Outline
I. Warming-up II. Background information III. Structural Analysis IV. Detailed Study of the Text V. Grammar VI. Study of Text II VII. Keys to Exercises
I.
Warming-up
Pre-reading questions:
  1. What is a monster? Have you ever seen one?

  2. What kind of man is comparable to a monster?
Questions to check the understanding of the text:
  1. In what way was Wagner physically odd?
  2. Why did he always take himself as the center of his conversations?
  3. How would he respond to disagreement?
Reference:
  1. Refer to Para.
  1. He had a short stature with a disproportionately large head. And he had skin disease.
  2. Refer to Para.
  2. He believed he was one of the greatest men in the world, a great composer, a great thinker and a great dramatist combined into one. A man of such arrogance cannot help but take himself as the center of conversations.
  3. Refer to Para.
  3. If anyone showed slight disagreement with him, he would make a lengthy and aggressive speech for hours to prove himself to be in the right. This would force his dazed and deafened hearers to surrender.

  4. What emotional features did he possess?
  5. How does the author justify Wagner's arrogance and extravagance?
  6. In what sense may Wagner be said to be a monster?

  4. Refer to Para.
  5. He was emotionally capricious like a child. Rapture in him could easily turn into extreme melancholy. Heartlessness and callousness were witnessed on different occasions. Moreover, his emotional states always found outward expressions.
  5. Refer to Para. 11 and
  12. The author says that Wagner was among the greatest dramatists, the greatest thinkers and the most tremendous musical geniuses in our world. His immortal works far exceeded in value the tortures his arrogance inflicted upon others and the debts he owed.
  6. Refer to Para.
  13. The tremendous creative power, which propelled him to produce so many memorable works in his little span of life, could have crushed his poor brain and body. However, he miraculously survived and made all the immortal accomplishments. In this sense he was a monster rather than a human being.
Decide which of the following best states the author's purpose of writing: A. To criticize Richard Wagner for his distasteful characteristics. B. To probe into the reasons why Wagner had such unpleasant characteristics. C. To argue that Wagner's contributions and creativity render forgivable his displeasing characteristics. Reference: C
Judge, according to the text, whether the following statements are true or false.
  1. Believing himself to be a mixture of a great dramatist, a great composer and a great thinker, Wagner enjoyed showing himself off but allowed for no disagreement.
  2. He was an emotionally stable man in general though he sometimes showed extreme emotions in life.
  3. Wagner was innocent in terms of liabilities despite the fact he was mostly dependent upon others for a living.

  4. In Wagner's life quite a few women came to him because they were attracted by his high renown ad then left him because they were intolerant of his monstrous personality.
  5. To the author, Wagner's beliefs, words and conducts are all justifiable on the ground of his contributions and creativity, and thus subject to no criticism.
  6. Wagner was a monster in the sense that the tremendous creative power within him worked in an exceedingly constructive manner without crushing his poor brain and body along the way.
Reference:
  1. T. Refer to Paragraphs 2-
  3.
  2. F. Refer to Paragraph 5, which indicates he was emotionally unstable. As a matter of fact, he was described to be emotionally capricious as a child.
  3. F. Refer to Paragraph 7, which states he was taken responsible for large sums of debts.
  4. F. refer to Paragraph
  8. A lot of women came into his life as a result of his pursuit and were abandoned by him in the end.
  5. T. Refer to Paragraph
  12.
  6. T. Refer to Paragraph
  13.
II. Background Information

  1. About the text: first appeared as a radio talk, entitled A Monster, later published with the title Of Men and Music in the United States in 19
  37.
  2. About he author: Deems Taylor, American musician and critic.
美国作曲家,音乐评论家.1885年12月22日出生 于纽约.1906年毕业于纽约大学.在从事一段新 闻工作后,1921-1925年担任《纽约世界》杂志 的音乐评论员,1927-1929年担任《音乐美国》 (Musical America)杂志的编辑.1933年受聘为 哥伦比亚广播公司的音乐顾问.1936-1943年担 任纽约爱乐广播公司的评论员. 泰勒第一部成名的作品是创作于1919年的管 弦乐组曲《透过窥镜》(Through the Looking Glass),此后他受大都会歌剧院之约创作的两部 歌剧《国王的随从》(The King's Henchman, 19
  27)和《彼得艾伯特逊》(Peter Ibbetson, 19
  31),都非常成功.他还创作了其他一些管弦 乐作品和电影音乐,撰写过《人与音乐》(Of Men and Music)等多部著作.1940年,他还曾 在迪士尼的动画片《幻想曲》中担任评论员. 泰勒于1966年7月3日逝世于纽约.
Taylor was born in New York City and educated at New York University (NYU). He initially planned to become an architect; however, despite minimal musical training he soon took to music composition. The result was a series of works for orchestra and/or voices. In 1916 he wrote the cantata The Chambered Nautilus, followed by Through the Looking-Glass (for orchestra) in 1918, earning him public praise and recognition.
Taylor was also a friend of the Algonquin Round Table, a group of writers, actors and critics that met almost daily from 1919-1929 at Manhattan's Algonquin Hotel. He briefly dated Dorothy Parker.
In 1921 he secured a job as music critic for the New York World, a post he held when approached by the Metropolitan Opera to suggest a composer to write a new opera. He put forth his own name, and was accepted, the result being The King's Henchman, with the libretto by Edna St. Vincent Millay. Peter Ibbetson followed in 19
  29. Taylor was a promoter of classical music throughout his life, working in broadcasting, and as intermission commentator for the New York Philharmonic. He even appeared in Walt Disney's 1940 film Fantasia as the film's master of ceremonies. Taylor also served as the president of ASCAP for six years.

