U1
  1. 断断续续 off and on
  2. 对…感到腻味 be bored by ...
  3. 觉得…枯燥难懂 find ... dull and difficult
  4. 以…而出名 have a reputation for...
  5. 据说某人…sb. be said to be ...
  6. 拘谨刻板, 落后于时代 formal, rigid and out-of-date
  7. 随笔小品文 an informal essay
  8. 躺在沙发上 lie on a sofa
  9. 不得不面对… face up to ...
  10. 围坐在晚餐桌旁 be seated around the supper table
  11. …重现在我脑海中... reawake in my mind
  12. 自得其乐 for my own joy
  13. 违反规定 violate the rules
  14. 不及格分 a failing grade
  15. 别无选择, 只好做…There is no choice but to do...
  16. 更不可思议的是 what’s more
  17. 专心听讲 listen attentively
  18. 乐乎乎地开怀大笑 laugh with open-hearted enjoyment
  19. 心花怒放 pure delight
  20. 最后的时刻 at the eleventh hour

  1、沉闷的,无趣的 Dull, lifeless, cheerless, tedious
  2、写,写出,写下来 Turn out, write, compose, put down
  3、合理的,得体的 proper, respectable
  4、人们想起什么 I recalled the laughing arguments ... Vivid memories of sth. Come flooding back to sb. sth.reawakes in on one’s mind
  5、再体验 recapture, relive
  6、快乐,幸福 Joy, pleasure, delight, happiness
  7、嘲笑,嘲弄 contempt, ridicule
  8、话题,题目 topic, title

  1. 我们的经理在想法上是很如此顽固,一成不变的,他从不听从别人的意见。 ?Our manager is so rigid in his thinking, that he never listens to new ideas.
  2.童年的片段如此的栩栩如生,浮现在我眼前。 ?Parts of my childhood are so vivid to me.
  3.汤姆已经被派往巴黎的新办公室工作。 ?Tom has been assigned to the new Paris office.
  4.她对 20 年后长什么样有着清醒的形象认识。 ?She had a clear image of how she would look in twenty years’ time.
U2
  1. He must have been completely lost in something he was reading...(L
  1) must have been 表示猜测过去发生的事情, “那肯定是” might have done 表示猜测,这种猜测不太肯定, “可能” could have done 本可以做(却没有); 表示对过去动作的猜测, “可能” ought to/should have done 表示假设,过去应该做而没有做含有责备的意思
  2. He must have been completely lost in something he was reading because I had to tap on the windshield to get his attention.(L
  1) be lost in=lose oneself in: be absorbed in, be occupied with 专心致志于 focus on, concentrate on, abandon oneself to
  3. Is you cab available?(L
  3) available: able to be used, had or reached 可用的,可得到的;可接受探访的,可见客人的 I'm sorry, those overcoats are not available in your color and size.对不起,这种外套没有你要的 颜色和尺码。 There are no tickets available for “Transformers”. The lawyer is not available now.
  4.He sounded as if he had a cold or something.(L
  5) as if 好像一般情况下引出的从句表示的不是实际的情况,要用虚拟语气;如果 as if 后面的 从句所表示的情况是真实的或很可能是真实的,从句的动词不用虚拟语气,而用陈述语气。 在 look, smell, sound, feel, taste 后尤其如此。 The girl listened quietly as if she had been turned to stone. She loves the boy as if she were his mother. It sounds as if it is raining.
  5.He sounded as if he had a cold or something.(L
  5) or something: 诸如此类的事 =or something like that Here? some money. s Get yourself a hamburger or something. He is writing a poem or something.
  6. it might as well have been family .(L
  13) might/may as well 不放,无妨,后直接跟动词原形 It will be quite some time before the next bus comes. We may as well walk home.
  7.I’mnot much of a hand at writing.(L
  13)我不大会写东西。 not much of a: not a good 不太好的 Some people may think that doing housework for others is not much of a job. Can you sing/dance/draw/cook? I am not much of a singer/dancer/painter/cook.
  8. I don’t think any of us keep up our correspondence to well.(L
  16)
keep up: continue without stopping 保持 I don? believe he can keep up working like that. t keep off 避开,不接近 keep on 继续进行 keep to 坚持,信守 keep up with 跟上,赶上 keep out of 躲开,置身于外
  9. I don’t think any of us keep up our correspondence to well.(L
  16) correspondence: 通信联系; 符合, 一致 The correspondence dropped after the enemy's airraid. There isn?t much correspondence between his words and actions.

