2
6
Active Expressions Focus Study
2
6
Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
Find out the active expressions:

  1. … I just feel like a Debbie.
  2. One day, while filling out an application form ...
  3. For better or worse, qualities such as ...
  4. One woman I know turned down a blind date …
  5. Several evenings later, she came up to me at a party ...
  6. …you are not stuck with the label.
2
6
Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
feel like (doing) sth. fill out for better or worse turn down come up to be stuck with
have a wish for; want to put in; get fatter whatever happens; even there are difficulties refuse to consider come close to; to equal be unable to get rid of / go or do anything further, esp. because of difficulties
2
6
Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
Translation

  1. 我不想喝茶。 想
  2. 她的两颊变得丰满 变得丰满了。 变得丰满
  3. 无论结果好坏 无论结果好坏,只要尽力了,就无怨无悔。
  4. 他的提议被拒绝 拒绝了。 拒绝
  5. 他向我走来 向我走来,问我现在几点。 向我走来
  6. 我被这个问题缠住 被 缠住了。 缠住
2
6
Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
Key

  1. I don't feel like a cup of tea.
  2. Her cheeks have filled out.
  3. For better or worse, you won’t feel regret as long as you have done everything in your power.
  4. His proposal was turned down.
  5. He came up and asked me if I knew the time.
  6. I am stuck with this problem. More Practice
2
6
Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
More Practice

  1. 她觉得 觉得自己象个傻瓜一样。 觉得
  2. 我填表 填表申请那个职位。 填表
  3. 事情已经做了,不管结果如何 不管结果如何,我们现在都 不管结果如何 没法改变了。
  4. 他想参军,但因为身体不好被拒绝 拒绝了。 拒绝
  5. 你最近的工作和你惯常的高要求不同哦。 同
  6. 我们不得不 不得不接待不期而至的亲戚们。 不得不
2
6
Notes to the Text?Active Expressions
Key

  1. She felt like a fool.
  2. I filled out a form to apply for that vacancy.
  3. It's been done, and for better or worse, we can't change it now.
  4. He tried to join the army but was turned down because of poor health.
  5. Your recent work hasn’t come up to your usual high standards.
  6. We were stuck with relatives who came to stay unexpectedly.
2
6
Notes to the Text?Focus Study
II. Focus Study

  1. As His Name Is, So Is He! “as ... So …”结构在此用来表示相似或 类比。“正如??????就像??????”
Translation
沙漠似海,骆驼似舟。 As the desert is like a sea, so is the camel like a ship.
More Practice
2
6
Notes to the Text?Focus Study
结构翻译下列句子: 用 “as ... so…” 结构翻译下列句子: ? 有其师必有其徒。 ? 随着时间的推移,他们的希望开始变得越来越小。
Key
? As is the teacher, so is the pupil. ? As time went on, so their hopes began to decrease.
2
6
Notes to the Text?Focus Study

  2. I just don’t feel like a Debbie. feel like + sth. / doing sth. “想要某物;想做某事” 想要某物;想做某事” 想要某物
Translation
我们都想庆祝一番。 We all feel like celebrating.
More Practice
2
6
Notes to the Text?Focus Study
结构翻译下列句子: 用 “feel like” 结构翻译下列句子: ? 你想来一杯咖啡吗? ? 我现在不想去度假。
Key
? Do you feel like a cup of coffee? ? I don’t feel like taking a holiday now.
2
6
Notes to the Text?Focus Study

  3. One day, while filling out an application form for a publishing job, the young woman impulsively substituted her middle name, Lynne, for her first name Debbie. 由 “while”, “when”, “after” 等连词引 导的时间状语从句, 导的时间状语从句 其谓语动词可以用 限定或非限定形式。 例句中的“ 限定或非限定形式 。 例句中的 “ filling out”为动词 “ fill”的非限定形式 。 例句 为动词“ 的非限定形式。 为动词 的非限定形式 中的时间状语从句谓语动词也可用限定 形式改为: 形式改为 while she was filling out …
Practice
2
6
Notes to the Text?Focus Study
分词结构重写下列句子 结构重写下列句子: 用 -ing 分词结构重写下列句子: ? After you have used the brush, put it in its proper place. ? Before he was in the army, he was an engineer.
Key
? After using the brush, put it in its proper place. ? Before being in the army, he was an engineer.
2
6
Word Using Old to New Chinese to English
2
6
Words and Expressions?Word Using
I. Word Using

