1986 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题
Section I Structure and Vocabulary In each question, decide which of the four choices given will most suitably complete the sentence if inserted at the place marked. Put your choice in the brackets on the left. (15 points) EXAMPLE: I was caught the rain yesterday. [A] in [B] by [C] with [D] at ANSWER: [A]
  1. No doctors could cure the patient his strange disease. [A] with [B] of [C] from [D] off
  2. He was his wits’ end what to do. [A] in [B] on [C] at [D] of
  3. Prior his departure, he addressed a letter to his daughter. [A] to [B] of [C] in [D] from
  4. The driving instructor told me to pull at the post office. [A] up [B] back [C] round [D] along
  5. When there’s a doubt, the chairman’s decision is . [A] right [B] definite [C] fixed [D] final
  6. We can rely on William to carry out this mission, for his judgment is always . [A] unquestionable [B] sound [C] subtle [D] healthy
  7. The noise of the plane died in the distance. [A] away [B] out [C] down [D] off
  8. Hospital doctors don’t go out very often as their work all their time. [A] takes away
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[B] takes in [C] takes over [D] takes up
  9. Attendances at football matches have since the coming of television. [A] dropped in [B] dropped down [C] dropped off [D] dropped out
  10. After the death of their parents, the sisters got well and never quarreled. [A] away [B] in [C] along [D] out
  11. They always give the vacant seats to comes first. [A] who [B] whom [C] whoever [D] whomever
  12. Advertising is distinguished from other forms of communication the advertiser pays for the message to be delivered. [A] in that [B] in which [C] in order that [D] in the way
  13. He is of an actor. [A] anybody [B] anyone [C] somebody [D] something
  14. The captain apologized to tell us more about the accident. [A] for to be unable [B] that he was unable [C] to be unable [D] for being unable
  15. is no reason for discharging her. [A] Because she was a few minutes late [B] Owing to a few minutes being late [C] The fact that she was a few minutes late [D] Being a few minutes late Section II Cloze Test For each numbered blank in the following passage, there are four choices labeled [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the best one and put your choice in the brackets below the passage. Read the whole passage before making your choices. (10 points) On Wednesday afternoons Annie took the bus into town to shop in the market. For an hour or 大 16 家 she would walk up and down between the stalls looking at everything, buying here and there, and 大 17 家 a sharp lookout for the bargains that were sometimes to be had. And then, with all the things she needed 大 18 家 she would leave the market for the streets of the town to spend another hour 大 19 家 she liked best: looking in furniture shop windows. One Wednesday she found a new shop full of the most delightful things, with a notice inviting anyone to walk
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in and look 大 20 家 without feeling they had to buy something. Annie hesitated for a moment before stepping through the doorway where, almost at once, she stopped 大 21 家 before a green armchair. There was a card on the chair which said: “This fine chair is yours 大 22 家 less than a pound a week,” and very small at the bottom, “Cash price eighty-nine pounds fifty.” A pound a week... 大 23 家, she could almost pay that out of her housekeeping money and never miss it! A voice at her shoulder made her 大 24 家. “Can I help you, Madam?” She looked round at the assistant who had come softly to her 大 25 家. “Oh, well, no,” she said. “I was just looking.” “We’ve chairs of all kinds in the showroom. If you’ll just come up, you will find something to suit you.” Annie, worried at the thought of being persuaded to buy something she didn’t need, left the shop hurriedly.
  16. [A] so [B] more [C] else [D] another
  17. [A] taking [B] making [C] fixing [D] keeping
  18. [A] buy [B] bought [C] buying [D] to have bought
  19. [A] in a way [B] by the way [C] in the way [D] on the way
  20. [A] behind [B] round [C] back [D] on
  21. [A] doubted [B] wondered [C] puzzled [D] delighted
  22. [A] at [B] for [C] with [D] in
  23. [A] Why [B] When [C] How [D] What
  24. [A] jump [B] leap [C] laugh [D] wonder
  25. [A] place [B] back [C] side [D] front
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Section III Reading Comprehension Each of the two passages below is followed by five questions. For each question there are four answers. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each of the questions. Put your choice in the brackets on the left. (10 points) Text 1 There are a great many careers in which the increasing emphasis is on specialization. You find these careers in engineering, in production, in statistical work, and in teaching. But there is an increasing demand for people who are able to take in great area at a glance, people who perhaps do not know too much about any one field. There is, in other words, a demand for people who are capable of seeing the forest rather than the trees, of making general judgments. We can call these people “generalists.” And these “generalists” are particularly needed for positions in administration, where it is their job to see that other people do the work, where they have to plan for other people, to organize other people’s work, to begin it and judge it. The specialist understands one field; his concern is with technique and tools. He is a “trained” man; and his educational background is properly technical or professional. The generalist -- and especially the administrator -- deals with people; his concern is with leadership, with planning, and with direction giving. He is an “educated” man; and the humanities are his strongest foundation. Very rarely is a specialist capable of being an administrator. And very rarely is a good generalist also a good specialist in particular field. Any organization needs both kinds of people, though different organizations need them in different proportions. It is your task to find out, during your training period, into which of the two kinds of jobs you fit, and to plan your career accordingly. Your first job may turn out to be the right job for you -- but this is pure accident. Certainly you should not change jobs constantly or people will become suspicious of your ability to hold any job. At the same time you must not look upon the first job as the final job; it is primarily a training job, an opportunity to understand yourself and your fitness for being an employee.
