  2) There is much that we can learn from the Chinese classic works.
  3) There is no sense(道理)in leaving important decisions to inexperienced people. 精彩废话万能句 The rapid progress in science and technology has given a powerful shove-ahead to the product ive forces of the world and the economic and social development of humanity. 科技的快速发展带给世 界生产力和人类经济和社会的发展一个强劲的推动力 …can help one stand tall and aim far, broaden one's vision and give full play to one's inte lligence and wisdom on the broad arena of the modernization drive. 站的高看的远,开扩自己的视野,在 现代化建设的大舞台上充分发挥个人才智 Let’ join hands and work together to contribute a greater part to the harmony of our societ s y. 让我们携手共同奋斗,为建设和谐社会作出更大的贡献! Famous scientist Marie Curie once said,” Nothing is life is to be feared; it is only to be u nderstood.” In the same ways, once we understand the casuses of this phenomenon, we can confiden tly believe that we will solve the problem with the following means: 精彩虚词
  1. admittedly 应当承认: Admittedly, a few governments have taken timid measures.
6

  2. simply 简而言之: The answer is simply money.
  3. surely 肯定地: This is surely the most short-sighted policy you could imagine.
  4. increasingly 不断增长地 While money is eagerly collected in vast sums with one hand, it i s paid out in increasingly vaster sums with the other. 二、应用文文体 A Letter of Application
  1. 我是大二学生(sophomore),现申请从自动化系转到商务管理系
  2. 申请的主要原因
  3. 对转系带来的麻烦表示歉意,并希望有关领导能同意我的申请 Dear Sir/Madam, I am a sophomore with major in Automation. Though I have made a great progress during my fir st year academic training, I find that I am more interested in Business Administration. Now I am writing to you to formally request to switch to this area of study. The main reason for my decision is that the major I am studying in is my parents’ choice. Th ey insisted that I should study what they had learned before but after a year’s study I have com e to realize this is not the career I want to pursue in my future life. Besides, I have attended business classes as my optional course and achieved a good success, which further confirms my dec ision. I am sorry for any inconvenience or trouble that might have been caused by this change. The decision is not made lightly. I do appreciate your kind consideration and sincerely hope you will grant me the shift to the new department. Yours sincerely
Zhang Ming
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