Appendix I
Key to Exercises (Units 1-
  8)
Unit 1
Part I Pre-Reading Task
Script for the recording: Ways of learning is the topic of this unit. It is also the topic of the song you are about to listen to, called Teach Your Children sung by Crosby, Stills and Nash.
Teach Your Children
Crosby, Stills and Nash
You, who are on the road,
Must nave a code that you can live by.
And so, become yourselr, Because the past is just a goodbye. Teach your cbildren well, Their lather's hell did slowly go by. And reed them on your dreams,
The one they picks, the one you'll mow by.
Don't you ever ash them why, ir they told you, you will cry, So just look at them and sigh and know they love you.
Appendix And you, oi tender years, Can't know the rears that your elders grew by. Ana so please help them with your youtb, They seek the truth before tbey can die. Teacb your parents well, Tbeir children's bell will slowly go by. And reed them on your dreams,
I
- 93 -
Tbe one tbey picks, tbe one you'll know by.
Don t you ever ask them why, ir tbey told you, you will cry, So just look at them and sigh and know tbey love you.
The first part of die song is about how parents can inspire their children through sharing with them their dreams, their hopes for a better life. It starts with advice on how you need a set of rules, "a code diat you can live by," to guide you on the road of life. Only then will you be able to fully realise all that is within you and "become yourself." Therefore, parents need to teach their children well. And children ? "you of tender years" ? also have something to teach their parents, for learning is not a one-way street. Children should share their own dreams with their parents so that young and old can get to understand each otiier better. That said, one should not go too far. For some things are perhaps better left unsaid between parents and children. "Don't you ever ask them why, if they told you, you will cry." At such moments all that there is left to do is to look at one another and sigh, happy in each otiier's love.
Part II
Text A
Text Organization
  1.
  1) The text begins with an anecdote/incident.
  2) His thoughts are mainly about different approaches to learning in China and the West.
  3) The end winds up the text with a suggestion in die form of a question.
Points for Comparison/Contrast
  1) ways to learn to accomplish a task
Chinese show a child how to do something, or teach by holding his hand
Americans teach children that they should rely on themselves for solutions to problems
94 -
Appendix I give greater priority to developing skills at an early age, believing creativity can be promoted over time put more emphasis on fostering creativity in young children, thinking skills can be picked up later

  2) attitudes to creativity and skills
Vocabulary
  1) insert
  2) on occasion
  3) investigate
  4) In retrospect
  5) initial
  6) phenomena
  7) attached
  8) make up for
  9) is awaiting
  10) exception
  11) not... in the least
  12) promote
  13) working on
  14) in due course
  15) emerged
  1) There is a striking contrast between the standard of living in the north of the country and the south.
  2) Natural fiber is said to be superior to synthetic fiber.
  3) The city's importance as a financial center has evolved slowly.
  4) His nationality is not relevant to whether he is a good lawyer.
  5) The poems by a little-known sixteenth-century Italian poet have found their way into some English magazines.
  3.
  1) Chinese isn't a subject that can be picked up in a month. You can't accomplish your goal of mastering the language unless you work at it for years. Well, it sounds as if I'm exaggerating the difficulties, but the fact is I'm only telling the truth.
  2) The principal is somewhat disappointed with the performance of the children. From what she has gathered, some of the teaching staff have neglected their pupils. She has just announced that strict work regulations have been made and that they apply to both Chinese and overseas teachers.
  3) The teacher-directed and the child-directed approaches to teaching art represent two extremes of opinion. Too many teacher-directed activities cannot be expected to effectively assisLchildren in learning because of the rigid structure. On the other hand, too many child-directed activities may see a curriculum that is totally unstructured and out of control. There are valid reasons to believe a teacher-guided approach would be a superior way
Appendix I
- 95 -
to guide children's development. This approach combines some form of structure with the child leading the direction. II. Confusable Words
  1.
  1) continual
  3) continual 2
  1) principal
  3) principle
  5) principal III. Usage
  1. themselves
  3. herself/by herself/on her own
  5. ourselves Structure
  1.
  1) Simon's ill ? so much so that he can't get out of bed.
  2) She herself believed in freedom, so much so that she would rather die than live without it.
  3) Piles of work have kept us busy ? so much so that we can't manage to take a holiday this year.
  4) Many contestants later failed drug tests, so much so that the race had to be rerun.
  2.
  1) Assuming (that) this painting really is a Picasso
  2) Assuming (that) the proposal is accepted
  3) assuming, of course, that she's prepared to listen
  4) Even assuming (that) smokers do see the health warnings Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze (A)
  1. contrast
  3. priority
  5. promoting
  7. assist
  9. on occasion