  26. There is an increasing demand for . [A] all round people in their own fields [B] people whose job is to organize other people’s work [C] generalists whose educational background is either technical or professional [D] specialists whose chief concern is to provide administrative guidance to others
  27. The specialist is . [A] a man whose job is to train other people [B] a man who has been trained in more than one fields [C] a man who can see the forest rather than the trees [D] a man whose concern is mainly with technical or professional matters
  28. The administrator is . [A] a “trained” man who is more a specialist than a generalist [B] a man who sees the trees as well as the forest [C] a man who is very strong in the humanities [D] a man who is an “educated” specialist
  29. During your training period, it is important . [A] to try to be a generalist [B] to choose a profitable job [C] to find an organization which fits you [D] to decide whether you are fit to be a specialist or a generalist
  30. A man’s first job . [A] is never the right job for him [B] should not be regarded as his final job [C] should not be changed or people will become suspicious of his ability to hold any job [D] is primarily an opportunity to fit himself for his final job
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Text 2 At the bottom of the world lies a mighty continent still wrapped in the Ice Age and, until recent times, unknown to man. It is a great land mass with mountain ranges whose extent and elevation are still uncertain. Much of the continent is a complete blank on our maps. Man has explored, on foot, less than one per cent of its area. Antarctica differs fundamentally from the Arctic regions. The Arctic is an ocean, covered with drifting packed ice and hemmed in by the land masses of Europe, Asia, and North America. The Antarctic is a continent almost as large as Europe and Australia combined, centered roughly on the South Pole and surrounded by the most unobstructed water areas of the world -- the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. The continental ice sheet is more than two miles high in its centre, thus, the air over the Antarctic is far more refrigerated than it is over the Arctic regions. This cold air current from the land is so forceful that it makes the nearby seas the stormiest in the world and renders unlivable those regions whose counterparts at the opposite end of the globe are inhabited. Thus, more than a million persons live within 2,000 miles of the North Pole in an area that includes most of Alaska, Siberia, and Scandinavia -- a region rich in forest and mining industries. Apart from a handful of weather stations, within the same distance of the South Pole there is not a single tree, industry, or settlement.
  31. The best title for this selection would be . [A] Iceland [B] Land of Opportunity [C] The Unknown Continent [D] Utopia at Last
  32. At the time this article was written, our knowledge of Antarctica was . [A] very limited [B] vast [C] fairly rich [D] nonexistent
  33. Antarctica is bordered by the . [A] Pacific Ocean [B] Indian Ocean [C] Atlantic Ocean [D] All three
  34. The Antarctic is made uninhabitable primarily by . [A] cold air [B] calm seas [C] ice [D] lack of knowledge about the continent
  35. According to this article . [A] 2,000 people live on the Antarctic Continent [B] a million people live within 2,000 miles of the South Pole [C] weather conditions within a 2,000 mile radius of the South Pole make settlements impractical [D] only a handful of natives inhabit Antarctica Section IV Structure and Vocabulary Fill in the blanks with the words which best complete the sentences. Put your choices in the brackets on the left. (10 points) EXAMPLE: It was the largest experiment we have ever had; it six houses. [A] ended [B] finished [C] was [D] lasted
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  36. Music often us of events in the past. [A] remembers [B] memorizes [C] reminds [D] reflects
  37. If I take this medicine twice a day it should my cold. [A] heat [B] cure [C] treat [D] recover
  38. I could just see a car in the distance, but I couldn’t what colour it was. [A] make out [B] look to [C] look out [D] take in
  39. I could tell he was surprised from the on his face. [A] appearance [B] shock [C] look [D] sight
  40. The toy boat turned over and sank to the of the pool. [A] base [B] depth [C] ground [D] bottom
  41. Mary never tells anyone what she does for a . [A] job [B] work [C] profession [D] living
  42. That boy is such a good violinist he will probably make quite a for himself. [A] star [B] credit [C] name [D] character
  43. Old photographs give one a brief of the past. [A] glance [B] glimpse [C] sight [D] look
  44. The novelist is a highly person. [A] imaginable [B] imaginative [C] imaginary [D] imagined
  45. Although the pay is not good, people usually find social work in other ways. [A] payable [B] respectful
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[C] grateful [D] rewarding Section V Error-detection and Correction Each question consists of a sentence with four underlined parts (words or phrases). These parts are labeled [A], [B], [C], and [D]. Choose the part of the sentence that is incorrect and put your choice in the brackets on the left. Then, without altering the meaning of the sentence, write down the correct word or phrase on the line following the brackets. (10 points) EXAMPLE: You’ve to hurry up if you want to buy something becauseA there’sB hardly somethingC leftD. ANSWER: [C] anything
  46. The professor told the economicsA student that he didn’t approveB inC his taking the advanced course beforeD he made a passing mark in Economics
  47. Although a great number of houses in that area are stillA in need of repairB there have beenC improvement in the facilitiesD.
  48. Mr. Gilmore is one of those men who appearsA to be friendlyB however, it is very hard to dealC with himD.
  49. To understand the situation completelyA requiresB more thought than has givenC thus farD.
  50. A g



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