Appendix I
Key to Exercises (Units 1-
  8)
Unit 1
Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: The song you are about to hear is all about taking a break from city life, escaping from the crowds, rinding a quiet place, far from trie human race. For those of us who live in cities, getting out in the country can provide a welcome break, letting us recharge our batteries. Out in the country, as the song says, we can find a place to stand alone and take tack somethin' worth remembering. The countryside also promises escape from the pollution of the city, somewhere to get some decent air to breathe. The countryside also offers somewhere where the sun is not hidden by smog, making it seem no more than a bright spot in the nighttime. So, just remember, as the song advises, whenever you need a bit or room to move When life b ecomes too fast
66 -
Appendix I
^
you can always find relief at last Out in the country. Here is the song: Out in the Country Paul Williams/Roger Nichols Whenever I need to leave it all heh ind Or feel the need to get away I find a quiet place, far from the human race Out in the country Before the hreathin' air is gone Before the sun is just a hright spot in the nighttime Out where the rivers like to run I stand alone and take hack somethin' worth rememherin' Whenever I feel them closing in on me Or need a hit of room to move When life hecomes too fast, I find relief at last Out in the country Before the hreathin' air is gone Before the sun is just a hright spot in the nighttime Out where the rivers like to run I stand alone and take hack somethin' worth rememherin' Before the hreathin' air is gone Before the sun is just a hright spot in the nighttime Out where the rivers like to run I stand alone and take hack somethin' worth rememherin' Before the hreathin' air is gone Before the sun is just a hright spot in the nighttime Out where the rivers lite to run \
Appendix I 69 I stand alone and take tack somethin' worth rememberin' Berore the breathin' air is gone Before tbe sun is just a brigbt spot in tbe nighttime. ■■ . I stand alone... Part II Text A Text Organization
  1. Paragraphs .. ..... .. , ?. Main Ideas The writer views his life in the country as Part One Paras 1-3 a self-reliant and satisfying one. Part Paras 4-7 Life in the country is good yet sometimes Two After quitting his job, the writer's income Part Paras 8-11 very hard. was reduced, but he and his family were Three able to manage solitude and a lot of energy A tolerance for to get by. Part Four have made it possible for the family to Paras 12-15 enjoy ■
  2. Happy Moments and Events their life in the country.
  1) growing nearly all their fruits and vegetables
  2) canoeing, picnicking, long bicycle rides, etc.
  3) keeping warm inside the house in winter
  4) writing freelance articles
  5) earning enough money while maintaining a happy family life Hardships
  1) working hard both in winter and in summer
  2) harsh environment and weather condition
  3) anxious moments after the writer quit his job
  4) cutting back on daily expenses
  5) solitude Parts
-90-
Appen dix I
Vocabulary
  1.
  1)
  3)
  5)
  7)
  9)
  11)
  13)
  15)
  2.
  1)
  3)
  5) 7 )
  3.
  1)
  2) 3 ) 4 )
  5)
  4.
  1) insurance
  2) On balance aside from
  4) cut back
  6) haul resist supplement
  8) sprayed ed wicked
  10) illustrated
  12) digest budget boundary
  14) get by at that
  2) pickup point cut back /
  4) get through down get
  6) turn in
  8) think up by face up to While farming, Benneker pursued his mathematical studies and taught himself astronomy. Misused words often generate misleading thoughts. Lafayette Hotel is patronized by international celebrities drawn to its French food and service. A person who thinks that money will do everything may well be suspected of doing everything for money. A person surely has to face a good many bitter disappointments before he gets through life. Seeing that more and more people are concerned about the quality of their indoor environments, John is considering starting an interior decoration business. It seems certain to earn a profit, but he does not yet have enough money to invest in it. This device is primarily used for the improvement of the sound quality of electronic media. It was invented in the US, but now it is used on a global scale. When the first settlers came to America, their household utensils consisted of a few pots, pans and some bowls stacked in one corner of the house. There wasn't much material temptation around them. They never dined out in a restaurant as we often do nowadays. fami ly

