2016年高考英语单项选择题专项练习(一)_中小学教育网

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      1.—Sorry, Liz. I think I was a bit rude to you.

      —______, but don’t do that again!

      A. Go ahead

      B. Forget it

      C. It depends

      D. With pleasure

      【答案】B

      【解析】试题分析:句意:——对不起,Liz。我想刚才我对你有点粗鲁。——算了吧,不过不要再那样做了。A. Go ahead 好吧,行啊;B. Forget it算了吧,不必在意; C. It depends 那还得看情况了;D. With pleasure乐意效劳。根据句意可知选B。

      【难度】容易

      2.The quality of education in this small school is better than ______ in some larger schools.

      A. that

      B. one

      C. it

      D. this

      【答案】A

      【解析】试题分析:句意:这所小学校的教育质量要好于一些大学校。句中代词代指不可数名词the quality of education,故用代词that。代词it和one都代指可数名词单数。故选A。本题考查代词辨析。代词it, one和that都指代前面提到的名词。一般说来, it指代同名同物;one与that则指代同名异物,但one为泛指, 相当于a/an+名词,只可代指可数名词;that为特指, 相当于the +名词,可以代指不可数名词。one既可代替事物, 也可代替人, that只能代替事物而不能代替人。掌握好这些知识就不难选出答案。

      【难度】一般

      3.Only when Lily walked into the office ______ that she had left the contract at home.

      A. she realized

      B. has she realized

      C. she has realized

      D. did she realize

      【答案】D

      【解析】试题分析:句意:只是当莉莉走进办公室的时候,她才意识到她把合同忘家里了。本题考查only位于句首,引导的时间状语从句,主句要主谓倒装。根据时态和句意可知选D。本题考查only放在句首的部分倒装。在句首的only如果后面跟了副词、介词短语或从句等状语,则主句用倒装结构。但如果only后跟的是主语,就不用倒装结构了。本题考生还需要注意判定时态。

      【难度】较难

      4.Just as I got to the school gate, I realised I ______ my bank in the cafe.

      A. have left

      B. had left

      C would leave

      D. was leaving

      【答案】B

      【解析】试题分析:句意:我刚一到学校门口,就意识到我把书落在餐馆了。realized后省略了that,这里是一个宾语从句,从句时态与主句保持一致,“落下”的动作发生在“意识到”之前,应该用过去完成时,故选B。本题考查时态。宾语从句的时态要与主句保持一致,发生在“过去的过去”的动作,用过去完成时。

      【难度】一般

      5.A ship in harbor is safe, but that’s not ______ ships are built for.

      A. what

      B. whom

      C. why

      D. when

      【答案】A

      【解析】试题分析:句意:船停放在海港里是很安全的,但这并非建造船的目的。isn’t后跟从句作表语,表语从句中的for后缺少宾语,用what引导,what与for连用,表示目的。故选A。本题考查表语从句。isn’t后跟从句作表语,what在名词性从句中作主语、宾语或表语;why和when作状语。介词for后缺少宾语,因此用what。

      【难度】较难

      7.The number of smokers, _____ is reported, has dropped by 17 percent in just one year.

      A. it

      B. which

      C. what

      D. as

      【答案】D

      【解析】试题分析:句意:据报道,吸烟者人数仅(过去)一年就减少了17%。as引导的非限制性定语从句位置灵活,可以置于主句的句首、句中或句末,指代的是整个一句话。故选D项。考生容易误选B项which,把逗号前面的the number of smokers看成先行词,后面非限制性定语从句用which引导。殊不知,这里关系代词指代的是“The number of smokers has dropped by 17 percent in just one year.”整个一句话。另外,as和which在定语从句都可以指代一句话,但前者有“正如……”的意思,后者则没有。还可以抓住as is reported这一常用结构,类似的还有as is known/expected/planned/mentioned/said等。

      【难度】一般

      8.Schools should be lively places where individuals are encouraged to _____ to their greatest potential.

      A. accelerate

      B. improve

      C. perform

      D. develop

      【答案】D

      【解析】试题分析:句意:学校应该是鼓励个体最大限度地发展潜能的地方。A项“加速,加快”;B项“改善,提高”;C项“表现”;D项“发展”。故选D项。本题语境贴近学生生活,考生必须利用这一特定语境理解动词特定含义,如果脱离语境容易选择另外三个选项。从词性上看,四个选项中的动词均可用作及物或不及物。这时可以根据固定搭配“develop to one’s greatest potential(最大限度地发展潜能)”锁定正确选项。

      【难度】一般

      9.Much time _____ sitting at a desk, office workers are generall
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  • 2016-04-19