Appendix I
Key to Exercises (Units 1-
  8)
Unit 1
Part I Pre-reading Task
Script for the recording:
Have you ever heard of the pop singer, John Lennon? Here he is singing a song he wrote for his son. It's called Beautiful Boy.
Close your eyes
Have no rear
The monster s tone
He's on the run and your daddy's here
Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful Beautiful boy
Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful Beautiful boy
Before you go to sleep Say a little prayer
1 John Lennon (1940-19
  80): First became famous as a singer and guitarist in the Beatles, a British rock group, writing many of their most successful hits. Later he left the group, but continued to be popular as a singer and songwriter.

66 -Appendix I

Every day in every way
It's getting better and better
Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful
Beautiful boy
Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful
Beautiful boy
Out on the ocean sailing away I can hardly wait To see you come of age
But I guess we’ll both just have to be patient ‘Cause it's a long way to go A bard row to hoe Yes it's a long way to go

But in the meantime
Before you cross the street
Take my band
Life is what happens to you
While you're busy making other plans
Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful Beautiful boy
Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful Beautiful boy
Before you go to sleep Say a little prayer Every day in every way It's getting better and better
1 A hard row to hoe: To hoe is to use a special farming tool, a hoe, to clear small weeds and break up the surface of the soil. The row referred to is a row of plants.

Appendix I- $9 -
Beautiful, beautiful, beautiful Beautiful boy Darling, darling, darling Darling Sean
You've just heard John Lennon singing a lullaby to his son Sean. A lullaby is a song we sing to help babies to go to sleep. So he tells Sean "Close your eyes, have no fear, your Daddy's here." Then he looks into the future. He sees his son setting out on life's adventure:
Out on the ocean sailing away
And he can hardly wait to see his son grow up, to reach eighteen when he comes of age and celebrates becoming an adult. But he knows they'll both have to be patient
Cause it'a long way to go A hard row to hoe
Growing up can be difficult. At times it can, as we say, be a hard row to hoe. It's a phrase we use to describe any difficult task.
But if growing up is sometimes hard, it is also full of surprises. Things happen when we least expect them:
Lire is what happens to you
While you're busy making other plans
I think you'll find the stories you are going to read in this unit show that John Lennon was right: growing up can be quite an adventure, full of the unexpected.
As for John Lennon, sadly he never did live to see his son grow up and come of age, for John was shot dead by a madman in New York while Sean was still only five years old.

- 90 -Appendix I
Part II Text A
Text organization l.
ParagraphsHeadings
1Baker's feelings about English courses
2Baker's impression of his new English teacher
3A topic that attracts Baker's attention
4Vivid memories the title brought back
5Baker's sudden desire to write about that topic
6Anticipating punishment
7Mr. Fleagle's announcement
8Classmates' response to the essay
9What Baker discovered

  2.
PartsParagraphsMain Ideas
Part iParas 1-2Baker was bored by everything associated with English courses, including essay writing.
Part IIParas 3-5Baker found himself attracted by one particular topic and wrote about it for his own joy.
Part IIIParas 6-9The experience of writing the essay helped him discover his talent for writing and realize what he wished to do in life.

Appendix I- 91 -
Vocabulary
I.
  1.
  1) arguments
  2) put ... down

  3) sequence
  4) rigid

  5) tedious
  6) hold back

  7) reputation
  8) distribute

  9) off and on
  10) vivid

  11) associate ... with
  12) congratulations

  13) finally
  14) turn in/turn out

  15) tackle

  2.
  1) George hasbeen assigned to the newspaper's Paris office.

  2)There is a possibility that his wish to become a writer will come true.

  3)She had a clear image of how she would look in twenty years' time.

  4)When the officer gave the command the soldiers opened fire.

  5)As long as people keep buying bikes we'll keep turning them out.

  3.
  1) Mr. Green is very dull as a lecturer. He's rigid and old fashioned, and doesn't seem to have
the faintest idea of how to inspire. I always get bored with / by his lectures.

  2)Alan's essays are long and tedious to read. What's more, his arguments are often based on out of date ideas.

