大学英语网考试题及答案
大学英语 B 统考模拟试卷及参考答案一
第一部分 交际英语 此部分共有5个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,请你从 A, B, C, D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  1.? Would you mind helping me to get it upstairs? ? A. C. Yes, it is. Sure. D. B. No, it isn't. No, of course not.
正确答案:D 题目解析: 译文:你能帮我把它拿到楼上去吗?解析:A 是的,它是。B 不,它不是。C 当然。 D 不,当然不介意。所以根据题意正确答案为 D。

  2.? Is this beautiful? ? A. C. Yes, rarely have I seen this before. No, tomorrow will be fine. D. B. Yes, I need a rest.
No, the work should be done
by him. 正确答案:A 题目解析: 译文:这个好看吗?解析:A 是的,我之前很少看到过这么好看的。 B 是的,我 需要休息。C 不,明天就可以。D 不,这项工作需要由他来完成。根据题意正确答 案为 A。

  3.― ― An accident has happened. A. C. Where was the accident? When was the accident? B. D. What happened? Why did it happen?
正确答案:B 题目解析: 译文:一场事故发生了。解析:答案 A 这场事故在哪儿? 答案 B 发生什么事情了 啊?答案 C 这个事故什么时候发生的啊。 答案 D 为什么会发生啊?根据回答表示 问的是发生什么了,正确答案选 B。

  4.― Excuse me, how soon does this train leave? ― A. C. It leaves every half an hour. The next trains leaves at ten. B. It leaves in ten minutes. D. There is one at
four. 正确答案:B 题目解析: 译文:对不起,多久这辆车才会离开?解析:答案 A 每半小时离开一次。 答案 B 将在十分钟内离开。 答案 C 下一辆列车将在十点离开。 答案 D 有一辆四点的。 正确答案选 B。

  5.― How do I get to the cinema? ― A. It's very far. B. Yes, there is a cinema
near here. C. It's about a ten-minute walk from here. D. Go down this street
and turn left. 正确答案:D 题目解析:
译文:我怎么去电影院?解析:A 它很远。B 是的,电影院就在附近。C 走路过去 大约十分钟。D 走过这条街然后左转。所以根据题意正确答案为 D。
第二部分 阅读理解 此部分共有2篇短文, 每篇短文后有5个问题, 每个问题后有4个选项, 请你从 A, B, C, D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
My friend Mike was shaking his head in disbelief. "That young woman who just waited on me," he said, pointing to an employee of the fast food restaurant where we were eating, "had to call someone over to help her count change. The cash register (现金出纳机) showed her I needed 99 cents, but she couldn't figure out how to count out the coins." I understood Mike's concern. What we have done in this country, although unintentionally, is to create several generations of individuals most of whom have no idea how to reason; how to do simple math; how to do research; or, finally, how to be creative (有创造力的). The reason for this is our overuse of information technology: video games, television, digital watches, calculators, and computers. Information technology feeds us information without requiring us to think about it and let us perform operations without understanding them. It is time we took a hard look at an educational system that only teaches our children how to push buttons. Our kids can't tell time if the clock has hands. They can use calculators, but cannot add, subtract, divide, or multiply. Video games have taken the place of active, imaginative play. Although most of them are technically literate, they choose not to read. They are so used to television and movies that they cannot use their imagination to stay interested in a book. It is not enough to recognize that a problem exists. What we need is a
solution. The one I offer is simple to suggest, but may be impossible to carry out. We must unplug our children. If we don't, they will never learn how to solve problems. They will never learn even basic reasoning skills and will certainly not develop creativity. Instead of filling classrooms with electronics, let's concentrate on good old-fashioned literacy ― reading books. Students must be taught not to perform computer operations by rote (死记), but to figure and reason for themselves. They must see how things work and how processes lead to results, they must also stretch their imagination.

  6. What is the problem with the employee of the fast food restaurant? A. She does not know how to operate the cash register. B. She is unable to solve simple math problems. C. She lacks coins for customers. D. She does not know how to count coins. 正确答案:B 题目解析:细节推断题。从第一段中“…she couldn't figure out how to count out the coins…”(她不能解决如何去点硬币的数目的问题)可以推断出她不能 解决好简单的数学问题,所以正确答案为 B“她不能解决简单的数学问题”。

  7. What is Mike's concern? A. B. C. D. People now rely too much on information technology. Many restaurants now do not provide good service. Modern technology feeds us too much information. We are creating people who can.
正确答案:D 题目解析:推断题。第一段中都在说借助电子工具不去自己思考,在最后一段里 也提到了“Students must be taught not to perform computer operations by rote (死记), but to figure and reason for themselves.”(学生们必须被教
导不要通过运用电脑程序去死记,而要去独自思考和得出结论)所以只有 D 准确, 正确答案为 D“我们正在创造那些不能独自思考的人”。

  8. For children to be interested in reading, they must . A. C. have an imaginative mind turn off their television sets B. D. be given the right books have a large enough
vocabulary 正确答案:A 题目解析:细节推断题。从第二段最后一句“They are so used to television and movies that they cannot use their imagination to stay interested in a book.”(孩子们对电视和电影是如此的依赖,以至于他们不能运用他们自己的想 象力去对读物感兴趣)可以推断出来正确答案为 A“由于孩子们对阅读感兴趣, 他们一定具有富有想象力的思维”。

  9. What solution does the author suggest to our children's problem? A. B. C. D. Get them off TV and computer games. Turn off all electronic equipment at school. Teach them how to learn from video games. Give them freedom in the use of computers.
正确答案:A 题目解析:细节推理题。从第二段中第三句“Video games have taken the place of active, imaginative play.”(电子游戏占据了活跃想象游戏的太多空间) 可以推理出作者建议让孩子们远离电视和电脑游戏,所以正确答案为 A“让孩子 们远离电视和电脑游戏”。

