[英语作文常用句型 英语作文常用句型] 英语作文常用句型
一、开头句型 我们常说,良好的开端等于成功的一半。做事如此,作文也是如此。 我们常说,良好的开端等于成功的一半。做事如此,作文也是如此。所以我们颇有必要在 作文的开头花一番心思。 作文的开头花一番心思。 在写议论文时,你通常以什么样的方式开头呢?最简单也最常用的可能就是开门见山法。 在写议论文时,你通常以什么样的方式开头呢?最简单也最常用的可能就是开门见山法。 也就是说???直截了当地提出你对这个问题的观点,点出文章的中心思想。 ???直截了当地提出你对这个问题的观点 也就是说???直截了当地提出你对这个问题的观点,点出文章的中心思想。 I.. . .has both advantages and .. disadvantages.……既有利又有弊。例如: 既有利又有弊。 .……既有利又有弊 例如:
  1.Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages. . .
  2.Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages. . .
  3.Com pared with cars,bikes have their advantages and disadvantages. . , . 举一反三: 举一反三:
  1.Although computers bring people a lot of convenience,they have many . , disadvantages. .
  2.. . . ..has many advantages.For example,. . , . ..However,just as every , coin has two sides,. , . ..has its disadvantages. 本例将利弊分开讲,转折过渡自然。just as every coin has two sides 也很值 (本例将利弊分开讲 . 本例将利弊分开讲,转折过渡自然。 ( 得背诵。 得背诵。 ) II.. . .play(s)an important role /part .. () in..……在……中扮演重要角色/起重要作用。例如: 中扮演重要角色/ ..…… ……中扮演重要角色 起重要作用。例如: . ……在
  1.Computers play an important role in science and technology. . .
  2.Computers play a more and more important role in our life. . . Computers play an increasingly important role in our studies. .
  3.Education plays an important part in developing our mind. . .
  4.Addiction to alcohol and drugs play a role in homelessness. . . 举一反三: 举一反三:
  1.Advertisement plays an informative role in our daily life. . .
  2.In the past,letters played a decisive role in long-distance . , communication.But now ,telephone,email,fax have taken their place. . , , . III.With the development of.. 随着……的发展,例如: . . ,随着……的发展,例如: .,随着……的发展
  1.With the developm ent of our econo- m y,m any Chinese fam ilies can . , afford a car. .
  2.With the development of our economy and society,pollution is more . , and more serious. .
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  3.With the rapid development of science and technology,people can get . , a college degree by taking online-courses at home. .
  4.With the current social and technological developments,employees . , with more knowledge and higher academic degrees are needed. . 举一反三: 举一反三:
  1.With the rapid increase of China's population,housing problem is . , becoming more and more serious. . 随着中国人口的急剧增加,住房问题越来越突出。 随着中国人口的急剧增加,住房问题越来越突出。
  2.With more and more women entering society,people's attitude towards . , women is changing. . 随着越来越多的妇女走入社会,人们对妇女的态度也在改变。 随着越来越多的妇女走入社会,人们对妇女的态度也在改变。
  3.With the deepening of Chinese reform and opening up,an increasing . , number of Chinese families can afford a car. . 随着中国改革开放的深入, 越来越多的中国家庭买得起车了。 越来越多” ( “ 除了常用的 more 随着中国改革开放的深入, 越来越多的中国家庭买得起车了。 越来越多” and more 外, a 还可以用 an increasing number of,a growing number of, significant number , , of,a great number of 等来表达。 等来表达。 , ) 本结构看似固定,实则富于变化, 随着”的意思, 本结构看似固定,实则富于变化,只要记住 with 有“随着”的意思,相信大家可以根据实 际的需要造出更多的句子。 际的需要造出更多的句子。 我们已经看到,开门见山的开头使论文直切主题,直白明确地提出了论点。 我们已经看到,开门见山的开头使论文直切主题,直白明确地提出了论点。不过在讨论某 些有争议性的问题时,就显得有欠缺, 些有争议性的问题时,就显得有欠缺,因为我们必须在文章的开头引出人们对要讨论的问 题的不同看法,然后再表明自己的观点。下面就是专门针对争议性论文的一种句型。 题的不同看法,然后再表明自己的观点。下面就是专门针对争议性论文的一种句型。 IV.When it comes to.. . . , .,some people think /believe that.. . , .,others argue /claim that opposite /reverse is true.There is probably . some truth in both arguments ……, ……。 /statements,but..当说到……,有些人认为……,但另一些人则持相反的观点……。 , ..当说到……,有些人认为…… 但另一些人则持相反的观点…… . 当说到…… 这两种观点可能都有点道理, ……。 这两种观点可能都有点道理,但……。 .引出话题 本结构先用 when it comes to ..引出话题,再用 some.. . 引出话题, ..others . .这个对立的结构引出了两种相反的观点 ..这个对立的结构引出了两种相反的观点,然后说 There is some truth in . 这个对立的结构引出了两种相反的观点, both..表明严谨公正的态度,最后用 but..很自然地引出了自己的论点。请看下面这个 ..表明严谨公正的态度 . 表明严谨公正的态度, ..很自然地引出了自己的论点 . 很自然地引出了自己的论点。 例子: 例子: TV,a good thing or bad thing , When it comes to TV,some people believe that it is extremely valuable,as it provides , , relaxation, entertainment and education. Others argue that it is harmful for it begins to , . control our lives and deprives people of time to do other activities.There is probably some . truth in both sides.But we must realize that television itself is neither good or bad.It is the . . uses to which it is put that determines its value to society. . 二、结尾句型
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英语议论文多以简要总结全文或对所讨论的问题提出解决办法来结尾。 英语议论文多以简要总结全文或对所讨论的问题提出解决办法来结尾。总结全文时除常用 等外,没有固定模式。 到 in one /a word,generally speaking 等外,没有固定模式。提出解决办法时却常使用下 , 一句型。 一句型。 V.. . .take measures to do sth.例如: .. .例如:
  1.We should take measures to control pollution in order to save the . world. .
