议论文
一、现象阐述型
题目是社会问题,指好的方面 第一段
  1)引话题
  2)我的观点 )引话题2 第二段
  1)承上启下
  2)原因+举例 )承上启下
  2)原因+
  3)趋势句 第三段
  1)总结
  2)决心

  1. 现象解释型模板一
第一段:引出话题时Topic 写作句型: 第一段:引出话题时Topic sentence 写作句型: ①??has become a common part of people’s life. ??has people’ ②And??has always aroused the greatest concern. And??has ③what impresses us most is ??. ??. ④The reasons??are varied. reasons??are 信息提示
  1.空格内用概括性的词语填出最近出现的总体现 象。
  2.空格内填题目要去讨论的具体现象 象。
  2.空格内填题目要去讨论的具体现象
  3.现象的具体表现
  4.过度句,填现象或现象带来的
  3.现象的具体表现
  4.过度句,填现象或现象带来的 后果,为下文分析产生的原因做铺垫。
Reading regularly has long become a common part of people’s life. And reading people’ life. preference has always aroused the greatest concern. concern. What impresses us most is according to the table, the percentage of book circulation in an American university library, which shows that the circulation of popular fictions, g e n e r a l n o n f i c t i o n s , science/technology/education books and art/ literature/poetry books accounts for
  65.9 %,
  18.2 %,
  10.8 %and
  5.1 % respectively .
  65.
  18. 10 . respectively. The reasons for the phenomenon are varied. varied.
第二段
  1)承上启下
  2)原因+举例 )承上启下
  2)原因+
  3)趋势句
  5. Among the various reasons,??plays an reasons,??plays important role.
  6.That is to say,?? say,??
  7.What is more,?? more,??
  8.For example,?? example,?? 解释:
  5.在从多原因之中,??是重要的 解释:
  5.在从多原因之中,??是重要的 原因之一。
  6.具体说明原因一。7 原因之一。
  6.具体说明原因一。7原因二。 8 举例说明原因二
Among the various reasons, the appealing content of the popular fictions plays an important part. That is to say, thanks to its appealing plot, popular fictions attract more people than other types of books do. What is more, science and art books which require readers’ readers’ knowledge on relevant fields are highly demanding. For example, it’s hard for it’ students majoring in chemistry to understand Browning’ Browning’s poems, and vice versa.
第三段
  1)总结(阐述作者观点)
  2)决心
  9.When talking about??,??, about??,??,
  10.On the one hand??
  10. hand??
  11.On the other hand,??
  11. hand,??
  12.In brief,??
  12. brief,?? *
  9.空格一填作者要讨论的现象,空格二填 *
  9.空格一填作者要讨论的现象,空格二填 作者的看法。
  10.支持看法的理由一或说明 作者的看法。
  10.支持看法的理由一或说明 看法的第一个方面。
  11.理由二或第二个方 看法的第一个方面。
  11.理由二或第二个方 面。
  12.总结。 面。
  12.总结。 如下例:
When talking about my reading preference, I think I prefer to science books. On the one hand, in order to deepen what I’m specializing I’ in, I need read more books relevant to my major. On the other hand, these books can also broaden our horizons. In brief, college students should choose books according to their interests and needs