  3. Richard Wagner: German composer, born in Leipzig on 22 May 1813 and died in Venice on 13 February 18
  83. He did more than any other composer to change music, and indeed to change the art and thinking about it. His life and his music arouse passions like no other composer's. His works are hated as much as they are worshipped; but no one denies their greatness.
瓦格纳的贡献首先表现在对歌剧的革新上,他在猛烈地 鞭挞当时流行的迎合贵族和资产阶级庸俗趣味的歌剧同 时,大胆地提出了歌剧应该和希腊悲剧,莎士比亚戏剧 及贝多芬的交响乐一样,成为进步思想的宣传者.瓦格 纳对音乐的另一个贡献是他撰写了大量的评论和论文, 瓦格纳的文章有的讽刺了所谓 " 上流社会 " 的音乐与 社会风尚,有的则对艺术家的处境表示理解和同情.青 年时期,瓦格纳的思想主要倾向于 " 青年德意志 " , 但他也受到费尔巴哈和巴枯宁的影响,写过许多狂热激 进的文章,甚至参加过德累斯顿的革命. 1848年欧洲 资产阶级革命失败以后,瓦格纳逐渐接受了叔本华,尼 采等人的思想,后来甚至成为种族理论戈比诺的忠实门 徒,开始大力宣传大日耳曼主义,瓦格纳的 " 音乐艺 术 " 也成为德意志帝国主义意识形态和 " 普鲁士精 神 " 的一面旗帜.
瓦格纳是大型管弦乐的创始者,对歌剧艺术有重 大改革.首先,他建议一个歌剧作曲家要参与剧 本创作,作整部歌剧的总导演;其次,他强调预 先确定的和弦是歌剧艺术的基础;第三,他作品 中的内核就是连续旋律的发展,利用翻来复去的 旋律产生柔顺悦耳的音乐效果,乐曲内部很少出 现正常的终止式.瓦格纳探索和发展了前人对铜 管乐器的研究,找到了铜管乐音响的合理基础, 使萨克斯管与管风琴,小号,长号组合在一起, 发出和谐的音响.他的许多作品有着威武骑士的 色彩,充满了金属的辉煌.
他的代表作品有《尼伯龙根的指环》,《莱茵的 黄金》,《女武神》,《齐格费里德》,《诸神 的黄昏》等 11部歌剧,9首序曲,1部交响乐,4 部钢琴奏鸣曲及大量合唱曲,艺术歌曲等,并写 了《艺术与革命》,《歌剧与戏剧》等几部关于 歌剧改革的著作. 作家生平的作品:《漂泊的荷兰人》,《纽伦堡 的名歌手》,《尼伯龙根的指环》,《汤豪舍》
III. Textual Analysis
Part I. Paragraphs 1-9 This part gives an account of the peculiar features of a monster in his appearance and personality. Part II. Paragraph
  10. A transitional paragraph which clarifies who this monster really is. Part III. Paragraphs 11-13 This part justifies all the peculiar behavior of the monster.
Detailed study of Part I.
Comprehension questions:
  1. Does the man's appearance, described in the first paragraph , give one any impression of "grandeur"? Reference: No. He is a little man with the sign of illness, sick in both body and nerves. This is by no means an appearance that may bring one a sense of grandeur. Then what makes the man with such a poor look have "delusions of grandeur"? The only explanation is that he is "a monster of conceit."

  2. What are the further evidences of the monster's conceit? Reference: to prove his conceit, the second paragraph describes him as so egocentric that he cared about nothing but himself; he had such a strong sense of self-appreciation that he saw himself not just as the greatest musician, polemist and philosopher, but also as the world's finest living poet and playwright. And the third paragraph tell that he never expected criticism or allowed disagreement.

