新概念英语第一册11-12 课文详解及练习答案_新概念英语学习网

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    课文详注 Further notes on the text

     

    1.Whose shirt is that?那是谁的衬衫?

     

        这是特殊疑问句。读时用降调。

     

    2.Yes,sir?什么事,先生?     请参见 Lessons 1~2课文详注以及 Lessons 3~4课文详注。

     

    3.Here you are.给你。

     

    是给对方东西时的习惯用语。递给对方东西或对方在找某物而你指出该物在什么地方时,往往用这种表达方式。也可以说:Here it is(指单数的物)或 Here they are(指复数的物)。句中的are和is一般应重读。

     

    4.非省略形式和省略形式之间的关系:    it is not = it isn"t = it"s not。

     

    5.数字30的英文写法:  30 —thirty


    语法 Grammar in use

     

    1.以疑问词 whose 引导的特殊疑问句

     

    (1)用来询问所有关系。所有者总是一个人而且期望得到的回答是某人的名字加-"s形式(如 Tim"s蒂姆的),或者是一个所有格代词(如 mine我的)。

     

    (2)这时 whose 也可在句子中作表语,如:

     

    (3)当所有关系中指的是某件东西或某种物质时,whose后面的名词可以省略:

     

    2.所有格形容词和所有格代词

     

    (1)所有格形容词与所有格代词都表示所有,即某人或某物属于某一个人,回答以whose引导的问句。所有格形容词my,your等是限定词,必须始终放在名词之前,只能作定语。它们的形式取决于所有者,而不是被拥有的东西。所有格代词mine,yours等不能用在名词前,并且在说话时要加重语气。它们指人或物,单数或复数都一样。请见下表:

     

    This is my car.  这是我的汽车。(定语)

     

    That is her coat.  这是她的上衣。(定语)

     

    Your car is red,mine is blue.  你的车是红色的,我的是蓝色的。(主语)

     

    This book is his,not yours.  这本书是他的,不是你的。(表语)

     

    I have my way, and she has hers.  我有我的处事方式,她有她的。(宾语)

     

    (2)名词所有格是在词尾加-"s构成的,不仅可作定语,还可作表语:

     

    Is this Dave"s shirt?   这是戴夫的衬衫吗?(作定语)

     

    Whose is that shirt? Is it your daughter"s?  那条裙子是谁的?是你女儿的吗?(作表语)

     

    练习答案 Key to written exercises

     

    Lesson 12

     

    A

    1 Stella is here. That is her car.

     

    2 Excuse me, Steven. Is this your umbrella?

     

    3 I am an air hostess. My name is Britt.

     

    4 Paul is here, too. That is his coat.

     

    B

     

    1 Whose is this handbag? It"s Stella "s. It"s her handbag.

     

    2 Whose is this car? It"s Paul"s. It"s his car.

     

    3 Whose is this coat? It"s Sophie "s. It"s her coat.

     

    4 Whose is this umbrella? It"s Steven"s. It"s his umbrella.

     

    5 Whose is this pen? It"s my daughter"s. It"s her pen.

     

    6 Whose is this dress? It"s my son"s. It"s his dress.

     

    7 Whose is this suit? It"s my father"s. It"s his suit.

     

    8 Whose is this skirt? It"s my mother"s. It"s her skirt.

     

    9 Whose is this blouse? It"s my sister"s. It"s her blouse.

     

    10 Whose is this tie? It"s my brother"s. It"s his tie.

     

    11 Whose is this pen? It"s Sophie"s. It"s her pen.

     

    12 Whose is this pencil? It"s Hans". It"s his pencil.

     

    词汇学习 Word study

     

    1.perhaps adv.  或许,大概,可能:  Perhaps it is, sir.  也许是,先生。   Perhaps it will rain.   也许要下雨了。

     

         Perhaps it"s Sophie"s handbag.  也许这是索菲娅的手提包。

     

    2.catch v.

     

    (1)接住,拦住:   Catch!接着!

     

    (2)逮住,捕捉:   catch a thief 捉住一个贼

     

    (3)染上(疾病):catch a cold 伤风  &nbs
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  • 2016-04-19