  2) continuous
  4) continuous
  2) principal
  4) principles

  2. himself/herself
  4. itself
  6. yourself/by yourself/on your own

  2. exaggerating
  4. on the other hand
  6. pick up
  8. accomplish
  10. neglecting
- 96 -
Appendix I
  12. superior
  2. affect/influence
  4. each/them
  6. controlled
  8. value
  10. little
  12. but
  14. what
  16. and

  11. worthwhile (B)
  1. to
  3. others
  5. without
  7. about
  9. They
  11. right
  13. in
  15. worth
II. Translation I consider it worthwhile trying to summarize our experience in learning English. Here I would like to make three relevant points. First, wide reading should be taken as a priority in the learning process, because it is through reading that we get the most language input. Next, learning by heart as many well-written essays as possible is also very important. On the one hand, rote learning/learning by rote is indeed of little help, but on the other hand, memorization/learning by heart with a good understanding will certainly be of benefit/do good to us. With an enormous store of excellent essays in our heads, we will find it much easier to express ourselves in English. Finally, it is critical that we should put what we have learned into practice. By doing more reading, writing, listening and speaking, we will be able to accomplish the task of perfecting our English.
Part III TextB
Comprehension Check
  1. c
  3. d
  5. c Translation (#ja Appendix III)
  2. c
  4. a
  6. b
Appendix I
- 97 -
Language Practice

  1. adopt
  2. account
  3. plus
  4. ended up
  5. furthermore
  6. fund
  7. annual
  8. keeping track of
  9. pace
  10. intends
  11. on demand
  12. devise
  13. perspective
  14. undoubtedly
  15. fell apart
  16. protest
  17. access
  18. resources
  19. deposit
  20. from your point of view
Part IV Theme-Related Language Learning Tasks
Model paper How I Learn at College I went to school in a small town near Chengdu and now I am studying law at Fudan University in Shanghai. Passing from one to the other you have to get used to many new things, not the least being the different way of learning. At school I found my timetable full throughout the day. One lesson came close on the heels of another with little time to call one's own. At university, in contrast, only a few hours of each day are taken up with classes or lectures. In the time made available you are expected to learn on your own. When and where is up to you. At the same time what you are meant to learn shifts from memorizing masses of facts to developing an ability to understand theories and present arguments. There are, of course, still facts to be learned. One should not exaggerate the differences. Nevertheless, learning at university certainly teaches me greater self-reliance and to think for myself. (169 words)
- 9& -
Appendix I
Unit 2
Part I Pre-Reading Task
Script for the recording: You have heard about Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States, haven't you? He came from a poor family, but rose to become one of the most fondly remembered presidents in his country's history. There are many stories about him. Here is one of them. When Abraham Lincoln was young he worked in a store. As a clerk he proved honest and efficient. One day a woman came into the store and bought some articles. They added up to two dollars and six and a quarter cents, or the young clerk thought they did. The bill was paid, and the woman was entirely satisfied. But the young store-keeper, not feeling quite sure as to the accuracy of his calculation, added up the items once more. To his dismay he found that the sum total should have been only two dollars. "I've made her pay six and a quarter cents too much," said Abe, disturbed. It was a very small sum, and many clerks would have dismissed it as such. But Abe was too conscientious to forget about the overcharge. "The money must be paid back," he decided. This would have been easy enough had the woman lived just around the corner, but, as the young man knew, she lived two or three miles away. This, however, did not alter the matter. It was night, but he closed and locked the store, and walked to the home of his customer. Having arrived there, he explained the matter, paid over the six and a quarter cents, and returned satisfied. This anecdote won him a new name: Honest Abe.
Appendix I
- 99 -
Part II Text A
lext Organization
  1. Parts Part One Paragraphs Paras 1-4 Main Ideas The waiter was disappointed to find that the Richest Man in America led so simple a life. Being friendly, easy-going and never flashy, Walton carries on like plain folks and never wants any special treatment. With the Wal-Mart team in mind, Walton devotes himself heart and soul to making the business a great success. Details waits in line like everyone else to buy shells at the local Wal-Mart; has no reserved seat in church asks his employees to call him by his first name steers clear of reporters, dreamers, and schemers; manages to keep himself off the front page attends sales meetings, the executive pep rally set up a college scholarship fund and a disaster relief fund
Part Two
Paras 5-13
Part Three
Paras 14-22