  1. substitute ① vt. put or use sb. / sth. to replace sb. / sth. else;
Phrase e.g.
substitute A for B
用A代替B
Because of the unexpected injury of the leading player, the coach had to substitute the reserve player for him.
2
6
Words and Expressions?Word Using

  1. substitute ② vi. act or serve at a replacement
e.g.
Can you substitute for me at the meeting?
Translation
在这种烹饪法里面可以用蜂蜜代替糖。 在这种烹饪法里面可以用蜂蜜代替糖。
Key
Honey can substitute for sugar in this recipe.
2
6
Words and Expressions?Word Using

  1. substitute ③ n. person or thing that replaces, acts for or serves as sb. or sth.
e.g.
There is no substitute for good food and exercise.
Translation
The teacher's ill, so a substitute is teaching today.
Key
那位教师生病了,因此今天由代课老师教课。
2
6
Words and Expressions?Word Using

  2. characteristic ① a. representative; representing a person’s or thing’s usual character
Translation
六月的特点是雨天多。
Key
Rainy days are characteristic of June.
Phrase
be characteristic of
2
6
Words and Expressions?Word Using

  2. characteristic ② n. a special and easily recognized quality of sb. or sth.
Translation
Genes determine the characteristics of every living thing. What characteristics separate Americans from Canadians?
Key
基因决定了每一种生物的特征。 美国人和加拿大人的性格特点有什么不同?
2
6
Words and Expressions?Word Using

  3. approval n. If sb. or sth. has your approval, you like and admire them
Translation
父亲对儿子的所作所为表示赞同。
Key
The father expressed approval of what the son did.
Phrases
nod one’s approval nod in approval
2
6
Words and Expressions?Word Using

  4. disapproval n. (of) opposite to “approval”; the state of having a bad opinion (of sb. or sth.).
Translation
She made no secret of her disapproval of what we had done.
Key
她对我们所做的事毫不掩饰地表示反对。
Phrase
disapproval of sth.
2
6
Words and Expressions?Word Using

  5. convey v. communicate or express sth., with or without using words
e.g.
Colors like red convey a sense of energy and strength.
Translation
他的音乐表达了一种乐观主义情绪。 他的音乐表达了一种乐观主义情绪。
Key
His music conveys a sense of optimism.
2
6
Words and Expressions?Word Using

  6. qualify v. (make) have the necessary skills, knowledge, ability, etc. to do sth.
e.g.
People on low incomes may qualify for a special heating allowance (津贴).
Translation
本培训课程将使你能胜任更好的工作。 本培训课程将使你能胜任更好的工作。
Key
This training course will qualify you for a better job.
2
6
Words and Expressions?Word Using

  7. be ill at ease uncomfortable; anxious, or worried
Translation
我在陌生环境中总觉得不自在。
Key
I always feel ill at ease in a strange environment.
反义词
at one's ease
e.g.
Give him a drink to put him at his ease.
2
6
Words and Expressions?Word Using

  8. be / feel guilty of feeling unhappy because one thinks that he has done sth. wrong
Translation
Who are to blame for a sharp increase in the teenage crime? Families? Schools? In fact, the whole society is guilty of this trend.
Key
面对剧增的青少年犯罪,该怪谁?家庭?学校? 事实上,整个社会对此都有罪责。
2
6
Words and Expressions?Word Using

  9. to … extent People use it to indicate that something is partly true, but not entirely true.
e.g.
I agree with what you say to a large extent. To some extent you are correct. To what extent can he be believed? 常用的搭配: 常用的搭配:to a large extent to some extent to a certain extent
2
6
  10. label n.
Words and Expressions?Word Using
a piece of paper, giving information about it
Translation
我先看标签上的说明,然后决定买下它。
Key
I read the information on the label, and then decided to buy one.
2
6
Words and Expressions?Word Using
miniA mini-test
Fill in the blanks with the following words and phrases. As …, so … approval be guilty of substitute disapproval to … extent characteristic be ill at ease label
2
6
Words and Expressions?Word Using