  3. What kinds of grammatical devices are used to emphasize the extreme extent of his peculiar conceit? Reference: Inverted sentence: Never for one minute did he look at the world or at people, except in relation to himself. The superlative forms of adjectives: one of the greatest dramatists in the world; one of the greatest thinkers, and one of the greatest composers; one of the most exhausting conversationalists that ever lived; the slightest hint of disagreement; on the most trivial point.

  4. What kind of versatile man is he? Reference: Besides his activity as a composer and a librettist, Wagner wrote an astonishing number of books and articles, in fact about 230 titles. His literary spectrum ranges from theories of opera to political programs. He has been classified as an anarchist and a socialist and, simultaneously, as a proto-fascist and nationalist, as a vegetarian and an anti-Semite….In fact, his name has appeared in connection with almost all major trends in German history of the 19th and 20th centuries.

  5. How does the writer describe him as an emotional person? Reference: He had a mood as changeable as a six-year-old child. For example, he would get mad when something was against his desire, and forgot all about it when something pleasant happened. And he would be grieved on one occasion but become merciless on another.

  6. How was he financially supported? Did he earn himself a good living with his great talents? Reference: He lived on others' money. Through his life, he found many benefactors, among whom King Ludwig II and Otto Wesendonck were two of the most generous ones. In 1864 King Ludwig II, his greatest benefactor, invited him to settle in Bavaria, near Munich, discharging all his debts and providing him with money.
Another generous patron Otto Wesendonck, whose wife was stolen away by Wagner, supported him economically by buying the publishing rights of his works. However, later it turned out that he had to give up his publishing rights because Wagner had sold them again to others. Although these benefactors had provided him with a great sum of money and never got any repayment, Wagner kept living in debts and in a narrow escape from being thrown into jail for debts for he was a lavish spender.

  7. What is his attitude toward love? Reference: It seems that he was a playboy. He divorced with his first wife Minna Planer after 26 years' marriage (183618
  62) and stole away other people's wives, e.g. Jessie Laussot, Mathilde Wesendonck, Cosima von Bǖlow, the last one was the wife of the conductor Hans von Bǖlow, and Liszt's daughter.

  8. Why do you think Wagner made so many enemies? Reference: The reason for Wagner to have made many enemies is also his conceit, because he could not tolerate anyone who disagreed with him, even over some trivial points like weather. He was under such a delusion of grandeur that he would do anything to defeat them in order to defend his image as a perfect genius rather than keep them as friends.
Language work

  1. undersized: too small or smaller than usual, especially because of lack of growth.

  2. delusion: a false belief or opinion Eg. The sick man is under the delusion that he is Napoleon. Delusion of grandeur: a false belief in oneself as a person with great beauty, power, or intelligence, etc.

  3. in relation to: concerning; with regard to Eg. I have a lot to say in relation to your new project.
  4. roll
 

相关内容

新标准大学英语综合教程1翻译

   Unit 1 Activity 1 Translation 星期日 从家里出发后,我们开车开了很长一段时间才到达我住的宿舍 楼。我进去登记。宿舍管理员给了我一串钥匙,并告诉了我房间号。我的房间 在 6 楼,可电梯坏了。等我们终于找到 8 号房间的时候,妈妈已经涨红了脸, 累得上气不接下气。我打开门锁,我们都走了进去。 但爸爸马上就从里面钻了出来。这个房间刚刚够一个住,一家人都 进去,肯定容不下。我躺在床上,不动弹就可以碰到三面墙。 幸亏我哥哥和我的狗没一起来。 后来,爸爸妈妈就走了,只剩下我 ...

大学英语综合教程课后作文翻译(修正版)

   第一册 UNIT 1 苏珊因车祸失去了双腿。有一段时间,她真不知如何面对自己再也不能行走的事实。 一天,苏珊在浏览书籍时,被一个真实故事吸引住了。那个故事生动地描写了一个残疾 (disabled)姑娘是如何成为一位作家的。苏珊读后深受鼓舞,决心尽可能多读书,而且,她 还想写关于自己童年的故事。苏珊开始相信,她最终也会成为一个有用的人生活下去。 UNIT 2 和远方的朋友保持联系不是一件容易的事。对我来说,情形就是这样。 离开旧街区和那里的朋友们已有几年了。 我一直打算给他们写信, 可是总有这 ...

新标准大学英语综合教程1课后翻译1--5

   UNIIT1 汉译英 1 等我们终于找到 8 号房间时 妈妈已经涨红了脸 累的上气不接下气 我打开门锁 我们都 走了进去 2 她给我留下了深刻的印象 我觉得我自己太无知了 甚至不陪跟她呼吸同样的空气 3 我不知道为什么我非得了解文学 可是招生办公式的那位女士说 虽然我读过读陀思妥耶 夫斯基罪与罚, 梅尔维尔的小说 虽然一个没上过高中的人能读这些书的确令人钦佩 但这门 课是必修课 4 我乐的漂漂然了 第一件事就是去买所需要的课本 然后用纽约大学自白相间的呼风把他 们套起来 这样死铁力的乘客就会 ...