  2. Character Traits
  1) free of self-importance
  2) friendly and easy-going
  3) never flashy
  4) hard working
  5) generous
Vocabulary I.
  1.
  1) local
  3) deserved
  5) system
  7) remote
  2) headlines
  4) folks
  6) steer clear of
  8) get away with
-100-
Appendix I

  9) open up
  10) hold to
  11) retire
  12) rally
  13) reserved
  14) qualify
  15) cultivate
  2.
  1) These serious problems deserve careful consideration in restructuring our educational systems.
  2) The college is liable to stop her scholarship because of her failure in the final examination.
  3) San Francisco is, by all accounts, a city easy to fall in love with.
  4) Snow White received such bad treatment from her step-mother that she had to flee from her home.
  5) The United States, Canada, and Mexico make up North America.
  3.
  1) The principal's daughter didn't receive special treatment from her teachers. She was rewarded for her excellent performance. When she graduated from high school in 1998, she had straight A's and scholarship offers from some of the most famous universities in the country.
  2) Our boss is fully aware that his employees feel a lot of loyalty to the company because they are treated right. Besides a handsome pay check and a stock option, he has laid down a system under which employees are granted stock for their retirement.
  3) You are liable to be offered a discount or a reduction on things you buy at the local supermarket on weekends. II. Collocation
  1. about
  3. at/on
  5. with
  7. from

  2. for
  4. into
  6. to
  8. with
III. Usage
  1. a savings account
  3. a goods train
  5. a sales tax
  7. a current affairs program

  2. arms race
  4. communications equipment
  6. a customs officer
  8. a clothes shop
Appendix I
- 101 -
Struclurc
  1.
  1) Only by rewarding success can you bring out the best in your employees.
  2) Only by working at evenings and weekends was Mary able to complete the report by the deadline.
  3) Only when I myself became a mother did I realize the value of my parents' advice.
  4) Only after they had finished watching the football game did they begin to prepare for the math examination.
  2.
  1) The young woman described to the policemen the way the man ran up to her and grabbed the bag from her hand.
  2) All the people working for Sam Walton admire the way he manages Wal-Mart and the way he treats his employees.
  3) The neighbors were disgusted at the way he talked to his old father.
  4) It's amazing the way the eight-year-old boy managed to stay so calm when he faced the emergency. Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze (A)
  1. cheerful
  3. executive
  5. reward
  7. loyalty
  9. qualified
  11. folks (B)
  1. from
  3. spent
  5. through
  7. built
  9. led/lived
  11. millionaires
  13. answer
  15. by no'.h
  2. threw his weight around
  4. treatment
  6. cultivate
  8. stock
  10. scholarships
  12. local
  2. their
  4. away
  6. to
  8. who
  10. it
  12. then
  14. wealth
  16. character
- 102 -
Appendix I
II. Translation George was on the run since the moment he came aboard. He was always cheerful and devoted himself heart and soul to his work. Because o
 

相关内容

21世纪大学实用英语综合教程(第二册)课后答案及课文翻译(网上最好的版本,方便打印)

