UNIT 8
I. Key words & phrases conflict distinguish fundamental consequence resistance worship current deny distinction moderate
Protecting Our Environment
regulation regardless combat urgent contemporary spiritual conserve similarly accommodate concern
call for in part on the grounds of work one’ way be fond of Additional Vocabulary environmental sensitivity to apply a rule polite society the fundamental principle the greenhouse effect skin cancer to preserve nature foreign aid ecological change the ozone layer a moderate accommodation to give you a shrug national Wildlife Refuge to conserve energy the five largest oil fields a nearly fifty-fifty chance the breeding grounds the next man choose man over reindeer man-centered a coral reef the conch shells
come through in the name of to the point of in the long run
环境意识 运用一条法则 上流社会 基本原则 温室效应 皮肤癌 保护自然 海外援助 生态变化 臭氧层 适度调整 对你耸耸肩 国家野生动物保护区 保护能量 五大油区 几乎有对半可能 繁殖地 别人 舍鹿取人 以人为本的 珊蝴礁 海螺
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the rock crabs the electric generators the motor oil a diver’s breathing tube in its escalation the population explosion the remote area the deserted beach the power plant be covered in smog
黄道蟹 发电机 机油 潜水者的透气管 不断升级 人口爆炸 偏僻的地方 荒僻的海滩 发电厂 笼罩在烟雾中
II. Vocabulary & Structure
  1. A child’s character is greatly influenced by his home . A. cause B. environment C. situation D. circumstance
  2. I am firm in my that he is a good teacher. A. behavior B. believe C. beloved D. belief
  3. Traffic lights are used to traffic. A. adjust B. arrange C. command D. regulate
  4. The computer revolution may well change society as as did the Industrial Revolution. A. certainly B. insignificantly C. fundamentally D. comparatively
  5. By careful of his capital, he obtained a good income. A. investigation B. insurance C. investment D. instruction
  6. The room has a stuffy . A. atmosphere B. surface C. attitude D. altitude
  7. We thought they had come to repair the phone, but in , they were burglars. A. reality B. addition C. future D. vain
  8. The rain was heavy, and the land was flooded. A. consequently B. however C. whatever D. but
  9. The rocks that erupted from the volcano were seen clearly at night. A. melt B. melted C. molten D. melting
  10. China is rich in natural resources, but they are not evenly . A. dismissed B. contributed C. distributed D. disturbed
  11. She is a pretty . A. animal B. beast C. creative D. creature
  12. He was interested in politics long before he was old enough to . A. vote B. choose C. elect D. register
  13. Although he was a strong swimmer, he was swept away by the and drowned. A. current B. motion C. pressure D. air
  14. They had a fierce as to whether their company should restore the trade relationship that was broken years ago. A. debate B. clash C. disagreement D. contest
  15. I stormed(怒气冲冲地走)out of the room in a . A. anger B. temper C. hurry D. rage
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  16. It is to borrow money from your uncle to settle your debt to your cousin. That is just robbing peer to pay Paul. A. absurd B. ridiculous C. queer D. odd
  17. The police accused him of setting fire to the building but he denied in the area on the night of the fire. A. to be B. to have been C. having been D. be
  18. His speech was careful and but his words seemed to make no sense. A. distinguishable B. distinguished C. distinct D. distinctive
  19. We should make a clear between the two scientific terms for the purpose of our discussion. A. distinction B. discrimination C. deviation D. separation
  20. People who can’t between colors are said to be color-blind. A. separate B. distinct C. distinguish D. divide
  21. What he said was beyond the of all the people present. A. reason B. suggestion C. wish D. belief
  22. His of dogs can be dated back to his early experience of having been bitten by a ferocious one. A. excess B. confusion C. worship D. fear
  23. What he had been told and what he had witnessed at that moment. A. harmonized B. conflicted C. combated D. combined
  24. The report will be submitted to the committee for deliberation in which some sound may be advanced. A. proposals B. mistakes C. discussions D. rumors
  25. Be careful enough to those two kinds of chemicals, or they may bring about disastrous results in the next experiment. A. confuse B. distinguish C. mistake D. connect
  26. moral principles are required to keep in your mind when you got on the bus. A. Fundamental B. Deep C. Complicated D. Initial
  27. The premier asked that governmental officials at all levels should corruption. A. cooperate B. combat C. connect D. collide
  28. He was too careless to reconsider the serious brought about by his action. A. reality B. consequence C. comment D. condition
  29. Don’t hurry yourself up, for it is not much of . A. importance B. urgency C. value D. help
  30. For a time, moonlighting has been a practice among those underpaid employees in that country. A. limited B. confined C. universal D. privileged
  31. Although he claimed himself to be a of the president at the middle school, the correspondent was not allowed to interview the president. A. associate B. colleague C. comrade D. contemporary