  1.完全沉浸于 be completely lost in
  2.引起?的注意 get sb.’s attention
  3.坐进后座 settle into the back seat
  4.不着急 in no hurry
  5.不大会?not much of a hand at…
  6.保持通信往来 keep up correspondence
  7.从小学一直到高中 all the way through both grade and high school
  8. 老街坊 an old neighborhood
  9. 保持联系 keep in touch with
  10. 老同学聚会 a class reunion
  11. 时间不饶人 Time goes by.
  12. 在一起闲逛 hang out on the same corner
  13. 点头称是 nod in agreement
  14. 在远处 in the distance
  1.尽管不可能每个人都能回家,但是他们依然在继续计划这个计划。 ?Although it is unlikely that everyone will be able to go home ,they are still going ahead with this plan.
  2.由于有些事情意想不到的发生了,恐怕我不能按时完成这个项目了。 ?Something has come up and I am afraid I will not be able to accomplish the project on time
  3.由于糟糕的天气据估计有上千乘客被滞留在机场。 Because of the awful weather, it is estimated that over one thousand passengers were held up at airport
  4.因为他们准备听你诉说,那你就把你所有的苦水都倒出来吧。 ?Since they’re ready to lend an ear, you might as well pour out your troubles to them.
  5.他神情有点悲伤,似乎想看清远处的什么东西。我想我真应该早些写这封信。 ?He looked sort of sorrowful, or as if he were trying to see something in the distance. I guess I should have written it sooner. U3 likely: It is likely that …很可能 It is highly likely that he will succeed 我下个月很有可能在这边。 I shall very likely be here again next month.
He can’t do without the services of a secretary. bring about : cause to happen bring forth 产生;提出 bring up 教育;养育;提出
  1. 在过去的一百年间 in the last hundred years
  2. 回到 go back to
  3. 享有特权的少数人 a privileged minority
  4. 当今政府 the present government
  5. 基础科学 basic science
  6. 全球政府 a global state
  7. 民主社会 a democratic society
  8. 作出明达的决定 make informed decisions
  9. 生活水准 the standard of living
  10. 卡通人物 cartoon figures
  11. 科幻小说 science fictions
  12. 酸雨 acid rain
  13. 温室效应 greenhouse effect
  14. 核武器 nuclear weapons
  15. 基因工程 genetic engineering
  16. 死记硬背 learn by rote
  17. 使销量减半 halve the sales
  18. 分子生物学 molecular biology
  19. 外星文明 alien civilization
  20. 对…充满信心 have sufficient faith in… 这工作在前景方面还是很有优势的但是工资非常的低。 The job is great in terms ofadvancement but the starting salary is rather low 似乎政府还没有意识的到问题的严重性。 It seems the government has not yetgrasped the seriousness of theproblem 我的现在的工资是两年前挣的两倍 My income is now twice as much as Iused to earn two years ago 正如外界预测的那样,这家外企的失败不是由于缺少资金而是由于管理不善。 The failure of the joint venture wasnot, as was assumed by outsider,because of lack of capital, but becauseof poor management. 苏珊没有被告知为什么被解雇. Susan was not informed of the reasonwhy she was dismissed. 这些电脑游戏不仅可以用来娱乐还可以 用来学习 These computer games entertain aswell as educate the learner.
U4
  1. But one evening I found him standing in the driveway... (L
  2) find/see/watch/notice/hear/observe/feelsb doing sth. 感官类动词+宾语+doing:表示宾语正在做某事 加动词原形表示对某一件事见到了它的全过程,着重强调结果 I notice him playing cell phone games in the class. He saw a girl getting on the bus.(意为上车的动作正在进行。) He saw a girl get on the bus.(意为女孩上车的动作已经结束了。)
  2. I went into my house unhappy. (L
  10) 形容词作补足语修饰主语:S+V.+adj.
形容词(短语)作主语补足语或宾语补足语。 Every day, the kids came home from school, dusty and hungry. 这个新任命的主任走进他的办公室,高兴并且自信。 The new appointed director walked into his office, cheerful and confident. They found the farm green with vegetables , the little house livable and homey .
  3. ...but how could I turn away a person who had come to me for help? (L
  10) turn away: refuse to help sb. or to allow sb. to enter a place 拒绝帮助,不让...进入;把脸转过去 A doctor can’t turn away a dying man. He turned away several people who didn’t have the tickets.
  4. I assumed you had hired him. (L
  10) assume: ①suppose 假设,以为②采用,承担,开始担任③装出,显出 A large proportion of population assume the price will continue to rise. At the age of 40, he assumed presidency of the college. She assumed a look of surprise when she heard the news. assumption-假定;假设 presume-假定,假设,认为 presumptionconsumeconsumptionresumeresumption
  5. I complimented him on the work he had done. (L
  10) compliment: praise 赞扬,赞美 v. compliment sb. on sth. praise sb. for sth. n. 赞美的言辞或行为;致意,问候(复数) Her guests complimented her on the decoration of her house. She received many compliments on the design of her new dress. 她那新裙子的设计,受到许多人称赞。 Extend my compliments to your family.
  6. I managed to work out some kind of small weekly pay. (L
  24)-Translation work out: plan, solve, calculate 制定出,解决,算出,理解,弄懂 weekly: 每周的,一周一次的 We’ll leave it to the committee to work out the details of the plan. See if you can work this puzzle out. I can’t work out the meaning of this poem. Are you paid weekly or monthly?我设法凑了一小笔微薄的周薪。
  7. Well, what do you do with such determination and hope? (L
  30) do with:对待,处理-used in questions with what What have you done with my book? What are we going to do with the food left over from the party? do without: 没有…也行,将就 do away with: 废除,去掉 have something to do with: 和…有点关系 have nothing to do with: 和…毫无关系