  3)I was pleasantly surprised at my ability to compose an essay that the professor chose to read to the class. It was without doubt one of the happiest moments in my school career, but I did my best to avoid showing pleasure. When the professor offered me his congratu?lations, however, I could hardly hold back a smile.
II.Synonyms in Context

  1. composed
  2. severe

  3. agony
  4. extraordinary

  5. recall
  6. command

  7. was violating
  8. anticipate
III.Collocation

  1. at
  2. for

  3. of
  4. with

  5. as
  6. about

  7. to
  8. in, in

- 92 -Appendix I

  9. from
  10. on/upon
Structure

  1.
  1) Russell Baker is reported to live today with his wife in Virginia.

  2)They are said to be building another bridge across the river.

  3)Only a few students in Mr. Parker's composition class are said to have really captured the essence of the essay.

  4)Those love poems were believed to have been composed by an English poet of the sixteenth century.

  2.
  1) as you suggested

  2)as I told you to


  3)exactly as I was

  4)as you have described them to me
Comprehensive Exercises
I.Cloze

  2.congratulations

  4.scanned

  6.vivid

  8.off and on

  10.career
(A)

  1. hold back

  3. tedious

  5. recall

  7. arguments

  9. turn out/turn in
(B)

  2.after

  4.kids/children

  6.for/of

  8.So

  10.she

  12.assignment/book

  14.proved

  16.myself

  1. that

  3. black

  5. at

  7. different

  9. On

  11. answer

  13. wrong

  15. Thus
II.Translation
Susan lost her legs because of / in a car accident. For a time, she didn't know how to face

Appendix I- 93 -

up to the fact that she would never ( be able to) walk again.
One day, while scanning (through ) books, a true story caught her eye/she was attracted by a true story. It gave a vivid description of how a disabled girl became a writer. Greatly inspired. Susan made up her mind to read as much as she could, and what's more, she wanted to write stories about her own childhood. Susan began to feel that she, too, would finally be able to lead a useful life.
Part III TextB
Comprehension Check
l.b
  2. a

  3. c
  4. c

  5.b
  6. c
Translation
(参见 Appendix HI)

  2. in advance

  4. adjusting to

  6. think up

  8. clashes

  10. evil

  12. in the meantime
  14. appeal
Language Practice

  1. on purpose

  3. comprises

  5. assumed

  7. generally

  9. represent

  11. voluntary

  13. motioned

  15. decent
Part IV Theme-related Language Learning Tasks
Model paper
A memorable Experience
On the morning of the college entrance test I rode a bike to the school where I would take the

- 94 -Appendix I
examination.
Less than halfway between my house and the school, disaster struck. My bike hit a nail and the
front tyre went flat. I pushed the bike along the streets, looking for a repair shop. Minutes passed but
still there was none to be found. When I looked at my watch, I went wild with worry: there were
only fifteen minutes left before the examination began, and the nearest bus stop was a long way off.
Not knowing what to do, I stood still by the side of the road, tears welling up in my eyes. Then a car
pulled in and I heard a voice asking what the matter was. When he heard my story, the driver offered
me a lift. Thank to his kindness, I arrived just in time. And so here I am today.( 157 words)
Unit 2
Part I Pre-reading Task
Script for the recording:
Just what are friends for? To have fun with, of course, to share in the good times. Yet most people would say that a real friend is more than just a fair weather friend. A fair weather friend? A fair weather friend is someone who's happy to stay with you when things are going well but leaves as soon as trouble arrives, while a good friend, a true friend, is one who'll stand by you when you find yourself in difficulties. That's certainly what the American pop singer Dionne Warwick thinks. As she tells her friend
... you can always count on me, For sure, that's what friends are for, For good times, an bad times, I’ 11 be on your side forevermore.
But she sings it better than I can say it. So let's listen to her as she sings her song That's What Friends Are For.

