高考英语代词在单项填空中的 12 个考点 考点 1 人称代词主格与宾格的用法 (
  1)人称代词的主格在句中作主语,宾格在句中作动词或介词的宾语。 【真题再现】(
  1)My grandma still treats me like a child. She can’t imagine grown up. (2006 重庆) A. my B. mine C. myself D. me 解析:由语境可知“她没想到我已成年了”,应当用宾格 me 作 imagine 的宾语;短语形容词 grown up(成熟的, ” 成年的)作宾补。答案是 D。 (
  2)Catherine bought a postcard of the place she was visiting, addressed to and then posted it at the nearby post office.(2006 安徽) A. it; her B. it; herself C. herself; her D. herself; herself 解析:由 address sth. to sb. (在信件或包裹上写上收件人的姓名及地址)可知,Catherine 在买来的明信片上写上她自己的姓名及地址。答案 是 B。 (
  3)I intended to compare notes with a friend, but unfortunately couldn’t spare me even one minute. (2004 重庆) A. they B. one C. who D. it 解析:句中 a friend (=one of my friends) 泛指我的朋友中的任何一个,代替名词 my friends,且在 but 后的并列句中作主语用 they。答案是 A。 (
  4)?Susan, go and join your sister cleaning the yard. ?Why? John is sitting there doing nothing. (2003 全国) A. him B. he C. I D. me 解析:感叹疑问句或省略句中用人称代词的宾格。 答案是 D 提示:下列情况也用宾格: ①在 be 后作表语。 ?Who is it? ?It’s me. ?谁??是我呀。 ②在单独使用或带 not 的简略回答中。如: ?Who broke the cup? ?谁打破了杯子? ?Me! (Not me!)?我!(不是我!) ?I like swimming. ?我喜欢游泳。 ?Me too. ?我也是。 ③在感叹疑问句中做主语,以引起强调。如: ?You can tell him. ?你可以告诉他。 ?Me tell him? Not likely!?我告诉他?不可能! ④在下列之类的祈使句中: He’s got to repay the money?poor him.他得偿还这笔钱??可怜的他呀! 考点 2 名词性和形容词性物主代词的用法 形容词性物主代词只能在名词前作定语,名词性物主代词相当于“形容词性物主代词+名词” ,在句中作主语、 宾语、表语或与 of 连用作后置定语,但不能作定语。
【真题再现】(
  5)Some of the stamps belong to me, while the rest are . (2004 上海春) A. him and her B. his and hers C. his and her D. him and hers 解析:在句中作表语,指“他的邮票和她的邮票”用 his and her (=his stamps and her stamps)。答案是 B。 (
  6)?Is your camera like Bill’s and Ann’s? ?No, but it’s almost the same as . (1994 全国) A. her B. yours C. them D. their 解析:与 it(=my camera)相比的应是 your camera,与“形容词性物主代词+名词”相当的应是名词性物主代词, yours=your camera。答案是 B。 (
  7) The boy promised mother never to lie to again. (1991 年) A. his, him B. her, her C. her, him D. his, her 解析:形容词性物主代词 his 作 mother 的定语;宾格人称代词 her 作介词 to 的宾语。答案是 D。 (
  8)Kate and her sister went on holiday with a cousin of . (1990 全国) A. their B. theirs C. her D. hers 解析:of 要与名词性物主代词一起作定语,排除 A 和 C;又因 Kate and her sister 是复数,排除 D。答案是 B。 (
  9)?Whose room is that? ?It's (1982 全国) A. my B. ours C. my brothers D. of my brother 解析:从语境看,答语应当是指“某人的房间” ,只有选项 B 能表达此意,ours=our room。答案是 B。 (
  10)His camera is more expensive than . (1989 全国) A. hers B. her C. it D. its 解析:与 his camera 作比较的应是“她的照相机” ,用 hers (=her camera)。答案是 A。 (
  11)Is her hair shorter than ?(1981 全国) A me B. my C. mine D. I 解析:与 her hair 相比较的应是 my hair,应用名词性物主代词是 mine (=my hair)。答案是 C。 考点 3 反身代词的用法 反身代词在句中可以作 enjoy, teach, hurt, buy, introduce 等动词和 by, for, to 等介词的宾语,还可以作主语或宾语的同位语,可译作“亲自,本人” ,但不能作主语。 【真题再现】(
  12)?Who called me this morning when I was out?(2006 福建
  21) ?A man calling Robert. A. him B. himself C. his D.不填 解析:考查反身代词。因为“call sb./oneself+某名”就是“叫某人/自称某名字” ;句意是“一个自称罗伯特的人” ,用 himself。答案是 B。 (
  13)You will find as you read fiats book that you just can’t keep some of these stones to . You will want to share them with a friend. (2005 湖南) A. itself B. yourself C. himself D. themselves
