Appendix I
Key to Exercises (Units 1-
  8)
Unit 1
Part I Pre-reading Task
Script for the recording: Have you ever heard of the pop singer, John Lennon? Here he is singing a song he wrote for his son. It's called Beautiful Boy.
Close your eyes Have no rear
The monster s tone
He's on the run and your
daddy's here
Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful Beautiful boy Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful Beautiful boy
Before you go to sleep Say a little prayer
1
John Lennon (1940-19
  80): First became famous as a singer and guitarist in the Beatles, a British rock group, writing many of their most successful hits. Later he left the group, but continued to be popular as a singer and songwriter.
66 -
Appendix
I Every day in every way It's getting better and better
Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful Beautiful boy Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful Beautiful boy
Out on the ocean sailing away I can hardly wait To see you come of age But I guess we'll
both just have to be patient
'Cause it's a long way to go A bard row to hoe Yes it's a long way to go
But in the meantime
Before you cross the street Take my band Life is what happens to you While you're busy making other plans Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful Beautiful boy Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful Beautiful boy Before you go to sleep Say a little prayer Every day in every way It's getting better and better
1 A hard row to hoe: To hoe is to use a special farming tool, a hoe, to clear small weeds and break up the surface of the soil. The row referred to is a row of plants.
Appendix Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful Beautiful boy Darling, darling, darling Darling Sean
I
- $9 -
You've just heard John Lennon singing a lullaby to his son Sean. A lullaby is a song we sing to help babies to go to sleep. So he tells Sean "Close your eyes, have no fear, your Daddy's here." Then he looks into the future. He sees his son setting out on life's adventure:
Out on the ocean sailing away
And he can hardly wait to see his son grow up, to reach eighteen when he comes of age and celebrates becoming an adult. But he knows they'll both have to be patient
Cause it'a long way to go A hard row to hoe
Growing up can be difficult. At times it can, as we say, be a hard row to hoe. It's a phrase we use to describe any difficult task. But if growing up is sometimes hard, it is also full of surprises. Things happen when we least expect them:
Lire is what happens to you
While you're busy making other plans I think you'll find the stories you are going to read in this unit show that John Lennon was right: growing up can be quite an adventure, full of the unexpected. As for John Lennon, sadly he never did live to see his son grow up and come of age, for John was shot dead by a madman in New York while Sean was still only five years old.
- 90 -
Appendix
I
Part II Text A
Text organization l. Paragraphs 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

  2.
Headings Baker's feelings about English courses Baker's impression of his new English teacher A topic that attracts Baker's attention Vivid memories the title brought back Baker's sudden desire to write about that topic Anticipating punishment Mr. Fleagle's announcement Classmates' response to the essay What Baker discovered
Parts Part i Part II
Paragraphs Paras 1-2 Paras 3-5
Main Ideas Baker was bored by everything associated with English courses, including essay writing. Baker found himself attracted by one particular topic and wrote about it for his own joy. The experience of writing the essay helped him discover his talent for writing and realize what he wished to do in life.
Part III
Paras 6-9
Appendix
I
- 91 -
Vocabulary
I.
  1.
  1) arguments
  3) sequence
  5) tedious
  7) reputation
  9) off and on
  11) associate ... with
  13) finally
  15) tackle
  2.
  1) George has been assigned to the newspaper's Paris office.
  2) There is a possibility that his wish to become a writer will come true.
  3) She had a clear image of how she would look in twenty years' time.
  4) When the officer gave the command the soldiers opened fire.
  5) As long as people keep buying bikes we'll keep turning them out.
  3.
  1) Mr. Green is very dull as a lecturer. He's rigid and old fashioned, and doesn't seem to have the faintest idea of how to inspire. I always get bored with / by his lectures.
  2) Alan's essays are long and tedious to read. What's more, his arguments are often based on out of date ideas.
  3) I was pleasantly surprised at my ability to compose an essay that the professor chose to read to the class. It was without doubt one of the happiest moments in my school career, but I did my best to avoid showing pleasure. When the professor offered me his congratulations, however, I could hardly hold back a smile. II. Synonyms in Context
  1. composed
  3. agony
  5. recall
  7. was violating III. Collocation
  1. at
  3. of
  5. as
  7. to
  2. for
  4. with
  6. about
  8. in, in
  2. severe
  4. extraordinary
  6. command
  8. anticipate
  2) put ... down
  4) rigid
  6) hold back
  8) distribute
  10) vivid
  12) congratulations
  14) turn in/turn out
- 92 -
Appendix I
  10. on/upon

