第三节 应用文写作模板
应用文是指人们在工作、学习、生活中传递 信息,以达到交际目的的一种文体。这种文 章需做到言简意赅、条理清楚,一般不需要 过多修饰。四级考试中的应用文大致分为两 类:
  1. 书信类
  2. 口头类
例Letter in Reply to a Friend(2004 年1月)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter in reply to a friend’s inquiry about applying for admission to your college or university. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
  1) 建议报考的专业及理由;
  2) 报考该专业的基本条件;
  3) 应当如何备考。
December 27th, 2003 Dear X, 第一段: 第一段: I am very happy to learn that .(对来信表示高兴 对来信表示高兴) 对来信表示高兴 You are welcome to . (对报考表示欢迎 对报考表示欢迎) 对报考表示欢迎 When it comes to , I suggest that . (提出建议报考的专业 提出建议报考的专业) 提出建议报考的专业 To begin with, .(理由一 理由一) 理由一 What’s more, . (理由二 理由二) 理由二 第二段: 第二段: In order to , you have to .(指出报考该专业的基本条件 指出报考该专业的基本条件) 指出报考该专业的基本条件 First of all, . (条件一 条件一) 条件一 In addition, . (条件二 条件二) 条件二 第三段: 第三段: As far as is concerned, you should on the one hand .(有关 有关 如何备考, 首先……) 如何备考, 首先 On the other hand, you’d better . (其次 其次……) 其次 Only by can you . (总结 总结) 总结 Best wishes! Yours truly, Li Ming
范文A Letter in Reply to a Friend
December 27th, 2003 Dear X, I am very happy to learn that you want to apply to our university. You are welcome to be one of us. When it comes to which major you should choose, I suggest that you apply for Computer Science. To begin with, this is one of the best specialized programs in our university. What’s more, Computer Science majors are more likely to find well-paid jobs. In order to study at the Department of Computer Science, you have to meet the following requirements. First of all, you have to reach the minimum score set for admission to key universities in the National College Entrance Examination. In addition, you have to be good at mathematics. As far as the preparation is concerned, you should on the one hand review all the required lessons. On the other hand, you’d better spend some time on English. Only by careful preparations can you hope to enroll in our university. Best whishes! Yours truly, Li Ming
框架点评
第一段:首先对来信表示高兴,欢迎对方申请本校。然后切 入主题,建议报考计算机专业,并用两个词组To begin with…和What’s more…引出两点理由:一是因为该专业实 力较强,二是毕业后容易就业。 第二段:首句是主题句,以In order to…you have to meet the following requirements引出两个条件;用First of all…, In addition…引导两个扩展句来阐述这两个条件。由于篇幅 所限,且题目要求涉及的内容较多,故中间段的总结句省去。 第三段:以As far as…引出对备考的建议,用On the one hand…和On the other hand…连接。最后以Only through… 来结尾,即只有做好这些准备,才有希望被录取。
A Letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on Campus Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: A Letter to the University about the Canteen Service on Campus. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below: 假如你是李明,请你就本校食堂的状况给校长 写一封信,内容应涉及食堂饭菜的质量、价格、 环境、服务等,可以是表扬,可以是批评建 议,也可以兼而有之。
A Letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on Campus(02,
  1)
January 12th, 2002 Dear Mr. President, I am a sophomore in the Biology Department. I’m writing to tell you some problems with the canteen service on campus and some suggestions on it. We really don’t think much of the quality of the food. The rice and the bread are too hard for us to chew. The vegetables are often overcooked. Besides, the price of the food is too high. You know, some students’ families are very poor, and they are even short of tuition fees. How can they afford such expensive meals? Furthermore, the attitude of the service staff to us is not acceptable. Therefore, I suggest that we should have more than one canteen in the university. If there is competition between them, the abovementioned problems will be solved more easily. I sincerely hope that the canteen service will be improved soon. All of us will appreciate it. Thank you for your consideration! Yours sincerely, Li Ming
A Letter Applying for a Bank Loan(预测)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic: A Letter Applying for a Bank Loan. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
  1. 个人情况介绍
  2. 申请贷款的原因、数额及用途
  3. 如何保证专款专用以及你的还款打算
June 16th, 2010 Dear Sir or Madam, I am a freshman in X University, majoring in Mathematics. Since I entered the university, I have been studying hard and was the top of my class in the final exam of last semester. However, I am now facing the danger of dropping out of school. Both of my parents are ordinary farmers, and, even worse, my mother has suddenly fallen ill. It is now a must for me to find some other ways to support myself. So I’m applying to your bank for a loan of 10,000 yuan. All the money will be used to cover my tuition. A family tutor and the work-study programs provided by the university will help me earn enough money to support myself. I guarantee that I will gradually repay the loan within two years after my graduation. Please have confidence in me, and many thanks. Yours sincerely, Li lin
例A Brief Introduction to a Tourist Attraction (2004年6月)
Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition entitled A Brief Introduction to a Tourist Attraction. you should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese: 要点:
  1) 致欢迎词;
  2) 一天的行程安排;
  3) 对游客即将访问的地点进行描述;
  4) 你应该让这个介绍很吸引人,并且让每个人都清楚你的行 程安排。
模板
第一段: Ladies and gentlemen (My dear friends), welcome to . (致欢迎 词)
It’s my great honor to . (自我介绍) I hope you will enjoy your whole time . (开头套语) 第二段: First, I want to introduce the schedule to you. (主题句) We will assemble at .(告知集合时间) .( (具体行程安排) ) is the end of the whole day’s tour. (告知结束时间) If any of you have questions, please don’t hesitate to ask me. (套语) 第三段: Now, it’s time to introduce our scenery briefly. (主题句) . (具体的景点描述) In a word, it is a good chance to . (总结句) I am sure you are looking forward to it. Let’s start. (结束语)
范文A Brief Introduction to a Tourist Attraction
Ladies and gentlemen (My dear friends), welcome to join our tour group. It’s my great honor to be your tour guide. I hope you will enjoy your whole time with my company. First, I want to introduce the schedule to you. We will assemble at 7 a.m. here. After all of you have arrived, we will set out to climb mountains. At 1 p.m. we head for the seashore. 5 p.m. is the end of the whole day’s tour. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask me at any time. Now, it’s time to introduce the scenery briefly. The FiveFinger Mountains we’ll climb are about 1,000 meters high. They are named after their shape, resembling a human’ hand, with exactly five fingers in a row. At the seashore, you will be amazed at the width of the sea. Certainly, you can swim in the sea or build a castle with soft sand at the beach. In a word, it is a wonderful chance to approach our nature, relax yourself and relieve you of the pressure. I am sure you are looking forward to it. Let’s start.
框架点评
第一段:致欢迎词,礼貌地自我介绍,并致以良好 的祝愿。 第二段:首句为主题句,引出具体的行程安排,如 集合时间、结束时间等。该段最后一句必不可少, 也非常实用,If you have any questions, please If don’t hesitate to ask me at any time, 如有疑问请随 时问我。 第三段:首句仍为主题句,引起听众的注意。景点 描述部分语言平实简练、表达畅通。最后是总结句, 用In a word…引导。
例Welcome to Our Club (20
  07.
  6)
Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an announcement to welcome students to join a club. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:
  1. 本社团的主要活动内容
  2. 参加本社团的好处
  3. 如何加入本社团
写作指南
这是一篇应用文。本作文所考查的目标主要 是语言本身,思维或逻辑方面只要能自圆其 说就可以了。本篇作文的要求是:布局合理, 条理清晰,重在语言表达,尽量避免语言错 误,有一定的语言变化。另外四六级作文的 应试方针:尽量减少基础语言错误
根据题目要求,文章的结构安排如下: 第一段:首先表示欢迎,并简要介绍该社团及其主 要活动内容:
  1.定期组织英语角活动;
  2.与外教面 对面练口语;
  3. 请资深英语教学专家做讲座。 第二段:列举参加该社团的好处:
  1.掌握英语学习 方法,增加学习兴趣;
  2.与外教交朋友,了解英语 国家文化;
  3. 提高英语水平,练就一口地道流利的 英语。 第三段:说明如何加入社团,并表示感谢。
Welcome to Our Club
Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to join our English club! It is sponsored (supported) by the Student Union and was set up (established/founded) two years ago. The club organizes various (all kinds of) activities regularly meeting the demands (needs) of participants, and enjoys high popularity (is well known /very popular) among English learners. We have English corners every weekend and you can practice your oral English with native speakers. In addition (Additionally/Besides/Moreover/Furthermore), experts (experienced teachers) are invited to give lectures on English learning occasionally (now and then).
There are a lot of benefits for you to join us (You can gain a lot of benefits from joining us). To begin with (First and foremost), you can find the most suitable English learning methods for you (you can find the best way to learn English) by communicating with others and consulting language experts, hence making yourself more interested in English learning. Besides, you can make friends with foreigners and get to know their cultures. Lastly, through your own efforts and with our help, you can speak accurate and fluent English more easily (more confidently/with less difficulty) , thus increasing your chances of finding a favorable (satisfactory) job in multinationals upon graduation (when you graduate).
You can email us at englishclub@Eng.edu.cn if you want to become a member of our club. Thank you for your interest.
A Campaign Speech(05,
  1)