  1. 现象解释型模板二
第一段:引出话题时Topic 写作句型: 第一段:引出话题时Topic sentence 写作句型:
  1.We have witnessed
  2.According to, to,
  3.And
  4.Many reasons contribute to
  1.空格内填最近出现的总体现象。
  2.空格一根据 .空格内填最近出现的总体现象。
  2.空格一根据 题目填the 题目填the chart, the report等,空格二内填现象的 report等,空格二内填现象的 具体表现一。
  3.现象的具体表现二
  4.过度句,填现 具体表现一。
  3.现象的具体表现二
  4.过度句,填现 象或现象带来的后果,为下文分析产生的原因做 铺垫。
We have witnessed that college students vary in reading preference. According to the preference. table of the percentage of book circulation in an American university library, the circulation of popular fictions and general nonfictions accounts for
  65.9% and
  18.2% respectively.
  65.
  18. respectively. And the table shows that the circulation of science/technology/education books and art/ literature/poetry books is 10 . 8 % and 5 . 1 %
  10. respectively. respectively. Many reasons contribute to this phenomenon.
第二段
  1)承上启下
  2)原因+举例 )承上启下
  2)原因+
  3)趋势句
  5. To begin with ,??. ,??.
  6.More over,?? over,??
  7.In addition ,?? ,??
  8.As a result ,?? ,?? *
  5.原因之一。
  6. 原因二。7原因三。 *
  5.原因之一。
  6. 原因二。7 8 原因导致的结果。
To begin with, popular fictions usually possess more appealing plot than other types of books do, so many readers are attracted by popular fictions. Moreover, popular fictions and general nonfictions are easier to be understood. In addition, science and art books demand certain knowledge in special field of study. As a result, more students tend to choose popular fictions and general nonfictions.
第三段
  1)总结(阐述作者观点)
  2)决心
  9.As to me,??, me,??,
  10.First of all,?? all,??
  11.Besides,??
  11.Besides,??
  12.To conclude,?? conclude,?? *
  9.空格内填作者对现象的看法。
  10.支持看 *
  9.空格内填作者对现象的看法。
  10.支持看 法的理由一。
  11.理由二。
  12.总结。 法的理由一。
  11.理由二。
  12.总结。
As to me, I’m in favor of books of science I’ and technology. First of all, in order to deepen what I’m learning, I need read more books I’ relevant to my major and observe the new development in science and technology circles. Besides, there books can also broaden my vision. To conclude, college students should choose books according to their interests and needs.

  1. 现象解释型模板三
第一段:引出话题时Topic sentence 写作句 第一段:引出话题时Topic 型:
  1. ??has been brought into focus. ??has
  2.Nowdays,??.
  2.Nowdays,??.
  3.In addition, ??. ??.
  4.Many reasons contribute to?? to?? *
  1.空格内填最近出现的总体现象。
  2.空 *
  1.空格内填最近出现的总体现象。
  2.空 格内填现象的具体表现一。
  3.现象的具体表 格内填现象的具体表现一。
  3.现象的具体表 现二
  4.过度句到分析原因。 现二
  4.过度句到分析原因。
第二段
  1)承上启下
  2)原因+举例 )承上启下
  2)原因+
  3)趋势句
  5. Generally speaking ,??. ,??.
  6.First of all,?? all,??
  7.More over,?? over,??
  8.Therefore ,?? ,?? *
  5.承上启下开始列举原因;
  6. 原因之一。 *
  5.承上启下开始列举原因;
  6. 7 原因二。8 对原因一二进行总结。 原因二。8

  9.As far as I am concerned,??, concerned,??,
  10.As we known ,?? ,??
  11.Furthermore,??
  11.Furthermore,??
  12.In a word,?? word,?? *
  9.空格内填作者对现象的看法。
  10.支持看 *
  9.空格内填作者对现象的看法。
  10.支持看 法的理由一。
  11.理由二。
  12.总结 法的理由一。
  11.理由二。
  12.总结
观点对比类
题目是A 题目是A or B. 题目是一般疑问句? 第一段:1 第一段:
  1)引出话题
  2)一种观点
  3)原因 第二段:1 第二段:
  1)另一种观点
  2)原因 第三段1 第三段
  1)我的观点
  2)原因
  3)决心
二、观点论证型
题目特征是格言或谚语 第一段
  1)引出话题
  2)我的观点 )引出话题2 第二段
  1)承上启下
  2)原因+举例,或举例 )承上启下
  2)原因+ +原因 第三段
  1)总结
  2)决心
三、问题解决型
题目是社会问题,指坏的方面 第一段
  1)引出话题
  2)我的观点
  1)引出话题 第二段
  1)承上启下
  2)原因+举例 )原因+
  3)趋势句 第三段 解决段
引出话题板块
(一)报道法 As was reported on the china daily on June,18th,2007,…… June,18th,2007,……
(二)科学举例法

