百度文库专用 大学英语四级真题(
  1) Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Example: You will hear: You will read: A) 2 hours. B) 3 hours. C) 4 hours. D) 5 hours. From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they will start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) “5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center. Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
  1. A) He watched television with his friend. B) He stayed at home talking with his friend. C) He went to see a film with his friend. D) He went to see his schoolmate.
  2. A) When the meeting is to be held. B) Who are going to attend the meeting. C) Where the meeting is to be held. D) What’s to be discussed at the meeting.
  3. A) The necessity of writing to Mr. Johnson. B) Who is going to contact Mr. Johnson. C) The arrangement of the Wednesday meeting. D) Where they are going to meet Mr. Johnson.
  4. A) Jack brought the tape to the party. B) The tape had been returned to Paul. C) The tape was missing. D) Jack lent his tape to Paul.
  5. A) The man wants to reserve a room. B) The man reserved a room some time ago. C) The man has booked a room with no bath. D) The man wants to buy a flat on the second floor.
  6. A) Both editions are the same price now. B) It has two editions with the same cover. C) The paperback edition is on sale.
D) The hardcover edition is more expensive.
  7. A) His TV sets are all of the same brand. B) He doesn’t have the newest models right now. C) He has the best TV sets for sale. D) His TV sets have a good sale.
  8. A) He must hand in a report about the museum. B) He has already visited the museum. C) He has to read a history book. D) He is too busy to go with her.
  9. A) They are rewarding. B) They are entertaining. C) They are boring. D) They are time-consuming.
  10. A) A sunny day. B) A raincoat. C) An attractive hut. D) A lovely hat. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage one Question 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  11. A) She sat back and relaxed. B) She decided to retire. C) She entered university. D) She worked out a new English program.
  12. A) 8 years. B) 20 years. C) 16 years. D) 30 years.
  13. A) Bring a great deal of useful experience to the university. B) Improve human relationships in the university. C) Bring a fear of aging among young students on the campus. D) Improve the reputation of the university.
  14. A) She is learning English and Drama. B) She is learning how to make sound judgments. C) She is learning how to teach minority students. D) She is learning to perceive, not to judge. Passage Two Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  15. A) The difference between classical music and rock music.
B) Why classical music is popular with math students. C) The effects of music on the results of math tests. D) How to improve your reasoning ability.
  16. A) Because it stimulates your nerve activity. B) Because it keeps you calm. C) Because it strengthens your memory. D) Because it improves your problem solving strategies.
  17. A) Piano music could interfere with your reasoning ability. B) The effects of music do not last long. C) The more you listen to music, the higher your test scores will be. D) Music, whether classical or rock, helps improve your memory. Passage Three Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  18. A) To drive the car automatically. B) To measure the driver’s pulse. C) To prevent car accidents. D) To monitor the driver’s health.
  19. A) It sends out signals for help. B) It sounds an alarm to warn the driver. C) It takes over the driving immediately. D) It stops the car automatically.
  20. A) It monitors the signals transmitted from the driver’s brain. B) It can measure the driver’s alcohol level in the blood. C) It can quicken the driver’s response to emergencies. D) It bases its analysis on the driver’s heartbeat. Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes) Direction: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B) C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage One Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage: The view over a valley of a tiny village with thatched(草盖的)roof cottages around a church; a drive through a narrow village street lines with thatched cottages painted pink or white; the sight in parts of England. Most people will agree that the thatched roof is an essential part of the attraction of the English countryside. Thatching is in fact the oldest of all the building crafts practiced in the British Isles(英论诸 岛). Although thatch has always been used for cottage and farm buildings, it was once used for castles and churches, too. Thatching is a solitary(独自的)craft, which often runs in families. The craft of thatching as it is practiced toady has changed very little since the Middle Ages. Over 800 full-time thatchers are employed in England and Wales today, maintaining and renewing the old roofs as well as thatching newer houses. Many property owners choose thatch not only for its beauty but because they know it will keep them cool in summer and warm in winter.
In fact, if we look at developing countries, over half the world lives under thatch, but they all do it in different ways. People in developing countries are often reluctant to go back to traditional materials and would prefer modern buildings. However, they may lack the money to allow them to import the necessary materials. Their temporary mud huts with thatched roofs of wild grasses often only last six months. Thatch which has been done the British way lasts from twenty to sixty years, and is an effective defiance against the heat.
  21. Which of the following remains a unique feature of the English countryside? A) Narrow streets lined with pink or white houses. B) Rolling hills with pretty farm buildings. C) Cottages with thatched roofs. D) churches with cottages around them.