  1. 你认为自己具备了什么条件(能力、性格、 爱好等)可以胜任学生会主席的工作
  2. 如果当选,你将为本校同学做些什么
My dear fellow students, It’s my great honor to have the chance to deliver a speech here. Impressed as I am by the excellent speeches made by the previous candidates, I’ll prove myself to be the best one for the post of chairman of the student union. First of all, I In addition, l So, my wise friends, vote for yourselves and vote for mebecause I’m your hope and your best choice. Thank you.
常用句式 一、篇首
说明写信的原因 I would like to apply for admission to your university for study in Computer Science. 我想申请去贵校攻读计算机科学专业 According to the latest Beijing Weekly, I find you want an experienced and efficient secretary. 我从最新一期《北京周报》获悉贵公司要招聘一位有 经验的、能干的秘书。
致谢 I am greatly indebted to you for your care and help.对于您的关心和帮助我不胜感激。 I am writing to tell you how grateful I am for… 我给您写信是想告诉您我非常感激您… I would like to thank you most sincerely for… 我对您…表示最诚挚的感谢。
投诉和批评 I am writing to complain about the bad service of your company. 我写此信是要投诉贵公司恶劣的服务。 I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with …我写此信向您表示我对……的不满。 I wish to make a complaint about…我想投诉… I am writing to draw your attention to… 我写此信给您,希望您对…引起注意。
致歉 I would like to express my apologies for not being able to… 对于无法……,我十分抱歉。 I am terribly sorry that… 对……我感到万分抱歉。
询问 I am writing to ask if you can do me a favor. 我写此信是想问你能否帮我一个
 

