在一般现在时中, 在一般现在时中,当主语是第三人称单数时,谓语动词要用第三人称单
数形式,即常在动词原形后加-s 或-es。但有些同学们对于哪些主语是第三人称单数还 不十分清楚,现归纳总结如下: 一、人称代词 he, she, it 是第三人称单数。如: He likes watching TV. 他喜欢看电视。 She has lunch at twelve. 她十二点吃午餐。 It looks like a cat. 它看起来像只猫。 二、单个人名、地名或称呼作主语;是第三人称单数。如: ①Han Mei looks like her mother. 韩梅看起来像她的母亲。 ②Beijing is in China. 北京在中国。 ③Uncle Wang often makes cakes. 王叔叔经常做蛋糕。 三、单数可数名词或"this / that / the+单数可数名词"作主语时,是第三人称单数。如: ①A horse is a useful animal. 马是有用的动物。 ②This book is yours. 这本书是你的。 ③That car is red. 那辆小汽车是红色的。 ④The cat is Lucy's. 这只猫是露茜的。 四、 不定代词 someone, somebody, nobody, everything, something 等及指示代词 this, that 作主语时,是第三人称单数。如: ①Everyone is here. 大家到齐了。 ②There is something wrong with the watch. 这块手表有毛病。 ③This is a pen. 这是一支钢笔。 ④That is an eraser. 那是一块橡皮擦。 五、不可数名词作主语时为第三人称单数。如:
①The milk is in the glass. 牛奶在玻璃杯里。 ②The bread is very small. 那面包很小。 六、当数字或字母作主语时,看作第三人称单数。如: ①"6" is a lucky number. "6"是个吉利数字。 ②"I" is a letter. "I"是个字母。 巩固练习题: 巩固练习题: I.写出下列动词的相应形式:

  1. 第三人称单数: wash match guess finish go snow study carry

  2.写出下列动词的过去式:stop see drive let carry keep join find think teach catch
  3. 写出下列动词的现在分词形式: stay begin forget forget lie die run prefer give ring dance hope
II. 用所给动词的适当形式填空:

  1.I (write) to you as soon as I (get) to London.
  2. He doesn’t feel well and (not eat) any food this morning.
  3. He not (see) me come in, for he (read) something with great interest.
  4. I (let) you have the book as soon as I (finish) it.
  5. While we (wait) for our teacher, a little boy (run) up to us.
  6. Don’t make a noise. Grandpa (sleep).
  7.It’s seven now, Tom’s family(watch) TV.
  8. It (take) me two hours to finish my homework last night.
  9. What your mother (do) at eight yesterday evening? She (wash) clothes.
  10. it (rain) when school was over yesterday?
  11. What (do) tomorrow? We (play) football.
  12. There (be) a football match on TV this evening.
  13. They said they (visit) the Great Wall the next summer holiday.
  14. Who (dance) the best in your class?
  15. Will you come if he (not come)?
  16. The teacher told us the earth (move) round the sun.
  17. They (have) a party in the garden if it (not rain) tomorrow.
  18. She (buy) a sweater yesterday.
  19. I don’t know if Mr. Wang (go) to Shanghai tomorrow. If he (go), I (ask) him (take) some books to my daughter, because she (study) there.
单项选择: 单项选择:

  1. The students will go to the Summer Palace if it tomorrow. A. Don’t rain. B. doesn’t rain C. won’t rain
  2. There an English film next week. A. will have B. is going to have C. is going to be D. was going to be
  3. The picture nice. A. looks B. is looked C. look D. is looking
  4. She down and soon fell asleep. A. live B. lain C. laid D. lay
  5. They the office at nine yesterday morning. A. reached to B. arrived C. went D. get to
  6. We shall go to Shanghai on business before you back next week. A. wil come B. came C. would come D. come
  7. Don’t smoke until the plane off. A. takes B. took C. was taken A. to enter D. is take
  8. I saw her the room this morning. B. entered C. enter D. enters
  9.the teacher asked us to school on time. A. to come B. coming C. come D. comes
  10. John is always others. A. help B. helping C. helps D. to help
  11. He told us at eight. A. working B. to work C. work D. worked
  12. You’d better at home and your homework. A. to stay, do B. stay, do C. to stay, to do D. stay, to do
  13. He sat down a rest. A. having B. have C. to have D. had
  14. Uncle Wang knows a washing machine. A. how to make B. to make C. how making D. what to make
英语动词第三人称单数形式练习
写出下列动词的第三人称单数 drink go stay make look have pass carry come watch plant fly study brush do teach
二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。
  1. He often (have) dinner at home.
  2. Daniel and Tommy (be) in Class One.

