大学英语四级阅读理解试题 40 篇之一(含答案) There are three kinds of goals: short-term,medium-range and long-term goals. Short-range goals are those that usually deal with current activities,which we can apply on a daily basis.Such goals can be achieved in a week or less,or two weeks,or possible months.It should be remembered that just as a building is no stronger than its foundation ,out long-term goals cannot amount to very munch without the achievement of solid short-term goals.Upon completing our short-term goals,we should date the occasion and then add new short-term goals that will build on those that have been completed. The intermediate goals bukld on the foundation of the short-range goals.They might deal with just one term of school or the entire school year,or they could even extend for several years.Any time you move a step at a time,you should never allow yourself to become discouraged or overwhelmed. As you complete each step,you will enforce the belief in your ability to grow adn succeed.And as your list of completion dates grow,your motivation and desire will increase. Long-range goals may be related to our dreams of the future. They might cover five years or more. Life is not a static thing.We should never allow a long-term goal to limit us or our course of action.
  1.Our long-term goals mean a lot. A.if we complete our short-range goals B.if we cannot reach solid short-term goals C.if we write down the dates D.if we put forward some plans
  2.New short-term goals are bulid upon. A.two years B.long-term goals C.current activities D.the goals that have been completed
  3.When we complete each step of our goals ,. A.we will win final success B.we are overwhelmed C.we should build up confidence of success D.we should strong desire for setting new goals
  4.Once our goals are drawn up,. A.we should stick to them until we complete them B.we may change our goals as we have new ideas and opportunities C.we had better wait for the exciting news of success D.we have made great decision
  5.It is implied but not stated in the passage that . A.those who habe long-term goals will succeed B.writing down the dates may discourage you C.the goal is only a guide for us to reach our desination D.every should have a goal 答案:adcbc 大学英语四级阅读理解试题 40 篇之二(含答案) The economy of the United states after 1952 was the econnomy of a well-fed,almost fully employed people. Despit occasional alarms, the country escaped any postwar depression and lived in a state of boom. A n economic survey of the year 1955, a typical year of the 1950’s, may be typical as illustrating the rapid economic growth of the decade. The national output was value at 10 percent above that of 1954 (1955 output was estimated at 392 billion dollars). The production of manufacturers was about 40 percent more than it had averaged in the years immediately following World War
  2. The country’s business spent about 30billion dollars for new factories and machinery. National income available for spending was almost a third greater than it had been it had been in 19
  50. Consumers spent about 256 billion dollars; that is about 700 million dollars a day ,or about twenty-five million dollars every hour , all round the clock. Sixty-five million people held jobs and only a little more than two million wanted jobs but could not find them . Only agriculture complained that it was not sharing in the room. To some observers this was an ominous echo of the mid-1920’s . As farmer’s shre of their products declined , marketing costs rose. But there were , among the observers of the national economy, a few who were not as confident as the majority . Those few seemed to fear that the boom could not last and would eventually lead to the oppsite-depression.

  1. What is the best title of the passage? a. The Agriculatural Trends of 1950’s b. The Unemployment Rate of 1950’s c. U.S. Economy in the 50’s d. The Federal Budget of 1952
  2. In Line 3, the word “boom” could best be replaced by. a. nearby explosion b. thunderous noise c. general public support d. rapid economic growth
  3. It can be inferred the national from the passage that most people in the United States in 1955 viewed the national economy with an air of . a. confidence b. confusion c. disappointment d. suspicion
  4. Which of the following were LEAST satisfied with the national economy in the 1950’s? a. Economists b. Frmaers c. Politicians d. Steelworkers
  5. The passage states that incom available for spending in the U.S. was greater in 1955 than in 1950 . How much was it ? a.
  60% b.
  50% c.
  33% d.
  90% 答案:cdabc 大学英语四级阅读理解试题 40 篇之三(含答案) Women are also underrepresented in the administration and this is because there are so few women full professors. In 1985,Regent Beryl Milburn produced a report blasting the University of Texas System adminitration for not encouraging women.The University was rated among the lowest for the system.In a 1987 update ,Milburn commended the progress that was made and called for even more improvement. One of the positive results from her study was a System-wide program to inform women of available administrative jobs. College of Communication Associate Dean Patrica Witherspoon,said it is important that woman be flexible when it comesto relocating if they want to rise in the ranks. Although a woman may face a chilly climate on campus , many times in order for her to succeed , she must rise above the problems around her and concentrate on her work. Until women make up a greater percentage of the senior positions in the University and all academia,inequities will exist. "Women need to spend their energies and time doing scholarly activities that are important here at the University." Spirduso said. "If they do that will be successful in this system.If they spend their time in little groups mourning the sexual discrimination that they think exists here, they are wasting valuable study time."