大学英语综合教程8

   Outline I. Warming-up II. Background information III. Structural Analysis IV. Detailed Study of the Text V. Grammar VI. Study of Text II VII. Keys to Exercises I. Warming-up Pre-reading questions: 1. What is a monster? Have you ever seen one? ...

大学体验英语综合教程2课后翻译答案

   1A 1 任何年满 18 岁的人都有资格投票(vote)。(be eligible to) Anyone over the age of 18 is eligible to vote. 2.每学期开学前, 这些奖学金的申请表格就会由学校发给每一个学生。 (apply for, scholarship) A form to apply for these scholarships is sent by the university to each student before the star ...

大学体验英语综合教程2课后答案及课文翻译

   3. Elected Minimum Distinct Pursue Exploit Restrict Equip Granted Awarded 4 at large on the basis of in support of apply for is aiming at 7 Anyone over the age of 18 is eligible to vote. A form to apply for the scholarships is sent by the universit ...

大学英语综合教程试题

   Unit 1 Roll over, Beethoven! 《新视野大学英语视听说教程》Book III 教案 新视野大学英语视听说教程》 林龙凤 Teaching Aims (教学目标) : 教学目标) 1. Help the students master the expressions of expressing likes and dislikes. (帮助学生掌握喜欢与不喜 欢的表达法。 ) 2. Help the students master the expressions of ...

新编大学英语综合教程

   全新版大学英语综合教程 第二册 Unit Three The Generation Gap Unit Three Text A: Father Knows Better Cultural Notes Language Points Text Analysis Exercises Assignments Cultural Notes: 1. Family life Some families are very child-centered. The closest families eat m ...

大学英语综合教程4答案

   Appendix I Key to Exercises (Units 1-8) Unit 1 Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: The song you are about to hear is based on a true story. It tells the tale of the sinking of a ship called The Edmund Fitzgerald that was caught in a s ...

大学英语综合教程3答案

   Appendix I Key to Exercises (Units 1-8) Unit 1 Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: The song you are about to hear is all about taking a break from city life, escaping from the crowds, rinding a quiet place, far from trie human race. F ...

热门内容

PEP第一册英语

   PEP 第一册英语 Unit 5 教案 第一课时 课题:Unit Five Let’s Eat 教学重点:表达自己喜欢的食物以及为别人提供或请别人吃东西的日常用语:I like … Have some… 5 个表食品的单词:chicken, hot dog, hamburger, bread, French fries。 教学难点:chicken, bread 和 French fries 三个单词的发音 教具准备: 1 教师准备 chicken, hot dog, hamburger, b ...

高考英语单项填空课件(9)

   单项填空(9) 单项填空 1. It’s a lovely day, isn’t it? Yes. I love when the weather is like this. Why don’t we sit outside and have our lunch? A. this B. that C. it D. one 选C。本题主要考查 作形式宾语的句型。 动词 。本题主要考查it 作形式宾语的句型。 动词love, like, hate, dislike, enjoy, prefer, ...

《大学英语2》考前辅导3

   《大学英语 2》考前辅导资料 》 考试方式及试题类型 一、考试方式 考试方式:闭卷。 考试方式 二、考试时间 考试时间:120 分钟。 考试时间 三、试题类型、数量及分值 试题类型、 试题类型 数量及分值: 1、单项选择题,每小题 1 分,共 30 小题、共 30 分; 2、完型填空题,每小题 1 分,共 20 小题、共 20 分; 3、阅读理解题,共三篇文章,每篇文章 5 个小题,每小题 2 分,共 15 小题、30 分; 4、中译英句子翻译题,每小题 2 分,共 5 题 ,共 10 分; ...

开口说英语─职场篇

   开口说英语? 开口说英语?职场篇 同事, 换工作,跳槽 jump ship 和 fly the coop / 高薪 high pay, high salary / 同事, 同僚 colleague 工作, 非常忌妒,令人眼红 非常忌妒,令人眼红 green with envy / 加薪 get a raise 减薪 dock one's pay / 工资福利 benefit package 「换工作,跳槽」可用 jump ship 和 fly the coop 工作,跳槽」 salary 「 ...

用英语电影介绍

   The English film is introduced Below into the theme Today,my group members and I am very privilege of standing here and sharing our film with you. At first, Let us look pictures of movie. This is film masters in the best partner The male host Leon, ...