  10.We can see from the passage that the author believes . A. B. information technology is being overused modern technology helps us to do things we don't even understand
C. D.
reading benefits children more than anything else electronics has no place in the classroom
正确答案:C 题目解析:细节推断题。在最后一段中“let's concentrate on good old-fashioned literacy? reading books.”(让我们把注意力集中在那些老式 的好的文学读物上来吧)可以推断出作者的用意,所以正确答案为 C“我们从这 篇文章里看出来,作者认为阅读对于孩子们来说比任何其他事情都有益”。
Even the newest gardener realizes that plants die without water; what is not so well known is that plants die equally decisively, though not so quickly, if they are overwatered(浇水过多). Beginners usually decide to play it safe and keep their potted(盆栽的) plants thoroughly wet. In consequence, death by drowning is one of the commonest disasters to befall (降临)the plants of a new horticulturist. Plants wither (枯萎)away if they don't get enough water, and this draws attention to their problem. A plant that has been slightly underwatered so that it droops strikes terror into the heart of its new owner. But it will, in fact, recover completely as long as rescue comes in time and the process is not repeated too often. Overwatered plants, unfortunately, do not give any such obvious signal; slowly they cease to thrive and the first visible indication of serious trouble is a yellowing of the lower leaves. Unless the overwatered pot soil is given a considerable period without water, during which time the plant will continue to look wretched, it will suddenly collapse in exactly the same way as the underwatered plant―but with no chance of being revived because the roots have rotted away.

  11. From the text we can infer a horticulturist is a person engaged in . A. growing plants B. raising birds
C.
cutting plants
D.
studying the death cause of
plants 正确答案:A 题目解析: horticulturis 园艺家, 根据这个单词和文章讲的种花技巧可以明白, 正确答案选 A。

  12. What does a new gardener usually decide to do to keep their potted plants alive? A. C. Underwatering the plants. Overwatering the plants. B. D. Fertilizing the pot soil. Loosening the pot soil.
正确答案:C 题目解析:由文章“what is not so well known is that plants die equally decisively, though not so quickly, if they are overwatered”及其后的句 子“Beginners usually decide to play it safe and keep their potted(盆栽 的) plants thoroughly wet”可以看出初学者会经常会浇过多的水以至于植物枯 萎,正确答案选 C。

  13. According to the text, which of the following plants might die without recovery? A. C. Plants with their lower leaves yellowing. Underwatered plants. D. B. Overwatered plants.
Plants with worms.
正确答案:B 题目解析:由文章可以看出讲的是关于植物浇水过多的问题,并没有提到虫的问 题,排除答案 D,答案 A 是浇水过多的表现,也排除,由“Overwatered plants, unfortunately, do not give any such obvious signal; slowly they cease to thrive and the first visible indication of serious trouble is a yellowing of the lower leaves”可以看出浇水过多会逐渐使植物死掉而且表现不明显,正 确答案选 B。

  14. A withered plant might be rescued because . A. C. it doesn't alive B. it is repeatedly overwatered D. it dies slowly
it gives visible signal of dying
正确答案:C 题目解析:由文章“slowly they cease to thrive and the first visible indication of serious trouble is a yellowing of the lower leaves”可以 看出枯萎的植物说明已经濒临死亡,需要进行救助,正确答案选 C。

  15. What is the purpose of this text? A. B. C. D. To warn gardeners not to underwater plants. To give information about general problems of gardening. To draw attention to the problem of overwatered plants. To recommend new gardeners the book about gardening.
正确答案:C 题目解析:这篇文章的目的,就是教那些初学者注意种花中浇水过多的问题,正 确答案选 C。
第三部分 词汇和结构 此部分共有5个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有4个选项,请你从 A, B, C, D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  16. He is such an expert on machine repairing that his ears are highly to any unusual sound in the machine. A. C. sensible senseless B. D. sensitive sensational
正确答案:B 题目解析: 根据句子意思, 应该填表示灵敏的形容词, sensible 明智的, sensitive 敏感的,senseless 无感觉的,sensational 使人感动的,所以正确答案选 B。

  17. The reason I plan to go is if I don't. A. because she will be disappointed B. that she will be
disappointed C. because she will have a disappointed D. on account of her being
disappointed 正确答案:B 题目解析: the reason…that 是固定搭配, 其它的都不正确, 所以正确答案为 B。

  18. When he was questioned about the missing ring, he firmly that he had ever seen it. A. C. declared rejected B. D. refused denied
正确答案:D 题目解析:当他被问到这个丢失的戒指时,他坚决的否认自己见过它。根据句子 意思应该填表示否认的单词,正确答案选 D。

  19. I had intended him while he was in trouble during those years, but I couldn't get in touch with him. A. C. to help to have helped B. D. helping having helped
正确答案:A 题目解析: intend to do 为固定用法,根据句子意思,这里不能接完成时态只 能用动词原型。正确答案选 A。

  20. I wish everybody the meeting tomorrow . A. C. will attend had attended D. B. would attend is going to attend
正确答案:B
题目解析: wish 后的宾语从句用虚拟语气,当表示与将来的希望相反时,从句 中的谓语动词用“could/would+动词原形”。
第四部分 完型填空 短文中共有10个未完成的句子,针对每个句子空缺部分有4个选项,请你从 A、B、 C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Nobody wants to be
(
  21)
.Unfortunately our bodies can develop ,o
 

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