大学英语(B)模拟试题
Test 4
第一部分:交际用语(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
  1. Please help yourself to the seafood. 请吃点海鲜。 D A. No, I can’t B. Sorry, I can’t help C. Well, seafood don’t suit her. D. Thanks, but I don’t like the seafood. 对不 起,我不吃海鲜。
  2. Can you go to the concert with us this evening? 今晚你能和我们一起去听音乐会 吗? B A. No, I already have plans B. I’d love to, but I’m busy tonight 我很 高兴去,但今晚我很忙。 C. No, I already don’t like being with you. D. I’m ill, so I shouldn’t go out.
  3. Congratulations! You won the first prize in today’s speech contest.祝贺你在今天的 演讲比赛中获得冠军。 C A. Yes, I beat the others. B. No, no, I didn’t do it well C. Thank you. 谢谢你。 D. It’ s a pleasure.
  4. Must I take a taxi? 我必须坐出租车 吗? No, you D. You can take my car. A. had better to B. don’t C. must not D. don’t have to 不必。
  5. We are going to have a sing party tonight. Would you like to join us? 今晚我 们有个歌唱聚会,你想来吗? A A. I’m afraid not, because I have to go to an important meeting. 恐怕不行,因为我得参 加一个重要会议。 B. Of course not. I have no idea. C. No, I can’t D. That’s all set
  6. May I use you r bike for a moment? 你 的自行车我可以用一会吗? C A. It’s well. B. It doesn’t matter. C. By all means. 当然可以。 D. I have no idea.
  7. How do you do? Glad to meet you. 你 好,很高兴认识你。 B A. Fine. How are you? B. How do you do? Glad to meet you, too. 你好,我也很高兴认识你。 C. How are you? Thank you! D. Nice. How are you?
  8. Hi, is Mary there, please? 请问,Mary 在吗? A A. Hold on. I’ get her. 别挂断, ll 我去叫她。 B. No, she isn’t here. C. Yes, she lives here. D. Yes, what do you want?

  9. Would you mind changing seats with me? 你介意和我换个位置吗? C A. Yes, you can. B. Of course, I like to. C. No, I don’t mind. 不介意。 D. Certainly, please do.
  10. Shall we sit up here on the grass or down there near the water? 我们在这儿的 草地上坐呢还是去那儿的河边坐? A A. I’d rather stay here if you don’t mind. 我想在这儿坐。 B. Sorry, I don’t like neither. C. Certainly, why not? D. Yes, we like these two places. 第二部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) Passage 1 Laws have been written to govern the use of American National Flag, and to ensure proper respect for the flag. Custom has also governed the common practice in regard to its use. All the armed services have precise regulations on how to display the national flag. This may vary somewhat from the general rules. The national flag should be raised and lowered by hand. Do not raise the flag while it is folded. Unfold the flag first, and then hoist it quickly to the top of the flagpole. Lower it slowly and with dignity. Place no objects on or over the flag. Do not use the flag as part of a costume or athletic uniform. Do not print it upon cushions, handkerchiefs, paper napkins or boxes. A federal law provides that the trademark cannot be registered if it comprises the flag, or badgers of the US. When the flag is used to unveil a statue or monument, it shouldn’t serve as a covering of the object to be unveiled. If it is displayed on such occasions, do not allow the flag to fall to the ground, but let it be carried high up in the air to form a feature of the ceremony. Take every precaution to prevent the flag from soiled. It should not be allowed to touch the ground or floor, nor to brush against objects. (227 words) 已经制定了法律来规定美国国旗的使用并 确保对国旗应有的尊敬。关于国旗的使用 也早已有了惯例。全军就国旗的展开方法 有明确的规定,这与常规有点不同。国旗 的升降应由手工完成。国旗未展开时不能 升起。应先使它展开,然后快速把它升至 旗杆。缓慢、庄严地降下。旗上不可以放 东西。 不要把国旗镶嵌在衣服或运动装上, 也不要把国旗印在垫子、手帕、纸巾或盒 子上。联邦法律规定如果某个商标含有美 国国旗或国徽,这个商标就不能被注册。 当国旗被用来为雕像或纪念碑揭幕时,不 可以盖在被揭幕物上。如果国旗被用在这 种场合,则不能让它掉到地上而应悬在空 中作为这个仪式的象征。特别注意不要玷 污国旗,不允许触到地面或擦着物体。
  11. How do Americans ensure proper respect for the national flag? A 美国人是如何确保对国旗应有的尊敬的? 1
A. By making laws. 通过制定法律。 B. By enforcing discipline C. By educating the public D. By holding ceremonies.
  12. What is the regulation regarding the raising of the American National Flag? B 升美国国旗有何规定? A. It should be raised by soldiers. B. It should be raised quickly by hand. 应该 快速用手升起 C. It should be raised only by Americans. D. It should be raised by mechanical means.
  13. How should the American National Flag be displayed at an unveiling ceremony? 揭幕仪式上应该如何使用国旗?D A. It should be attached to the status. B. It should be hung from the top of the monument. C. It should be spread over the object to be unveiled. D. It should be carried high up in the air. 应该悬挂在空中
  14. What do we learn about the use of the American National Flag? C 对 于美国国旗的使用我们知道了什么? A. There has been a lot of controversy over the use of flag. B. The best athletes can wear uniforms with the design of the flag. C. There are precise regulations and customs to be followed. 要严格遵守规定和 习惯。 D. Americans can print the flag on their cushions or handkerchiefs.
