Objective
Unit 17
Notes To Passage A Activities On Passage A
Notes To Passage B Activities On Passage B
Basic E-commerce Writing
Related Reading
Work online
Unit 17
学 习 目 标
Objective: In this unit, you will learn: The definitions of e-government What the government activities generally involve Beneficial Effects of e-government Basic E-commerce English Writing Focus: How to explain definitions of e-government Nodus: How to make e-government program successful
Passage A
E-government & Its Beneficial Effects

  1) Electronic government (e-government) refers to government activities that take place by digital processes over a computer network, usually the Internet, between the government and members of the public and entities in the private sector, especially regulated entities. 电子政府是指通过在计算机网络(通常在因特网) 电子政府是指通过在计算机网络(通常在因特网)中的数字化 进程,政府和公众,私营部门实体, 进程,政府和公众,私营部门实体,特别是监管机构之间所发生 的活动。 的活动。 注解:名词短语usually Internet是插入语 是插入语, 注解:名词短语usually the Internet是插入语,对a computer network作进一步解释 作进一步解释; entities也是插入 network作进一步解释;especially regulated entities也是插入 成分,进一步说明entities entities。 成分,进一步说明entities。
Notes To Passage A
Passage A
E-government & Its Beneficial Effects

  2) Government agencies have to be motivated to distribute information online, and automate processes that are otherwise subject to corrosive, corruptive influences. 必须督促政府机构在网上发布信息以及自动操作过程,否则, 必须督促政府机构在网上发布信息以及自动操作过程,否则,它 们就很容易受到腐蚀,腐败的影响。 们就很容易受到腐蚀,腐败的影响。 注解:注意动词motivate的用法:基本意思是“引起动机;促使;激发” 例 如: to motivate the child to learn new words 激励小孩子学习新词 l Examinations do not motivate a student to seek more knowledge. 考试不能促使学生去追求更多的知识。 其次,注意that引导的从句是定语从句,修饰其先行词Government agencies; 另外,短语be subject to的意思是“在...条件下; 常遭...; 易受...的侵袭; 受控 制;”
Notes To Passage A
Passage A
E-government & Its Beneficial Effects

  3) By diminishing the one-on-one human interaction and subjective decision-making that can induce corruption, the process itself is made transparent and the field is leveled. 通过减少可能诱发腐败的一对一的人际交往和主观决策, 通过减少可能诱发腐败的一对一的人际交往和主观决策, 可使过 程本身透明化从而将滋生腐败的场所夷为平地. 程本身透明化从而将滋生腐败的场所夷为平地. 注解:定语从句that corruption修饰 修饰the one注解:定语从句that can induce corruption修饰the oneondecision-making; on-one human interaction and subjective decision-making; 主语the process是指 是指the 主语the process是指the process of interaction and decision-making. decision-making.
End Notes To Passage A

  17.
  3.1 Critical thinking

  1) What do the government activities generally involve?
  2) Why do government agencies have to be motivated to distribute information online, and automate processes?
  3) What have a lot of people been indicted based on?
  4) By what is the process itself made transparent and the field leveled?
  5) Can you make out the meaning of the word “electronifying”?
Activities On Passage A

  17.
  3.2 Translation practice

  17.
  3.
  2.1 Give the Chinese equivalents of the following words or expressions:

  1) regulated entities
  2) financial transactions
  3) anticipated benefits
  4) government institutions
  5) distribute information online
  6) back-end integration
  7) front-end portal
  8) the beneficial dynamic of civil society
  9) certain types of business licenses
  10) the actual public works project procurement bidding
监管机构 金融交易 预期利益 政府机构 在线发布信息 后端整合 前端入口
有利于动态的文明社会 某种类型的商业许可证
实际的公共建设工程 采购投标(竟投) 采购投标(竟投)
Activities On Passage A

  17.
  3.2 Translation practice

  17.
  3.
  2.2 Give the English equivalents of the following words or expressions:

  1)
  2)
  3)
  4)
  5)
  6)
  7)
  8)
  9)
  10)
  10) 电子信息交换 营运成本 直接交流 核心成分 透明度 信息的局限性 民主体制 诱发腐败 竞投过程 主观决策 the electronic exchange of information operating costs direct communications the core ingredients transparency the restriction of information the democratic institutions induce corruption bidding processes subjective decision-making
Activities On Passage A