相关内容

英语学习_2010年12月全国大学英语四级考试写作预测作文(新东方押题)_必备

   青年人大学英语四级考试网 http://www.qnr.cn/waiyu/cet4/ 弃我去者, 弃我去者,昨日之日不可留 乱我心者, 乱我心者,今日之日多烦忧 明星代言问题 On the Celebrity Spokesperson Currently, we could hardly live a single day without seeing a celebrity spokesperson promoting a product or a social campaign on T ...

大学英语四级写作

   College English Practical Writing CET4 一.概况 1. 要求:考生在写作方面能做笔 要求: 写提纲, 记,写提纲,能就一定的话题或提 纲在30分钟内写出不低于 词的短 分钟内写出不低于120词的短 纲在 分钟内写出不低于 另外,考生能够写短信和便条。 文,另外,考生能够写短信和便条。 并且,写出的文章要内容切题, 并且,写出的文章要内容切题,文 字通顺,表达正确,语义连贯, 字通顺,表达正确,语义连贯,无 重大语言错误。 重大语言错误。 2. CET-4 ...

大学英语四级

   大学英语四级考试 百科名片 大学英语四级考试 英语四级,即 CET-4,College English Test Band 4 的缩写。是由国家教育部 高等教育司主持的全国性教学考试; 考试的主要对象是根据教育大纲修完大学英 语四级的大学本科生或研究生。大学英语四、六级标准化考试自 1986 年末开始 筹备,1987 年正式实施。目的是推动大学英语教学大纲的贯彻执行,对大学生 的英语能力进行客观、准确的测量,为提高我国大学英语课程的教学质量服务。 国家教育部委托“全国大学英语四、六级考试委员 ...

英语应用文写作

   07 级英语阅读教学实践 一、应用文写作(Practical Writing) 应用文写作( ) (一)书信 1. 概述 应用文包括书信、申请书、证明书、简历、便条、电 报、布告、通知、说明书、广告、请柬和贺卡等,其中 书信是最常见、最重要的应用文写作形式。 书信是以书面的方式和对方谈话, 我们平时谈话应清 楚明白,使对方容易理解,写信则更应该如此,因为写 信是单方面表达思想,即便对方看不懂,也不能马上询 问。 书信作文的考试命题可能是给出写作提纲,比如, 2001 年 6 月 CET-4 ...

大学英语四级翻译

   汉译英 重要考点 一 虚拟语气 二 非谓语动词 三 倒装结构 四 时态和语态 it形式宾语和形式主语 五 做it形式宾语和形式主语 六 各种从句 七 对比与比较 八 情态动词 汉译英 重要考点 九 祁使句 十 并列句 十一 主谓一致 重点词汇与短语( 十二 重点词汇与短语(见外专 编高频词汇) 编高频词汇) 汉译英 汉译英注意事项: 汉译英注意事项: 明确考点 分析却失部分 语序安排 简洁用词 全句检查 合理用时 ...

大学英语四级考试

   大学英语四级单词汇 重音 A a art.一(个);每一(个) abandon vt.丢弃;放 弃,抛弃 ability n.能力;能耐, 本领 able a.有能力的;出色 的 abnormal a.不正常 的;变态的 aboard ad.在船(车) 上;上船 about prep.关于; 在… 周围 above prep.在…上面; 高于 abroad ad.(在)国外; 到处 absence n.缺席,不在 场;缺乏 absent a.不在场的;缺 乏的 absolute a.绝对的; ...