  9. from Structure

  1.
  1) Russell Baker is reported to live today with his wife in Virginia.
  2) They are said to be building another bridge across the river.
  3) Only a few students in Mr. Parker's composition class are said to have really captured the essence of the essay.
  4) Those love poems were believed to have been composed by an English poet of the sixteenth century.
  2.
  1) as you suggested
  2) as I told you to


  3) exactly as I was
  4) as you have described them to me Comprehensive Exercises
I. Cloze
(A)
  1. hold back
  3. tedious
  5. recall
  7. arguments
  9. turn out/turn in (B)
  1. that
  3. black
  5. at
  7. different
  9. On
  11. answer
  13. wrong
  15. Thus
  2.
  4.
  6.
  8.
  10.
  2.
  4.
  6.
  8. 10 . 12 . 14 . 16 . congratulations scanned vivid off and on career after kids/children for/of So she assignment/book proved myself
II. Translation Susan lost her legs because of / in a car accident. For a time, she didn't know how to face
Appendix I
- 93 -
up to the fact that she would never ( be able to) walk again. One day, while scanning (through ) books, a true story caught her eye/she was attracted by a true story. It gave a vivid description of how a disabled girl became a writer. Greatly inspired. Susan made up her mind to read as much as she could, and what's more, she wanted to write stories about her own childhood. Susan began to feel that she, too, would finally be able to lead a useful life.
Part III TextB
Comprehension Check l.b
  3. c
  5.b Translation (参见 Appendix HI) Language Practice
  1. on purpose
  3. comprises
  5. assumed
  7. generally
  9. represent
  11. voluntary
  13. motioned
  15. decent
  2. in advance
  4. adjusting to
  6. think up
  8. clashes
  10. evil
  12. in the meantime
  14. appeal
  2. a
  4. c
  6. c
Part IV Theme-related Language Learning Tasks
Model paper A memorable Experience On the morning of the college entrance test I rode a bike to the school where I would take the
- 94 -
Appendix I
examination. Less than halfway between my house and the school, disaster struck. My bike hit a nail and the front tyre went flat. I pushed the bike along the streets, looking for a repair shop. Minutes passed but still there was none to be found. When I looked at my watch, I went wild with worry: there were only fifteen minutes left before the examination began, and the nearest bus stop was a long way off. Not knowing what to do, I stood still by the side of the road, tears welling up in my eyes. Then a car pulled in and I heard a voice asking what the matter was. When he heard my story, the driver offered me a lift. Thank to his kindness, I arrived just in time. And so here I am today. ( 157 words)
Unit 2
Part I Pre-reading Task
Script for the recording: Just what are friends for? To have fun with, of course, to share in the good times. Yet most people would say that a real friend is more than just a fair weather friend. A fair weather friend? A fair weather friend is someone who's happy to stay with you when things are going well but leaves as soon as trouble arrives, while a good friend, a true friend, is one who'll stand by you when you find yourself in difficulties. That's certainly what the American pop singer Dionne Warwick thinks. As she tells her friend
... you can always count on me,
For sure, that's what friends are for, For good times, an
bad times,
I' 11 be on your side forevermore.
But she sings it better than I can say it. So let's listen to her as she sings her song That's What Friends Are For.
Appendix
I
- 95 -
That's What Friends Are For
Dionne Warwick And I never thought I'd reel this way And as far as I'm concerned I'm glad I got the chance to say That I do believe I love you And if I should ever go away, Well, then close your eyes and try, To feel the way we do today, And then if you can remember, Keep smiling, keep shining, Knowing you can always count on me, For sure, that's what friends are for, For good times> and had times, I'll he on your side forevermore, That's what friends are for. Well, you came and opened me And now there's so much more I see And so by the way, I thank you And then for the times we're apart, Well, then close your eyes and know These words are coming from my heart And then it you can remember, Keep smiling, keep shining, Knowing you can always count on me, For sure, that's what friends are for, For good times, and had times, I'll he on your side forevermore, That' s what friends are for, Keep smiling, keep shining, Knowing you can always count on me, For sure that's what friends are for, For good times, and had times, I'll he on your side forevermore, /
