英语作文常用句型 在英语写作中, 在英语写作中,有一些句型的搭配能力 非常强, 非常强,基本上可以用在各种话题的议 论文中, 论文中,如果能将这些句型掌握并熟练 应用一定会使你的英文写作得心应手。 应用一定会使你的英文写作得心应手。 想不想试一试呢? 想不想试一试呢? 一、开头句型 我们常说, 良好的开端等于成功的一半。 我们常说, 良好的开端等于成功的一半。 做事如此,作文也是如此。 做事如此,作文也是如此。所以我们颇 有必要在作文的开头花一番心思。 有必要在作文的开头花一番心思。 在写议论文时, 在写议论文时,你通常以什么样的方式 开头呢? 开头呢?最简单也最常用的可能就是开 门见山法。也就是说??? ???直截了当地 门见山法。也就是说???直截了当地 提出你对这个问题的观点, 提出你对这个问题的观点,点出文章的 中心思想。 中心思想。 ..has I.. has both advantages and . disadvantages ……既有利又有弊 sadvantages. 既有利又有弊。 disadvantages.……既有利又有弊。
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例如: 例如: 1 . Obviously television has both disadvantages. advantages and disadvantages. 2 . Living in a city has both disadvantages. advantages and disadvantages. Compared 3 . Compared with cars , bikes have disadvantages. their advantages and disadvantages. 举一反三: 举一反三:
  1.Although computers bring people a convenience, lot of convenience,they have many disadvantages. disadvantages. 2 . . has many advantages . For . . example, .However, example,. However,just as every ..However sides, . coin has two sides,. has its ..has disadvantages. 本例将利弊分开讲, (本例将利弊分开讲 disadvantages. 本例将利弊分开讲, ( 转折过渡自然。 转折过渡自然。just as every coin has 也很值得背诵。 two sides 也很值得背诵。 ) II. .play( ..play II.. play(s)an important role / in..…… ……中扮演重要角 part in..……在……中扮演重要角 . ……在 起重要作用。例如: 色/起重要作用。例如:
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  1.Computers play an important role technology. in science and technology. 2 . Computers play a more and more life. important role in our life. Computers play an increasingly studies. important role in our studies.
  3.Education plays an important part developing mind. in developing our mind. 4 . Addiction to alcohol and drugs homelessness. play a role in homelessness. 举一反三: 举一反三: 1 . Advertisement plays an life. informative role in our daily life. 2 . In the past , letters played a longdecisive role in long-distance communication. telephone, communication.But now ,telephone, email, place. email,fax have taken their place. III. of. , III.With the development of.. 随 .,随 ……的发展 例如: 的发展, 着……的发展,例如: econo
  1. With the developm ent of our econo3
y, m y,m any Chinese fam ilies can car. afford a car. 2 . With the development of our economy and society , pollution is serious. more and more serious. 3 . With the rapid development of technology, science and technology , people can get a college degree by taking onlinehome. online-courses at home. 4 . With the current social and technological developments , employees with more knowledge and needed. higher academic degrees are needed. 举一反三: 举一反三: increase
  1.With the rapid increase of China's population, population,housing problem is serious. becoming more and more serious. 随着中国人口的急剧增加, 随着中国人口的急剧增加, 住房问题 越来越突出。 越来越突出。
  2.With more and more women entering society, society,people's attitude towards
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changing. women is changing. 随着越来越多的妇女走入社会, 随着越来越多的妇女走入社会, 人们 对妇女的态度也在改变。 对妇女的态度也在改变。 Chinese 3 . With the deepening of Chinese up, reform and opening up,an increasing number of Chinese car. families can afford a car. 随着中国改革开放的深入, 随着中国改革开放的深入,越来越多的 中国家庭买得起车了。 越来越多” 中国家庭买得起车了。 “越来越多”除 ( 了常用的 more and more 外,还可以用 of, an increasing number of, a growing of, of, number of,a significant number of, 等来表达。 a great number of 等来表达。 ) 本结构看似固定,实则富于变化, 本结构看似固定,实则富于变化,只要 随着”的意思, 记住 with 有“随着”的意思,相信大家 可以根据实际的需要造出更多的句子。 可以根据实际的需要造出更多的句子。 我们已经看到, 我们已经看到,开门见山的开头使论文 直切主题,直白明确地提出了论点。 直切主题,直白明确地提出了论点。不 过在讨论某些有争议性的问题时, 过在讨论某些有争议性的问题时,就显 得有欠缺, 得有欠缺,因为我们必须在文章的开头 引出人们对要讨论的问题的不同看法, 引出人们对要讨论的问题的不同看法,
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然后再表明自己的观点。 然后再表明自己的观点。下面就是专门 针对争议性论文的一种句型。 针对争议性论文的一种句型。 IV. to. , IV.When it comes to.. some people .,some think / believe that . . others . , argue / claim that opposite / reverse true. reverse is true.There is probably some truth in both arguments statements,but..当说到……, /statements,but..当说到……,有 . 当说到…… 些人认为…… ……, 些人认为……,但另一些人则持相反的 观点…… 这两种观点可能都有点道理, ……。 这两种观点可能都有点道理, 观点……。 ……。 但……。 .引 本结构先用 when it comes to . .引 . 出话题, some..others 出话题,再用 some..others . .这个对立的结构引出了两种相反的 . .这个对立的结构引出了两种相反的 . 观点, 观点,然后说 There is some truth in both..表明严谨公正的态度 both. .表明严谨公正的态度,最后用 . 表明严谨公正的态度, but..很自然地引出了自己的论 but..很自然地引出了自己的论点。请 . 很自然地引出了自己的论点 看下面这个例子: 看下面这个例子: TV, TV,a good thing or bad thing
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When it comes to TV , some people believe that it is extremely valuable, relaxation, valuable,as it provides relaxation, education. entertainment and education. Others argue that it is harmful for it begins to control our lives and deprives people of time to do other activities. activities . There is probably some truth in both sides . But we must realize that television itself is bad. neither good or bad.It is the uses to which it is put that determines society. its value to society. 二、结尾句型 英语议论文多以简要总结全文或对所讨 论的问题提出解决办法来结尾。 论的问题提出解决办法来结尾。总结全 文 时 除 常 用 到 in one / a word , 等外, generally speaking 等外,没有固定模 提出解决办法时却常使用下一句型。 式。 提出解决办法时却常使用下一句型。
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..take sth.例如: V.. take measures to do sth.例如: .
