第三节 应用文写作模板
应用文是指人们在工作、学习、生活中传递 信息,以达到交际目的的一种文体。这种文 章需做到言简意赅、条理清楚,一般不需要 过多修饰。四级考试中的应用文大致分为两 类:
  1. 书信类
  2. 口头类
例Letter in Reply to a Friend(2004 年1月)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter in reply to a friend’s inquiry about applying for admission to your college or university. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
  1) 建议报考的专业及理由;
  2) 报考该专业的基本条件;
  3) 应当如何备考。
December 27th, 2003 Dear X, 第一段: 第一段: I am very happy to learn that .(对来信表示高兴 对来信表示高兴) 对来信表示高兴 You are welcome to . (对报考表示欢迎 对报考表示欢迎) 对报考表示欢迎 When it comes to , I suggest that . (提出建议报考的专业 提出建议报考的专业) 提出建议报考的专业 To begin with, .(理由一 理由一) 理由一 What’s more, . (理由二 理由二) 理由二 第二段: 第二段: In order to , you have to .(指出报考该专业的基本条件 指出报考该专业的基本条件) 指出报考该专业的基本条件 First of all, . (条件一 条件一) 条件一 In addition, . (条件二 条件二) 条件二 第三段: 第三段: As far as is concerned, you should on the one hand .(有关 有关 如何备考, 首先……) 如何备考, 首先 On the other hand, you’d better . (其次 其次……) 其次 Only by can you . (总结 总结) 总结 Best wishes! Yours truly, Li Ming
范文A Letter in Reply to a Friend
December 27th, 2003 Dear X, I am very happy to learn that you want to apply to our university. You are welcome to be one of us. When it comes to which major you should choose, I suggest that you apply for Computer Science. To begin with, this is one of the best specialized programs in our university. What’s more, Computer Science majors are more likely to find well-paid jobs. In order to study at the Department of Computer Science, you have to meet the following requirements. First of all, you have to reach the minimum score set for admission to key universities in the National College Entrance Examination. In addition, you have to be good at mathematics. As far as the preparation is concerned, you should on the one hand review all the required lessons. On the other hand, you’d better spend some time on English. Only by careful preparations can you hope to enroll in our university. Best whishes! Yours truly, Li Ming
框架点评
第一段:首先对来信表示高兴,欢迎对方申请本校。然后切 入主题,建议报考计算机专业,并用两个词组To begin with…和What’s more…引出两点理由:一是因为该专业实 力较强,二是毕业后容易就业。 第二段:首句是主题句,以In order to…you have to meet the following requirements引出两个条件;用First of all…, In addition…引导两个扩展句来阐述这两个条件。由于篇幅 所限,且题目要求涉及的内容较多,故中间段的总结句省去。 第三段:以As far as…引出对备考的建议,用On the one hand…和On the other hand…连接。最后以Only through… 来结尾,即只有做好这些准备,才有希望被录取。
A Letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on Campus Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: A Letter to the University about the Canteen Service on Campus. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below: 假如你是李明,请你就本校食堂的状况给校长 写一封信,内容应涉及食堂饭菜的质量、价格、 环境、服务等,可以是表扬,可以是批评建 议,也可以兼而有之。
A Letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on Campus(02,
  1)
January 12th, 2002 Dear Mr. President, I am a sophomore in the Biology Department. I’m writing to tell you some problems with the canteen service on campus and some suggestions on it. We really don’t think much of the quality of the food. The rice and the bread are too hard for us to chew. The vegetables are often overcooked. Besides, the price of the food is too high. You know, some students’ families are very poor, and they are even short of tuition fees. How can they afford such expensive meals? Furthermore, the attitude of the service staff to us is not acceptable. Therefore, I suggest that we should have more than one canteen in the university. If there is competition between them, the abovementioned problems will be solved more easily. I sincerely hope that the canteen service will be improved soon. All of us will appreciate it. Thank you for your consideration! Yours sincerely, Li Ming
A Letter Applying for a Bank Loan(预测)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: A Letter Applying for a Bank Loan. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
  1. 个人情况介绍
  2. 申请贷款的原因、数额及用途
  3. 如何保证专款专用以及你的还款打算
June 16th, 2010 Dear Sir or Madam, I am a freshman in X University, majoring in Mathematics. Since I entered the university, I have been studying hard and was the top of my class in the final exam of last semester. However, I am now facing the danger of dropping out of school. Both of my parents are ordinary farmers, and, even worse, my mother has suddenly fallen ill. It is now a must for me to find some other ways to support myself. So I’m applying to your bank for a loan of 10,000 yuan. All the money will be used to cover my tuition. A family tutor and the work-study programs provided by the university will help me earn enough money to support myself. I guarantee that I will gradually repay the loan within two years after my graduation. Please have confidence in me, and many thanks. Yours sincerely, Li lin
例A Brief Introduction to a Tourist Attraction (2004年6月)
Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition entitled A Brief Introduction to a Tourist Attraction. you should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese: 要点:
  1) 致欢迎词;
  2) 一天的行程安排;
  3) 对游客即将访问的地点进行描述;
  4) 你应该让这个介绍很吸引人,并且让每个人都清楚你的行 程安排。
模板
第一段: Ladies and gentlemen (My dear friends), welcome to . (致欢迎 词)
It’s my great honor to . (自我介绍) I hope you will enjoy your whole time . (开头套语) 第二段: First, I want to introduce the schedule to you. (主题句) We will assemble at .(告知集合时间) .( (具体行程安排) ) is the end of the whole day’s tour. (告知结束时间) If any of you have questions, please don’t hesitate to ask me. (套语) 第三段: Now, it’s time to introduce our scenery briefly. (主题句) . (具体的景点描述) In a word, it is a good chance to . (总结句) I am sure you are looking forward to it. Let’s start. (结束语)
范文A Brief Introduction to a Tourist Attraction
Ladies and gentlemen (My dear friends), welcome to join our tour group. It’s my great honor to be your tour guide. I hope you will enjoy your whole time with my company. First, I want to introduce the schedule to you. We will assemble at 7 a.m. here. After all of you have arrived, we will set out to climb mountains. At 1 p.m. we head for the seashore. 5 p.m. is the end of the whole day’s tour. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask me at any time. Now, it’s time to introduce the scenery briefly. The FiveFinger Mountains we’ll climb are about 1,000 meters high. They are named after their shape, resembling a human’ hand, with exactly five fingers in a row. At the seashore, you will be amazed at the width of the sea. Certainly, you can swim in the sea or build a castle with soft sand at the beach. In a word, it is a wonderful chance to approach our nature, relax yourself and relieve you of the pressure. I am sure you are looking forward to it. Let’s start.