  2.We'd better take effective measures to prevent students from . cheating on exams. .
  3.The government decided to take strong measures against drug abuse. . .
  4.Urgent measures should be taken to prevent terrorists from carrying . out further attacks. . 本文列举了英语作文中常用的几个句型,当然不是要大家写出千篇一律的文章来, 本文列举了英语作文中常用的几个句型,当然不是要大家写出千篇一律的文章来,而是希 望起到一种抛砖引玉的作用,提醒大家在学习中注意多总结, 望起到一种抛砖引玉的作用,提醒大家在学习中注意多总结,以使自己的写作水平更上一 层楼。 层楼。
考研短文写作常用句型和练习 “引言”段落中的常用句型: 引言”段落中的常用句型:
  1.…is a very popular topic which is much talked about not only by …but also by … . 家庭人口多好还是家庭人口少好是一个非常通俗的主题,不仅是城里人, 家庭人口多好还是家庭人口少好是一个非常通俗的主题,不仅是城里人,而且农民都经常 谈论这个问题。 谈论这个问题。 Weahter a large family is a good thing or not is a very popular topic which is often talked about not only by city residents but by farners as well.
  2.There is no denying the fact that… 无可否认,空气污染是一个极其严重的问题:城市当局应该采取有力措施来解决它。 无可否认,空气污染是一个极其严重的问题:城市当局应该采取有力措施来解决它。 There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extemerely serious problem: the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it.
  3.As is known to all,… 众所周知,假冒伪劣商品损害了消费者的利益。 众所周知,假冒伪劣商品损害了消费者的利益。 As is known to all, fake and inferior commodities harm the interests of consumers.(=do a lot of harm to the interests of comsumers)
  4.More and more people are realizing the importance of … 现在越来越多的人认识到法制教育的重要性。为了维护社会治安, 现在越来越多的人认识到法制教育的重要性。为了维护社会治安,我们每人都应该接受法 制教育。 制教育。 Tody an increasing number of people have realized that law education is of great importance .In order to keep law and order, very one of us is supposed to get(=receive)a law education.
  5.From what I have mentioned above we can see clearly that… 从上面我所提到的,我们可以清楚地看到,电视暴力对青少年的影响是极其深远的。 从上面我所提到的,我们可以清楚地看到,电视暴力对青少年的影响是极其深远的。 From what I have mentoned above,we can see clearly that violence on TV has (a) great influence on young adults’ behaviour.(或 teenagers’ behavior 或 youngsters’ behavior) ’ 或 ’ ’
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“正文”段落中常用的句型: 正文”段落中常用的句型:
  1.There are some good reasons for…(分析原因 分析原因) . … 分析原因 two possible 人民生活状况的改善原因有两点。首先,我们一直在贯彻执行改革开放政策 其次, 政策。 人民生活状况的改善原因有两点。首先,我们一直在贯彻执行改革开放政策。其次,国民 经济正在迅速发展,而且出生率已经得到控制。 经济正在迅速发展,而且出生率已经得到控制。 There are two reasons for the improvement in people’s living conditions. In the first place, we have been carrying out the reform and opening-up policy. Secondly,there has been a rapid expansion of our national economy .Further-more, the birth rate has been put under control.
  2.My suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows. In the first place,… Secondly,…Finally… solve tackle relieve (提出建议) 提出建议) 我对解决这个问题的建议如下。首先,迫在眉睫的是建立自然保护区。其次, 我对解决这个问题的建议如下。首先,迫在眉睫的是建立自然保护区。其次,有些濒临灭 绝的珍稀野生动物应该收捕、人工喂养并繁殖。最后, 绝的珍稀野生动物应该收捕、人工喂养并繁殖。最后,对于捕猎珍稀野生动物的人必须严 惩。 My suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows .To begin with, it is urgent to create nature reserves. Secondly, certain rare wild animals that are going to be extinct should be collected, fed and reproduced artificially. Finally ,those who hunter them must be punished severely.
  3.Different people have different opinions on this question. Some people believe that … Others problem. matter. argue that… Still others assert that…(论述不同看法) … 论述不同看法) 人们对失败持有不同的态度。面对失败,有人能够经得起考验,从失败中汲取教训, 人们对失败持有不同的态度。面对失败,有人能够经得起考验,从失败中汲取教训,并努 力去完成他们下定决心要做的事情。然而,另一些人却丧失信心并退却了 人却丧失信心并退却了。 力去完成他们下定决心要做的事情。然而,另一些人却丧失信心并退却了。 People differ in their attitudes towards failure.Faced with it ,some of them can stand up to it .draw useful lessons from it and try hard to fulfii what they are determined to do. Others, however, lose heart and give in.
  4.It is important (nessary, urgent, difficult, easy, expensive, desirable, abvisable, convenient, comfortable)for sb. to do sth. (发表意见) 发表意见) 人们希望建立更多的医院、购物中心、娱乐中心、 人们希望建立更多的医院、购物中心、娱乐中心、电影院和其他公用设施来满足人民日益 增长的需求。 增长的需求。 It is desirable to build more
 

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