2003 年 11 月北京地区成人本科学士 学位英语统一考试试题( ) 学位英语统一考试试题(A)
Part I Reading Comprehension (30%) Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage 1 Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage: After a busy day of work and play, the body needs to rest. Sleep is necessary for good health. During this time, the body recovers from the activities of the previous day. (
  76) The rest that you get while sleeping enables your body to prepare itself for the next day. There are four levels of sleep, each being a little deeper than the one before. As you sleep, your muscles relax little by little. Your heart beats more slowly, and your brain slows down. After you reach the fourth level, your body shifts back and forth from one level of sleep to the other. Although your mind slows down, from time to time you will dream. Scientists who study sleep state that when dreaming occurs, your eyeballs begin to move more quickly (although your eyelids are closed). This stage of sleep is called REM, which stands for rapid eye movement. (
  77) If you have trouble falling asleep, some people recommend breathing very slowly and very deeply. Other people believe that drinking warm milk will help make you drowsy. There is also an old suggestion. Other people believed that drinking warm milk will help make you drowsy. There is also an old suggestion that counting sheep will put you to sleep!
  1. A good title for this passage is . A. Sleep B. Good Health C. Dreams D. Work and Rest
  2. The word “drowsy” in the last paragraph means . A. sick B. stand up C. asleep D. a little sleepy
  3. This passage suggests that not getting enough sleep might make you . A. dream more often B. have poor health C. nervous D. breathe quickly
  4. During REM, . A. your eyes move quickly B. you dream C. you are restless D. both A and B
  5. The average number of hours of sleep that an adult needs is . A. approximately six hours B. around ten hours C. about eight hours D. not stated here
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Passage 2 Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage: Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages. (
  78)In the first place, television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also a comparatively cheap one. With a TV set in the family people don’t have to pay for expensive seats at the theatre, the cinema, or the opera. All they have to do is to push a button or turn a knob, and they can see plays, films, operas and shows of every kind. Some people, however, think that this is where the danger lies. The television viewers need do nothing. He does not even have to use his legs if he has a remote control. He makes no choice, does no exercises, and makes no judgment. He is completely passive and has everything presented to him without any effort on his part. Television, it is often said, keeps one informed about current events and the latest developments in science and politics. The most distant countries and the strangest customs are brought right into one’s sitting room. It could be argued that the radio performs this service as well; but on television everything is much more living, much more real. Yet here again there is a danger. The television screen itself has a terrible, almost physical charm for us. (
  79) We get so used to looking at the movements on it, so dependent on its pictures, that it begins to control our lives. People are often heard to say that their television sets have broken down and that they have suddenly found that they have far more time to do things and that they have actually begun to talk to each other again. It makes one think, doesn’t it? There are many other arguments for and against television. We must realize that television itself is neither good nor bad. It is the uses that it is put to that determine its value to society.
  6. What is the major function of paragraph 1? A. To arouse the reader’s concern B. To introduce the theme of the whole passage C. To summarize the whole passage D. To state the primary uses of TV
  7. Television, as a source of entertainment, is . A. not very convenient B. very expensive C. quite dangerous D. relatively cheap
  8. Why are some people against TV? A. Because TV programs are not interesting. B. Because TV viewers are totally passive. C. Because TV prices are very high. D. Because TV has both advantages and disadvantages.
  9. One of the most obvious advantages of TV is that . A. it keeps us informed B. it is very cheap C. it enables us to have a rest D. it controls our lives
  10. According to the passage, whether TV is good or not depends on . A. its quality B. people’s attitude towards it C. how we use it D. when we use it
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Passage 3 Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage: Too often young people get themselves employed quite by accident, not knowing what lies in the way of opportunity for promotion, happiness and security. As a result, they are employed doing jobs that afford them little or no satisfaction. (
  80)Our school leavers face so much competition that they seldom care what whey do as long as they can earn a living. Some stay long at a job and learn to like it; others quit from one to another looking for something to suit them. The young graduates who leave the university look for jobs that offer a salary up to their expectation. Very few go out into the world knowing exactly what they want and realizing their own abilities. The reason behind all this confusion is that there never has been a proper vocational guidance in our educational institution. Nearly all grope (摸索) in the dark and their chief concern when they look for a job is to ask what salary is like. They never bother to think whether they are suited for the job or, even more important, whether the job suits them. Having a job is more than merely providing yourself and your dependants with daily bread and some money for leisure and entertainment. It sets a pattern of life and, in many ways, determines social status in life, selection of friends, leisure and interest. In choosing a career you should first consider the type of work which will suit your interest. Nothing is more pathetic than taking on a job in which you have no interest, for it will not only discourage your desire to succeed in life but also ruin your talents and ultimately make you an emotional wreck (受到严重伤害的人) and a bitter person.
