1. Translate the following sentences into English, using the words or expressions given in brackets
  1. The village is so close to the border that the villagers live in constant fear of attacks from the enemy.
  2. In only twenty years the country was transformed into an advanced industrial power.
  3. This company has evolved into one of the major chemical manufacturing bases in this region.
  4. Given the current financial situation, it is inevitable that the US dollar will be further devalued.
  5. The government's call for suggestions about the control of water pollution produced very little response from the citizens.
  6. The weather showed no signs of getting better so the government called upon us to get prepared for floods.
  7. At one time scientists thought that there was nothing smaller than an atom but now most people know that an atom consists of even smaller particles.
  8. The students were all very much concerned about the World Cup, spending at least two hours every day watching the live matches on TV.
  9. The department store lost out because loans were very hard to come by and it could not start business on time.
  10. We can't go there for a walk because there is a navy base there, which is off limits to tourists Theme-related writing Write an essay of no less than 150 words on the topic "My Understanding of Environmental Protection". Your writing should cover the following points:
  1) the relationship between man and the environment
  2) the urgency of environmental protection
  3) ways to protect the environment. My Understanding of Environmental Protection Man and the environment are closely related. Man relies on the environment for water, food and shelter. A harmonious relationship
between man and the environment is essential for human survival on the earth. However, man and the environment have never been on such bad terms as they are now. As society develops, man’s transformation of nature has severely polluted his living environment. Deforestation leads to changes in rainfall patterns, causing devastating floods, droughts and sandstorms. The discharge of chemical pollutants endangers our health and the lives of other beings. And mass production has resulted in the shortage of irreplaceable natural resources such as coal and oil. If we take no immediate and effective steps to protect our environment, human beings may be the next species to become extinct. We should do our best to protect our environment by planting more trees, taking care of wildlife, reducing industrial wastes, using renewable energy, and imposing heavy fines on environmentally-unfriendly activities, so as to preserve the environment for future generations.
  1. Most people strongly believe that the court will no doubt punish the bank robbers severely.
  2. The medical workers overcame one difficulty after another in their long-term quest for a cure for the disease.
  3. Acting on the information they received, the police closed off the streets and caught the bank robbers.
  4. We were amazed at learning that the newly-built TV factory can produce 500,000 TV sets in the first year.
  5. The government is looking into the causes of so many layoffs and is trying to help the laid-off workers to be re-employed.
  6. To expand the sales of its product, the company has taken up various measures to open up new markets and to improve its services.
  7. He has neglected his studies to such an extent that I am afraid it is impossible for him to catch up with the other students in a month.
  8. The fireworks factory was closed last month for failing to comply with the government safety regulations.
  9. It remains to be seen whether our football team can beat its opponent.
  10. Mr. Smith predicted that the recent oil discoveries, together with the use / employment of new technologies, would lead to a decline in the price of crude oil. 段落翻译 We all know that knowledge is power but we are seldom aware of how difficult knowledge transfer is. According to Victoria Griffith, there are many barriers to knowledge transfer and lack of trust is one of the major ones. It seems to her that people are only willing to absorb
knowledge readily from those they know and trust. For example, in the early 17th century, Galileo argued that the earth and other planets move around the sun, but this knowledge was rejected by the general population at that time because the Italians over three hundred years ago trusted the Roman Catholic Church more than they trusted science. What was worse, Galileo had to spend the rest of his life under house arrest for his ideas. Victoria Griffith reminds us that knowledge transfer is still a tough problem although we are living in the "knowledge era". 作文 Write an essay of no less than 150 words on the topic "Barriers to Knowledge Transfer". Knowledge transfer is a human phenomenon and plays a very important role in the process of human evolution. With the knowledge accumulated over generations, human beings can now build and transform societies with unprecedented knowledge resources. However, there are many barriers to knowledge transfer. For example, lack of trust and resistance to change undermine the transfer of knowledge. People are less likely to acquire knowledge from those whom they don't trust or to adopt new theories and practices they are not familiar with. Cultural and language barriers also hamper the transfer of knowledge between nations or ethnic groups. It would be almost impossible for people who speak different languages or dialects with different cultural backgrounds to communicate effectively, not to mention exchanging knowledge. An underdeveloped economy is another barrier to knowledge transfer. The lack of socio-economic and techno-environmental cooperation, as well as poor communications infrastructure, can greatly hinder the flow of knowledge within and between nations. To remove these barriers, people should change their attitude towards knowledge transfer and the learning of foreign languages and cultures. At the same time, efforts should be made to develop a better world economy.
Unit 4
  1. As more and more details of her private life were disclosed by the media, she was compelled to resign her post as general manager (or: resign as general manager / resign from the post of general manager) of the company.
  2. She is very satisfied with her new job as it coincides with her interests.