  32. His poor health resulted from the of heavy work. A. excess B. want C. lack D. vacancy
  33. Pickle, the favorite vegetable of some Asian countries, is now declared by scientists to be harmful to our health.
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A. fresh B. perished C. preserved D. conserved
  34. The country’s of coal has dwindled due to the government’s newly released restriction. A. communication B. consumption C. cooperation D. consultation
  35. Once a person 18, he will be entitled to vote. A. arrives B. gets C. attains D. accomplishes
  36. The physics problem is so difficult that it very careful thought. A. calls up B. calls off C. calls for D. calls in
  37. Carelessness his failure to realize his dream of winning a gold in the Olympics. A. resulted B. led C. obtained D. caused
  38. Your plan should be to the general arrangement made by the preparation committee. A. conflicted B. yielded C. sacrificed D. accommodated
  39. Students look to go to the party in casual clothes, such as blue jeans. A. rational B. normal C. ridiculous D. appropriate
  40. cannot be achieved without the mass participation. A. Democracy B. Depression C. Hatred D. Crisis
  41. the difficult economic situation, the government sticks to the reform. A. Since B. Because C. Although D. Regardless of
  42. The green worker was forgiven his inexperience. A. on behalf of B. on the grounds of C. in that D. but for
  43. Without your encouragement and support, we . A. should not be succeeded B. would not succeed C. would have succeeded D. would not have succeeded
  44. My youngest brother is now working at the Chinese Academy of Science. A. that is 25 years old B. who is 25-years old C. who is 25 years old D. whose age is 25 years old
  45. The girl turned a deaf ear to her mother said, annoyed her father very much. A. which; that B. what; which C. that; which D. how; that
  46. Yesterday, Mary a ticket for speeding. A. gave B. had been given C. was given D. was giving
  47. The student was scolded by the director because he left the office with the door . A. unlocking B. not being locked C. unlocked D. not locking
  48. All the in that school will get a rise next month. A. women-teachers B. woman teachers C. women teachers D. teachers of women
  49. We came early and had to wait two hours before the dentist returned. We . A. should not hurry B. must not have hurried C. need not hurry D. need not have hurried
  50. There are chairs in the living room A. dark three very comfortable blue B. three very blue comfortable dark C. three very comfortable dark blue D. very comfortable three dark blue
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CET 4 Vocabulary
  1. I would appreciate it a secret. A. your keeping B. you to keep C. that you keep D. that you will keep
  2. Mark often attempts to escape whenever he breaks traffic regulations. A. having been fined B. to be fined C. to have been fined D. being fined
  3. No matter how frequently , the works of Beethoven always attract large audiences. A. performing B. performed C. to be performed D. being performed
  4. It is recommended that the project until all the preparations have been made. A. is not started B. will not be started C. not be started D. is not to be started
  5. I wish I longer this morning, but I had to get up and come to class. A. could have slept B. slept C. might have slept D. have slept
  6. We didn’t know his telephone number; otherwise we him. A. would have telephoned B. must have telephoned C. would telephone D. had telephoned
  7. Turn on the television or open a magazine and you advertisements showing happy, balanced families. A. are often seeing B. often see C. will often see D. have often seen
  8. While people may refer to television for up-to-the-minute news, it is unlikely that television the newspaper completely. A. replaced B. have replaced C. replace D. will replace
  9. An Olympic Marathon is 26 miles and 385 yards, approximately from Marathon to Athens. A. distance B. is the distance C. the distance D. the distance is
  10.You will want two trees about ten feet apart, from to suspend your tent. A. there B. them C. which D. where
  11.As I was just getting familiar with this job, I had to ask my boss. A. many B. most C. more D. much
  12. quite recently, most mothers in Britain did not take paid work outside the home. A. Before B. Until C. From D. Since
  13.The survival of civilization as we know it is threat. A. within B. under C. towards D. upon
  14.Scientists say it may be five or ten years it is possible to test this medicine on human patients. A. since B. before C. after D. when
  15.In some countries, is called “equality” does not really mean equal rights for all people. A. which B. what C. that D. one
  16.I walked too much yesterday and are still aching now. A. my leg’s muscles B. my muscles of leg C. my leg muscles D. my muscles of the leg
  17.Radio, television and press of conveying news and information. A. are the most three common means B. are the most common three means C. are the three most common means D. are three the most common means
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  18.Liquids are like solids they have a definite volume. A. in that B. for that C. with that D. at that
  19.When a fire at the National Exhibition in London, at least ten priceless paintings were completely destroyed. A. broke off B. broke out C. broke down D. broke up
  20.The destruction of these treasures was a loss for mankind that no amount of money could . A. stand up to B. make up for C. come up for D. put up with
  21.Then the speakers the various factors leading to the present economic crisis. A. went after B. went for C. went into D. put up with
  22.The student was just about to the question, when suddenly he found the answer. A. arrive at B. submit to C. work out D. give up
  23.When there are small children around, it is necessary to put bottles of pills out of . A. reach B. hand C. hold D. place
  24.The of blood always makes him feel sick. A. sight B. view C. look D. form
  25.In Britain, the best season of the year is probably spring. A. later B. last C. latter D. late
  26.Free medical treatment in this country covers sickness of mind as well as sicknesses. A. normal B. regular C. average D. ordinary
  27.This hotel $ 60 for a single room with bath. A. claims B. demands C. prices D. charges
  28.Although he had looked through all the reference material on the subject, he still found it hard to understand this point and her explanation only to his confusion. A. extended B. amounted C. added D. turned
  29.A completely new situation will when the examination system comes into existence. A. arise B. rise C. raise D. arouse
  30.In recent years there has been a increase in the cost of living. A. consequent B. violent C. powerful D. significant III. Reading Comprehension.
(
  1) Traditionally, universities have carried out two main activities: research and teaching. Many experts would argue that both these activities play a critical role in serving the community. The fundamental question, however, is how does the community want or need to be served? In recent years universities have been coming under increasing pressure from both the governments and the public to ensure that they do not remain “ivory towers”(象牙之塔) of study separated from the realities of everyday life. University teachers have been encouraged, and in some cases compelled, to provide more courses which produce graduates with the technical skills required for the commercial use. If Aristotle wanted to work in university in the UK today, he would have a good chance of teaching computer science but
 

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