  11. The reason why some people are unlikely to succeed in life is that they. A. have ruined their talents B. have taken on an unsuitable job C. think of nothing but their salary D. are not aware of their own potential
  12. The difficulty in choosing a suitable job lies mainly in that . A. much competition has to be faced B. many employees have no working experience C. the young people only care about how much they can earn D. schools fail to offer students appropriate vocational guidance
  13. Which of the following statements is most important according to the passage? A. Your job must suit your interest. B. Your job must set a pattern of life. C. Your job must offer you a high salary. D. Your job must not ruin your talents.
  14. The best title for this passage would be . A. What Can A Good Job Offer B. Earning A Living C. Correct Attitude On Job-hunting D. How To Choose A Job
  15. The word “pathetic” in paragraph 2 most probably means . A. splendid B. miserable C. disgusted D. touching
3
Part II Vocabulary and Structure (30%) Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  16. Today books are to everyone because they are no longer expensive. A. available B. preferable C. reliable D. actual
  17. We shall ask for samples and then we can make our decision. A. to be sent B. being sent C. to sent D. to have been sent
  18. The forest fire caused by the volcano is difficult to be . A. put off B. put away C. put out D. put up
  19. It was not midnight that they discovered the children were not in their beds. A. before B. at C. after D. until
  20. The girl is not happy at the new school. She has friends there. A. few B. a few C. little D. quite a few
  21. Robots have already human tasks in the industrial field. A. taken on B. taken out C. taken up D. taken over
  22. I can’t find the recorder in the room. It by somebody. A. must have taken B. may have taken C. may have been taken D. should have been taken
  23. He took the medicine, but it didn’t have any . A. answer B. cause C. effect D. work
  24. It is that over one million Americans now live below the poverty line. A. judged B. estimated C. calculated D. considered
  25. He left an important detail in his account. A. off B. over C. behind D. out
  26. When there are small children around, it is necessary to put bottles of pills out of . A. hand B. hold C. place D. reach
  27. I hadn’t seen him for years, but I his voice on the telephone. A. realized B. discovered C. recognized D. heard
  28. This place, originally a small town, has been into a modern city. A. transported B. transferred C. transmitted D. transformed
  29. There was nobody when we came round the corner. A. out of sight B. at sight C. by sight D. in sight
  30. We’ll be only too glad to attend your party we can get a baby-sitter. A. so far as B. provided that C. unless D. except that
  31. They couldn’t him of his mistake. A. advise B. convince C. persuade D. believe
  32. The old gentleman never fails to help is in need of his help. A. whom B. who C. whoever D. whomever
  33. under a microscope, a fresh snowflake has a delicate six-pointed shape. A. Seeing B. Seen C. To see D. To be seen
  34. “When are you going to visit your uncle in Chicago?”
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“As soon as our work for tomorrow.” A. we’re complete B. we’d complete C. we’ll complete D. we complete Neither John nor I able to persuade Richard’s grandfather to attend the wedding. A. am B. are C. are to be D. is You ought the matter to the manager the day before yesterday. A. to report B. to have reported C. to reporting D. have reported We look forward to to the opening ceremony. A. invite B. be invited C. having been invited D. being invited Excuse me, but it is time to have your temperature . A. taking B. taken C. took D. take I cannot the truth of your words, although they go against my interests. A. but admit B. but admitting C. help but to admit D. help but admitting When I went to visit Mrs. Smith last week, I was told she two days before. A. has left B. was leaving C. would leave D. had left The boat will not arrive forty-four hours. A. in B. at C. for D. by In winter, animals have a hard time anything to eat. A. to find B. to finding C. to find out D. finding Since you won’t take advice, there is no in asking for it. A. place B. point C. reason D. way is known to all, too much smoking will cause lung cancer. A. That B. It C. As D. What They have developed techniques which are to those used in most factories. A. more B. better C. greater D. superior
Part III Identification (10%) Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  46. I’m old enough not to let my troubles to interfere with my work. A B C D
  47. It was in the primary school where my teacher introduced me to computers. A B C C
  48. Where did the accident in which your friend was hurt took place? A B C D
  49. There are twelve people take part in the experiment, four working as a group. A B C D
  50. Red and green light, if mixing, in the right proportion, will give us yellow. A B C D
  51. We strongly suggest that Smith is told about his physical condition as soon as possible. A B C D
5

  52. Nearly three quarters of the surface of the earth are covered with water, and there would A B C be even less land if the polar icecaps were melt. D
  53. The seventeenth century was one which many significant advances were made in both A B C D science and philosophy.
  54. No matter whatever happens, we’re determined to do our best and make the experiment a A B C success. D
  55. Let’s not waste time on matters of no important. We have other vital problems to A B C deal with. D Part IV Cloze (10%) Directions: there are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. What do we mean by a perfect English pronunciation? In one _56__ there are as many different kinds of English as there are speakers of it. __57_ two speakers speak in exactly the same __58_. We can always hear differences _59__ them, and the pronunciation of English _60__ a great deal in differ
 

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