大学英语四级新题型考试预测试卷(四 大学英语四级新题型考试预测试卷 四)
Part I writing (30 minutes) Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic Starting Career in a Big City or Small Town? You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below in Chinese:
  1. 很多的大学生毕业后留在大城市工作;
  2. 也有人选择到小城镇开始自己的职业生涯;
  3. 结合自己的实际情况谈谈自己的想法。
注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。
Part 1I Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet
  1. For questions 1 - 7, mark Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage; N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage; NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage. For questions 8 - 10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. Is Your Life Worth 30 Minutes a Day? Don’t be afraid of the E word -- it could mean your survival. People who aren’t engaging in regular exercise can reap significant health benefits if they accumulate 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity most days of the week. What can help prevent stroke (中风), heart disease and some cancer? What can lift depression, ease arthritis (关节炎) pain and increase both the length and quality of life to name just a few of its benefits? "If packed into a pill," sums up Dr. Robert Butler, former director of the National Institute on Aging, "it would be the single most widely prescribed (写处方) and beneficial medicine in the nation. " Best of all, it is free and available to everyone." Exercise Can Help People Stay Healthy Give up? The answer is the E word: exercise. But you don’t have to change into gym shorts or, heaven forbid, sweat for an hour. Instead, the U.S. Surgeon General’s report Physical Activity and Health offers this simple exercise prescription: people who aren’t engaging in regular exercise can reap significant health benefits if they accumulate 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity most days of the week. Americans Expend Much Less Energy and Time on Exercise Americans today expend much less energy than did previous generations, perhaps as much as a few hundred calories per day less. All the "advances" that make our lives easier like e-commerce (电子商务) , and automatic doors -- contribute to the current epidemic (流行病) of obesity (肥胖) and related disease. Experts say that if you expend just ten extra calories a day by being more active, over a year you can lose a pound mostly fat. And if you burn 150 extra calories a day -- the equivalent of a 30-minutes’ walk in a year that’s ten pounds. (If you also eat 150 calories less that’s about half a candy bar you could lose an additional ten pounds.)
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The sad fact is that only about 15 percent of American adults engage regularly in vigorous physical activity for at least 20 minutes three times a week. More than 60 percent are not regularly physically active, and 25 percent are totally sedentary (久坐的). The Benefit of Moderate Exercise Yet the benefits of moderate exercise are amazing. Consider how exercise helps the following: diabetes (糖尿病). The number of Americans diagnosed with diabetes has increased six fold since 1958, to a record high of ten million presented by www.hongduen.com. This alarming rise is linked to our expanding waistlines, junk food diet and inactivity. Some experts feel that the most common form of diabetes is preventable with a proper diet -- and regular activity. In diabetics, the hormone insulin (荷尔蒙胰岛素) does not properly regulate glucose (葡萄糖) levels in the blood. When people exercise, the body fuels the activity by taking glucose out of their blood to use for energy. Exercise Can Help Patients Suffering from the Following Diseases Heart Attacks and Stroke. One of the simplest, safest, least expensive and most effective strategies for improving heart health is frequently neglected: exercise. It reduces blood pressure and can help raise the level of "good" cholesterol (胆固醇), while lowering "bad" cholesterol when combined with dietary changes. Remember: for every one percent reduction in blood cholesterol, the occurrence of coronary (冠状动脉的) heart disease is reduced by two percent. Moreover, people who exercise one hour per day cut their risk for stroke nearly in half, according to a study of
  11.130 Harvard University alumni (男女校友). Mental Health. When asked why she started swimming during her freshman year at Boston University, world-class endurance swimmer Julie Ridge replied, "It was a mental thing." While habitual exercisers like Ridge sedentary people may assume that working out is about looking good, know that it is largely about feeling good. A growing body of research shows that physical activity does, indeed, exert a "feel good" effect that can work as a powerful treatment for depression. Arthritis. Many people -- including some physicians -- still haven’t heard the new message that exercise can help people with arthritis now affecting nearly 43 million Americans. "We’ve come from thinking that physical fitness was impossible for people with arthritis to know that exercise is one of the best ways to manage their disease and minimize their disability," says Marian Minor, an associate professor of Physical therapy at the University of Missouri, Columbia. Exercise can reduce pain by keeping joints (关节) flexible and the muscles around the joints strong. A person with arthritis who has other medical conditions or a lot of pain should get a physician’s referral (建议) to a physical therapist who can design an individualized exercise program. Cancer. Each year over a million Americans learn they have cancer -- the second leading cause of death in the Unites States after heart disease. In 1996 the American Cancer Society added regular physical activity to the list of preventive measures it advocates. According to one large study of people at various levels of fitness, the least fit men died from cancer at a rate more than three times higher than that of the most fit men. And, notes Informed Decisions, the American Cancer Society’s guide to the disease, an earlier study found "the least fit women had fully16 times the cancer death rate of the most fit women." Scientists still don’t know the precise mechanisms by which exercise appears to exert an “anticancer” effect, but current thinking points to physical activity’s effect on the immune and endocrine (内分泌的) system.
