Test for Unit 1
Listening Comprehension

Directions: In this Part, you will hear ten statements. Each statement is based on the texts you have just learned in this unit. Statements one to six are about Text A, and statements seven to ten are about Text B. Each statement will be read ONLY ONCE. After you hear each statement, decide whether it is True or False.


SET 1

  1. True
False



  2. True
False



  3. True
False



  4. True
False



  5. True
False



  6. True
False



  7. True
False



  8. True
False



  9. True
False



  10. True
False


Answer:

  1. True
  2. True
  3. False
  4. True
  5. False
  6. True
  7. True
  8. True
  9. False
  10. True
SET 2

  1. True
False



  2. True
False



  3. True
False



  4. True
False



  5. True
False



  6. True
False



  7. True
False



  8. True
False



  9. True
False



  10. True
False


Answer:

  1. True
  2. True
  3. True
  4. False
  5. False
  6. True
  7. True
  8. False
  9. True
  10. True

Listening Comprehension

Directions: In this part of the test, you will listen to a passage and it will not be written out in full for you. You will hear the passage TWICE. While listening, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you hear.



SET 1
The world we live in gets more mechanized every year. Some countries which were mainly (
  11) a hundred years ago have now become industrial. There are fewer farmers to serve a much greater (
  12) , so these farms must be more efficient in order to produce as much food as possible. (
  13) , many of the scenic aspects of farming are disappearing in the search for efficiency. The more tractors are used, the fewer horses are needed. Everyone agrees that horses are far more pleasant to look at than tractors, but they are less (
  14) . Cows are milked by machinery nowadays, and even pigs are fed (
  15) . There is not much art or poetry on the modern farm, and the old idea of a farm as a slow, peaceful, (
  16) place is totally wrong nowadays.
The modern farmer has to be a (
  17) , a scientist and an accountant. He must understand what machinery is necessary for his kind of farm; he must know the new technical advances in agriculture and how to use (
  18) products to improve his crops. Although he had more modern (
  19) and far more scientific aids than his grandfather had, the farmer is still dependent on the weather. As he can never be sure what the weather will do, he must be prepared to take risks, and face the (
  20) of losing everything.
Answer:

  11. agricultural
  12. population
  13. Unfortunately
  14. efficient
  15. automatically
  16. romantic
  17. mechanic
  18. chemical
  19. equipment
  20. possibility
SET 2
Television has changed the life style of people in every (
  11) country in the world. In the United States, where sociologists have studied the effects, some interesting observations have been made.
Television, although not (
  12) , has become an important part of most people's lives. It alters people's ways of seeing the world; in many ways, it supports and sustains modern life. Television has become a baby-sitter, an introducer of conversations, the major (
  13) of culture, a keeper of tradition. Yet when what can be seen on TV is one day critically analyzed, it becomes evident that television is not a teacher but a sustainer: the poor quality of programming does not (
  14) people into greater understanding, but rather (
  15) and encourages the life as it exists.
The primary reason for the lack of (
  16) in American television is related to both the history of TV programming development and the economics of TV.
Television in America began with the radio. Radio companies and their sponsors first experimented with television. Therefore, the close (
  17) which the advertisers had with radio programs became the system for American TV. Sponsors not only paid money for time within programs, but many actually (
  18) the programs. Thus, in American society, television is primarily concerned with rejecting and attracting society rather than experimenting with new ideas. Advertisers want to attract the largest viewing (
  19) possible; to do so requires that the program be (
  20) rather than educational, attractive rather than challenging.
Answer:

  11. industrialized
  12. essential
  13. transmitter
  14. elevate
  15. maintains
  16. quality
  17. relationship
  18. produced
  19. audience
  20. entertaining

Reading Comprehension

Directions: There are two passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices. Click on the best choice.



SET 1
PASSAGE TWO
To live through a really big hurricane is to experience terror that leaves you speechless and shaken. It is an unreal nightmare of violence and fear. Hurricane Camille, which visited our southern coast on August 17, 1969, was just such a hurricane.
As a result of the relentless pounding and fury of the winds, 19,467 homes and 700 businesses were destroyed and 241 people were killed. Hurricane warnings had been broadcast, and 150,000 people heeded them. But others thought they could ride out the storm. They didn't know what they were in for. In the darkness, rain and terrifying winds pounded homes and battered down walls. The electricity went off, and houses tumbled from their foundations and were smashed to pieces. Cargo ships snapped from their moorings.
Seawater 25 to 30 feet deep poured in upon the unfortunate residents. In Gulfport, Mississippi, a 900,000 gallon oil tank was hurled
  3.5 miles from its original site. Telephone poles snapped like toothpicks. The roar was deafening as winds quickly gusted to 200 miles per hour. Everything in a 70-mile-wide path was devastated.
On August 18, residents returned to an unbelievable pile of wreckage dotted with human and animal bodies. The federal government sent in over 200 tons of food and hundreds of mobile homes and classrooms. The cleanup took many months and a prodigious amount of hard work. Even though the storm was over, no one who lived through it would ever forget the force of Hurricane Camille.