  22. What do we know about thatching as a craft? A) It is a collective activity. B) It is practised on farms all over England. C) It is quite different from what it used to be. D) It is in most cases handed down among family members.
  23. Thatched houses are still preferred because of . A) their style and comfort B) their durability C) their easy maintenance D) their cheap and ready-made materials
  24. People in developing countries also live under thatch because . A) thatched cottages are a big tourist attraction B) thatched roof houses are the cheapest C) thatch is an effective defense against the heat D) they like thatched houses better than other buildings
  25. We can learn from the passage that . A) thatched cottages in England have been passed down from ancient times B) thatching is a building craft first created by the English people C) the English people have a special liking for thatched houses D) most thatched cottages in England are located on hillsides Passage Two Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage: President Coolidge’s statement, “The business of America is business,” still points to an important truth today-that business institutions have more prestige(威望)in American society than any other kind of organization, including the government. Why do business institutions posses this great prestige? One reason is that Americans view business as being more firmly based on the ideal of competition than other institutions in society. Since competition is seen as the major source of progress and prosperity by most Americans, competitive business institutions are respected. Competition is not only good in itself, it is the means by which other basic American values such as individual freedom, equality of opportunity, and hard work are protected. Competition protects the freedom of the individual by ensuring that there is no monopoly(垄 断)of power. In contrast to one, all-powerful government, many businesses compete against
each other for profits. Theoretically, if one business tries to take unfair advantage of its customers, it will lose to competing business which treats its customers more fairly. Where many businesses compete for the customers’ dollar, they cannot afford to treat them like inferiors or slaves. A contrast is often made between business, which is competitive, and government, which si a monopoly. Because business is competitive, many Americans believe that it is more supportive of freedom than government, even though government leaders are elected by the people and business leaders are not. Many Americans believe, then, that competition is as important, or even more important, that democracy in preserving freedom. Competition in business is also believed to strengthen the ideal of equality of opportunity. Competition is seen as an open and fair race where success goes to the swiftest person regardless of his or her social class background. Competitive success is commonly seen as the American alternative to social rank based on family background. Business is therefore viewed as an expression of the idea of equality of opportunity rather than the aristocratic(贵 族的)idea of inherited privilege.
  26. The statement “The business of America is business” probably means “”. A) The business institutions in America are concerned with commerce B) Business problems are of great importance to the American government C) Business is of primary concern to Americans D) America is a great power in world business
  27. Americans believe that they can realize their personal values only . A) when given equality of opportunity B) through doing business C) by protecting their individual freedom D) by way of competition
  28. Who can benefit from business competition? A) Honest businessmen. B) Both businessmen and their customers. C) People with ideals of equality and freedom. D) Both business institutions and government.
  29. Government is believed to differ strikingly from business in that government is characterized by . A) its absolute control of power B) its function in preserving personal freedom C) its role in protecting basic American values D) its democratic way of exercising leadership
  30. It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes . A) Americans are more ambitious than people in other countries B) in many countries success often depends on one’s social status C) American businesses are more democratic than those in other countries D) businesses in other countries are not as competitive as those in America Passage Three Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage: The appeal of advertising to buying motives can have both negative and positive effects consumers may be convinced to buy a product of poor quality or high price because of an advertisement. For example, some advertisers have appealed to people’s desire for better
fuel economy for their cars by advertising automotive products that improve gasoline mileage. Some of the products work. Others are worthless and a waste of consumers’ money. Sometimes advertising is intentionally misleading. A few years ago a brand of bread was offer to dieters(节食者)with the message that there were fewer calories(热量单位,大卡) in every slice. It turned out that the bread was not dietetic(适合于节食的), but just regular bread. There were fewer calories because it was sliced very thin, but there were the same number of calories in every loaf. On the positive side, emotional appeals may respond to a consumer’s real concerns. Consider fire insurance. Fire insurance may be sold by appealing to fear of loss. But fear of loss is the real reason for fire insurance. The security of knowing that property is protected by insurance makes the purchase of fire insurance a worthwhile investment for most people. If consumers consider the quality of the insurance plans as well as the message in the ads, they will benefit from the advertising. Each consumer must evaluate her or his own situation. Are the benefits of the product important enough to justify buying it? Advertising is intended to appeal to consumers, but it does not force them to buy the product. Consumers still control the final buying decision.
  31. Advertising can persuade the consumer to buy worthless products by . A) stressing their hig
 

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