2016高考英语单选题答题技巧_高考_新东方在线

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  •   2016高考正在进行二轮复习,英语是同学们复习的重点,以下是新东方在线高考网小编整理的2016高考英语单选题答题技巧,供同学们参考学习。

      1. 找准关键词语

      有时题干中带有对解题起着关键作用的词语,如果能迅速找准这些词语,再结合各选项的意义和特点,就能很快选出正确答案。例如:

      The Foreign Minister said, "_______ our hope that the two sideswill work towards peace."

      A. This is B. There is C. That is D. It is

      解析:在名词性从句中,that既无词义,也不作句子成分,连接一个句子成分完整的陈述句。根据句意和句子结构,特别是that的暗示,可判断题干为一个含有主语从句的复合句,句首的it为形式主语,真正的主语为其后的that从句,故最佳答案为D。

      2. 分析句子结构

      有些试题的考点本来十分简单,但命题者却通过使用定语从句,或者将我们熟悉的固定词组有意拆分,重新组合,使我们在结构上产生错觉,出现迷惑。这时,我们只要保持清醒的头脑,仔细分析句子的结构,就会拨开迷雾。例如:

      We keep in touch _____ writing often。

      A. with B. of C. on D. by

      解析:许多同学根据 keep in touch with(与....。.保持联系)这一搭配推断出此题应选A。但是选A错了,因为套此搭配此句意思不通,正确答案应是D,by 表示方式,bywriting 意为"通过写信",全句意为"我们通过经常写信保持联系"。请再看两例:

      (1) We've talked a lot _____ cars. What about trains?

      A. of B. with C. about D. in

      解析:由于受 a lot of 这一常用结构的影响,许多同学毫不犹豫地选了A,但是错了。原因是:若选 of,a lot of cars即为动词 talk 的宾语,但事实上,动词 talk 是不及物动词。正确答案是C,句中的a lot是修饰动词 talked的状语,talk about才是一个动词短语。 全句意为"我们对汽车已谈了不少,现在谈谈火车怎么样?"

      (2) We all regarded the poor old man ____sympathy。

      A. as B. with C. of D. by

      解析:许多同学一看到句中的 regard 和选项中的 as,马上就联想到 regard ... as..(把....看作....)这一搭配,从而断定此题应选A。错了,原因是将此搭配套入原句,句子意思不通。正确答案是B,句意为"我们大家都很同 情这位老人"。

      3. 适当转换句式

      有时将题干的句式转换成自己更熟悉的句式,就很容易选出正确答案。比如将疑问句、强调句、感叹句或倒装句改为陈述句,将被动句改为主动句,无序句调整为正常句。例如:

      -Mr. Wang, whom would you rather _____ the important meeting?

      -Tom。

      A. have attend B. have attended

      C. having attend D. have to attend

      解析: 若将疑问句改为陈述句,就是I would rather have Tom attend the important meeting. 其中would rather后必须接动词原形,have sb. dosth。是"要某人做某事"。所以选A。

      4. 补全省略成分

      口语中常常会使用一些省略句,做题时若将被省略的成分补充完整,答案就会一目了然。例如:

      -What do you think made Mary so upset?

      - _____ her new bike。

      A. As she lost B. Lost C. Losing D. Because of losing

      解析:将答句补全,就是 _____ her new bike made Mary soupset,显然,只能选C,用动名词短语作主语。

      5. 删除干扰部分

      就是将起干扰作用的定语从句、介词短语或插入语,如I think / suppose / believe, do you think /suppose / believe, you know, of course等删除,从而更容易地选出正确答案。例如:

      It is the ability to do the job _______matters not where you come from or what you are。

      A. one B. that C. what D. it

      解析:去掉题干中的not where you come from or what you are,题干即为是一个简单句:Theability to do the job matters. 把主语The ability放在强调结构中,即变为题干,显然最佳答案为B。

      6. 利用对称结构

      就是在做题过程中要善于利用and,but等并列连词。若前面是个句子,后面也必定是个句子,反之亦然;若连接的是几个动词,这几个动词也必定是同一时态或同一形式。例如:

      -English has a large vocabulary, hasn't it?

      -Yes. _____ more words and expressions and you will find it easierto read and communicate。

      A. Know B. Knowing C. To know D. Known

      解析:因为第二个and后面是一个句子,所以前面也必定是一个句子,但前面这个句子没有主语,只能选用动词原形,构成一个祈使句,因此,正确答案是A。又如:

      On Saturday afternoon, Mrs. Green went to the market, _______ some bananas and visited her cousin。

      A. bought B. buying C. to buy D. buy

      解析:因为and后面是过去式visited,前面也必定是动词的过去式,所以正确答案是A。

      7. 注意标点符号

      标点有时对我们做题有提示作用,不同的标点可能导致选不同的答案,同学们做题时,一定要小心。例如:

      There are eight tips in Dr. Roger's lect
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  • 2016-04-23