  3. I bought this shirt because the price was reduced from 300 yuan to 80 yuan.
  4. To bring her children up, the mother really went through all kinds of hardships.
  5. The police have ruled out murder in the case of the old lady's death.
  6. The municipality (municipal government) promised to take effective steps as soon as possible to solve the problems of air pollution.
  7. I did not go in for the Campus Tennis Championships held last month because of my injured leg.
  8. If you can get the support of the majority of the girls, you stand a good chance of winning the election and becoming Chairman of the Students Union.
  9. Not all the books he wrote were as successful as this one so I recommend that you borrow it from the library and read it.
  10. At the 2004 Athens Olympic Games Liu Xiang won the championship of the men's 110-meter hurdle and broke the world record, which had been previously held by an American athlete. My Career Choice When it comes to the choice of career, different people consider the matter from different perspectives. Personally I prefer to be a teacher. I have three reasons for my decision. The first reason is that the profession of teaching is in agreement with my personality. Being an outgoing, patient and understanding person, I think I am able to communicate with my students and understand their feelings easily, which constitutes an important factor in ensuring success in teaching. The second reason is that I am interested in the job. It would always give me great joy and satisfaction to see the happy faces of my students, to share my knowledge and life experience with them and to participate in their process of growing up. The third reason is related to my occupational attitude. I always believe that school teachers all over the world are respected for their profound knowledge and higher social status. I have always held my teachers in respect and I hope I would be respected as a teacher, too, in the future. I think teaching is an ideal career for me. Being a university student now, I will work hard to realize my dream.

  1. The ambassador to the U.N. was invested with full authority to deal with all the foreign affairs concerning his country on behalf of his government.

  2. All the way on the train I had been preoccupied with the result of the term examination until the conductor reminded me of the arrival of my destination.
  3. Although her husband's name did not appear on the list of the people who got killed in the traffic accident, she kept walking to and fro, anxious to see him back home sooner.
  4. I was setting out to translate the contract into English when it dawned upon me that both parties involved were Chinese companies.
  5. At the party, people sang and danced with abandon, totally forgetting the troubles in their lives.
  6. With the great aspirations to become an astronaut, Jackson committed himself to the 2-year strenuous constitution training.
  7. His paintings, drawing on timeless fairy stories, exemplified the Europeans' taste of that period.
  8. The bus driver didn't want to take any responsibility for the accident and so he took every means to put the blame on the passengers on board.
  9. He not only risked his own life to save the old man from the burning house but made some room in his own house for him to settle down.
  10. From childhood, she tried to live by the teachings of her parents and gradually accumulated a set of standards of conduct. 作文范文 Attitudes Towards Life People hold different attitudes towards life. Some take a positive attitude and they always appreciate the beauty of life with zeal and gratitude. Some take a negative attitude towards life and any slight trouble in life may seem like the end of the world to them. A positive attitude ensures a happy, successful and healthy life. With a positive attitude, people find it easy to accept challenges and overcome obstacles while maintaining peace of mind. Besides, a positive attitude boosts their self-esteem, lifts their morale and helps them fulfill their commitments both in their career and in their everyday life. Moreover, medical research shows that positive thinking can improve the immune system and strengthen the body's resistance to diseases. There are several ways to develop a positive attitude towards life. One needs to think positively, read uplifting stories, hang around with optimistic people, give up jealousy, and participate in meaningful activities. By building a positive attitude towards life, one can enjoy a happy, successful and healthy life.
  1. Fearing that she couldn't stand the blow, the police broke to the old woman as gently as possible the news of her son's death in the air crash.
  2. Investigations revealed that the road accident was caused solely by the driver who drove against traffic regulations.

  3. He is as mean as Shylock. When it comes to money, all the promises he's made to his friends count for nothing.
  4. Since last year, the company has been unable to sell its products, but it was the recent unsuccessful foreign trade deal that hastened its bankruptcy.
  5. He booked his ticket half a month in advance to assure himself of going back home on time to spend the Spring Festival with his family.
  6. At first, she had some worries about telling the truth. However, at length, she spoke out the secret that she had kept in her heart for several years.
  7. Helen tried to control her mood, but her trembling hands betrayed her nervousness.
  8. Annie was awarded a scholarship at school. When she told her parents the good news, she could not conceal her eagerness for praise from them though she claimed that it was nothing special at all.
  9. The leader of the rescue team told me under his breath that he had little hope of finding more survivors from the mine accident.
  10. In the early days of World War II, the German submarines ran riot in the Atlantic Ocean. However, when radar was invented in Britain, the Germans began to suffer heavy losses.
My Understanding of Honesty and Success Different people have different opinions about the relationship between honesty and success. Some people believe that honesty and success are mutually exclusive. They regard honesty as a wasteful and costly investment that will only hinder success and prevent people from quick wins. Money-making tricks such as low-quality and fake products, or practices like plagiarism and bribery are seen as short-cuts to immediate success. However, many people hold that honesty and success are mutually supportive. They believe that honesty is the only means to an end. Being honest will definitely earn a person not only a good reputation but also more opportunities to develop his or her career and ability. Honesty also helps cultivate an upright and healthy personality and brings people true pride and deep joy. I agree with the latter viewpoint. Honesty is a virtue that every one of us should value. It can bring out the best in a person and will give him or her the best reward in return. Those who are honest may suffer temporary losses sometimes, but they will benefit in the



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