全国小学生英语能力竞赛(四年级)04-词汇 - 百度文库

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  • 第四讲 词汇

    一. 易混词语辨析

    1. a/an,one

    两者都有“一”的意思,后跟可数名词的单数,但a/an侧重表示事物的种类,one侧重表示事物的数量。另外,one可以作为代词。代替上文提到的事物中的一个。如:

    I have an apple every day.= I have one apple every day.

    This is a panda.

    Which T-shirt do you like, the red one or the white one?



    2. and, or, with

    三者都有“和”的意思,但它们的词性和用法各不相同。

    (1) and 是连词,通常用于肯定句中,连接两个并列的句子成分或句子。 There is a pencil-box and some books on the desk.

    Tom often goes to bed early and gets up early.

    (2) or 也是连词,通常用于疑问句或否定句中,连接两个并列的句子成分

    或句子。

    I don’t like milk or bread.



    (3) with 是介词,其后面可跟名词或代词(宾格),一般在句子中作状语。 I often go shopping with my mother at weekends.

    Would you like to go shopping with me?

    3. a lot, a lot of

    (1) a lot 意为“非常”,相当于very much, 表示程度,在句子中作状语。 Thanks a lot.

    (2)a lot of 意为“许多”,相当于a lot of,后接可数名词复数或不可数名词。 There are a lot of books in the library.

    I have a lot of home work to do every day.

    4. day,date

    (1)day,意为“天,日子,节日”。

    There are 28 or 29 days in February.

    Christmas Day is coming.

    -What day is it today? -It’s Monday.

    (2)date,意为“日期,日子,时期”。

    Do you know the date of her birth?
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  • 2016-04-23