1

  1.她似乎与新同学相处不好。(get along with)
She doesn't seem to get along with her new classmates.

  2.我与玛丽失去联系多年,但昨天我与她在电话里联系上了。(out of touch, get in touch)
I'd been out of touch with Mary for years, but I managed to get in touch by phone yesterday.

  3.那老兵喜欢对每一位来访者炫耀他的勋章。(show off)
The veteran enjoys showing off his medals to everyone who visits him.

  4.她丈夫似乎非常反对她出国。(opposed to)
Her husband seems very much opposed to her going abroad.

  5.因为托马斯不安心工作,他的父母非常担忧。(settle down)
As Thomas couldn't settle down in his job, his parents were very worried.

  6.我口袋里总装着各种各样的小东西。(bits and pieces)
I always have all kinds of bits and pieces in my pockets.

  7.她母亲通过一些私人关系使她进入商界。(pull strings)
Her mother pulled a few strings to get her into the business circle.

  8.我希望这些菜合你的胃口。(to somebody's liking)
I hope the food is to your liking.

  9.那些男孩太吵闹,我把他们骂了一顿。(tell off)
I told the boys off for making so much noise.
2

  1.他决定立即着手这项复杂的工程。(resolve, work on)
He resolved to work on the complicated project immediately.

  2.他们看见一位老人被对面驶来的汽车撞倒。(knock over)
They saw an old man knocked over by a car coming from the opposite direction.

  3.他在黑暗中摇摇晃晃,摸索着寻找电灯开关。(grope)
He walked unsteadily / stumbled along in the dark, groping for the light-switch.

  4.病了3个月之后,他几乎站也站不稳了。(rise to one's feet)
After three month's illness, he found it difficult to rise to his feet again.

  5.由于人手不足,无法按期完成任务。(a shortage of)
Owing to a staff shortage, the task could not be fulfilled on schedule.

  6.在经济萧条期间,公司遭遇到财政困难。(run into)
During the period of depression, the company was running into financial difficulties.

  7.那盲女上了拥挤的公共汽车,乘客们给她让出了地方。(make room for)
When the blind girl got on the crowded bus, the passengers made room for her.

  8.他终于抓住了悬崖上的岩石,止住了下滑。(hold on to)
He at last managed to hold on to the rock on the cliff and stopped himself from slipping.
3

  1.母亲立刻派汤姆去叫医生。(send ... for)
Mother immediately sent Tom for the doctor.

  2.由于糖用完了,她没做成蛋糕。(run out of)
She failed to bake the cake as she had run out of sugar.

  3.我知道您现在忙极了。(desperately)
I know how desperately busy you are now.

  4.汤姆说错了话,惹得全班学生哄堂大笑。(roar with)
The whole class roared with laughter at Tom's slip of the tongue.

  5.针、剪刀这类东西必须放在小孩够不着的地方。(out of ... reach)
Such things as needles and scissors should be kept out of the reach of children.

  6.战士站在烈日底下,被晒得大汗淋漓。(drench)
The soldiers stood under the burning / scorching sun, drenched with sweat.

  7.他最后终于回到了他的祖国。(in the end)
He returned to his own country / motherland in the end.
4

  1.我显然是高估了自己的方向感,下次我一定记着带地图。(overestimate)
Obviously I have overestimated my sense of direction. Next time, I will remember to bring along a map with me.

  2.母亲对她那个自私不孝的儿子彻底失望了。(be disillusioned)
The mother is now thoroughly disillusioned with her selfish unfilial son.

  3.她很不善于见什么人说什么话。(have no knack for)
She has no knack for saying the right thing at the right time.

  4.从一开始他就和足球结下了不解之缘。(be meant for)
He and football were meant for each other from the start.

  5.老板指派我在第一个月里做秘书工作。(assign)
My boss assigned me the secretarial work for the first month.

  6.驾驶员违反交通规则,除了罚款之外,还有别的处罚办法吗?(alternative to)
If a driver breaks traffic rules, are there any alternatives to a fine?