  2)
  3)
II. Confusable Words
  1.
  1) house
  3) home,

  2) Home
  4) household

  1) doubt
  3) doubte d
  5) suspect III. Word Formation
  1) rise
  3) regular
  5) hows, whys
  7) yellowed
  9) lower

  2) suspecte d
  4) suspecte d

  2) final
  4) cash
  6) uppe d
  8) bottl ed
  10) sear ch
Slructurc
  1.
  1) when it comes to changing your life
  2) when it comes to such matters as keeping the room tidy
  3) when it comes to emotional intelligence
  4) when it comes to managing minor matters
  2.
  1) Not everyone agrees on what is right and what is wrong
  2) but, unfortunately, money isn't everything
  3) not all Americans like them
  4) Not all people share the same interests Comprehensive txercises I. Cloze (A)
  1. gets by
  3. get through
  5. improvements
  7. suspect
  9. profit
  11. spraying (B)
  1. Wh ile
  3. beg in

  2. temptation
  4. picked up
  6. aside from
  8. supplement
  10.primarily
  12.stacking
  2. escape
  4. Because/As
- 92 -
Appendix I
  6. start
  8. but (also)
  10. close
  12. cutting
  14. cities
  16. family

  5. quit
  7. on
  9. be
  11.have
  13.cook/prepare
  15.however
II. Translation A decade ago, Nancy did what so many Americans dream about. She quit an executive position and opened / set up a household equipment store in her neighborhood. People like Nancy made the decision primarily because of/owing to/due to their desire to improve the quality of their lives. But, to run a small business is by no means an easy job. Without her steady income, Nancy had to cut back on her daily expenses. Sometimes she did not even have the money to pay the premiums for the various kinds of insurance she needed. Once she could not even pick up the phone bill and had to ask her parents to loan her some money. Fortunately, through her own hard work, she has now got through the most difficult time. She is determined to continue pursuing her vision of a better life. Part III TextB Comprehension Check l.a
  3.d
  5. a translation (#JE Appendix III) Language Practice
  1. In addition

  2. c
  4. b
  6. c

  2. roast
Appendix I- 93 3 percentag 5 cable 7 get along . 9 whip up . 1 commute 1 taken 3 over 1 mushroo 5 med 1 fried 7 array 1
  4. entertainment
  6. at one time
  8. missed out on k
  10. as a result
  12. rent
  14. make sense
  16. go with
  18. dizzy
  20. gasped
3
Part IV Theme-Related Language Learning Tasks Model paper Recent Changes in Chinese Family Life Great changes have taken place in Chinese family life in the past twenty years. In my parents' words, the difference between their childhood and mine is as vast as that between heaven and earth. When my parents were young, there was no TV, no computers nor any other electronic appliances in their home. Their food was simple and their clothing plain. What is unbelievable to young people today is that they seldom dined out in a restaurant, or traveled to a scenic spot for a holiday. In contrast to family life one generation ago, each family in China today has at least one TV set and many have been equipped with telephones, computers, even cars. While the senior members of a family watch films on TV at home, the younger members like to play computer games or talk to their friends who may live thousands of miles from them. The changes in Chinese family life mirror the economic development of our country. Without the prosperity of the whole country, our family life would probably be just the same as before. Times have changed, and changed, most would surely agree with me, for the better. (194 words)
- 9^ -
Appendix I
Unit 2
Part I
Pre-Reading Task
Script for the recording: The song you are going to listen to is called Abraham, Martin & John, sung by Dion. Abraham, Martin & John Dion Has anybody here, Seen my old friend Abraham, Can you tell me, where he's gone, He freed a lotta people, But it seems the good die young, I just loohed around, And he's gone, Has anybody here, Seen my old friend John, Can you tell me, where he's gone, He freed a lotta people, But it seems the good die young, I just loohed around, And he' s gone, Has anybody here, Seen my old friend Martin,
Appendix I- 95 Can you tell me, where he's gone, He freed a lotta people, But it seems the good die young, I just looked around, And he's gone, Didn't you love the things they stood for, Didn't they try to find some good for you and me, And we'll he free, Someday soon it's gonna be one day, Has anybody here, Seen my old friend Bothy, Can you tell me, where he's gone, I thought I saw him walhin' up over the hill, With Ahrah am, Martin and John. The unit we are going to study is all about civil-rights heroes. The song you have just heard is about four of them. Can you guess who they are? All are American. All are dead, all, as the song says, "gone". How about Abraham? Dion says he freed a lot of people. That's one clue. Another comes when she quotes the proverb: "the good die young." So it seems Abraham died young. My guess is Dion has in mind Abraham Lincoln, the American president who freed the slaves and was assassinated. How about John, another leader who helped people to free themselves? He too died young. Can you guess who it might be? President John F. Kennedy seems most likely. He too supported civil rights. He too died young, assassinated like Lincoln. Now who could Martin be? Another civil-rights leader who died young, once again assassinated. A great speaker comes to mind. Who do you think? Martin Luther King, surely. And finally, Bobby. Bobby who? Probably Dion is thinking of Bobby Kennedy, John Kennedy's brother, another supporter of civil rights. He was running for president when, like his brother before him, he too was gunned down.
- 96 -
Appendix I
Part II Text A Text Organization
  1. Parts Part One Paragraphs Paras 1-5 Main Ideas It is high time to honor the heroes who helped liberate slaves by forging the Underground Railroad in the early civil-rights strugglesthe America. By citing examples in author praises
Part Two
Paras 6-23