  3. We (not watch) TV on Monday.
  4. Nick to the zoo on Sunday.
  5. they (like) the World Cup?
  6. What they often (do) on Saturdays?
  7. your parents (read) newspapers every day?
  8. The girl (teach) us English on Sundays.
  9. She and I (take) a walk together every evening.
  10. There (be) some water in the bottle.
  11. Mike (like) cooking.
  12. They (have) the same hobby.
  13. My aunt (look) after her baby carefully.
  14. You always (do) your homework well.
  15. I (be) ill. I’m staying in bed.
  16. She (go) to school from Monday to Friday.
  17. Liu Tao (do) not like PE.
  18. The child often (watch) TV in the evening.
  19. Su Hai and Su Yang (have) eight lessons this term.
  20. -What day (be) it today? - It’s Saturday.
可数名词有单数( Form)和复数(Plu 可数名词有单数(Singular Form)和复数(Plu Form)两种形式 ral Form)两种形式
表示一个人或物用单数形式,表示一个以上的人或物用复数形式。
  1.一般在词尾加-s。s 在浊辅音后面读[z],在清辅音后面读[s],在[t]后与[t]一起读 [ts]在[d]后与[d]一起读[dz]。例如: book ? books 书 day ? days 天、日 dog ? dogs 狗 tree ? trees 树
  2.以 s,sh,ch,x 结尾的词在词尾加-es,读[iz].例如: glass ? glasses 玻璃杯 watch ? watches 手表 box ? boxes 盒子 brush ? brushes 刷子
  3.以 o 结尾的词有些加-es,读[z];有些加-s,读[s]。例如: tomato ? tomatoes 西红柿 potato ? potatoes 土豆 photo ? photos 相片 radio ? radios 收音机 zoo ? zoos 动物园
  4.以 f 或 fe 结尾的词,先把 f 改为 v,再加?es,读[vz]。例如: knife ? knive s 小刀 leaf ? leaves 树叶 life ? lives 生命 thief ? thieves 小偷
  5.以辅音字母加 y 结尾的,先把 y 改为 i,再加-es,读[z]。例如: story ? stor ies 故事 city ? cities 城市 family ? families 家庭 baby ? babies 婴儿 注 意:boy ? boys 男孩 toy ? toys 玩具 key ? keys 钥匙
  6.有些名词有不规则的复数形式。例如: man ? men 男人 woman ? women 妇女 to oth ? teeth 牙齿 foot ? feet 脚
  7.有些名词的单复数形式相同。例如; deer ? deer 鹿 sheep ? sheep 绵羊 Chin ese ? Chinese 中国人 Japanese ? Japanese 日本人
  8.有些学科名词虽以 s 结尾,但通常都做单数名词看待。例如: physics 物理 math s 数学 politics 政治 news 新闻
  9.有些单数形式的名词具有复数的含义,要当作复数看待。例如: people 人们,人 民 police 警察 public 公众
名词由单数变成复数的练习
写出下列名词复数 leafpuppyboxknifeflyfox bus be nch brushkisschurchdishrulerpeach glasspencilboyzoomanroofsheepk nifeladykeystorywatchbamboocityfa milydayappleeraserspeechthiefmouse
_fishgoosepeopleoxChinesedeerfootch ildtoothguyherospybossmonkey city goat radio horse dog two(pair) of(shoe) 用所给的单词的复数的正确形式填空: 用所给的单词的复数的正确形式填空: 1>There are so many(wolf)in the forest. 2>There are three (chair) in the classroom. 3>These (tomato) are red. 4>(hero) are great. 5>My brother looks after two (baby) 6>There are some (deer) eating the grass. 7>My father likes to eat (potato). 8>Chinese (people)like to eat noodles. 9>I have a lot of (toy) in my bedroom. 10>I help my mother wash (dish) in thekitchen. 11>I have two (pencil-box). 12>There are some (bus)in the street. 13>Peter has eight (foot). 14>Linda has three (tooth). 15>There are some (child) in the garden. 16>Michael likes the (mouse). 17>There are some (goose)in the river. 18>My uncle and father are (man). 19>Tom and King are (boy). 20>Linda has three (tooth). 选出正确形式
  1.I can see three in the zoo. A monkeys B monkeys C monkey
  2.The pig has four . A. foot B. feet C. foots
  3.My two brothers are both . A. policeman B. policemans C. policemen
  4.There are four in the class. A. Japanese B. Japaneses C. Japan
  5.I can see ten in the picture. A. sheep B. dog C. pig
  6.The has three. A. boys, watches B. boy, watch C. boy, watches
  7.C an you see on the plate?A.bread B.breads C.breades
  8.The girl often brushes her before she goes to bed. A. tooth B. tooths C. teeth
  9.Mr Black often drink some .A. milk B. milks C.milkes
  10.There are some on the floor. A. child B. water C. books
  11. will learn English. A. Woman B. Women C. Man

  12.Lucy will show us some new of hers. A. photo B. photos C. photoes
  13. I drank two . A. bottles of orange B. bottle of orange C. bottles of oranges
  14.The cat eats two last night. A. mouses B. mice C. mouse
  15.I need a pen and some . A.books B.desk C.chair 16 Jim was late for two classes this morning. He said that he forgot both of the . A. rooms number B. Room number C. Room’s number D. Room numbers
  17. The newly-built library is a building. A. five-storey B. five storeys C. five-storey’s D. five storeys’
  18. Whose umbrella is it? It’s . A. somebody else’s B. Somebody else C. Somebody’s else’s D. Somebody’s else
  19. I feel terribly hot, What’s the ? A. temperature of room B. Room’s temperature C. Room temperature D. Temperature of room’s
  20. will make a trip around the world during the coming Christmas. A. The Evens B. The Evens’C. The Evenses D. The Evenses’
  21.The girl talking to Mary is a friend of . A. Mary’s sister B. Mary sister’s C. Mary’s sister’s D. sister of Mary’s
  22. The woman over there is mother. A. Julia and Shelley’sB. Julia’s and Shelley’s B. C. Julia and Shelley D. Julia’s and Shelley
  23. He is very tired. He needs . A. a night rest B. a rest night C. a night’s rest D. a rest of night
  24. Excuse me,where are offices? Over there. A. teacher’s B. teachers’C. the teacher’s D. the teachers’
  25. Today is September 10th. It’s Day. Let’s go and buy some flowers for our teachers. A. Teacher B. Teachers’ C. the Teachers’ D. Teacher’s
 

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