Science and Technology
Part One Preparation
I. Brainstorming New Words The past several decades has witnessed great changes in various fields, particularly in the field of science and technology. With such new inventions and discoveries, a sea of new words have come into being. Now would you like to think out any word or phrase describing something that have emerged in recent years with the improvement of science and technology, say, e-mail, surfing the net, search engine, cell phone, etc.?
Part One Preparation
II. Cloudy Days in Tomorrowland Would you please discuss the predictions in pairs and compare each prediction with what actually happened?
Part One Preparation
III. Making Your Own Predictions Work in groups to predict what changes might take place in the next 50 years?
  1) Medicine
  2) Computer technology
  3) Education
  4) Traffic
  5) Living environment
Part One Preparation
IV. Show Time ? Technology & Our Life Work in groups to present a short play of one scene of life :
  1. The fire in the cave went out. Dad, Mum and son are discussing who will go to another cave for fire. It takes five days to get there.
  2. An evening before light was invented
  3. An evening before TV was invented
  4. An evening after the widespread use of TV
  5. An evening after the widespread use of computers
Part Two Reading-Centered Activities
Pre-reading Questions:

  1. Is science and technology developing too fast?
  2. Do you think that it is increasingly difficult for us to adapt ourselves to this fast-developing world where new things emerge every day?
  3. Is science a monster or angel? In what sense is science a monster? And in what sense is it an angel?
  4. Would you rather live in the future or are you happy to be living now? Why?
Language Points
out of the ordinary (l.
  2): unusual or unexpected The juggler was out of the ordinary because he could juggle with his feet as well as his hands. out of the blue; out of the way; out of the question; out of the fun: out of tune; out of place; out of use; out of keeping (unsuitable), etc.
Language Points
a batch of (l.
  12): a group of A new batch of students are enrolled in this optional course. Syn.: an array of; a bunch of; a cluster of; a bundle of; a body of, etc. A large body of people attended the outdoor concert.
Language Points
dawn (l.
  13)

  1) v. begin, start A new age for mankind is dawning.
  2) v. It dawns on/ upon sb. that …: It occurs to sb. that … It dawned upon Fred that he would fail the course if he did not study harder.
  3) n. beginning The war ended and we looked forward to the dawn of happier days.
Language Points
to a greater and greater degree (l.
  29): increasingly; more and more Expressions like “to some degree”, “to a large/ great degree” and “to a certain degree” are used to show that something is partly true. These statements are, to some degree, all correct. I agree with you to some degree.
Language Points
in effect (l.
  30): in actual fact; in reality; in practice Their response was in effect a refusal. The old system is still in effect.
Language Points
“can’t wait/ can hardly wait for … to do something” (l.
  32) is used to emphasize that one is very excited about something that one is eager to do. We can’t wait to get started about our project.
Language Points
(be) in the nature of (l.
  48): (be) a characteristic of; belong to that group It is not in her nature to be rude; she is polite in nature. It was in the nature of a debate rather than an argument.
Language Points
convert (l.
  63)
  1) convert … to/ into …: change … into … This sofa can be converted into a bed.
  2) (from, to) persuade somebody to accept a particular religion, belief, etc. John was converted to Buddhism. My daughter has converted me to pop music.
Reading Comprehension
Understanding the main idea of the passage:

  1. before
  4. occupations
  7. resist/refuse
  10.possible
  13.properly
  2. automobiles
  5. increases
  8. ability
  11.innovations
  14. scientific
  3. iceman
  6. Space
  9. Acceptance
  12. miracles/achievements
Reading Comprehension
Understanding Specific Information

  1. C
  5. C
  2. C
  6. C
  3. D
  7. C
  4. D
  8. A
Vocabulary

  1. invent avail discover accept observe experiment
  1) observation
  4) acceptance
  7) evolution
  10) objectivity innovate evolve prosper adapt objective disaster

  2) available
  3) discoveries
  5) experimentation
  6) Inventions
  8) adaptable
  9) innovations
Vocabulary

  2.
  1) out of the ordinary
  2) preceded
  3) To be exact
  4) contradict(ed)
  5) prosperity
  6) gave birth to
  7) catch our breath
  8) had in mind
  9) proposed
  10) converted
  11) disastrous
  12) negative
Vocabulary

  3.
  1) She had hardly sat down

  2) especially if/when you want to reserve a seat
  3) is not necessarily the most useful
  4) What sort/kind of person do you have in mind
  5) There’s a limit on the time
Vocabulary

  3.
  6) spent part of his childhood

  7) three times as many girls as boys
  8) as do most of the people who live in this village
  9) but on the other hand it would be sad to lose the family atmosphere
  10) Despite/In spite of international pressure
After-Class Reading
Passage I
  1. What do you think of Joe’s comment?
  2. What do you think of Internet blind dating?
After-Class Reading
Passage I
  1. If you were given an opportunity, would you have your body frozen when you suffer from a presently incurable disease, waiting for a cure to be available some day in the future?
  2. Suppose that in 50 years’ time, cryonics will be possible. Since the cost of preserving a body for 50 years is very high, only 5 people can be chosen to be preserved and revived in the future. What kind of people would you choose? Explain your choice.
Part Three Further Development
Part Three Further Development
Enriching Your Word Power:

  1. B
  5. B
  9. A
  2. A
  6. C
  10. A
  3. B
  7. C
  11. B
  4. C
  8. B
  12. C
.
Part Three Further Development

  2. What Do You Think About Living in the 21st Century: Read the Newsweek poll “living in the 21st century” (p. 3
  69), and work in pairs to exchange your views on each of the items in the poll.
.
Part Three Further Development

  3. Polling Your Class: Conduct an opinion poll among your classmates to get their views on one of the subjects below.
  1) The good and bad effects of modern science and technology on people’s lives.
  2) Work and life in the 21st century
Part Three Further Development
Step One Choose one subject and make a list of at least 6 questions you want to ask. Step Two Interview at least 6 of your classmates and write down their answers to your questions. Step Three Prepare a report based on the results of your opinion poll. You may use the Newsweek poll as a model. Step Four Present your report to the whole class.
Part Four Writing and Translation
Translation Practice: 因为2000年和2001年连续的旱灾,2002年1月德比镇遭受 了严峻的缺水问题。德比郡会已经把解决这个问题放在首位, 以便今后不再出现这种情况。郡议会早在90年代中期就在这 一地区筑坝进行过调查,但是由于当时公众对调查结果不满 意使计划受阻,需要进一步的环境调查以确定筑坝对周围农 场的长期影响。这一系列的调查已于2003年12月完成。调查 结果显示对环境和经济没有明显的负面影响。2004年郡议会 提议施行可行性研究的最后阶段,整个研究的结论和建议将 在拟定于2005年1月12日举行的议会计划委员会会议上提交。 这份可行性研究报告将帮助议会对改善该郡的水供应状况作 出最后决定。
 

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