  1. It is likely that the 150,000 people who heeded the warnings about the hurricane .
A) stayed in their homes
B) left their homes for safer locations
C) waited until the National Guard came to help them
D) rode out the storm



  2. Which of the following evidence was used to support the statement "A hurricane is an unreal nightmare of violence and fear"? A) During the storm, houses were smashed and a lot of people died.
B) Oil tankers loaded and unloaded at Gulfport, Mississippi.
C) Telephone poles broke in two because of the strong winds.
D) Electrical power went off for a short time during a storm.



  3. What does the word "prodigious" in paragraph 4 mean? A) Huge.
B) Short.
C) Modest.
D) Slight.



  4. Which of the following information is NOT included in the story? A) During the storm, cargo ships were forced away from their moorings.
B) Television news programs spent several days covering the aftermath of Hurricane Camille.
C) The storm winds gusted up to 200 miles per hour.
D) The federal government extended its hand to help.



  5. The author wants us to think that . A) people are foolish to be frightened of hurricanes
B) a hurricane is one of the most violent storms in nature
C) people who are fortunate enough to experience a hurricane are lucky
D) a hurricane can smash houses to pieces

Answer:

  1. 2

  2. 1

  3. 1

  4. 2

  5. 2
SET 2
PASSAGE TWO
Many companies have run into serious troubles trying to coordinate their sales and promotional efforts. For example, one firm authorized a large promotional drive to introduce a new product in Latin America. The promotion ran smoothly, but someone forgot to coordinate product delivery -- ship the product. Consumers were confused and money was wasted when the promoted product was not available.
To avoid such occurrences, all plans should be in writing and someone should be responsible for central coordination. Hence, risks are lessened and opportunities to save money may arise. Coca-cola, for instance, requires that all overseas marketing plans be submitted to the central office well in advance. This gives the company a chance to examine the concepts. Previous experiences with similar plans can be viewed and necessary changes can be suggested. Sometimes central company managers' ventures have failed in the past. Minor improvements tried overseas with success should also be reported. There is no need to reinvent the wheel. Coordination not only reduces the chance of errors, it also provides opportunities to learn improved methods.
With so many details to consider, it is rather easy to understand how so many firms have blundered. Nevertheless, their errors illustrate the importance of paying attention to detail.


  1. In the example in the first paragraph, the firm failed because .
A) its home office didn't back them up
B) it didn't inform its home office of its plan
C) very few customers responded to its efforts
D) it abused much money



  2. Coca-cola requires that . A) all overseas firms follow the orders by the central office
B) all overseas firms turn in plans to the central office before carrying out them
C) all minor improvements be reported to the central office
D) all failures be recorded in the files in the central office



  3. According to the passage, coordination involves . A) preventing the company from committing the same error
B) passing on orders from the central office
C) training personnel from the overseas firms
D) helping overseas firms make overseas firms



  4. In the passage, coordination can be compared to . A) a bridge between the central office and overseas firms
B) a passage through which the orders by the central office can reach its overseas firms
C) a trial-and-error lab to avoid similar errors
D) a file recording all cases in the history of the company



  5. "Blundered" in the last paragraph can be best replaced by "". A) been done with
B) gone bankrupt
C) made success
D) done wrong

Answer:

  1. 2

  2. 2

  3. 1

  4. 1

  5. 4
SET 3
PASSAGE TWO
Through a series of experiments an American scientist has obtained an understanding of the social structure of the most complex of ant societies. The ants examined are the only creatures other than man to have given up hunting and collecting for a completely agricultural way of life. In their underground nests they cultivate gardens on soil made from finely chopped leaves. This is a complex operation requiring considerable division of labor. The workers of this type of ants can be divided into four groups according to their sizes. Each of the groups performs a particular set of jobs.
The making and care of the gardens and the nursing of the young ants are done by the smallest workers. Slightly larger workers are responsible for chopping up leaves to make them suitable for use in the gardens and for cleaning the nest. A third group of still larger ants do the construction work and collect fresh leaves from outside the nest. The largest are the soldier ants, responsible for defending the nest.
To find out how good the various size-groups are at different tasks, the scientist measured the amount of work done by the ants against the amount of energy they used. He examined first the gathering and carrying of leaves. He selected one of the size-groups, and then measured how efficiently these ants could find leaves and run back to the nest. Then he repeated the experiment for each of the other size groups. In this way he could see whether any group could do the job more efficiently than the group normally undertaking it.
The intermediate-sized ants that normally perform this task proved to be the most efficient for their energy costs, but when the scientist examined the whole set of jobs performed by each group of ants it appeared that some sizes of worker ants were not ideally suited to the particular jobs they performed.


  1. In what way are the ants different from other non-human creatures?
A) They do not need to search for food.
B) They do not need shelter.
C) Individuals vary in social status.
D) Individuals perform different functions.



  2. It seems that smaller ants perform more of the . A) construction tasks
B) defensive work
C) domestic tasks
D) heavy work



  3. The word "good" in the third paragraph refers to the ants' . A) cooperation in working
B) sense of responsibility
C) efficiency in working
D) willingness to work hard



  4. The scientist's work was based on . A) occasional observations
B) systematic observations
C) observations of several nests
D) observations of undisturbed nests



  5. The organization of the ants has the effect of . A) getting the most work done
B) dividing the work up systematically
C) each ant helping with all the
 

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