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So Choose to Move. Stop viewing exercise as a "workout" and start thinking of it as play ? a welcome daily recess (暂歇) that frees your body from the confines of its workaday routines. And if you have any health concerns, you should, of course, consult a physician first. 注意:实考中此部分试题均在答题卡 1 上作答。
  1. Americans today expend more energy than their forefathers in the past.
  2. In a way, some modern conveniences result in people’s obesity and related diseases.
  3. Exercise is a free and available way for people to be away from illness.
  4. Exercise can help increase blood pressure and lower the level of "good" cholesterol while raising "bad" cholesterol when combined with dietary changes.
  5. More and more American adults take part in physical activity regularly
  6. Regular and moderate physical activity has beneficial effect on people’s health.
  7. Exercise can help smokers and drinkers get rid of cigarette smoking and drinking.
  8. One of the simplest, safest, least expensive and most effective strategies for improving heart health is .
  9. If a person’s blood cholesterol is reduced one percent, his possibility of suffering from coronary heart disease will be reduced by .
  10. Exercise can help people with arthritis to reduce pain by and . Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. A college education is an investment in the future. But it can be a 47 one. The College Board 48 that the costs at a four-year public college in the United States increased 10% this past school year. That was less than the 13% increase the year before, but still much higher than the inflation 49 Public colleges and universities still cost a lot less than private ones. Financial aid often helps. But financial experts 50 parents to start college savings plans when their child is still very young. All fifty states and the District of Columbia 51 what are called 5 - 29 plans. These plans are named after the part of the federal tax law that created them in 19
  96. States use private investment companies to operate the 52 of the programs. Every state has its own rules 53 5 - 29 plans. Some of the plans are 54 of state taxes. And all are not required to pay federal taxes. However, the government could start to tax withdrawals (取钱) in 2011 if Congress does not change the law. 5 -29 plans include investment accounts that increase or decrease in value with the investments they contain. Families must decide how 55 they want to put money into stocks, or other investments. Another kind of 5 - 29 plan lets parents begin to pay for their child’ s education in 56 and long before their child starts college. This kind of savings program is called a prepaid tuition plan. The money goes into an account to pay for an education at a public college or university in the family’s home state. A) aggressively F) consumes K) free
3
B) estimates C) offer D) automatically E) rate
G) costly H) decline I) advise J) capable
L) majority M) advance N) governing O) general
Section B Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passages is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C), D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passages. Most shoplifters agree that the January sales offer wonderful opportunities for the hard-working thief. With the shops so crowded and the staff so busy, it does not require any extraordinary talent to help yourself to one or two little things and escape unnoticed. It is known, in the business, as "hoisting". But the hoisting game is not what it used to be. Even at the height of the sales, shoplifters today never know if they are being watched by one of those evil little balls that hang from the ceilings of so many department stores above the most desirable goods. As if that was not trouble enough for them, they can now be filmed at work and obliged to attend a showing of their performance in court. Selfridges was the first big London store to install closed-circuit video-tape equipment to watch its sales floors. In October last year the store won its first court case for shoplifting using as evidence a videotape clearly showing a couple stealing dresses. It was an important test case which encouraged other stores to install similar equipment. When the balls, called sputniks, first make an appearance in shops it was widely believed that their only function was to frighten shoplifters. Their somewhat ridiculous appearance, the curious holes and red lights going on and off, certainly make the theory believable. It did not take long, however, for serious shoplifters to start showing suitable respect. Soon after the equipment was in operation at Selfridges, store detective Brian Chadwick was sitting in the control room watching a woman secretly putting bottles of perfume into her bag. "As she turned to go," Chadwick recalled, "she suddenly looked up at the sputnik and stopped. She could not possibly have seen that the camera ‘was trained on her because it is completely hidden, but she must have had a feeling that I was looking at her. "For a moment she paused, but then she returned to counter and started putting everything back. When she had finished, she opened her bag towards the camera to show it was empty and hurried out of the store. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。
  57. January is a good month for shoplifters because -A) they don’t need to wait for staff to serve Them B) they don’t need any previous experience as thieves C) there are so many people in the store D) there are more goods in the shops
  58. The spumiks hanging from the ceiling are intended A) as an amusing kind of decoration
4
B) to make films That can be used in evidence C) to frighten shoplifters by their appearance D) to be used as evidence against shoplifters
  59. The case last Octob
 

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