★2016年大学英语四级背单词练听力(Unit Three)-大学英语四六级考试四级-无忧考网

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  • Unit Three 词频大于10次小于14次

      abroad ad. ①在国外 ②广为流传

      例:She worked abroad for a year. 她在国外工作了一年。There was news abroad that a job change in the company was coming. 盛传公司内部即将进行工作变动。搭配:at home and abroad 国内外:He was famous, both at home and abroad. 他享誉国内外。get abroad 传开:The happy tidings soon got abroad. 喜讯不久就传播开了。拓展:aboard prep. 在(船、飞机、车)上;上(船、飞机、车);ad. 在船(飞机、车)上,上船(飞机、车)

      absent a. ①不在的,缺席的 ②心不在焉的;v. 缺席

      例:Love was totally absent from his childhood. 他童年时没有受到丝毫的疼爱。She had an absent look on her face. 她看起来心不在焉。absent without leave 擅离职守:Because of absenting without leave, he was fired by the company. 他由于擅离职守被开除了。搭配:absent yourself 不在场,缺席:He absented himself from the meeting. 他没有出席会议。拓展:absently ad. 漫不经心地,心不在焉地;absentee n. 缺席者,缺勤者

      听力扩展:

      A: You know there is an important meeting this morning and the general manager doesn’t like people absent without any reasons.

      B: No reasons? You are uncomfortable is the reason. I can’t understand why you guys always love working and forget your body. Money is not everything.

      A: OK. I know you care about my health. I will ask for time off and see the doctor this afternoon.

      A:你知道上午有个重要会议,总经理不喜欢有人无故缺席。

      B:无故?不舒服就是个理由。我实在不懂你们这些人为什么总是工作起来就忘了自己的健康。钱不是万能啊。

      A:好啦。我知道你关心我的身体,我下午会请假去看医生的。

      access n. ①通道,入口 ②接近;v. ①存取(计算机文件)②到达,进入

      例:There is no access to the street through that door. 那个门不通向大街。This scientist accessed enormous different files to find the correct information. 为了查找信息,这位科学家在计算机上查阅了大量文档。搭配:have access to sth. 有机会,有权利干……事:Students must have access to good resources. 学生必须有机会获得良好的信息资源。拓展:accessary n. 同谋;accessible a. 易达到的;accessibility n. 易接近,可到达

      acquire v. ①获得,得到;②养成 ③购得

      例:The company has recently acquired new offices in central London. 公司最近在伦敦市中心购买了新办公室。I have recently acquired a taste for olives. 我最近开始喜欢吃橄榄了。搭配:an acquired taste 养成的爱好:Abstract art is an acquired taste. 要慢慢培养才会欣赏抽象艺术。acquire knowledge of 求得……的知识:We must work hard to acquire a good knowledge of English. 必须努力学习才能精通英语。拓展:acquirement n. ①获得,学得 ②[pl.] 学识,技艺

      adapt v. ①使适应,使适合 ②改编,改写

      例:People adapt to changing circumstances—even to wealth or a disability. 人们必须适应变化的环境,面对财富或残疾亦应如此。Three of her novels have been adapted for television. 她的三部小说已改编为电视剧。搭配:adapt to 适应:You must adapt to the norms of the society you live in. 在社会中生活,就要遵循社会行为准则。adapt for 适宜(为……改编):Difficult books are sometimes adapted for use in schools. 偏难的书籍有时候是为学校使用而改编的。拓展:adaptation n. 改编,适应,改写本

      alter v. ①改变,更改 ②修改(衣服更合身)

      例:I’ll have to alter the diagram. I’ve made a mistake. 我得修改图表,出了点儿错。She is trying to alter the coat. 她正设法改那件衣服。搭配:alter ego 密友:He was my alter ego; we were always picking up each other’s thoughts. 他是我最好的朋友,我们总能明白对方的心思。alter mode 变更方式:You have to alter your mode of living. 你得改变生活方式。拓展:alternatively ad. 二者择一地,作为选择

      听力扩展: Fortunately, Maura had a lifeline—a group of women friends who meet regularly to discuss their lives. Their lively discussions spurred Maura to make small but nevertheless life altering changes. She joined a gym in the next t
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  • 2016-04-25