2016成人英语三级阅读理解解题方法:推测文章标题题型-成人英语三级考试-考试吧

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  •   推测文章标题题目的问题比较简单,如Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

      The best title for this passage would be.

      做这种题和做文章主旨大意题是一样的,只要抓住文章中心思想,就不难对上答案。所不同的是推测文章大意题的选项是一个句子,或较长的词组,因而较易理解,较易和文章的中心思想对上;而推测文章标题的选项只有几个词,是对文章中心思想的高度概括,因而较难理解。一般说来,一篇阅读理解文章要么出现推测文章标题的问题,要么出现推测文章大意题,不可能两种问题同时出现,因此,可放在最后,等做完这篇阅读理解的所有问题后再做,这样可以依靠前几题提供的线索来判断。

      1.文章标题题目相当于文章主旨题

      问标题的题也是一种主旨题,与主旨题的做题方法和技巧完全一样。二者的差别主要体现于选项的形式:主旨题的答案通常以一句话表示,而问标题的答案大多为一个名词词组。

      例1 The origin of America"s colour problem today lies in a great crime against humani-ty, committed long ago. The black population is a little over twenty million, or one-tenth of the whole. Nine tenths of the black people are the offsprings of Africans brought to American as slaves in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Nearly all their offsprings were kept in legal slavery in the south until 1865. The background of complaints cannot easily be wiped out, and it has been kept alive by unpleasant memo-ries from a more recent period. During the last hundred years of British rule steady and increasing flow of Africans were carried across the Atlantic to the West Indies and the American mainland, there to be sold as slaves. The ships were designed so as to provide space for the greatest possible number of human beings on the westward journey,and

      to carry freight on the return. The colonies protested constantly against this immoral activity but their attempts to stop it were in vain. The census of 1790 reported a total of about 700,000 slaves in the United States, of whom 300,000 were in Virginia, 200,000 in the Carolines 100,000 in Maryland. Before 1800 every state had prohibited the traffic, though it continued illegally. In 1763——1767 a line had been drawn by two English surveyors, Mason and Dixon, dividing the commercial or farming states to the north from the plantation states to the south. The main part of the line followed the boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania, though Delaware was included in the northern region. In the states north of the Mason-Dixon line slavery had been effective-ly abolished by 1800, but it continued in the southern states.

      The best title for this passage might be

      A. Slavery in the Southern States of America by 1800

      B. A Great Crime against Humanity

      C. Descendents of Black People in America

      D. The Background of the Colour Problem in America

      显然文章第一句The origin of America"s colour problem today lies in a great crime against humanity, committed long ago.(美国种族问题的根源是很久以前他对人类犯下的极大罪行。)是全文中心思想旬。对照选项,D.The Background of the Colour Prob-lern in America这一标题概括了这一中心思想。

      2.归纳各段落大意

      例2 A rapid means of long-distance transportation became a necessity for the United States as settlement(新拓居地)spread ever farther westward. The early trains were impractical curiosities, and for a long time the railroad companies met with trouble- some mechanical problems. The most serious ones wer
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  • 2016-04-16