Objective
Unit 1
Notes To Passage A Activities On Passage A
Notes To Passage B Activities On Passage B
Basic E-commerce Writing
Related Reading
Work online
Unit 1
学 习 目 标
Objective: In this unit, you will learn: What is electronic commerce Identify the future of electronic commerce The development of Internet Basic E-commerce English Writing Focus: The definitions of electronic commerce. Nodus: The evolution of electronic commerce
Passage A
What is Electronic Commerce? ?

  1) Broadly speaking, electronic commerce is the production, advertising, sale and distribution of products via telecommunications networks. 从广义上来讲,电子商务是指通过电讯网络进行产品的生产、 宣传、销售和配送的活动。 注解:电子商务的定义各有千秋。维基百科(www.wikipedia.com) (www.wikipedia.com) 注解 上的定义是:从总体上来看,电子商务是指对整个贸易活动实现 电子化。从狭义上讲EC (Electronic Commerce)是指在互联网(Internet)、 企业内部网(Intranet)和增值网(VAN,Value Added Network)上以电子交 易方式进行交易活动和相关服务活动,是传统贸易活动各环节的 电子化、网络化。
Notes To Passage A
Passage A
What is Electronic Commerce? ?

  2) It allows companies to select the best suppliers regardless of their geographical location and to sell to a global market. 它(电子商务)使企业既能挑选最佳供应商进货而无 须顾及他们的地理位置,又能将商品向全球市场销售。 注解: 注解:注意介词短语regardless of(不管;不顾)的用法: ◆Regardless of danger, he climbed the tower. 他不顾危险地爬上了高塔。试比较: ◆He went to work despite his illness. 尽管生病,他还是去工作。 ◆Despite advanced years, she is learning to drive. 尽管年事已高,她还在学开车。 Notes To Passage A
Passage A
What is Electronic Commerce? ?

  3) Modern business is characterized by ever-increasing supply capabilities, ever-increasing global competition, and ever-increasing customer expectations. 现代贸易的特点是不断增长的供应能力,日趋激烈的全 球竞争乃至顾客越来越高的期望。 注解:掌握动词characterize(具有...的特征,以...为特征)的 注解 用法。 例如: ◆A mister is characterized by greed. 守财奴的特点是贪婪。 ◆This kind of behaviour characterizes the criminal mind. 这种举止是罪犯的心理特征。 Notes To Passage A
Passage A
What is Electronic Commerce? ?

  4) It enables companies to be more efficient and flexible in their internal operations, to work more closely with their suppliers, and to be more responsive to the needs and expectations of their customers. 它(电子商务)能使公司的内部运作更有效率也更灵 活,与供应商的合作更加紧密,对顾客的期望和要求 响应得更快。 注解:此句中的三个不定式(to be more….to 注解 work……to be more……)均用来补充说明宾语companies 的。 End Notes To Passage A

  1.
  3.1 Critical thinking

  1) What is Electronic Commerce in your eyes?
  2) What can you do with Electronic Commerce?
  3) Who is Bill Gates? What do you know about him?
  4) Is it safe to conduct business on Internet?
  5) Have you ever tried to buy things from the Internet? If so, would you like to share your experience with others?
Activities On Passage A

  1.
  3.2 Translation practice

  1.
  3.
  2.1 Give the Chinese equivalents of the following words or expressions:
  1) file transfer 文件传输
  2) digital cash 电子现金
  3) geographical location 地理位置
  4)
  5)
  6)
  7)
  8)
  9) on a global scale EDI competition definition manufacturer advertising
在全球范围内 电子数据交换 竞争 定义 生产商 广告 互动

  10) interaction Activities On Passage A

  1.
  3.2 Translation practice

  1.
  3.
  2.2 Give the English equivalents of the following words or expressions: electronic commerce
  1) 电子商务 video conference
  2) 视频会议 ever-increasing
  3) 不断增长 supplier
  4) 供应商 internal operation
  5) 内部运营 organization
  6) 组织 transaction
  7)交易 consumer
  8)消费者 efficient
  9) 有效率的 flexible
  10) 有弹性的 Activities On Passage A

