1) pledge
  3) transit
  5) off balance
  7) retail
  9) limitations
  11) tilted
  13) delivery
  15) linger
  2) betray
  4) went off
  6) laundry
  8) disorder
  10) section
  12) transferred
  14) lean




  1) messing around
  2) hang on
  3) was laid up with
  4) are gaining on
  5) kicked up
  6) cool down
  7) drop ... off
  8) was reaching out
  1) It wasn't that she couldn't hear me, but that what I said sometimes didn't register (with her).
  2) He strained his back during a practice session. That explains why he was absent from today's game.
  3) 5,000 dollars was transferred from Father's account to my account.
  4) The winter days here are lean for taxi drivers because there are few tourists.
  5) Some people say drug manufacturing is the most profitable business in America.
  1) Sam was riding his bicycle to work. He was not aware that a car was gaining on him when he made a sudden left turn. Unable to stop his car, the driver knocked him down. Sam was laid up in hospital for months. In time he recovered, but the accident left a permanent scar on his mind. He is now scared of automobiles and has never since ridden a bicycle.
  2) John was born a cripple. Even after repeated surgery, he still walks with a tilt. Despite his physical limitations, he successfully completed his college education and developed an interest in literature. He writes fascinating stories and his works enrich the life of millions of young readers.
  3) John has recently found himself a job selling insurance. He works on straight commission. Most of the time, he is on the phone but sometimes he sells door to door in some section of his territory. He works so hard we are worried that it might be too great a strain on him. We tell him to slow the pace , but our advice never registers with him.
-. . ■ ■ . -
II. Usage
  1. I never did go over these books, although I probably should have.
  2. I know this is a personal question. You don't have to answer me if you don't want to.
  3. I think this topic should have attracted far more attention from philosophers than it has.
  4. "I think you're right." ? "I'm sure I am."
  5. "He thought that the condition was hereditary in his case." ?"Well, it might be."
  6. "Sugar?" "No. Maybe next time."
  7. The house is only a building. It is a place to live, nothing more.
  8. DIANE: You didn't! Tell me you didn't! FATHER: Oh, yes. Anything for my children.
III. Word Family
  1) bored

  2) boredom

  3) bored
  5) boring
  1) encouraged
  3) encouraging
  1) frozen
  3) freezing
  5) freeze

  4) boringly
  2) encouragingly
  4) encouragement
  2) freeze
  4) freezer
  1) She had to finish reading all the mail that arrived that morning before leaving/she left her office.
  2) It took Jane years of hard practice before she learned to write English well.
  3) Because they learned it the hard way, they will not trust anyone before he proves himself trustworthy.
  4) Before you criticize him, I think you should let him explain why he acted in the way he did.
  1) Whenever I felt like talking, they were ready to listen.
  2) Are there days when you don't feel like writing?
  3) Those who felt like hearing the story again came over and added themselves to the audience.
  4) I feel like (going for/taking) a walk. Won't you join me? Comprehensive Exercises I Cloze (A)
  1. off... feet
  3. commission
  5. laid up
  7. representative
  9. disorder
  11. applying for (B)
  1. in
  3. read
  5. for
  7. on
  9. Now
  11. then
  13. or
  15. doing
  17. looking
  19. money
  21. no

  2. signature
  4. on the phone
  6. surgery
  8. territory
  10. linger
  12. dignity

  2. on
  4. But
  6. and
  18. worry because the have/ bother in Why

  20. really
II. Translation Tom was born a cripple, with one of his lower limbs useless. Early in his childhood, he learned that unless he so exerted himself as to rise above his limitations, he could not earn a living, and unless he succeeded in making a living on his own, he could not win/gain the respect of others. That was the price he had to pay for his dignity as a human being. Tom applied for numerous jobs, only to be turned down, before he finally got one as a delivery boy for a Pizza Hut. He then worked as a sales representative for a sports wear company in a territory no one else would want. Today he owns a fairly profitable retail shop in his hometown, and hires several people to work for him on straight commission.
Part III Text B
Language Practice
  19. institutions mobile Fantastic issue criticized trivial took on for once come down to being pushed around
  2. campus
  4. myth
  6. advertise
  10. blunt
  12. cash in on
  14. putting ... through
  16. settled into
  18. once in a while
  20. handy
Part IV Theme-Related Language Learning Tasks
Model paper A Synopsis The story tells of one day in the life of a salesman, Bill Porter. It attempts to give us some idea of the hardships he faces and the strength of character he shows. For his job is made all the more difficult by a handicap from which he suffers, which makes it difficult for him to move normally. The story starts with Bill struggling to get himself ready to go to work in the early morning. It then follows him on his long journey to work and the discouraging rejections he receives. As the story unfolds, we learn more about his past and his character, how, for example, he followed his father's example in becoming a salesman and how proud he is of his ability to support himself by his trade. We learn how many miles he has to walk, and the household provisions he deals in. In many ways, his life seems bleak. He does not get home until late at night and lives alone. He is getting old. Yet, despite all this, he refuses to give way to self-pity. (181 words)


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