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第一单元
Text A Exercises for the Text I.
  1.d II. t
  2.c
  3.c
  4.a
  5.d
  3.accompany
  7.objectives
  4.implemen
  8.vary
  9.

  1.alternative
  5.preccedent

  2.fundamental
  6.attain
multiple
  10.isolate III.
  1.c
  2.d
  3.i
  4.j
  5.g
  6.e
  7.h
  8.1
  9.f
  10.b
IV. our ; helped ; form ; front; to; passed; it; same; V.
  1.Decision makers should be able to make the best guess at the guture.
  2.Some people think that everything managers do involves decision making.(or Some people think that everything managers do has something to do with decision making.)
  3.If there are no correct alternatives,there are no correct decisions to be made.
  4.Since different people have different ideas about the same problem,so the approaches to it vary from person to person.
  5.Decision makers usually hold the key to the business development of the company. Vocabulary Exercises I .
  1.a.be organized b.organizational c.organization

  2.a.simple b.simplified c.simply d.simplification
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  3.a.profit b.profitable c.profitability
  4.a.intention b.intended c.unintended II.
  1.preccdent
  6.goal
  2.skilled
  3.achievement
  4.implement
  5.
optimal

  7.accomplish

  8.accompanies

  9.tendenc
y
  10.ongoing III.
  1.His friend accompanied him to a concert.
  2.He has argued her out of her decision.
  3.he owed his success in part to luck.
  4.According to his suggestion,the formalities have been much simplified.
  5.The broadcasting station predicts that it will turn cold tomorrow.
  6.Motion is defined as a change in position or place.
Text B Exercises for the Text I.
  1.T
  2.T
  3.F II.
  1.preparation; indifference interest
  5.speechless
  4.F
  5.F
  6.F
  7.F
  2.idea
  8.F
  9.F
  10.T
confidence

  3.unattractive personality;
  7.clean; neat;
  9.politely;

  4.hardworking;
  6.holidays; pay
conservative naturally

  8.the floor beside your chair

  10."I beg your pardon?" or "Could you please
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repeat it?" etc. Vocabulary Exercises I. disadvantage sure
  5.vague
  1.at
  2.conservative
  6.clutched
  3.indifference
  7.turned down a
  4.make
  8.to your
advantage to
  12.place

  9.neat

  10.prospects

  11.take the tuouble
Grammar Exercises I.
  1.连词;让步状语从句。 尽管约翰想记住,却没能记住一 连词; 连词 让步状语从句。 尽管约翰想记住, 个词。 个词。
  2.关系代词;非限定性定语从句。 和他的兄弟们一样,哈利 关系代词;非限定性定语从句。 和他的兄弟们一样, 关系代词 身材奇高。 身材奇高。
  3.连词;比较状语从句。 这儿有块大石头,没人能搬起它。 连词;比较状语从句。 这儿有块大石头,没人能搬起它。 连词
  4.连词;比较状语从句。 他们的观点和我的一样。 连词;比较状语从句。 他们的观点和我的一样。 连词
  5.连词;方式状语从句。 像许多人从前那样,认为学习外语 连词;方式状语从句。 像许多人从前那样, 连词 没有用是错误的。 没有用是错误的。
  6.关系代词;非限定性定语从句。 如从前所说,语法不是一 关系代词;非限定性定语从句。 如从前所说, 关系代词 套死规则。 套死规则。
  7.关系代词;非限定性定语从句。 正如同学们所看到的,海 关系代词;非限定性定语从句。 正如同学们所看到的, 关系代词 伦有点疯疯癫癫的。 伦有点疯疯癫癫的。
  8.关系代词;非限定性定语从句(带有插入语的性质) 你 关系代词;非限定性定语从句(带有插入语的性质 。 关系代词 会发现所有的问题现在都已得到解决。 会发现所有的问题现在都已得到解决。
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  9.前一个是副词,后一个是连词;比较状语从句。 她和她姐 前一个是副词,后一个是连词;比较状语从句。 前一个是副词 姐跳得一样好。 姐跳得一样好。
  10.前一个是副词,后一个是连词;比较状语从句。 他们同 前一个是副词,后一个是连词;比较状语从句。 前一个是副词 她一样爱她。 她一样爱她。
  11.连词;比较状语从句。 他没有她那么老。 连词;比较状语从句。 他没有她那么老。 连词
  12.介词;时间状语从句。 当他还是个孩子时就参了军。 介词;时间状语从句。 当他还是个孩子时就参了军。 介词
  13.习语;时间状语从句。 趁你在这儿,咱们和不讨论一下 习语;时间状语从句。 趁你在这儿, 习语 咱们的计划? 咱们的计划?
  14.连词;方式状语从句。 他以他独特的视角来描写中国。 连词;方式状语从句。 他以他独特的视角来描写中国。 连词
  15.习语;方式状语从句。 他总是努力工作,好像从不感到 习语;方式状语从句。 他总是努力工作, 习语 疲倦。 疲倦。
  16.连词;方式状语从句; 你怎么对待我,我就怎么对待你。 连词; 式状语从句; 你怎么对待我,我就怎么对待你。 连词
  17.副词;状语。 他是系主任,确实得他签署文件。 副词;状语。 他是系主任,确实得他签署文件。 副词
  18.介词,习语;定语。 你要对整个工作负责。 介词,习语;定语。 你要对整个工作负责。 介词
  19.介词;宾语补语。 他们把他看成是一个了不起的人。 介词;宾语补语。 他们把他看成是一个了不起的人。 介词
  20.介词;主语补语。 这怎么会被说成缺少经验呢? 介词;主语补语。 这怎么会被说成缺少经验呢? 介词 II.
  1.Can you throw a stone as far as that tree?
  2.As regard that matter,I have no objection.
  3.AS to his mother,I know nothing about her.
  4.As for you, I will never want to see you again.
  5.She does not own him as her own husband.
  6.He is a guest,and we should receive him as such.
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  7.I, as well as you ,don't lie.
  8.As is the teacher,so is the pupil.
  9.Badly wounded as he was,he never lost hope.
  10.Child as he is ,he can tell right from wrong.
  11.As he was ill,I went there alone.
  12.He reached out his hand as through he were trying to catch something.
  13.You had better manage the business as before.
  14.We must study as long as we are alive.
  15.He has put his energy into literature--the same as his sisters have put theirs into music.
  16.They don't love him so much as she.
  17.He spoke so loudly as to be heard by all in the classroom.
  18.As is often the case,the girl forgot to bring her dictionary.
  19.They are doing the same work as I did last year.
  20.We have never doubted the honesty of so good a man as you are. III.
  1.I have the same opinion as he does. were the other passengers.
  3.The man was knocked down by a car ,as was reported.
  4.He was not such a fool as to fail to see that point.
  5.He is not as healthy as John.
  2.He was ill,as
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  6.Spell the word as it is spelled in American English.
  7.As I was speaking, I saw a dog lying on the grass.
  8.Hard as he worked,he could not learn maths well.
  9.As is the father,so is the son.