大学英语四级精讲

   大学英语四级精讲 2010年10月 12月 2010年10月-12月 By Jocelyn jocelynzxy@163.com 部 分 一 二 题目名称 Writing (写作) Skimming & Scanning (快速阅读) Listening Comprehension (听力理解) Reading in depth/Reading Comprehension (阅读理解/ 深度阅读) 题目类型 给定作文题目,至少120个单词 1-7为单选,8-10为填空 所用时间 30 ...

大学英语四级经验

   关于四级考试的建议(另附2008.12四级考试流程) 2008-12-23 12:44 分类:默认分类 字号: 大大 中中 小小 2008年12月20日大学英语四级考试流程 8:50??9:00 试音时间 9:00??9:10 播放考场指令,发放作文考卷 9:10 取下耳机,开始作文考试 9:35 发放含有快速阅读的试题册(但9:40才允许开始做) 9:40??9:55 做快速阅读 9:55??10:00 收答题卡一(即作文和快速阅读) 9:55??10:00 重新戴上耳机,试音寻台,准备 ...

大学英语四级语法、

   大学英语四级语法精要 大学英语四级语法精要 Ⅰ动词(时态,语态,用法,省略,一致性等) 动词(时态,语态,用法,省略,一致性等) 1. 时态 1)现在完成进行时态 分词构成): 动作或状态从过去某时开始, 1)现在完成进行时态 (have/has been + -ing 分词构成): 动作或状态从过去某时开始,继续到 现在,可能继续下去,也可能刚刚结束. 现在,可能继续下去,也可能刚刚结束. I’ve been writing letters for an hour. ve I’ve bee ...

大学英语四级作文

   作文地带-有翻译的英语作文网 http://www.joozone.com 四级作文:http://www.joozone.com/cet4/ 大学英语四级作文 1. Why It Is Difficult ron College Students to Find Jobs?(大学生求职为何难?) 1.描述现状; 2.分析原因; 3.给出办法. [写作导航]先陈述现实, 即虽然从理论上讲不应如此, 但大学生找工作确实很难; 第二段分析原因, 一方面来自大学生自身, 如有些人不能溶入社会, 目 ...

热门内容

牛津英语7A unit3 reading优秀教案

   《牛津英语》7A “Celebrate Festival” 教案 教材分析:本课属于《牛津英语》7A 第三单元。该单元以“Celebrate Festival”为话题,以练习一 般现在时为载体,以实现了解中西方节日目标为任务,遵循“任务型教学”的原则设计了让学生参 与,思考,讨论,交流与合作等方式。使学生进一步巩固掌握一般现在时的用法,为后面的学习 作铺垫;使学生了解万圣节的情形,产生浓厚的学习兴趣。本单元通过对比中西方的节日文化, 拓展学生思维,开阔学生视野,培养学生的创新精神和实践能力。 ...

[VOA慢速英语精选朗读2010].04.JD教育家哲学家.John.Dewey,.1859-1952.Educator.and.'America's.Philosophe

   VOA News - John Dewey, 1859-1952: Educator and 'America's Philosopher' http://www.voanews.com/specialenglish/2010-01-06-voa4.cfm?renderfor... John Dewey, 1859-1952: Educator and 'America's Philosopher' His ideas are still taught, and scholars in se ...

2009--2010学年第二学期文峰学校初中英语教研组工作计...

   2009--2010 学年第二学期文峰学校初中英语教研组工作计划 本学期英语组全面配合学校的中心工作,以英语课程标准为指导,以推进课程改革为 中心, 以提高教学质量为重点, 着力抓好学科校本教研制度建设, 努力增强课堂教学有效性, 全面提升教育教学质量。 主要工作及措施 1、落实教学常规,加强学生学习规范引导,高标准完成各项教学任务。 (1)认真学习落实教学常规,按照教学常规的有关要求组织教学活动,并做好自查和互 检工作。期中和期末各检查一次。 (2)学期初要认真做好教学计划的制定工作,认真 ...

海淀区高三年级第一学期期中练习-英语

   海淀区高三年级第一学期期中练习 英 学校 班级 语 姓名 2008.11 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。共 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共 115 分) 选择题, 第一部分:听力理解(共两节,30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完 每段对话后,你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话你将听一遍。 ...

英语口语学习方法汇编

   英语口语学习方法汇编 尹圆圆:广州新东方学校听力口语部教师 我从网络上收集并翻译整理了一些英语口语学习的方法,以供大家参考学习。但是,请记住,方法就是方法,它最终无法取代刻苦的学习。所以,要想练就一口纯正地道流利的英语,请用适合自己的有效学习法,循序渐进地坚持操练吧! (1) We study spoken English so as to make oral communications, so this order of importance of oral English study s ...