  15. What is Americans’ attitude towards their National Flag? B 美国 人对于自己的国旗是什么态度? A. Arbitrary B. Respect. 尊 敬 C. Happy D. Brave. Passage 2 It has been reported that in colleges across the United States, the daytime serial drama known as the soap opera has suddenly become “in”. Between the hours of 11 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. , college television lounges are filled with soap opera fans who can’t wait to see the next episode in the lives of their favorite characters. 据报道,在美国大学里,被称为肥皂剧的 日间系列剧突然“火”了起来。上午 11 点 至下午
  4:
  30,大学电视观看室里挤满了 肥皂剧迷,他们急着想看自己所崇拜的偶 像的下一集生活剧。 Actually, soaps are more than a college favorite; they’re a youth favorite. When school is out, high-school students are in front of their TV sets. One young working woman admitted that she turned down a higher paying job rather than give up watching her favorite serials. During the 1960’s, it was uncommon for young people to watch soap operas. The mood of the sixties was very different from now. It was a time of seriousness, and talk was about social issues of great importance. 其实,肥皂剧不仅仅是大学生最喜爱的节 目,也是年轻人最喜爱的。放学后,中学
生都挤在电视机前观看节目。有一个年轻 的职业妇女坦诚说起曾经拒绝了一份薪水 不错的工作而不愿放弃观看最喜爱的系列 剧。20 世纪 60 年代年轻人很少看肥皂剧。 那时的情况与现在很不相同。那是很严肃 的时期,人们所谈的都是关于很重要的社 会大事。 Now, seriousness has been replaced by fun. Young people want to be happy. It may seem strange that they should turn to soap opera, which is known for showing trouble in people’s lives. But soap opera is enjoyment. Young people can identify with the soap opera character, who, like the college-age viewer, is looking for happy love, and probably not finding it. And soap opera gives young people a chance to feel close to people without having to bear any responsibility fir their problems. (226words) 现在,严肃已被娱乐取代。年轻人想寻找 快乐。如果他们想看表现生活烦恼的肥皂 剧就会显得很奇怪。但肥皂剧是令人快乐 的。年轻人可以模仿肥皂剧里的人物,这 些人物象大学生观众一样,在寻找快乐的 爱情,也许还没找到。肥皂剧给年轻人一 个贴近人们的机会但对于他们的问题却不 必承担责任。
  16.What is soap opera? C 什么是肥皂剧? A. Plays based on science fiction stories. B. Plays based on non-fiction stories. C. The daytime serial dramas on TV. 白 天的电视系列剧。 D. Popular documentary films on TV.
  17. What can be the best title of the passage? C 这篇文章的最佳题目是 什么? A. College student viewers. B. Favorite TV serials. C. Soap opera fans. 肥皂剧迷 D. College-age viewers.
  18. Which are not the reasons why the soap opera suddenly becomes “in” according to the passage? D 根据这 篇文章,哪一项不是肥皂剧突然火起来的 原因? A. Because the viewers want to be happy and to enjoy themselves. B. because the soap opera makes young people feel close to their people C. Because the viewers can find themselves in the soap opera characters. D. Because the young people have to bear the responsibilities for their troubles. 因为 年轻人得承担问题的责任。
  19. What can we learn from the passage? C 这篇文章让 我们知 道了 什么? A. College students like soap operas more than any other social groups. B. Young people of sixties liked soap operas more than people today. C. Young viewers have turned themselves from the seriousness of sixties to enjoyment now. 年轻人已经使自己从 60 年代人的严 肃转向了现在的快乐。 D. The young as a whole are trying to look
for happy love but in vain.
  20. What message does the author want to convey to us? B 作者想向我 们表达什么信息? A. The people’s favorites to drama works have been changed for a long time. B. The people’s favorites to drama works change along with the times. 人们对戏剧作 品的喜爱随着时间而改变 C. The people’s favorites to drama works is changed by the soap opera. D. The people’s favorites have changed the drama works. Passage 3 How men first learnt to invent words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really known is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thought and feelings, actions, and things, so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to represent those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or written in letters, we call words. 人们最初是如何发明单词的不得而知,换 句话说,语言的起源是个秘密。所有我们 所知道的只是,人,不同于动物,不知怎 么发明了某些声音来表达思想、情感、行 为和物质,以便相互交流;后来统一了某 些被称为字母的符号,这些字母可以连起 来代表那些声音,可以写下来。我们把那 些声音叫做单词,不管他们是口语还是书 面语。 The power of words, then, lies in their associations - the things they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something to us increases. 文字的力量在于其联系性-它们把这些联 系性带到我们的头脑中。通过经历,单词 对我们充满了意义。我们活得越久,某些 单词就越能使我们回忆起过去的喜怒哀 乐;我们越是阅读和学习,有意义的单词 数量就越增加。 Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming and telling use of words is what we call literary style. Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and vulgar . (239words) 伟大的作家是那些不仅具有伟大思想而且 能用词汇来表达这些思想的人,他们的思 想强烈地震撼着我们的心灵和情感。单词 的这种美妙和寓意用法就是我们所谓的文 学性。总之,真正的诗人是文字的掌握着。 他可以用音乐般的词汇来表达自己的意 2
思,这些词汇凭借其所用环境和联系性能 让人感动得流泪。因此,我们应该学会仔 细选择所用词汇并准确使用,否则会使我 们说的话可笑又粗俗。
  21. The origin of language is D 语言的起源是 A. a legend handed down from the past B. a matter that is hidden or secret. C. a question difficult to answer. D. a problem not yet solved. 一个还未解决 的问题
  22. What
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