解析:主语是 you,要用 yourself;to oneself 是习语,指某人“独自享用,不与他人共享” 。答案是 B。 (
  14)My daughter often makes a schedule to get reminded of what she is to do in the day. (2005 上海春) A. herself B. her C. she D. hers 解析:句意是: “我女儿经常制定日程表,以便让她自自己知道这一天要干什么。 ”答案是 A。 (
  15)Tom felt that he knew everybody’s business better than they knew it. (1996 全国) A. themselves B. oneself C. itself D. himself 解析:能与 they 相呼应,并作 they 的同位语的,用反身代词 themselves。答案是 A。 提示:请留意意含 oneself 的短语。如:(
  1) be oneself 身体正常;(
  2)Make yourself at home! 别客气!(
  3)make yourself understood 使你的话被人理解。 考点 4 指示代词的用法 指示词有 this, that, these, those 等。注意以下 4 点: (
  1) this, these 是时间或空间上的 “近指” ,可与 here 连用;that, those 是时间或空间上的“远指” 可与 there 连用。 , (
  2) 指上文提到的事一般用 that,有时也用 this,指下文的事只能用 this。 (
  3) 打电话时,用 this 来介绍自己,用 that 来问对方,不用 I 或 you。 (
  4) this 和 that 还可表示程度,意为“如此,那么” ,相当于 so,作状语。 【真题再现】(
  16)?He was nearly drowned once. ?When was ? ?was in 1998 when he was in middle school. (2002 北京春) A. that; It B. this; This C. this; It D. that; This 解析:指上文提到的事多用 that;后空是强调结构的简略式,完整的句是 It was in was in 1998 when he was in middle school that he was nearly drowned once.其中 when he was in middle school 是定语从句。答案是 A。 (
  17)Sometimes it was a bit boring to work there because there wasn’t always much to do. (2004 广东) A. such B. that C. more D. very 解析:much 前用 so, 不用 such。口语中,常用 that 来代替 so。答案是 B。 考点 5 疑问代词的意义和用法 疑问代词有 what, which, who, whom, whose 等。用法要点如下:
  1. what 除可用来询问人的身份外,一般指物;which 可指人也可指物;who, whom, whose 一般指人。 【真题再现】(
  18)The mother didn’t know to blame for the broken glass as it happened while she was out. (2002 全国) A. who B. when C. how D. what 解析:blame(责备)是及物动词,缺宾语,责备的应是打碎玻璃的人,该用 who。答案是 A。
  2. 没有一定的范围时,用 what,意为“什么” ;有一定范围时,用 which,意为“(其中的)哪一个” 。 (
  19)There are so many kinds of tape-recorders on sale that I can’t make up my mind to buy. (1992 全国) A. what B. which C. how D. where
解析:buy 缺宾语,排除副词 C 和 D;表示在一定范围中不知买哪能一种,用 which。答案是 B。 考点 6 表示两者和多者的不定代词的比较
  1. 表示两者“都”用 both,表示两者“都不”用 neither,表示两者中的“任一”用 either。 (
  20)If you can’t decide which of the two books to borrow, why don’t you take ? I won’t read them this week. (2006 浙江) A. all B. any C. either D. both 解析:由前后语境来看,应是建议对方将两本书都拿去看。答案是 D。 (
  21)You may drop in or just give me a call. will do.(2006 安徽) A. Either B. Each C. Neither D. All 解析:由前句可知是指两者中的“任何一个” ,用 either。答案是 A。 (
  22)?Which driver was to blame? ?Why, ! It was the child’s fault, clear and simple. He suddenly came out between two parked cars. (2006 北京) A. both B. each C. either D. neither 解析:由后文 It was the child’s fault, clear and simple.可知,应答者认为“两个司机都不应负责” ,用 neither。答案是 D。 (
  23)There are two windows in the room. They face south. (1980 全国) A. all B. both C. each D. either 解析:指“两者都”用 both。答案是 B。 (
  24)I made a call to my parents yesterday. To my disappointment, of them answered it. (2005 福建) A. either B. none C. neither D. nobody 解析:由 my parents 可知是指两者,由 To my disappointment 可知,两个中一个也没接电话。答案是 C。 (
