新目标英语七年级上册各单元复习资料(重点词组、句型、语法要点)_七年级上册_英语学习网

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  • Unit 1-Unit 2
    重点句型
    1. —My name’s Jenny.  —I’m Gina. Nice to meet you.
    2. —What’s your/his/her name?    —My/His/Her name is … .
    3. What’s your/his/her family/first name?
    4. —What’s your telephone number?  —It’s 218-9176.
    5. What’s his/ her telephone number?
    6. —What’s this/that in English?    —It’s a ruler.
    7. —Is this/that your pencil?    —Yes, it is./No, it isn’t.
    8. How do you spell pencil?/Spell pencil./Can you spell pencil?
    9. Is that your computer game in the lost and found case?
    10. Call Alan at 495-3539.
    重点语法
    be在一般现在时中的基本用法:I用am, you用are,is跟着他她它。He ,she ,it用is,we, you they都用are。单数名词用is,复数名词都用are。
    be的几种形式:is, am, are —being —was, were —been
    主谓一致:
    主谓一致的15种常考情况:
    1. 表示时间,重量,数目,价格,长度,数学运算等的词或短语作主语时,尽管他们是复数形式,但如果把这些复数形式的词或短语看作是一个整体,谓语动词用单数形式。
       Two months is quite a long time.   Twenty dollars is enough.
    2. 动词不定式,动名词,从句或不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数。
       To see is to believe.   It is not easy to master a foreign language.
    3. 由and连接两个成分作主语时,要根据其表示的意义来决定谓语动词的形式。如果其表示的是一个整体的概念或指的是同一事物,谓语动词用单数,如果其表示的是两个不同的对象时,谓语动词用复数。
       The writer and the teacher are coming.
       The poet and teacher is one of my friends.
    4. 集合名词people,police一般看作复数意义,其谓语动词用复数。另外一些集合名词family,enemy,class,army等作主语时,谓语动词是用单数还是复数,要根据这些词在句中的实际含义而定。当他们表示的是整体意义时,谓语用单数;当他们强调个体成员时,谓语动词用复数形式。
    In England, people eat fish and chips.
    The Chinese people(民族)is a great people.
    5. 名词性物主代词mine,yours,his,hers, its,ours,theirs等作主语时,谓语动词的数取决于该代词所表示的意义是单数还是复数。
    His parents are young, but mine are old.
    6. 以s结尾的名词本身不表示复数意义时,谓语动词通常用单数形式,如news,physics,politics,maths等。
       No news is good news.  Physics is the most difficult subject for him.
    7. 由or,either…or…,neither…nor…,not only…but also…等词连接名词或代词作主语时,谓语动词的数和最接近的主语一致。
       Neither you nor Li Hua has been to Shanghai before.
    8. 以there,here开头的句子,若主语不止一个,其谓语动词的形式和邻近的那个主语一致。
       There is a table and four chairs in the room.
       Here are some books and paper for you.
    9. trousers,clothes,glasses,compasses,chopsticks等作主语时,谓语动词用复数。但如果前面有a pair of短语时,谓语动词用单数。
       Jim’s trousers are brown.   The pair of glasses is Mr. Green’s.
    10. 由“a lot of/lots of/plenty of+名词”或“分数+名词”作主语时,谓语动词的单复数根据名词的单复数而定。
       A lot of people have been to London.
       Three-fifths of the water is dirty.
    11. “a number of +复数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用复数;“the number of+复数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用单数。
       A great number of birds fly to the south in winter.
       The number of lions does not change much if people leave things as they are.
    12.代词something,anything,nothing,everyone,anybody,nobody,each,neither,either,little,much,one等作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。
        Neither of us is a boy。
        Each of them has an English dictionary。
        One of the students was late for school。
    13.All,some none,most,any等代词作主语时,若其指复数概念,谓语动词用复数形式;若其指单数形式,则谓语动词用单数形式。
        Not all work is difficult。
       
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  • 2016-04-20