  10.He worked as an English teacher in a high school.
第二单元 Text A Exercises for the Text I.
  1.b
  2.c
  3.a
  4.c
  5.d II.
  1.inadequate
  2.astronomers
  3.density
  8.convince
  9.invisible
  10.speculation
  4.shrink
  5.intense
  6.boundary
  7.theory
III.

  1.density
  2.observation
  3.speculation
  4.massiveness
  7.relativity
  8.basis
  9.evidence
  10.endlessness with; his; if; so; paper; out; the; better

  5.region

  6.graviation
IV.
V.
  1.Astronomers have not yet fully answered the question of what black holes are.
  2.It is said that a black hole can swallow up everything such as stars around it.
  3.The study of black holes is just beginning.Speculations about them are endless.
  4.Scientists can not tell what happens inside a black hole.
  5.If we get to know something about them, black holes will not be that frightful. Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.a. exploded b.explosion c.explosive
  2.a.dense b.densely c.density
  3.a.measurable b.measurement c.measured
  4.a.basis b.basic c.based d.basically II.
  1.implication
  2.gravity
  3.boundary
  4.interchangeable
  5.explode
  8.speculation
  9.shrinks
  10.sucking III.
  1.A block hole exerts a strong gravitational pull.
  2.His company collapsed owing to mismanagement.
  3.Quite a few staellites were launched in the 80's in our country.
  4.Has the medicine begun to operate?

  6.galaxy

  7.convincing
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  5.He was swallowed up in darkness.(or Darkness swallowed him up.) Text B Exercises for the Text I.
  1.T
  2.T
  3.T
  4.T
  5.F
  6.F

  7.F
  8.F
  9.F
  10.T
II.
  1.planets; orbit
  2.suns
  3.life; vegetation
  4.satellite; sun
  5.very large separate; lesser
  6.one part; another part
  7.nature; characteristics
  8.plateaus; deserts; plains
  9.religion; government; education; social behaviour
  10.circumstances Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.cloudless
  2.above all
  3.concerned
  4.largely rule
  7.unlikely
  8.thrilling
  9.whereas
  10.revolves