   21 世纪大学实用英语综合教程(第二册)课后答案及课文翻译 Unit One 误 会 佚名 他头发蓬乱,衣着肮脏,口袋里只有 35 美分。在马里兰州的巴尔的摩,他登上一辆公 共汽车并径直走向了洗手间。他想如果他躲在洗手间里,便可以不付钱就乘车去纽约。但是 坐在公共汽车后面的一位乘客看见了他。她拍了拍她前面那位乘客的肩膀说:“洗手间里有 个流浪汉。告诉公共汽车司机。”那位乘客轻轻地拍了一下坐在他前面的人,说道:“告诉公 共汽车司机,洗手间里有个流浪汉。 这口信通过一个又一个的乘客传到了公共汽车 ...

大学体验英语综合教程第二册课文翻译

   大学体验英语综合教程第二册课文翻译 2009-12-16 21:14 UNIT 1 PASSAGE A 牛津大学 ( 牛津大学是英国最古老的大学,也是世界最著名的高等学府。牛津大学始建 于 12 世纪。它位于英格兰的牛津,在伦敦西北约 80 公里处。 ( 牛津大学有 16,300 多名 学生(1999-2000) ,其中留学生占将近四分之一。他们来自 130 多个国家。牛津大学有 35 个学院,还有 5 个由不同宗教团体建立的私人学院。5 个私人学院中,有 3 个只招男生。学 院中,圣希尔达 ...

新视野大学英语视听说教程第二册答案

   新视野大学英语听说教程【第二版】第二册 Unit 1 Clock Talk Short Conversations 1.B 7.B 1.D 1.C 1.upset 4.harmless 6.replaced 9.birthday Story-retelling 1. Sit quietly and listen to him 3. Put it a different way 5. In turn/ a great deal of Homework Listening Task 1 Task ...

全新版大学英语综合教程第二册课文翻译及习题答案(上海外语教育出版社)

   参考译文 第一单元 学习方式 课文A ????哈佛大学教育学教授霍华德?加德纳回忆其中国之行,阐述他对中西方不同的学习方式的看法。??? 中国式的学习风格 霍华德?加德纳 ????1987年春,我和妻子埃伦带着我们18个月的儿子本杰明在繁忙的中国东部城市南京住了一个月,同时考察中国幼儿园和小学的艺术教育情况。然而,我和埃伦获得的有关中蓁教育观念差异的最难忘的体验并非来自课堂,而是来自我们在南京期间寓居的金陵饭店的大堂。 ????我们的房门钥匙系在一块标有房间号的大塑料板上。酒店鼓励客人外出时留 ...

21世纪大学实用英语综合教程(第二册)课文翻译及课后习题答案

   UNIT1 1. Because of the heavy snow, the passengers had to wait at the airport until midnight when the snow stopped. 2. Twenty minutes after the train started, the two boys found that they had got on a train heading for Hangzhou instead of their hom ...

大学英语综合教程第三册答案

   大学英语综合教程第三册 注:翻译句子答案在所有答案后边 Unit1 Passage A Care for Our Mother Earth Read and think 3 1~5 BBCAD Read and complete 6 1.strategies 2.specific 3.consumers 4.released 5.trapped 6.consequence 7.was isolated 8.priority 9.convenience 10.elements Read and ...

大学英语综合教程第二册答案

   Appendix I Key to Exercises (Units 1-8) Unit 1 Part I Pre-Reading Task Script for the recording: Ways of learning is the topic of this unit. It is also the topic of the song you are about to listen to, called Teach Your Children sung by Crosby, Sti ...

综合英语教程第二册课文翻译

   BOOK 2 课文翻译 Unit 1 Text 等候的人们 我坐在一个机场, 观察着等候所爱之人到达或离开前最后一刻的人们。 他们有的不安地来回 走着,有的互相凝视着, 有的拉着对方的手 。此时的感情是强烈的。 一位讲西班牙语的女士正来回转圈地跑着,想要将全家人集中起来道别。她的嗓门很高。当 登机前的最后时刻到来时, 她用双臂搂着儿子, 似乎这一紧紧的拥抱能保佑他将来平安地归 来。 在我候机坐位旁的栏杆边站着一位祖母和她的孙子, 该来接他们的人还没到。 他们旁边有两 位女士,互相之间显然没有 ...

