机考完型填空题 《大学英语 B》机考完型填空题 Modern zoos are very different from zoos that were built fifty years 46 . At that time, zoos were places 47 people could go to see animals from many parts of the world. The animals lived in cages that were made 48 concrete with iron bars, cages that were easy to keep clean. for the animals, the cages were small and impossible to hide in. The zoo 49 environment was 50 natural. 51 the zoo keepers took good care of the animals and fed them well, many of the animals did not thrive; they behaved in strange ways, and they often became ill. In modern zoos, people can see animals in more natural habitats. The animals are given more 52 in large areas so that they can live more 53 as they would in nature. Even the appearance of zoos has changed. Trees and grass grow in the cages, and streams of water flow 54 the areas 55 animals live in.
  46. A. later B. ago C. before D. after 解析:现代动物园与建于 50 年以前的动物园不同。根据句子意思应该表示在…..以前,正确 答案选 B
  47. A. which B. that C. when D. where 解析:指代那些地方用 where,正确答案选 D
  48. A. up of B. into C. of D. for 解析:根据句子意思,动物居住在由混凝土做成的笼子里面,表示由。。 。。组成有固定搭配 make of 组成,构成,正确答案选 C
  49. A. Unfortunately B. Successfully C. luckily D. Unusually 解析:由后面的句子,笼很小而且很难躲藏,所以对于动物来说是不幸的,正确答案选 A
  50. A. only B. anything only C. but D. anything but 解析:由前面可以看出那时的公园和自然完全不一样,表示不一样的意思用 anything but, 正确答案选 D
  51. A. Despite B. Since C. Now that D. Although 解析: 由后面的句子可以了解到虽然饲养员很照顾这些动物可最后它们还是病了, 根据上下 文这里应该用 Although 表虽然…….但是,正确答案选 D
  52. A. freedom B. food C. drink D. dependence 解析:与前面对比,现代公园应该给动物更多的自由。正确答案选 A
  53. A. silently B. comfortably C. difficultly D. independently 解析:跟它们在大自然生活一样,可以推测是跟大自然一样舒服的意思,正确答案选 B。 silently 静静的 independently 独立的
  54. A. over B. through C. for D. below 解析:这里表示为河流流过了动物居住的地方。表示通过的意思应该用 through,through 穿 过,通过 over 越过 below 在……下面,正确答案选 B
  55. A. that B. where C. when D. these 解析:这里指代前面的 the areas,用 that 引导从句修饰 areas,正确答案选 A
《大学英语 B》机考作文题及范文

  1) My Plan for the Spring Festival Spring festival is the most important festival for Chinese people. Many people will prepare many things for the spring festival. Now this is my plan for the spring festival. The first, I will visit my friends and my relatives. The second, I will make a big snow man with my daughter and my wife. The third, I will stay with my parents, because I have no more time to stay with them at peacetime. This is my plan for the spring festival. I hope all of you have a good time in the spring festival.

  2) Why I Like Learning English (about English study) ) Why I like learning English? Firstly, English is very useful. English is the most widely used language in the world. If we make a visit to foreign countries or do business with foreigners, we need communicate with them in English. Secondly, with China becoming stronger and stronger, we have more chances to go abroad. We can know the English-speaking countries much deeper if we know English. Both China and English-speaking countries have realized the importance of the culture exchanging. Above all, English is useful and important, we must master English.

  3) My Dream I have a dream from the first time I sit in a car?I want to drive. Driving is the most meaningful way to meet human being’s desire of “faster”. What’s more, driving a car can take me to any place I want whether it rains, snows, blows or not. A smooth ride in a good car is enjoyable. With rows of trees moving backward rapidly, music played, breeze blowing, my soul flies in the air. I love this feeling very much..

  5) About Self-study As adult students in Shanghai TV University, self-study becomes very important. According to me, there are several pieces of tips of self-study. First, I always make a study plan in the beginning of
a new semester. Second, preview every unit before the lesson. Third, try to finish the homework after class. Fourth, go over what I have learnt in class regularly at home. Without review, you will absolutely forget what you’ve learnt as quickly as possible. So reviewing is helpful in understanding and memorizing what you’ve learnt.

  6) The Job I Like (my ideal job) I like to be a teacher. Three reasons have led me to choose this occupation. First, teaching is learning. To make my lectures more constructive and stimulating, I have to read more books, explore new knowledge and gain a better understanding of the world, which is the very thing I enjoy in my life. Second, teaching means freedom and independence. As a teacher, I’m free to use my own ideas and make my own decisions. Finally, I like teaching because it offers certain peace of mind. All in all, the reasons above make me like teaching best.

  7) My Favorite TV program The News Report has always been my favorite TV program. The News Report contains a large amount of information ranging from the international political situation to the latest football game. And the most important character is its fast pace. Because of this fast pace, news programs can contain much information in a short time. In my opinion, the News Report is more than a TV program. It is a way of communication. From this program, people can know and understand world affairs. I especially appreciate this benefit of watching the news.

  8) My Family There are seven people in my family. They are my grandfather, grandmother, father, mother, my two younger brothers and I. My father is a businessman. He is busy working everyday. My mother is a housewife. She cooks meals, washes clothes, and teaches us lessons everyday. One of my younger brothers is a junior high school student, and we go to the same school. My grandparents help my parents look after the youngest brother every day. We go to the movies every Sunday. How is your family?