  2. Story 1 (Paras 6-
  10): John Parker helped other slaves to escape north to Canada to get freedom. Story 2 (Paras 11-
  15): Supported by a strong religious conviction, the white man Levi Coffin helped black slaves to escape at huge risk to himself. Story 3 (Paras 16-
  23): By traveling the Underground Railroad, Josiah Henson reached his destination and became free at last. Vocabulary I.
  1.
  1) decades
  3) imposed
  5) slender
  7) settlement
  9) mission
  11) terminal
  13) exploits
  15) on the side
  2.
  1) pass for
  3) laid down
the exploits of civil-rights heroes who helped slaves travel the Underground Railroad to freedom. After winning his own freedom from slavery,

  2) historic
  4) racial
  6) closing in on
  8) site
  10) authorized
  12) make the best of
  14) religious
  2) stood up for
  4) take on
Appendix I- 97
  5) let (us) down
  6) draw on
  7) come up
  8) given up
  3.
  1) The Europeans are fully confident that the Americans will not be able to justify their measures to protect the struggling American steel industry.
  2) Clinton is, in the eyes of Joe Klein, staff writer of the New Yorker and author of The Natural, the most talented politician of his generation and the most compelling.
  3) There's not much you can do if people are really intent on destroying themselves with drugs.
  4) A different experience of the world could forge a completely different approach to life.
  5) It is our conviction that cloning of human beings is bound to cause many ethical and social problems in the long run.
  4.
  1) As for the protection of these endangered species, many countries do not compel fishermen to report accidental capture of small cetaceans (H § %}$}) in their nets, so significant catches may go unnoticed for years. To deal with this problem, animal protectionists have forged an international alliance. On the other hand they have urged the United Nations to lay down more specific laws to save these animals.
  2) It was reported that food supplies would soon run out and most of the victims of the earthquake would starve to death. At huge risk, a group of volunteers from the Red Cross took on the mission to transport food, clothes and medicine to the most seriously hit areas.
  3) A rally was going to be held in honor of the 16th US President Abraham Lincoln who abolished slavery in 1863 and liberated the slaves in the South. In the eyes of many African-Americans, Lincoln was America's greatest president thanks to his outstanding exploits. II. Words with Multiple Meanings
  1. I'll tell you about my research project in a minute, but first let's hear about your French trip.
  2. Most McDonald's look almost the same on the outside, but actually there are about 16 different basic designs.
  3. Loaning money from the banks is but one of the methods we can use to get through a financial crisis.
  4. This second-hand car has been nothing but trouble; it's always breaking down.
  5. In your resume you've mentioned everything but one vital point.

  6. Our technicians have discovered a simple but effective solution to the problem.
  7. I am s
 

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