框架点评
第一段:致欢迎词,礼貌地自我介绍,并致以良好 的祝愿。 第二段:首句为主题句,引出具体的行程安排,如 集合时间、结束时间等。该段最后一句必不可少, 也非常实用,If you have any questions, please If don’t hesitate to ask me at any time, 如有疑问请随 时问我。 第三段:首句仍为主题句,引起听众的注意。景点 描述部分语言平实简练、表达畅通。最后是总结句, 用In a word…引导。
例Welcome to Our Club (20
  07.
  6)
Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an announcement to welcome students to join a club. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:
  1. 本社团的主要活动内容
  2. 参加本社团的好处
  3. 如何加入本社团
写作指南
这是一篇应用文。本作文所考查的目标主要 是语言本身,思维或逻辑方面只要能自圆其 说就可以了。本篇作文的要求是:布局合理, 条理清晰,重在语言表达,尽量避免语言错 误,有一定的语言变化。另外四六级作文的 应试方针:尽量减少基础语言错误
根据题目要求,文章的结构安排如下: 第一段:首先表示欢迎,并简要介绍该社团及其主 要活动内容:
  1.定期组织英语角活动;
  2.与外教面 对面练口语;
  3. 请资深英语教学专家做讲座。 第二段:列举参加该社团的好处:
  1.掌握英语学习 方法,增加学习兴趣;
  2.与外教交朋友,了解英语 国家文化;
  3. 提高英语水平,练就一口地道流利的 英语。 第三段:说明如何加入社团,并表示感谢。
Welcome to Our Club
Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to join our English club! It is sponsored (supported) by the Student Union and was set up (established/founded) two years ago. The club organizes various (all kinds of) activities regularly meeting the demands (needs) of participants, and enjoys high popularity (is well known /very popular) among English learners. We have English corners every weekend and you can practice your oral English with native speakers. In addition (Additionally/Besides/Moreover/Furthermore), experts (experienced teachers) are invited to give lectures on English learning occasionally (now and then).
There are a lot of benefits for you to join us (You can gain a lot of benefits from joining us). To begin with (First and foremost), you can find the most suitable English learning methods for you (you can find the best way to learn English) by communicating with others and consulting language experts, hence making yourself more interested in English learning. Besides, you can make friends with foreigners and get to know their cultures. Lastly, through your own efforts and with our help, you can speak accurate and fluent English more easily (more confidently/with less difficulty) , thus increasing your chances of finding a favorable (satisfactory) job in multinationals upon graduation (when you graduate).
You can email us at englishclub@Eng.edu.cn if you want to become a member of our club. Thank you for your interest.
A Campaign Speech(05,
  1)

  1. 你认为自己具备了什么条件(能力、性格、 爱好等)可以胜任学生会主席的工作
  2. 如果当选,你将为本校同学做些什么
My dear fellow students, It’s my great honor to have the chance to deliver a speech here. Impressed as I am by the excellent speeches made by the previous candidates, I’ll prove myself to be the best one for the post of chairman of the student union. First of all, I In addition, l So, my wise friends, vote for yourselves and vote for mebecause I’m your hope and your best choice. Thank you.
常用句式 一、篇首
说明写信的原因 I would like to apply for admission to your university for study in Computer Science. 我想申请去贵校攻读计算机科学专业 According to the latest Beijing Weekly, I find you want an experienced and efficient secretary. 我从最新一期《北京周报》获悉贵公司要招聘一位有 经验的、能干的秘书。
致谢 I am greatly indebted to you for your care and help.对于您的关心和帮助我不胜感激。 I am writing to tell you how grateful I am for… 我给您写信是想告诉您我非常感激您… I would like to thank you most sincerely for… 我对您…表示最诚挚的感谢。
投诉和批评 I am writing to complain about the bad service of your company. 我写此信是要投诉贵公司恶劣的服务。 I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with …我写此信向您表示我对……的不满。 I wish to make a complaint about…我想投诉… I am writing to draw your attention to… 我写此信给您,希望您对…引起注意。
致歉 I would like to express my apologies for not being able to… 对于无法……,我十分抱歉。 I am terribly sorry that… 对……我感到万分抱歉。
询问 I am writing to ask if you can do me a favor. 我写此信是想问你能否帮我一个
 

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