  7.他老是笨手笨脚,因而常常遭人嘲笑。(subject to)
Being a clumsy person, he often subjects himself / is often subjected to ridicule.
5

  1.那天晚上詹姆斯(James)和你一起吃晚饭了吗?(in question)
Did James have supper with you on the night in question?

  2.教练对比赛的最终结果表示满意。(untimate)
The coach was satisfied with the ultimate victory of the match.

  3.为了排除各国人民交往中的语言障碍,许多语言学家都在研究新的世界语。(embark on)
To remove the linguistic barriers in communication among the peoples of the world, linguists have embarked on the study of a new universal language.

  4.合资企业的出现使我们有了更多接触外国人的机会。(contact with)
The emergence of joint-venture enterprises has increased our opportunities to have contact with foreigners.

  5.妈妈嘱咐他收拾起桌上的零碎东西,把它们放进抽屉里。(bits and pieces)
Mother asked him to gather up the bits and pieces of his belongings from the desk and put them in the drawer.

  6.因为一句小小的玩笑,他们之间发生了一场争吵。(arise out of)
Their argument arose out of a small joke.

  7.照片不清楚,我认不出其中的女孩。(identify)
The picture is too blurred for me to identify the girl in it.

  8.如果有人说他自己能和鬼神交流,你会信吗?(claim)
If someone claims to have the ability to communicate with ghosts, would you believe it?
6

  1.毕业后,他先是做工程师,然后当了厂长。(to start with)
After graduation, he became an engineer to start with, then the director of a plant.

  2.我想我还是接收他的邀请为好,因为你不能老是拒绝别人。(may as well)
I think I may as well accept his invitation, for you can't keep saying no to people.

  3. 为了安全起见,车上每个人都必须系上安全带。(for the sake of)
Everyone in the car must wear a seat belt for the sake of safety.

  4.把温度降到摄氏零度,水就会变成冰。(reduce to)
Reduce the temperature to zero degree centigrade and water will freeze / turn into ice.

  5.他被指控犯盗窃罪。事实上,他是无辜的。(be accused of)
He was accused of theft. But actually he was innocent.

  6.除了女主角的表演有点过火外,这是一部优秀的影片。(otherwise)
The heroine's performance is a little exaggerated, but otherwise it is an excellent movie.

  7.有时大人也会上小孩的当。(fall for)
Sometimes even adults will fall for children's tricks.

  8.如果她和你分手,那是你活该,谁让你老对她撒谎呢? (serve somebody right)
You lied to her again and again. So if she leaves you, it serves you right.
7

  1.我没按父亲的意思去学做生意,他非常生气。(cross)
My father was very cross at my not learning business from him.

  2.这些孩子虽然现在很调皮,但他们长大后会明白,做坏事是逃不了惩罚的。(with impunity)
Although these kids are very naughty now, they will grow up one day understanding that creating trouble for others would not get away with impunity.

  3.她请人把东西用一块蓝布包好,装进箱子。(have ... wrapped)
She had her things wrapped in a piece of blue cloth and put into the suitcase.

  4.我下个月回家度假。(on leave)
I'll be home on leave next month.

  5.我们费了九牛二虎之力将门弄开。(have ... job to do)
We had a terrible job to open the door.

  6.他们不知道,其实她就在附近。(unknown)
Unknown to them, she was nearby.

  7.这个罪犯被剥夺了一切政治权利。(deprive)
The criminal was deprived of all political rights.

  8.对不起,是我错了。(in the wrong)
I'm sorry, I'm in the wrong.
8

  1.春天和秋天我都喜欢,但是我更喜欢春天。(prefer over)
I prefer spring to autumn though I love both seasons.

  2.我相信电子汽车总有一天会取代汽油汽车。(supplant)
I believe that electric cars will one day supplant petrol-driven ones.

  3.他们提醒他攀登喜马拉雅山很危险,可他偏不听。(warn of)
They warned him of the danger of climbing the Himalayas, but he wouldn't listen.