大学英语综合教程第二册第六章

   UNIT 6 Women Half the Sky Part I Pre-Reading Task Listen to the recording two or three times and then think over the following questions: 1. Why can't women be ignored? 2. What price have women had to pay for their wisdom? 3. What happens to them if ...

大学英语综合教程第二册第七章

   UNIT 7 Learning about English Part I Pre-Reading Task Listen to the recording two or three times and then think over the following questions: 1. What is the passage about? 2. What's your impression of the English language? 3. Can you give one or two ...

热门内容

面料成份英语及简写

   C Cotton 棉 W Wool 羊毛 M Mohair 马海毛 RH、 Rabbit hair 兔毛 AL Alpaca 羊驼毛 S Silk 真丝 J Jute 黄麻 L Linen 亚麻 Ram Ramie 苎麻 Hem Hemp 大麻 T Polyester 涤纶 WS Cashmere 羊绒 WA Angora 安哥拉山羊毛 LA Lambswool 羊羔毛 TS Tussah silk 柞蚕丝 YH Yark hair 牦牛毛 MD Modal 莫代尔 CH Camel hai ...

10中考英语备考:听力满分诀窍

   中考英语备考: 09 中考英语备考:听力满分诀窍 试题类型: 试题类型: 中考听力试题今年在形式上应该和去年相同.主要涵盖了下列四大题型: 1,听句子或对话选图;2,听问句选答语;3,听小对话回答问题;4,听长对话或 独白回答问题. 二,听力的话题: 听力的话题: 问候,邀请,看病,约会,购物,问路,打电话,谈论天气,询问时间等,测试内 容大致可分为:时间和数码,地点和动向,价格和数量,人物和事件,情景和背景 等.在复习阶段听力训练中,同学们应该对以上提到的试题类型做到心中有数,同 时,应该 ...

品牌中的英语含义

   品牌中的英语含义 雪碧(饮料)Sprite [sprajt]小妖精,调皮鬼 乐百氏(饮料)Robust [rYu'b?st]健壮的 金利来(领带)Goldlion 金狮子 司麦脱(衬衫)Smart 潇洒的 舒肤佳(香皂)Safeguard 保护者 纳爱斯(香皂)Nice 美好的 英克莱(自行车)Incline [in'klain]喜爱 四通(打字机)Stone 石头 汰渍(洗衣粉)Tide 潮流 雷达(电蚊香)Raid 袭击,搜捕 飘柔(洗发水)Rejoice [rj'd?Tjs]欣喜 立士 ...

英语单词记忆方法拾遗

   科技信息 人文社科 英语单imiEHZ方法拾遗 陕西广播电视大学延安分校 雍涛 [摘要]本文主要总结性地介绍了如何有效记忆英语单词的方法。比如,j用读音规则。注意字母组合变化,比较,联想,分类归纳, 重复,语境,图表,象形,感官,对称图像思维,卡片,游戏,做题看报等方法途径。并指出这些方法既可以单独应用也可以综合运用, 更应该因人而异摸索出最适宜各人的方法,真正消除单词记忆的障碍。 [关键词]英语单词 记忆方法拾遗 不同的词瓶ght,light,might,night,right,sight ...

李阳疯狂英语方法速成

   李阳疯狂英语方法速成 第一部分 二十一世纪最新版李阳疯狂英语快 速突破法十大焦点 第一焦点 一切以句子为中心!句子就是一切!句子就是财富! 一切以句子为中心!句子就是一切!句子就是财富! 第一绝招: 第一绝招:打招呼 1. Long time no see. (好久不见了.) 【疯狂短评】这是让中国人倍感亲切的句子,因为这 个句子的发源地就是中国!特别注意这个句子的发音, 因为它包含了漂亮的双元音和长元音 2. A: How are you doing? (你过得好吗?) 【最地道的打招呼用 ...