Appendix I- 95 -
That's What Friends Are For
Dionne Warwick
And I never thought I'd reel this way And as far as I'm concerned I'm glad I got the chance to say
That I do believe I love you
And if I should ever go away,
Well, then close your eyes and try,
To feel the way we do today,/
And then if you can remember,
Keep smiling, keep shining,
Knowing you can always count on me,
For sure, that's what friends are for,
For good times> and had times,
I'll he on your side forevermore,
That's what friends are for.
Well, you came and opened me
And now there's so much more I see
And so by the way, I thank you
And then for the times we're apart,
Well, then close your eyes and know
These words are coming from my heart
And then it you can remember,
Keep smiling, keep shining,
Knowing you can always count on me,
For sure, that's what friends are for,
For good times, and had times,
I'll he on your side forevermore,
That' s what friends are for,
Keep smiling, keep shining,
Knowing you can always count on me,
For sure that's what friends are for,
For good times, and had times,
I'll he on your side forevermore,

- 9t? -Appendix I
That's what mends are tor, Keep smiling, keep shining, Knowing you can always count on me, For sure, that's what friends are tor. For good times, and bad times, I'll be on your side forevermore, That' s what friends are for.
Part II Text A
Points for Discussion

  1. a) He sounded as if he had a cold or something.
b)"Thanks," I said, "but I don't want to read your mail. That's pretty personal."
c)... the first sentence reminded me of myself: "I've been meaning to write for some time, but I've always postponed it."
d)It then went on to say that he often thought about the good times they had had together when they both lived in the same neighborhood.
e)He shook his head: "Time."
f)"This is a good part here," I said. "Where it says, your friendship over the years has meant an awful lot to me, more than I can say because I'm not good at saying things like that." I found myself nodding in agreement. "That must have made you feel good, didn't it?"
g)"I know I'd like to receive a letter like that from my oldest friend."
lext Organization

  1.
  1) The story begins with the cab driver reading a letter.

  2)The letter Tom wrote to his friend Ed.

  3)Their conversation was centered on the lifelong friendship between the driver and Old Ed.

  4)The author got to learn more about their friendship by reading the letter himself.

  2.
PartsParagraphsMain Ideas
Part OneParas 1-20From a conversation with the cab driver the author learned
how much he regretted failing to keep up correspondence

Appendix I- 97 -
with his old friend Ed.
Part TwoParas 21-35Reading the letter by himself, the author learned more about the lifelong friendship between the driver and Old Ed.
Part ThreePara 36The driver's experience urged the author to reach for his pen.

Vocabulary

  2) available

  4) are urging/urged

  6) know ... by heart

  8) hangs out

  10) reunion

  12) practically
  14) going ahead
I.
  1.
  1) absolutely

  3) every now and then

  5) destination

  7) mostly

  9) right away

  11) or something

  13) went by

  15) keep in touch

  2.
  1) It seemed that his failure in the examination was still on his mind.

  2)He was completely choked up by the sight of his team losing in the final minutes of the game.

  3)She was so lost in study that she forgot to have dinner.

  4)Something has come up and I am afraid I won't be able to accomplish the project on time.

  5)The cost of equipping the new hospital was estimated at $2 million.

  3.
  1) A couple of flights at Pudong Airport were postponed this morning because of the awful
weather. It is estimated that over one thousand passengers were held up.

  2)My professor assigned me some reference books on computers to read. Unfortunately they are not available in our school library. I am kind of worried about it.

  3)Michael is not much of a teacher. He often skips from one subject to another so it is difficult for his students to follow him. Besides he just lets them go ahead with exercises without making sure they have understood what they are expected to do.
II.Collocation

  1. to
  2. for

  3. at
  4. from

  5. in*
  6. to

  7. on
  8. with

- 9$ -Appendix I

III. Usage

  1. more or less
  2. kind of/sort of

  3. Something
  4. kind of/sort of

  5. more or less
  6. or something
Structure

  1.
  1) may/might as well watch

  2)may/might as well pour out

  3)may/might as well walk

  4)may/might as well buy

  2.
  1) She looks as if she is worried about it.

  2)It smells as if it is fresh.

  3)It sounds as if it is Chinese.

  4)It feels as if it is made of silk.
Comprehensive
 

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