1
Unit1
Studying English
Part A
  1.How are you doing I’d like you to meet my classmate
  2.I’m May I introduce to you Pleased to meet you It’s a pleasure to meet you
  3.Come and meet my family this is Tom It’s good to know you this is my sister Part B Talking about Studying English At a gathering of students from China and some other countries. Yang Weiping and Virginia Wang, both first-year college students, are talking about their learning of English. Hello, my name is Yang Weiping. I’m a freshman at Peking University and I’m majoring in chemistry. At college we have to study a foreign language. I choose English because I like listening to English programs on the radio and TV.I also like British and American pop songs. Some day I hope to visit Britain and the United States. I started learning English several years ago and I’m getting better at it. My favorite activity is listening, especially listening to songs and stories. My big problem is, however, speaking. I feel nervous whenever I speak. And I never seem to know what to say when people talk to me. But I’ve decided to overcome my shyness and learn to speak English by speaking as much as I can. Hi, my name is Virginia Wang. I’m a library science major at the National University of Singapore. In our country ,English is important. It is one of the official languages and you have to be fluent in English to get a good job. I’ve been studying English since high school. I’m good at reading because I like learning about new things and new ideas. There are so many books and articles written in English. Our textbooks at the university are in English, too. I know writing is also very important, but I find it really difficult. When I graduate from the university I would like a job in the city library where I can read all kinds of new books. Quertions:
  1.Which of the following would be the best title for the two talks?
  2.Who are the speakers? Part C Skills; worry; focus; feel; understood; carefully; problems; understand; main; details.
Unit 2
Fun with language
Part A
  1.--It’s a really wonderful evening. Thank you very much for inviting us. --I’m glad you enjoyed it. --Maybe we could get together sometime at my home. --Sounds nice.
  2.?Great party, isn’t it? --Yeah, really. -You look familiar to me. Have we met before? --I’m afraid not.
  3.?I’m afraid I have to go now. --So soon? Well, I enjoyed our talk together. --Me too.
  4.?Excuse me, could you tell me the time? --It’s half past 5 by my watch. --Thank you very much. --You’re welcome.
  5.?Is this seat taken? --Oh, let me move my stuff. --Aren’t you Jack Brown? I’m Bill, Bill Stone. --Oh, hello, Bill. Fancy meeting you here!
  6.?Hi, Jack. So good to see you. --Oh, hi, Andy. It’s been quite a while since we saw each other last. How’re things with you? --Just fine. What’ve you been doing these years? --Well, I’ve been studying for my Ph.D degree here at the university. --That’s wonderful. Part B How to Improve Your Conversation Skills To speak to people in a foreign language requires courage and a willingness to make errors. Some people are so afraid of making mistakes that they never open their mouths. And that’s the biggest mistake of all. Now if you have courage and are ready to make a few errors, what do you say? First of all, you have to open the conversation. Finding an appropriate topic is half the battle. Some topics, such as the weather and news, work well. But others, such as age, money or people’s appearance do not. The following are some good ways to open a conversation. Weather ? It sure is cold today, isn’t it? News ? Did you hear about that terrible forest fire? A conversation in a foreign language doesn’t always go smoothly. Sometimes your partner talks too fast and you find it difficult to follow. Not to worry, though. You can always ask your partner to repeat what he has said or to speak more slowly. For example, “Excuse me, but could you say that again? I didn’t catch it. “Or” Could you speak
叶秋--英语听说
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more slowly, please?” At the end of a conversation you need to find a way to close it in a polite way. “Well, I really need to be going”, or “It was nice talking to you ” are frequently used by people to end a conversation. Part C Smile When You Read This How good is your memory? Answer these four questions: What did you have for breakfast yesterday? What clothes did you wear last Friday? Who did you talk to yesterday? Where did you go last Saturday? If you can answer all four questions, your memory is very good. Memory is important for learning language skills. Education specialists in England want to help people improve their reading abilities. They want students to remember the books and articles they read. The specialists found something to help: facial expressions. They gave ten students a happy article to read. Five of the students read the happy article while smiling. Five students read the happy article while frowning. Then they answered comprehension questions. The smiling students remembered more of the happy article than the frowning students. Then the specialists gave ten students another article to read. It was an angry letter to the editor of a newspaper. Five students read the angry article while smiling, and five students read the angry article while frowning. Which group remembered better? You’re right. The frowning students. The specialists don’t know why facial expressions help memory. They are continuing to study the relationship between the mind and the body. Until they find the answer, keep smiling!