  4.老师告诉学生,他们的前途取决于这次考试成绩。(hinge on)
The teacher told his students that their future prospects hinged on their performance in this examination.

  5.她获得了最佳演员奖,大家都觉得她当之无愧。(deserve)
Everybody thinks that she deserves the title "Best Actress of the Year" she has been awarded.

  6.这个孩子每次碰到困难都去找妈妈,而不是自己想办法。(turn to)
Every time the girl came across a problem, she would turn to her mother for a solution, rather than trying to solve it herself.

  7.丈夫去世后,她一如既往地培养3个女儿。(nurture)
After her husband died, she continued to nurture her three daughters

  8.现在人们学英语,似乎不是在学习一门有实用价值的语言,而是在学一种语法。(less... than...)
It seems that a lot of people learn English less as a practical language than as a grammar.
LISTENING
1
I Have a Brother

  1.Why was Charlie afraid of his brother?

  1. Charlie's brother was very demanding. He used to ask Charlie to do things for him. If Charlie refused or didn't do well, he would hit Charlie or threaten not to take him to places he wanted to go to.

  2. According to Charlie, what will someone who has an elder brother or sister become?

  2. He or she will become dependent (on the elder brother or sister) and appear "weak"..

  3. Why did Charlie hate his brother?

  3. His brother used to order him about, and there were many "clashes" between them, so he looked upon his brother as his enemy..

  4. How did Charlie and his brother get over their hostile relations?

  4. Once he was bullied by a classmate. His brother saw him crying, and became very angry after he told him the truth. His brother then taught the bully a lesson. Since then, they have never quarrelled again..
2
Telling a story

  1.Why did John visit an old people's nursing home?
John had to write an essay. The essay would be about an elderly person, but John knew little about old people. John's teacher advised him to visit an old people's nursing home

  2.What happened in the office of the nursing home?
John felt nervous when he first entered the office, but the director was very nice to him. She showed him a list of the old people living there and helped him to choose an old lady to visit.

  3.How did the old lady strike John?
John found that the old lady was a bit deaf and clumsy, but that she was diligently knitting. She didn't speak very much, and didn't seem to know what she was doing. John decided that she was crazy.

  4.What happened weeks after John's visit?
John received a package in which he found a wool sweater. A note from the director of the nursing home said that it was given to him by the old lady as a gift for visiting her. The old lady was very happy when she died a few days before.
3
An unforgettable experience

  1.What went wrong when the aeroplane was over the airport?
The aeroplane was circling over the airport and moving unsteadily through the air. In fact, the pilot had fainted and nobody was flying the plane

  2.How did the passengers take the news?
When they heard the news, many passengers started to panic. The speaker could hear hopeless and horrified screams here and there, and he himself was also scared.

  3. What did the speaker decide to do then?
After hesitating for a while, the speaker decided that he had to do something. He unfastened his seat belt, got up and followed the hostess into the pilot's cabin.
4How did the speaker deal with the situation?
First, he moved the pilot aside and took his seat. He then followed the radio instructions from the airport below. After circling the airport several times to become familiar with the controls, he managed to guide the plane towards the runway and landed safely.
4
Invisible Writing

  1.Explain briefly how to produce invisible writing with milk and then how to retrieve the message.
Prepare a piece of paper, pour some milk into a cup as ink, and use a paintbrush or a pen with a new nib to write the message on the paper. Then let the message dry. To retrieve the message, first light a candle, hold the paper well above the flame, not near enough to burn it and the writing shows up gradually.

  2.Explain briefly how to produce invisible writing with water and then how to retrieve the message.
Get ready two sheets of paper, a mirror or a piece of glass and a hard pencil. Dampen one of the sheets of paper and put it flat on the glass. Put the dry piece over it and write the message firmly on the dry sheet, pressing hard so an impression goes through to the damp paper underneath. Then, throw away the top piece of paper. When the damp sheet dries, the invisible writing is produced. To read the message, simply rewet the paper and the writing can be seen again.
5
An interview on language learning

  1. Why is Li studying a foreign language?
At an early age, Li felt that he had a t
 

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