  5.glitter

  6.As
a
第三单元 Text A Exercises for the Text I.
  1.b
  2.d
  3.b
  4.d
  5.c II.
  1.delay
  2.recovery
  3.lethal
  4.debate
  5.permit
  6.guideline
  7.majority
  8.take into account
  9.undermine
  10.vulnerable II.
  1.a.It's different from the planned murder of people. b.People have the fundamental right to choose death. c.There are situations where death is a friend.
  2.a.What the patient is actually asking for is something else. b.They may want a health professional to open up communication for them with their loved ones or family.
  3.a.The patientis experiencing extreme suffering. b.There is no chance of a cure. c.The patient has made requests for euthanasia. d.A second doctor must confirm that these criteria have been met and the death must be reported to the police department. IV.Cloze. spent; take; No; camera; down; taking; free; camel V.
  1.Euthanasia does relieve the dying patients from their suffering.
  2.Do you konw that the Netherlands is the only country in Europe which permits the practice of euthanasia?
  3.It does not mean that doctors who are for this idea don't care for their patients.
  4.After a doctor makers a diagnosis,a second doctor must confirm it.
  5.Those who are against it believe that patients do not really want to end their life,but that there is something else behind the request. Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.a.considerably b.considerate c.consideration d.considerable
  2.a.able b.ability c.unable d.enable e.disabled f.disable
  3.a.traditional b.tradition c.traditionally
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II.
  1.weaken
  2.opt out
  3.deteriorate
  4.lethal
  5.request
  6.debate
  7.is affected with
  8.take; into account
  9.elderly
  10.vulnerable
  11.sensitive
  12.ensure
  13.legal III.
  1.They requested that the prisoners be released.
  2.His capability will ensure his success.
  3.They are going to open up a nationwide debate.
  4.He is very sensitive to changes of weather.
  5.The quality of his work has been deteriorating these years.
  6.The contamination of water makes the residents vulnerable to diseases.
Text B Exercises for the Text I.
  1.F
  2.T
  3.F
  4.T
  5.T
  6.F
  7.T
  8.F
  9.T
  10.F II.
  1.Oxford; Cambridge
  2.old-boy network
  3.two
  4.a bias
  5.public
  6.A level results; performance at interviews
  7.easily accessible
  8.better prepared
  9.Harvard; Yale; Chicago; Berkeley
  10.constantly replicating Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.unfair
  2.leading
  3.profession
  4.private
  5.accessible II.
  1.appoint
  2.performance
  3.profession
  4.amount to
  5.by nature
  6.prime
  7.merit
  8.competitive
  9.Remedial
  10.worth Grammar Exercises I.
  1.has
  2.is
  3.are
  4.seems
  5.is
  6.was
  7.are
  8.were
  9.is
  10.are
  11.is
  12.is
  13.are
  14.am
  15.is
  16.have
  17.has
  18.is
  19.have
  20.was
  21.are
  22.has
  23.sp eak
  24.is
  25.races
  26.were
  27.approve
  28.was
  29.says
  30.appeal
  31.are
  32.is
  33.are
  34.was
  35.is
  36.has
  37.are
  38.has
  39.is
  40.is
  41.are
  42.is
  43.are
  44.is
  45.is
  46.have
  47.are
  48.have
  49.has
  50.is II.
  1.he
  2.his
  3.its
  4.its
  5.her; her
  6.their
  7.out
  8.they
  9.his
  10.their
第四单元 Text A Exercises for the Text I.
  1.b
  2.d
  3.c
  4.b
  5.b II.
  1.diplomats
  2.abuse
  3.remove
  4.quarter
  5.guilt
  6.hire
  7.breadwinner
  8.introduce
  9.maintenance
  10.immigrant III.
  1.i
  2.c
  3.b
  4.e
  5.j
  6.g
  7.h
  8.f
  9.a
  10.d IV. about; surprise; young; over; much; teenager; were V.
  1.The government department dealing with the matter does not keep statistics.
  2.She accepted a job working as a domestic just because she found it difficult to provide for her family.
  3.She was brought over by a Saudi diplomat directly from the Philippines to work in London.
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  4.The working conditions of the domestics have received media attention.
  5.The employers always threaten to send us back to our country. Vocabulary Exercises I.
  1.a.exploited b.exploitation c.exploitable
  2.a.execution b.executed c.executive
  3.a.employed b.employees c.employment
  4.a.immigrants b.immigrated c.immigration II.
  1.status
  2.slavery
  3.minimum
  4.despite
  5.diplomat
  6.domestic
  7.abroad
  8.convicted
  9.deports
  10.incidence
  11.supposed
  12.deserving III.
  1.Resources should be exploited moderately.
  2.This order was well executed.
  3.This project deserves further study.(or This project is deserving of further study.)
  4.We've already reduced the expenses to the minimum.
  5.I won't believe the news despite what she says.
  6.Can this small boat bring them over to the other side of the river? Text B Exercises for the Text I.
  1.F
  2.F
  3.T
  4.T
  5.F
  6.F
  7.T
  8.F
  9.T
  10.F II.
  1. leg irons joined; chain;
 

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