the last kind of things for her to watch. Part B Accommodation for College Students R: Good morning. Can I help you? S: Yes, please. I’m a new student and I’d like to have some information about the… em … the accommodation for students. R: Right. The university provides two types of accommodation, halls of residence and self-catering accommodation. S: How much does it cost for the self-catering accommodation? R: For a single room, thirty-seven pounds eighty-six per week, that’s about five forty-one a day. For a double room, it’s fifty-two seventy-eight per week. This will apply throughout this academic year. S: I’d like to stay in the self-catering accommodation. How far is that from the residence to the university? R: it all depends. The residences at 36 Elms Road and 110 Palm Road are about one and a half miles from the university main site and the Freemen’s Common Houses at William Road are half a mile. S: When do I need to apply? R: Are you an undergraduate or a postgraduate? S: Undergraduate. R: Then you should apply for it as soon as possible, since places in university-owned accommodation are limited and if you don’t apply before the end of the month, you are not likely to get a place. S: Could you possibly tell me what to do, if no vacancy is available? R: Yes, you may consider private accommodation. The university runs an Accommodation Information Office and its staff will help you. S: Where’s the office? R: In the Students’ Union Building. S: Whom can I contact? R: Mr. Underwood. David Underwood, the manager of the accommodation information office. S: Thank you very much. R: You are welcome. Part C What College Professors Do College professors are often believed to lead easy lives of quiet thinking while teaching one or two classes every week. But college professors do much more than go to class. The average professor spends between six and
Unit 3
School Life
Part A Maggie likes swimming but she doesn’t care for skiing. She loves flying on planes and traveling by train but she hates getting on buses because they are too crowded and dirty. She is not interested in playing the piano and she prefers reading to playing computer games. She loves going to Chinese restaurants and her favorite food is spicy Sichuan bean curd. After work she is keen on listening to music. She prefers light music to rock, because light music makes her feel relaxed. She enjoys watching TV in the evening, she thinks a lot of news programs but sitcoms are
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fifteen hours in the classroom weekly. And that same college professor works from sixty to eighty hours a week. Because they must remain current in their fields, professors spend part of that time reading, reading, reading. That leads to additional hours during which they revise and update their class lecture notes. It takes far longer to prepare notes than to deliver them in class. Professors may spend time conducting experiments, working on college projects, or advising students. They may be writing books, articles, or papers for delivery at conventions. When not in the classroom or in the office, professors are still working, behind closed doors in committee sessions or at home grading papers and preparing for schedule willingly, they must feel strongly about the importance of the college experience.
Unit 4
Going to a Party
Part A
  1.Yeah By the way Who Don’t you think so Quite well
  2.Like what Yeah let me think Well Come to think of it Part B Small Talk Is Easy A: Mike, guess what? B: What? A: Carol just invited me to a party at her house on Saturday. B: Carol? You mean the pretty girl in your economics class? A: Yeah. B: Great! I’m sure you’ll have a super time. A: I’m not so sure. B: What do you mean, John? I thought you really liked Carol. A: I do. But I don’t know her friends very well. B: So get to know them. A: But I’m no good at small talk. B: Small talk is easy. You can learn. A: By Friday? B: Sure. I’ll coach you. You just have to remember a few simple sentences. A: I don’t know. I have trouble remembering things. Especially when I meet people. I get nervous. B: Don’t worry. John. You can do it. You just need a few tips. A: But what if I say something stupid? B: Relax. You won’t. but ever if you do, it’s all right. Everyone makes mistakes.
A: Yeah, especially me! What if I’m boring? No one wants to listen to a bore. B: Hey, you’re not giving a speech. You’re just having a conversation. So just talk about something you know they are interested in. A: That’s the problem. I don’t know what Carol’s friends are interested in. B: Let them tell you. If you let people talk about themselves, they’ll think you are interesting. A: You mean something like, “So, tell me what you are interested in.” B: Well, you don’t have to be that direct. For example. You can talk about the weather. A: You can’t be serious. The weather is boring. B: It’s a good excuse to find out what they like to do. On a rainy day, you say, “What do you do in such terrible weather?” A: What if they just stayed home and read a book? B: Then ask them about the book. You can ask if it was good. Ask if they liked it and why. Then talk about a book you really liked. A: So that’s what small talk is about, is it? Well, I’ll give it a try. Thanks for the tips, Mike. B: You[‘re welcome. Have a good time at the patty. Part C Are You Calling about the Party? Laura: Hello. This is Laura Davis speaking. Simon: Oh, Simon. How nice to hear you. Are you calling about the party? You did get the invitation, didn’t you? Simon: Yes, thanks, I did. That’s just it, I’m afraid. You see, I’m already tied up that evening. Laura: Oh, really? That is a pity. Simon: You see, some friends of mine are coming to see me. I haven’t seen them for a long time, and you know well, I managed to get some tickets for the opera, and I promised to take them out to dinner afterwards. I can’t get out of it. Unfortunately, I wish I could. Laura: Oh, what a shame! We were looking forward to seeing you. Still, if you can drop in later with your friends, we’d love to see you. Simon: Thanks. Well, I’ll certainly try, but I don’t think there’s much chance. Actually I’ve sent you an e-mail to say I can’t come. Laura: Oh, have you? That’s very kind, thanks. Well, keep in touch, Simon. Simon: I will. Regards to James. And I hope the party goes well. Bye! Laura: Thanks. Bye.
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Unit 5
Telephoning
Part A
  1.?Hello. 103-62
  15. --Hello. Is Cindy there? --No, she is out. Do you want me to take a message? --Yes, please. Tell her to call back David this afternoon, David Johnson.
  2.?Hilton Hotel. Can I help you? --Mr. John Thomas, Room 1230, please! --I’ll put you through. Sorry, Mr. Thomas isn’t in at the moment. Can I take a message? --Tell him to call Bill Green at 415-389-1074 this evening. It’s important.
  3.?Hello, can I speak to Mary? --No, I’m afraid she’s out. Could I know who is calling? --Well, this is Judy, her old classmate. Can I leave a message? --Certainly. --Please ask her to meet Judy outside the Art Museum at ten tomorrow morning.
  4.?Hello. --Hi, Mrs. King. This is Tom here. Is John in? --Hello, Tom. I’m sorry john’s out right now. Would you like to leave a message? --Yes. Tell him not to forget to come to my party this evening. --All right. I’ll let him know about it as soon as he gets in. Part B A Business Call A: Good afternoon. ABC Imports. May I help you? B: Yes, may I speak to Mr. James Johnson, please? A: I’m afraid Mr. Johnson isn’t av
 

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