  8. But I doubted whether Tony had the capacity to read blueprints and micrometers or do precision work. (L
  36) capacity:
  1) the ability to understand or do sth. 能力,才能
  2) the power of ability to hold 容量 This book is within the capacity of young readers. The seating capacity of this theater is over 5
  00. capacity, ability, capability capacity 用于物时,指容纳接受的能力,如容积、容量、生产能力;用于人时,指潜在的能 力。 ability 既指天赋的能力,也指培养造就而获得的本领;主要用于人,指已经表现出来的实际 能力,尤指人的思维能力。 capability 较多用于人,指胜任某项工作的能力、本领。
  9. He had learned to read the millionths of an inch on the micrometer and to shape the grinding wheel with an instrument set with a diamond. My wife and I were delighted with what we felt was a satisfying end of the story. (L
  42) 他学会了在千分尺上辨识一百万分之一英寸, 会用镶嵌着金刚石的工具制作砂轮。 我和太太 都挺高兴,觉得他的事总算有了个令人满意的结局。
  10.On the edge of town, he had found a house for sale, a complete wreck. (L
  45) for sale 代售 Wreck 残破物;残骸 on sale 减价,贱卖 a sale on credit 赊购
  11. I called on a banker friend. “Do you ever loan money on character?” (L
  48) call on: visit sb. for a short time 拜访 character: 品德,品质;个性,特色,性格;人物;字 I shall call on my advisor before I start writing the term paper. call on sb. to do sth:请或叫某人做某事; 号召,呼吁 He has a strong but gentle character.他有坚强但温柔的性格。 a leading character; a Chinese character characteristic: 特性,特征; 特有的,表示特性的
  12. You’re not getting a damn thing from your lot. It will stay there for years. (L
  51)-Translation 眼下,你从你那块地上一分钱也得不到。那块地空在那儿要好多年呢。 lot:地皮,场地 a vacant lota parking lot
  13.Reluctantly, the banker wrote a mortgage for $2,000 and gave Tony the house with no down payment. (L
  54)-Translation 那位银行家勉强开了两千美金抵押贷款,没要托尼首付款就把房子给了他。 mortgage 买房者可以先贷一大笔款来买下房子,然后通过分期付款慢慢还债,这种贷款方 式就叫做 mortgage(抵押) , pay one's mortgage in monthly installment(每月分期付款偿还抵押借款) installment payment 分期付款 down payment: the initial payment
  14. From then on, it was interesting to see that any discarded odds and ends around our place
─ a broken screen, a bit of hardware, boards from packing ─ Tony would gather and take
 

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