- 9t -
Appendix I
That's what mends are tor, Keep smiling, keep shining, Knowing you can always count on me, For sure, that's what friends are tor. For good times, and bad times, I'll be on your side forevermore, That' s what friends are for.
Part II Text A
Points for Discussion
  1. a) He sounded as if he had a cold or something. b) "Thanks," I said, "but I don't want to read your mail. That's pretty personal." c) ... the first sentence reminded me of myself: "I've been meaning to write for some time, but I've always postponed it." d) It then went on to say that he often thought about the good times they had had together when they both lived in the same neighborhood. e) He shook his head: "Time." f) "This is a good part here," I said. "Where it says, your friendship over the years has meant an awful lot to me, more than I can say because I'm not good at saying things like that." I found myself nodding in agreement. "That must have made you feel good, didn't it?" g) "I know I'd like to receive a letter like that from my oldest friend." lext Organization
  1.
  1) The story begins with the cab driver reading a letter.
  2) The letter Tom wrote to his friend Ed.
  3) Their conversation was centered on the lifelong friendship between the driver and Old Ed.
  4) The author got to learn more about their friendship by reading the letter himself.
  2. Parts Part One Paragraphs Paras 1-20 Main Ideas From a conversation with the cab driver the author learned how much he regretted failing to keep up correspondence
Appendix I with his old friend Ed. Part Two Paras 21-35
- 97 -
Reading the letter by himself, the author learned more about the lifelong friendship between the driver and Old Ed. The driver's experience urged the author to reach for his pen.
Part Three
Para 36
Vocabulary I.
  1.
  2) available
  1) absolutely
  4) are urging/urged
  3) every now and then
  6) know ... by heart
  5) destination
  8) hangs out
  7) mostly
  10) reunion
  9) right away
  12) practically
  11) or something
  14) going ahead
  13) went by
  15) keep in touch
  2.
  1) It seemed that his failure in the examination was still on his mind.
  2) He was completely choked up by the sight of his team losing in the final minutes of the game.
  3) She was so lost in study that she forgot to have dinner.
  4) Something has come up and I am afraid I won't be able to accomplish the project on time.
  5) The cost of equipping the new hospital was estimated at $2 million.
  3.
  1) A couple of flights at Pudong Airport were postponed this morning because of the awful weather. It is estimated that over one thousand passengers were held up.
  2) My professor assigned me some reference books on computers to read. Unfortunately they are not available in our school library. I am kind of worried about it.
  3) Michael is not much of a teacher. He often skips from one subject to another so it is difficult for his students to follow him. Besides he just lets them go ahead with exercises without making sure they have understood what they are expected to do.
  2. for
  4. from
  6. to
  8. with
II. Collocation

  1. to
  3. at
  5. in
  7. on
*
- 9$ -
Appendix
I
III. Usage
  1. more or less
  3. Something
  5. more or less
  2. kind of/sort of
  4. kind of/sort of
  6. or something
Structure

  1.
  1) may/might as well watch
  2) may/might as well pour out
  3) may/might as well walk
  4) may/might as well buy
  2.
  1) She looks as if she is worried about it.
  2) It smells as if it is fresh.
  3) It sounds as if it is Chinese.
  4) It feels as if it is made of silk.
Comprehensive Exercises
I. Cloze (A)
  1. choked up
  3. practically
  5. correspondence
  7. destination
  9. Mostly
  11. absolutely (B)
  1. how
  3. but
  5. to
  7. reply/answer
  9. asking
  11.touch
  13. pieces
  15. check
  2. himself
  4. So
  6. long
  8. from
  10. when
  12. for
  14. go
  16. out
  2. awful
  4. neighborhood
  6. available
  8. reunion
  10. postponing
Appendix I
- 99 -
II. Translation It is not easy to keep
 

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