高一英语必修二知识点总结_高一英语

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  • 的秘诀时。史蒂文?斯皮尔伯格说起他的成功和幸福主要来自于妻子和孩子。

      该句中的 "when" 是时间状语从句的省略形式。在状语从句中,如果从句主语与主句主语一致或从句主语是it,而且从句谓语动词是be或包含be时,常常将从句主语与be省略。例如:Although born in Chicago, the author is famous for his stories about New York.

      【考例】 (2003上海春招) Unless ___to speak,you should remain silent at the conference.

      A. invited B. inviting

      C. being invited D. having invited

      [考查目标]状语从句的省略现象。

      [答案与解析]A unless为连词,后面省略了you are,所以选invited。

      高一英语必修二知识点总结(二)

      1. win, beat, defeat 表示获胜、取胜的词语

      (1) win v. 赢……,获胜,接比赛或奖项 win a game / a prize / an honor / a race. / Our team won the game 8 to 7. / He won by five points. / He won her love at last. / He won the first place in the competition.

      (2) beat + 对手,表打败(尤指体育比赛) I can easily beat him at golf.

      (3) defeat 表战胜,接对手The enemy was defeated in the battle.

      2. in the end, finally, at last

      三者均可表示“(经过周折、等待、耽误)最后,终于”之意。不同的是:

      finally 一般用在句中动词前面,而 at last 与 in the end 的位置则较为灵活;

      三者中at last 语气最为强烈,且可单独作为感叹句使用。After putting it off three times, we finally managed to have a holiday in Dalian. / At last he knew the meaning of life. / At last! Where on earth have you been? / But in the end he gave in.

      另外,finally还可用在列举事项时,引出最后一个内容,相当于lastly。 Firstly, we should make a plan; secondly, we should carry it out; finally we should make a conclu- sion.

      3. by sea, by the sea, in the sea, on the sea, at sea

      (1) by sea “走海路,乘船”,用来表示交通方式,同 by ship 同义。 These heavy boxes should be sent by sea.

      (2) by the sea “在海边”,相当于 by (at) the seaside。The children enjoyed themselves by the sea on Children's Day.

      (3) in the sea “在海里,在海水中” There are many plants and animals in the sea.

      (4) on the sea “在海面上”,“在海岸边”。I want to live in a town with a beautiful position on the sea.

      (5) at sea 在海上;在航海 When he woke up, the ship was at sea.

      4. be afraid, be afraid to do sth., be afraid of (doing) sth.

      (1) be afraid 意为“担心,害怕”,多用于口语,常用来表示一种歉意,或遗憾,后可接 so 或 not,也可接 that 从句。I'm afraid (that) 其语意相当于 I'm sorry, but...。

      -- Are we on time? 我们准时吗? -- I'm afraid not. 恐怕不准时。I'm afraid you'll get caught in the rain.

      (2) be afraid to do sth 常表示“由于胆小而不敢做某事”。She is afraid to be here alone. / He is afraid to jump into the river from the bridge.

      (3) be afraid of (doing) sth. 常表示“担心或害怕某事(发生)”。I was afraid of hurting her feelings.

      5. live, living, alive, lively

      (1) live adj.

      ① 活的;活生生的;(只修饰
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  • 2016-02-03