  1.
  3.2 Translation practice

  1.
  3.
  2.3 Sentence translation from English to Chinese:
  1) In another word, electronic commerce is the buying, selling and trading of goods and services through private and public networks. 换句话来说,电子商务是指通过私人或公众网络 来买卖或交换货物和服务。
  2) First stage of EC expansion is that within the “connected” or “online” computer users. EC的首个发展阶段局限于“连接”或“在线”计算机用户。
  3) The second wave will come when more people get access to computers (via lowered computer prices or cheaper devices) 第二个高峰将会在更多人可以通过更低廉的价格或设备 连接上计算机的时候来临。 Activities On Passage A

  1.
  3.2 Translation practice

  1.
  3.
  2.3 Sentence translation from English to Chinese:
  4) The third expansion is predicted to be from those with non-computer access to the global network: through broadcast TVs, cable TVs, telephone networks and new appliances. 据预测,电子商务发展的第三次浪潮将会出现在不用电 脑就能上网的技术发展方面:比如通过无线电视、有线 电视、电话网络及新型的设备上网。
  5) A widespread use of these cheaper access media represents the phase of “bringing workplace computers into the living room”. 低廉接入设备的普及标志着 “家庭办公”已跨入了新时 代。 Activities On Passage A

  1.
  3.2 Translation practice

  1.
  3.
  2.4 Sentence translation from Chinese to English
  1)电子商务并不局限于在互联网上。(be limited to) Electronic commerce, of course, is not limited to the Internet.
  2)电子商务使消费者上网寻找质高价廉的产品。(invites sb to do sth) Electronic commerce invites consumers to surf the web to find the best deals on the quality products.
  3) 电子商务的定义将继续发展和延伸。(evolve and expand) The definition of electronic commerce will continue to evolve and expand. Activities On Passage A

  1.
  3.2 Translation practice

  1.
  3.
  2.4 Sentence translation from Chinese to English
  4)电子商务也包括了网上买卖,电子资金转账,智能卡、 数字货币及类似行为。 (selling over the Web) Electronic commerce also includes buying and selling over the Web, electronic funds transfer, smart cards, digital cash, and all other ways of doing.
  5)电子商务是在全球范围内支持这些变化和使之发生的 动力。(on a global scale) Electronic commerce is a means of enabling and supporting such changes on a global scale. End Activities On Passage A
Passage B
The Evolution Of Electronic Commerce

  1)Till today, EC’s development could be classified into 4 stages, each marked with technological breakthrough. 迄今为止,电子商务的发展可分为4个阶段,每个阶段都标 志着技术上的突破。 注解:each marked with technological breakthrough. 注解 是过去分词短语的独立主格结构形式,each是逻辑主语,指 each of the 4 stages。
Notes To Passage B
Passage B
The Evolution Of Electronic Commerce

  2) However, these developments were impossible if not for the affordable communications infrastructure, including normal telephone lines. 不过,如果没有象普通电话线之类的廉价通讯基础设施, 这些发展也是不可能发生的。 注解:2006年1月17日,中国互联网络信息中心(CNNIC) 注解 在京发布“第十七次中国互联网络发展状况统计报告”。报告 显示,截至2005年12月31日,我国上网用户总数突破1亿,为
  1.11亿人,其中宽带上网人数达到6430万人。这些是与各电信 运营商在基础建设方面的大量投入分不开的。
Notes To Passage B
Passage B
The Evolution Of Electronic Commerce

  3) The World Wide Web is the universe of networkaccessible information, an embodiment of human knowledge." -- Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web. 万维网是在线的无穷尽的信息总汇,是人类知识的结晶。 Tim Berners-Lee, 万维网的发明者之一。 注解:万维网(World Wide Web,缩写为WWW)是因 注解 特网上的超文件系统。超文本文件通过一个称为“网页浏 览器”的程序从服务器(或称“网站”)获取信息(或称 “文档”、“档案”、“网页”),并在您的电子计算机 屏幕上显现出来。您可以通过网页中的超级链接来在各个 网页中间跳跃,甚至可以像服务器回传信息互动交流。这 种跟随超级链接的上网方式通常被称为“网上冲浪”。 End Notes To Passage B