  1.According to Spirduso,women need to . a.produce a report on sexual discrimination b.call for further improvement in their working conditions c.spend their energies and time fighting against sexual discrimination d.spend more time and energy doing scholarly activities
  2.From this passage ,we know that . a.there are many women full professors in the University of Texas b.women play an important part in adminitrating the University c.the weather on the campus is chilly d.women make up a small percentage of the senior positions in the University
  3.Which of the following statements is true? a.the number of women professors in the University in 1987 was greater than that of 1985 b.the number of women professors in the University in 1987 was smaller than that of 1985 c.the number of women professors was the same as that of 1985 d.more and more women professors thought that sexual discrimination did exit in the University
  4.One of the positive results from Milburn's study was that . a.women were told to con centrate on teir work b.women were given information about available administrative jobs
c.women were encouraged to take on all the administrative jobs in the Unversity d.women were encouraged to do more scholarly activities
  5. The title for this passage should be . a.The University of Texas b.Milburn's Report c.Women Professors d.Sexual Discrimination in Academia 答案:ddabd 大学英语四级阅读理解试题 40 篇之四(含答案) Today ,as in every other day of the year ,more than 3000 U.S. adlescents will smoke their first cigarette on their way to becoming regular smokers as adults. During their lifetime,it can be expected that of these 3000 about 23 will be murdered,30 will die in traffic accidents, and nearly 750 will be killed by a smoking-related disease. The number of deaths attributed to cigarette smoking outweithts all other factors, whether voluntary or involuntary, as a cause of death. Since the late 1970s, when daily smoking among high school seniors reached 30 precent , smoking rates among youth have declined . While the decline is impressive ,several important issues must be raised. First, in the past several years,smoking rates among youth have declined very little. Second,in the late 1970s ,smoking among male high school seniors exceeded that among female by nearly 10 percent . The statistic is reversing.Third ,several recent studies have indicate high school dropouts have excessively high smoking rates, as much as 75 percent . Finally, thouth significant declines in adolescent smoking have occurred in the past decade,no definite reasons for the decline exist. Within this context,the Naional Cancer Instiute (NCI) began its current effort to determine the most effecive measures to reduce smoking levesl among youth.
  1.According to the author, the deaths among youth are mainly caused by . a.traffic accidents b.smoking-related desease c.murder d.all of these
  2.Every day there are overhigh school strdents who will become regular smoker. a.75 b.23 c.30 d.3000
  3.By "dropout" the author means. a.students who failed the examination b.students who left school c.students who lost their way d.students who were driven out of school
  4.The reason for declining adolescent smoking is that . a.NCI has taken effective measures b.smoking is prevented among high school seniors c.there are many smokers who have died of cancer d.none of these
  5.What is implied but not stated by the author is that . a.smoking rates among youth have declined very little b.there are now more female than male smokers among high school seniors c.high smoking rates are due to the incease in wealth d.smoking at high school are from low socio-economic backgrounds 答案:bdbdb 大学英语四级阅读理解试题 40 篇之五(含答案) The food we eat seems to have profound effects on our health.Although science has made enormous steps in making food more fit to eat ,it has, at the same time,made many foods unfit to eat. Some research has shown that perhaps eighty percent of all human illnesses are related to diet and forty percent of cancer is related to the diet as well,especially cancer of the colon. Different cultures are more likely to cause certain different illnesses because of the food that is characteristic in these cultures.
That food is related to illness is nto a new discovery. In 1945, about 35 years ago, government researchers realized that nitrates, commonly used to preserve color in meats,and other food additivies,caused cancer. Yet, these carcinogenic additives remain in our food, and it becomes more difficult all the time to know which things on the packaging labels of processed food are helpful or harmful. The additives which we eat are not all so direct. Farmers often give penicillin to beef and living animals, and because of this ,penicillin has been found in the milk of treated cow. Sometimes similar drugs are given to animals not for medical purposes,but for financial reasons. The farmers are simply trying to fatten the animals in order to obtain a higher price on the market. Although the Food and Drug Administration(FDA) has tried repeatedly to control these procedures, the practices continue.
  1.What is the best possible title of the passage? a.Drug and Food b.Cancer and Health c.Food and Health d.Health and Drug
  2.Which of the following statements is NOT ture? a.Drugs are always given to animals for medical reasons b.Some of the additives in our food are added to the food itself and some are given to the living animals c.Researchers have known about the potential dangers of food additives for over thirty-five years. d.Food may cause forty percent of cancer in world.
  3.How has science done something harmful to mankind? a.Because of science , diseases caused by polluted food haven been virtually eliminated. b.It has caused a lack of information concerning the value of food. c.Because of the application of science,some potentially harmful substances have been added to food. d.The scientists have preserved the color of meats,but not of vegetables.
  4.What are nitrates used for? a.They preserve flavor in packaged foods. b.They preserve the color of meats. c.They are the objects of research. d.They cause the animals to become fatter.
  5.The word 'carcinogenic' most nearly means ''. a.trouble-making b.color-retaining c.money-making d.cancer-causing 答案:cacbd 大学英语四级阅读理解试题 40 篇之六(含答案) As the pace of life continues to increase ,we are fast losing the art of relaxation. Once you are in the habit of rushing through lift,being on the go from morning till night, it is hard to slow down. But relaxation is essential for a healthy mind and body. Stress is an natural part of everyday lift and there is no way to avoid it. In fact ,it is not the bad thing it is often supposed to be .A certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation adn give purpose to life. It is only when the stress gets out of control that it can lead to poor performance and ill health. The amount of stress a person can withstand depends very much on the individual. Some people are not afraid of stress,and such characters are obviously prime material for managerial responsibilities. Others lose heart at the first signs of unusual difficulties. When exposed to stress,in whatever form,we react both chemicall
 

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