  25)We asked John and Jerry, but of them could offer a satisfactory explanation. (2005 北京春) A. either B. none C. both D. neither 解析:由 but 可知,John 和 Jerry“两者都不” 答案是 D。 。 (
  26)I invited Joe and Linda to dinner, but of them came. (2004 北京) A. neither B. either C. none D. both 解析:因为指 Joe 和 Linda 两个人,排除 C;又由 but 可知,她们两个人一个也没来,所以选 neither。 答案是 A。 (
  27)Both teams were in hard training, was willing to lose the game.(2001 上海) A. either B. neither C. another D. the other
解析: “两队都在努力训练”当然是“两队都不愿输” ,表示“两者都不”用 neither 答案是 B。 (
  28)-Can you come on Monday or Tuesday? -I’m afraid day is possible. (1998 全国) A. either B. neither C. some D. any 解析:由 I’m afraid 可知,Monday 和 Tuesday 两天都不行。答案是 B。 (
  29)-Are the two answers correct? -No, correct. (1986 全国) A. no one is B. both are not C. neither is D. either is not 解析:由 two 和 No 可知“两个答案都不对” ,no one(=nobody)只能指人,排除 A;both are not correct 是部分否定,意为“并非两者都对(即一对一错)” ,与 no 矛盾,排除 B;英语中有 not…either(=neither)的 说法,但不能说 either…not,排除 D;表示完全否定“两者都不”用 neither。答案是 C。 (
  30)-There’s coffee and tea; you can have . -Thanks. (2003 全国) A. either B. each C. one D. it 解析:指 coffee 和 tea 两者中的“任何一种”用 either。答案是 A。 (
  31)-Do you want tea or coffee? -.I really don’t mind. (2000 北京春) A. Both B. None C. Either D. Neither 解析:由上文 tea or coffee 可知,是指两者;由 I really don’t mind 可知,这两种饮料中的“任何一种”都行。 答案是 C。 (
  32)-Shall I sit at this end of the boat or the other end? -If you keep still, you can sit at end. (1987 全国) A. neither B. each C. either D. any 解析:boat 应当是两端,表示“你可坐在任一端”“(两者中的)任一”是 either。 , 答案是 C
  2. 表示多者“都”用 all,表示多者“都不”用 none,表示多者中的“任一”用 any。 (
  33)Of all the books on the desk, is of any use for our study. (2006 四川) A. nothing B. no one C. neither D. none 解析: 考查不定代词。 all 可知, 由 是指三者或三者以上, 排除 C; nothing(没一样东西)与这里谈到的 “书” 毫无联系,排除 A;no one =nobody(没有一个人)只能指人,也错了;指多者中“一个也没有,没有一个”用 none。句中 of any use=useful,在句中作表语。句意是“在桌上的所有这些书中,没有一本书对我们的学习有用。 ”答案是 D。 (
  34)I had to buy these books because I didn’t know which one was the best. (2004 上海) A. both B. none C. neither D. all 解析:后文的 best 是最高级,可见至少有三本,排除 A 和 C;none 不能作定语,要说 none of…答案是 D。
(
  35)We had three sets of garden tools and we seemed to have no use for . (2004 浙江) A. none B. either C. any each
D.
解析:由 three 可知是指三套工具中的“任一套” 。答案是 C。 (
  36)?Which of the three ways shall I take to the village? ?way as you please. (2004 福建) A. Each B. Every C. Any D. Either 解析:关键词是 three。表示三者或三以上的“任一” ,用 any;表示两者中的“任一” ,才用 either。答 案是 C。 (
  37)Mr Alcott, headmaster of the school, refused to accept of the three suggestions made by the Students’ Union. (2000 上海春) A. either B. neither C. any D. none 解析:由 three 可知是三者,指三者中的任一,用 any。答案是 C。 (
  38)-When shall we meet again? -Make it day you like; it's all the same to me. (1996 全国) A. one B. any C. another D. some 解析:指“你喜欢的任何一天” ,表示“(多者中的)任一”用 any。答案是 B。 (
  39)They were all very tired, but of them would stop to take a rest. (1995 全国) A. any B. some C. none D. neither
  •  
 

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