  1)According to the recent survey conducted by a certain news agency,…… agency,……
  2)The headline of the china daily on June,17th,20
  07, June,17th,20
  07,presented a thoughtthoughtprovoking data to us that…… that……
  3)As is revealed by the statistics frequently appeared on newspapers recently,…… recently,……
  4)A report conducted by a certain news agency came to us recently that…… that……
(空)里的句子 the number ofhas ofhas increased/decreased by x% fromfromto--to--the loss caused by has amounted has to dollars by the June of this year. dollars X% of people do sth Sb do sth
(三)句型法

  1)Pepole in increasing number start to cast light on the issue thatthat
  2) People in amounting number start to realized thatthat
  3)The data reported on china daily recently offers us another way of looking at the issue thatthat
(四)名言引用法

  1)“??,is a abstruse and recondite ??, concept, which is hardly to be defined definitely.” definitely.” as__ ,an Italian writer, puts it.
  2) “__,like an old friend, always stop by when you are busy doing something else.” as the old else.” saying goes .
观点表达
一种观点:
  1)Some people frown at the idea that --
  2)Hearing of the idea /phenomenon thatthat,some people become furious.
  3)Some people take the negative/opposite view towards the idea/phenomenon that….. that…
  4) Some people object/oppose to the idea/phenomenon that….. that…
另一种观点: 另一种观点:

  1)However, others take the opposite stand that…… that……
  2)However,other opinions can also be heard from all walks of life. They insist that…. that…
  3)Tastes differ. Others assume that…. that…
我的观点
观点对比类
  1)Weighing the pros and cons,I am cons, inclined to agree that… that…
  2)From my point of view,… view,…
  3)As far as I am concerned,… concerned,…
  4)For my own part ,… ,…
  5)In my opinion,… opinion,…
承上启下

  1、Several factors can account for this idea/phenomenon.
  2、Why does it take place?
  3、The main reasons why such a phenomenon takes place are as follows.
原因表达
First Initially,… Initially,… To start with,… with,… To begin with,… with,… First and foremost,… foremost,… SecondSecond- Third --Furthermore,… Furthermore,… Moreover,.. In addition,… Besides,… What is more,… addition,… Besides,… more,… 最后一点Finally… 最后一点Finally…. Eventually… Eventually…
开阔思路

  1、经济
  2、安全
  3、便利
  4、心理或交流
  5、站在一个受教育的角度来考虑
  6. 国家
万能原因句 The development of__has evolved from an amusing pace towards future to an all -out spurt, Which leads to the phenomenon that countless people (do sth) (to strive for economic benefits.
Economy Society Tourism science and technology Internet Media Entertainment Education Social welfare
举例部分
For instance, ?? One case in point is Another case in point is
总结部分

  1、After analyzing all the factors, I realize that__
  2、All the factors stated above lead us to the conclusion that__
  3、After meditating on all the factors, I realize that __.
  4、In conclusion,__.
决心部分
Whatsoever/Try the utmost to do/Spare no effort to do/Try one’s best to do , one’ I determine to /I decide to/ I make up my mind to.
趋势段

  1、Were the situation to continue, Our society would be bound to suffer a huge loss in all aspects/benefit a lot in all aspects.
  2、If we let the situation go as it is , It would certainly exert a negative/positive effect on our society.
解决段
Confronting the situation, it is imperative for us to take drastic measure to tackle it. On the one hand, strict laws should be made to punish those who (do sth) . One the other hand, the public should be educated (not) to __.Only in this way can we witness the ideal scene in which all the people can enjoy their life to the utmost.
图表类作文
一、引出话题改为描述图表 一、引出话题改为描述图表 bar chart line chart table Pie chart
句型

  1)the number of has increased/decreased by from __to__, as is reflected in the .
  2)The past years from to has witnessed an increase/a decline of in the number of .
 

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