  1.We should take measures to control pollution in order to save the world. world. We'd 2 . We'd better take effective measures to prevent students from exams. cheating on exams. 3 . The government decided to take abuse. strong measures against drug abuse.
  4.Urgent measures should be taken to prevent terrorists from carrying attacks. out further attacks. 本文列举了英语作文中常用的几个句 型,当然不是要大家写出千篇一律的文 章来, 章来,而是希望起到一种抛砖引玉的作 提醒大家在学习中注意多总结, 用,提醒大家在学习中注意多总结,以 使自己的写作水平更上一层楼。 使自己的写作水平更上一层楼。
考研短文写作常用句型和练习 考研短文写作常用句型和练习
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“引言”段落中的常用句型: 引言”段落中的常用句型:
  1.…is a very popular topic which is much talked about not only by …but also by … 家庭人口多好还是家庭人口少好是一个 非常通俗的主题,不仅是城里人, 非常通俗的主题,不仅是城里人,而且 农民都经常谈论这个问题。 农民都经常谈论这个问题。 Weahter a large family is a good thing or not is a very popular topic which is often talked about not only by city residents but by farners as well. that…
  2.There is no denying the fact that… 无可否认, 无可否认,空气污染是一个极其严重的 问题: 问题:城市当局应该采取有力措施来解 决它。 决它。 There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extemerely serious problem: the city authorities should with take strong measures to deal with it.
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all,…
  3.As is known to all,… 众所周知, 众所周知,假冒伪劣商品损害了消费者 的利益。 的利益。 As is known to all, fake and inferior commodities harm the interests of consumers.(=do a lot of harm to the interests of comsumers)
  4.More and more people are realizing the importance of … 现在越来越多的人认识到法制教育的重 现在越来越多的人认识到法制教育的重 要性。为了维护社会治安, 要性。为了维护社会治安,我们每人都 应该接受法制教育。 应该接受法制教育。 Tody an increasing number of people have realized that law education is of great importance .In order to keep law and order, very one of us is supposed to get(=receive)a law education.
  5.From what I have mentioned above we that… can see clearly that… 从上面我所提到的, 从上面我所提到的,我们可以清楚地看 到,电视暴力对青少年的影响是极其深
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远的。 远的。 From what I have mentoned above,we can see clearly that violence on TV has (a) great influence on young adults’ behaviour.(或 teenagers’ adults’ behaviour.(或 teenagers’ youngsters’ behavior 或 youngsters’ behavior) “正文”段落中常用的句型: 正文”段落中常用的句型:
  1.There are some good reasons for… some for… 分析原因) (分析原因) two possible 人民生活状况的改善原因有两点。 首先, 人民生活状况的改善原因有两点。 首先, 我们一直在贯彻执行改革开放政策。 我们一直在贯彻执行改革开放政策。其 次,国民经济正在迅速发展,而且出生 国民经济正在迅速发展, 率已经得到控制。 率已经得到控制。 There are two reasons for the people’ improvement in people’s living conditions. In the first place, we have been carrying out the reform and openingSecondly,there opening-up policy. Secondly,there has been a rapid expansion of our
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.Furthernational economy .Further-more, the birth rate has been put under control.
  2.My suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows. In the first place,… Secondly,…Finally… place,… Secondly,…Finally… solve tackle relieve (提出建议) 提出建议) 我对解决这个问题的建议如下 首先, 题的建议如下。 我对解决这个问题的建议如下。首先, 迫在眉睫的是建立自然保护区。其次, 迫在眉睫的是建立自然保护区。其次, 有些濒临灭绝的珍稀野生动物应该收 人工喂养并繁殖。最后, 捕、人工喂养并繁殖。最后,对于捕猎 珍稀野生动物的人必须严惩。 珍稀野生动物的人必须严惩。 My suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows .To begin with, it is urgent to create nature reserves. Secondly, certain rare wild animals that are going to be extinct should be collected, fed and reproduced artificially.
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Finally ,those who hunter them must be punished severely.
  3.Different people have different opinions on this question. Some people believe that … Others problem. matter. that… argue that… Still others assert that…(论述不同看法) that… 论述不同看法) 人们对失败持有不同的态度。 面对失败, 人们对失败持有不同的态度。 面对失败, 有人能够经得起考验, 有人能够经得起考验,从失败中汲取教 训,并努力去完成他们下定决心要做的 事情。然而, 事情。然而,另一些人却丧失信心并退 却了。 却了。 People differ in their attitudes towards failure.Faced with it ,some of them can stand up to it .draw useful lessons from it and try hard to fulfii what they are determined to do. Others, however, lose heart and give in.
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  4.It is important (nessary, urgent, difficult, easy, expensive, desirable, abvisable, convenient, comfortable)for sb. to do sth. (发 表意见) 表意见
 

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