  1. He expressed his of what they disapproval / approval had done.
  2. Such honesty is of him. characteristic
  3. They were violence for dialogue. substituting
  4. you treat me, I shall treat you. so As
  5. Attending such a formal and magnificent party for the first time, she felt somewhat . ill at ease label
  6. Because there is no on the luggage, we don’t know to whom it belongs. guilty
  7. I feel about not having written to you sooner. To some extent
  8. , we must confess that this plan will not work out.
2
6
Words and Expressions?Old to New
II. Old to New
famous; important fate admit trust quality ? ? ? ? ? prominent destiny confess confidence characteristic
2
6
Words and Expressions?Old to New
colleague agreement certain, particular give deciding
? ? ? ? ?
associate approval specific award determination
2
6
Words and Expressions?C to E
III. Chinese to English
填写申请表 认真对待某人 识别人 更适合做运动员 有助于结识新朋友 fill out an application form take sb. seriously identify people more qualified to be a player encourage new acquaintances
2
6
Debate
2
6
Idea Sharing
Debate
Follow the steps below to have a debate on the topic :
Do you want to change your name or not? Step 1: Express your opinions. Step 2: List at least 3 reasons or examples to support your opinions Step 3: Fight against the opinions of the other part. Tips
2
6
Idea Sharing
Expressions to show your agreement or disagreement
? I agree with the author’s opinion that … ? I think it’s a good idea to … ? It may help if … ? The reasons I decide to … are as follows: Firstly, … Secondly, … ? By changing my name, I can … ? I disagree with the author’s opinion that … ? I don’t think it’s a good idea to … ? It is impossible to … ? I will never … ? The best to … is … ? The most important thing is …
2
6
Writing?Practical Writing
Practical Writing
Letter of Application
  1. What is a letter of Application?
A letter of application is often used to apply for a vacancy in a company or for enrollment to a college.
2
6
Writing?Practical Writing

  2. Key points of writing a letter of application :
? What are applied for? ? What are your qualifications for this job? ? The letter forms.
2
6
Writing?Practical Writing
Sample writing Dear Sir/Madam, I’m writing in response to your advertisement for a PA / Secretary to the Managing Director. I’m enclosing a copy of my CV, which gives details of my qualifications and experience. As you will see I have had 7 years’ experience of working in a business environment and have an RSA 2 in typing shorthand. Although I did not have to travel in my previous job, I would be very willing to do so. I will be available for interview at any time, and look forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully William Jeremy Smith
2
6
Writing?Practical Writing
Two letter forms
2
6
Writing?Practical Writing
缩进式
Compact System 96 Rosewall Drive, South town, SO3 4BT
Mail box No.23, GX university Nanning, Guangxi , China 27 Jan, 2008
Dear Sir/Madam, I’m writing in response to your advertisement for a PA / Secretary to the Managing Director. … Although I did not have to travel in my previous job, I would be very willing to do so. I will be available for interview at any time, and look forward to hearing from you.
Yours faithfully, William Jeremy Smith
2
6
Mail box No.23, GX university Nanning, Guangxi , China 27 Dec, 2007
Writing?Practical Writing
齐头式
Compact System 96 Rosewall Drive, South town, SO3 4BT Dear Sir/Madam, I’m writing in response to your advertisement for a PA / Secretary to the Managing Director. … Although I did not have to travel in my previous job, I would be very willing to do so. I will be available for interview at any time, and look forward to hearing from you. Yours faithfully, William Jeremy Smith
2
6
Writing?Practical Writing
Your Task: Task:
Read the following advertisement of Compact System and draft a letter of application. Before you write, look at a model letter of application. .
2
6
Writing?Practical Writing
COMPACT SYSTEM Personal Assistant/Secretary Required to assist department managers in our South town office. Applicants must have experience of working in a computer company and mustn’t have less than
 

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