  9)
About Television
Television has its good as well as bad sides. It makes us informed of daily news, lets us know the
outside world, provides lessons for learners, and it has brought joy and interest into people’s lives. Unfortunately, some television programs have been extremely harmful to the young. Violent movies are shown on TV programs. Children regard the murders as heroes or models, so they imitate. Therefore there happened many murders or shooting cases in American campuses. What a big harm. So young people should learn to get ride of the bad influences of TV and learn to make use of the advantages that TV brings us.

  10) My Classmates Liu Kai is my classmate. He is a good student and always ready to help others. One day on his way to school, he saw a little girl crossing the road when a car nearly hit her. Just then Liu Kai rushed up to her and caught her by the arm. The little girl was saved. She told him where she lived, and he took her home. When Liu Kai hurried into the classroom, the teacher had already begun lesson. He told the teacher why he was late. He was then praised for what he had done.

  11) My Favorite Book
  12) The Book I Like Best (My Favorite Teacher ) My favorite book is “Dream of The Red Chamber”. The book tries to tell us that there are different kinds of love, only one kind which should be considered as True Love. In our life, we should marry the true love instead of wealth and good looks. From this book, we also get to know a part of the noble people’s life in Qing Dynasty and find some life philosophies from it. So this book is very instructive to people. We should learn more from this book as well as other books.

  13)
My Favorite Food
I like many different kinds of foods, among them, egg is my favorite. Egg contains a lot of essential nutrients needed by the human body. Eggs are oval shaped spheres with a light brown color. Egg is the basic ingredient to many dishes, like omelet and French toast. You can easily get eggs at any supermarket, and they are sold for a very cheap price too. Besides the cheap price, egg contains lots of nutrients and is a very good source of energy. In conclusion, egg is my favorite food.

  14) My Hometown My hometown is Haimen, which is not far from Shanghai. Haimen is a modern city. There are lots
of high buildings in it. Most of us live in flats because we can be close to our friends. My hometown is a beautiful city. On either side of the roads, there are some big trees and nice flowers. The roads are also very clean, which makes people happy and comfortable. The weather here is very nice. I like autumn best, for it’s neither hot nor cold but very cool. I love Haimen. Welcome to my hometown.

  15) My English Study (about English study) English is always my favorite subject and I am good at English. I would like to share 4 good studying habits with you. First, remember 20 new words, and never give up. Second, go over grammar points I have learnt in English class regularly. Third, read an English article in China Daily every day. Fourth, write an English composition every week and ask teacher to revise that for me to improve the writing level. If you do things above, I am sure your English will also be improved.

  16) My Best Friend Linda is my best friend. She is 15 years old pretty girl with a round face and two big black eyes. She always has a smile on her face. Every morning, we go to school together. She studies quite well and she is one of the top students in our class. When I have difficulty in English, I always ask her for help. We are both interested in music. At weekends, we join the same hobby group and play the violin together. We like each other and enjoy staying together.

  17) How to Overcome Difficulties in My English Studies
I have made a lot of improvements in English. The following is my way to overcome the difficulties. Everyday, I do half an hour’s morning reading to try to pronounce every word out. And I will then spend half an hour listening to English radios like BBC to correct my pronunciation. Because I have trouble in English grammar, I attend a full-time English class of STVU to study grammar. The teacher recommends me to buy a grammar book?《Advanced English Grammar》. It helps me with my English study a lot. These above are what I have done to overcome my difficulties.

  18) My Study Plan
A new semester is coming, in order to study English well, I make a study plan. First, try to remember 20 words from dictionary everyday. Second, go over grammar points I have learnt in English class regularly. Third, form a habit of reading an English article in China Daily every day. Fourth, write an English composition every week and ask teacher to revise that for me to improve the writing level. Fifth, listen to English radio as often as possible to improve my listening.

  19)
The Chinese New Year
“New Year” is a time for good cheer. In China men and women, boys and girls, all look forward to a happy year. It is time for rest and refreshment. Business is suspended for a time. Young fellows lay aside their school work and give themselves up to merriment and joy. Each family has its members together for reunion. Friends call on one another. Public places are filled with all kinds of cheerful people. Children with lucky money in their new clothes have a delightful time playing games. The Chinese New Year lasts about a fortnight. It gives sufficient recreation to people.

  20) The Computer Nowadays, computers are becoming more and more popular. Computers can help different people in different ways. They can help children with lessons and homework, help students and scholars do calculations, analyze data and present the latest achievements. Furthermore, they can assist engineers and experts in the design of a mold, a bridge or a spaceship. Besides, computers can offer fun and entertainment to us with the internet games, movies, and etc. Indeed, computers have become a good companion of man.

  21) How to Keep Healthy
  23) How to Keep Healthy Nowadays more and more people are concerned about their health, but how to keep healthy? First, it is necessary to take some exercise every day. Research shows that getting plenty of exercise makes the heart beat faster and the lungs work harder. Second, eat more fruits, vegetables and less meat. Third, getting rid of bad habits like smoking and drinking is also an important way to keep healthy. Smoking and alcohol drinking injure one is health a great deal, and therefore should be given up. If people follow these three ways of keeping fit, they’ll greatly improve their health.

  22) My Plan for the National Day Holiday

  18) (My Plan for the May 1st Holiday)
National Holiday is coming. There are altogether 7 days, so I need to plan it in advance. Firstly, I plan to have a good rest for the first 2 days when I can have a good sleep and don’t worry to get up late, and then do a good clea
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