  1.6
1 2 3 4 5
Activities

  1.
  6.1 Tell whether the following statements are (T) or false (F)
The first stage of EC appears in the 1970’s. EDI can provide a higher degree of security, performance than EFT. MOSAIC and NAVIGATOR were the first generation of internet browser. Users can travel from one site to another by clicking on hyperlinks in the World Wide Web. The turning point of electronic commerce is the emergence of internet browser. Activities On Passage B T T T
F
F

  1.6
Activities

  1.
  6.2 Match the English on the right with Chinese on the left
1 value-added networks A 金融机构 2 transaction 3 internet browser 4 financial institutions 5 hypertext B 超文本 C 增值网 D 交易 E 互联网浏览器
End Activities On Passage B
商务信件格式
Format of Commerce Letters

  1.
  7.1 Indented Style 缩行式
Indented style is easier to read. But it is rarely used in business. It is a slightly less formal modification of full block format. Some people still use it for hand written personal letters.

  1.
  7.
  1.1 Features of the indented format include: Your address is on the right hand side of the page The date is on the right. The closing, signature, and printed name are all indented to the right half of the page. The greeting is flush left. The first line of each paragraph is indented, it starts 1 cm from the margin. A line is not placed between each paragraph. Basic E-commerce Writing
商务信件格式
Format of Commerce Letters

  1.
  7.
  1.2 Here is an example of a letter written in an indented style:
56 Yango Rd BROGALA VIC 3321 20 October 1998 45 Carlton St. GREENS CAPE VIC 3467 Dear Greg, It was great to hear from you. I cannot believe you will be turning 40 next month. I can remember our high school days so well. My wife and I would be delighted to come to your 40th birthday party. We are really looking forward to it. Regards John
Basic E-commerce Writing
商务信件格式
Format of Commerce Letters

  1.
  7.2 Full-block Style 全齐头式
The commonest layout for the business letter today is known as the blocked style. It is considered the most formal. In this style all new lines of typing are ranged to the left, all text starts at the left margin.

  1.
  7.
  2.1 Features of full-blocked format include: All text starts at the left margin No punctuation in the addresses No punctuation in the greeting No punctuation in the farewell Inside address, salutation, closing and signature are all on the left An empty line separates each paragraph Four spaces for the signature Basic E-commerce Writing
商务信件格式
Format of Commerce Letters

  1.
  7.
  2.2 Here is an example of a letter written in a full-blocked style:
Radio Products 123 Main Rd COVILLE VIC 3241 16 October 1998 Rosa Bellafiore General Television Services 234 Grand Ave MONTPELLIER NSW 2345 Dear Ms Bellafiore, Thank you for your inquiry about our radio communications software. I am enclosing our brochure and price list of our products. Our communications products are widely used and have a proven record of value for money and reliability. If you have further questions, please contact us. Yours sincerely Jane Broker
Basic E-commerce Writing
商务信件格式
Format of Commerce Letters

  1.
  7.3 Semi-block Style 混合式/半齐头式 This format is a combination of indented style and block style, all the paragraphs are blocked against the left margin except letter heading, date, complimentary close and signature to the right of the center of the paper.

  1.
  7.
  3.1 Features of a modified block format include: Your address is on the right hand side of There is no punctuation in the addresses The date is on the right hand side of the The farewell is on the right hand side of An empty line separates each paragraph Inside address, salutation and body parts at the left margin Basic E-commerce Writing the page page the page all start
商务信件格式
Format of Commerce Letters
3303 West Valley Cove Round Rock, Texas 78664 August 5, 1990

  1.
  7.
  3.2 Here is an example of a letter written in a modified blocked style:
Personnel Assistant JD Employee Credit Bank of Texas P.O. Box 32345 Austin, Texas 78745 Dear Personnel Assistant: I am writing about your newspaper ad in the August 1 Austin-American Statesman concerning your need for an experienced programmer in the database environment. I believe that I have the qualifications and experience that you are looking for. Enclosed you will find a resume, which will give you additional information on my background and qualifications. I would welcome a chance to talk further with you about the position you are s
 

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