  17.
  3.2 Translation practice

  17.
  3.
  2.3 Sentence translation from English to Chinese:

  1) These activities generally involve the electronic exchange of information to acquire or provide products or services, to place or receive orders, to provide or obtain information, or to complete financial transactions. . 这些活动通常涉及获取或提供产品或服务、下单或接单、 这些活动通常涉及获取或提供产品或服务、下单或接单、提供或 获取信息或完成各种金融交易等各种电子信息交换。 获取信息或完成各种金融交易等各种电子信息交换。
  2) E-government is fundamentally about visibility, accessibility and extensibility, and these are the core ingredients for transparency in government. 从根本上说,电子政府具有可见性、易接近性和延伸性, 从根本上说,电子政府具有可见性、易接近性和延伸性,这些都是 透明政府的核心成分。 透明政府的核心成分。
  3) However, e-government is just a tool, and transparency depends as much on how that tool is used as it does upon its mere existence. 然而,电子政府也只不过是一种工具。 然而,电子政府也只不过是一种工具。透明度主要还是取决于人们 如何利用该工具就如同工具取决于其本身的存在一样。 如何利用该工具就如同工具取决于其本身的存在一样。
Activities On Passage A

  17.
  3.2 Translation practice

  4) The point is that the democratic institutions in question need to hold government actors accountable, and e-government can help that to happen more easily. 关键的是:在讨论中的民主体制必须能够促使政府官员负起责任, 关键的是:在讨论中的民主体制必须能够促使政府官员负起责任, 而电子政府更容易促成政府官员做到这一点。 而电子政府更容易促成政府官员做到这一点。
  5) Too little attention is paid to the beneficial effects (in terms of transparency in particular) of electronifying processes as opposed to information. 人们对电子化过程的有益影响关注甚微(尤其是在透明度方面)。 人们对电子化过程的有益影响关注甚微(尤其是在透明度方面)。
Activities On Passage A

  17.
  3.2 Translation practice

  17.
  3.
  2.4 Sentence translation from Chinese to English

  1)我们必须用功学习才能精通英语。(acquire) 我们必须用功学习才能精通英语。 We must work hard to acquire a good knowledge of English.
  2) 应该促使政府机构为公众利益服务。(motivate) 应该促使政府机构为公众利益服务。 Government agencies have to be motivated to serve the public benefits.
  3)网上发布产品信息是一件轻而易举的事。(distribute) 网上发布产品信息是一件轻而易举的事。 网上发布产品信息是一件轻而易举的事 It’s easy to distribute product information online.
Activities On Passage A

  17.
  3.2 Translation practice

  4) 随 着 电 子 政 务 的 出 现 , 人 们 在 网 上 获 取 政 府 信 息 已 成 为 事 实 。 access) (access) With the advent of e-government affairs, people accessing to government information online has come true.
  5)是什么引诱你做这样的傻事?
  5)是什么引诱你做这样的傻事? (induce) 是什么引诱你做这样的傻事 What induced you to do such a foolish thing?
End Activities On Passage A
Passage B
E-government Programs To Be Successful

  1) E-government programs, to be successful, must have laws and regulations mandating transparency and accountability, creating privacy, information, transparency and accountability laws. 电子政务计划要想取得成功, 电子政务计划要想取得成功, 就必须具有授权于透明度和问责性的 法律、法规,创造出隐私法律、信息法律、透明度和问责制的法律。 法律、法规,创造出隐私法律、信息法律、透明度和问责制的法律。
注解:不定式to successful用作目的状语 用作目的状语; 注解:不定式to be successful用作目的状语;现在分词短语 accountability是定语修饰 是定语修饰laws mandating transparency and accountability是定语修饰laws regulations; and regulations;而creating privacy, information, laws则是充当伴随状语 则是充当伴随状语。 transparency and accountability laws则是充当伴随状语。
Notes To Passage B
Passage B
E-government Programs To Be Successful

  2) Anti-corruption laws need to be passed that include the forming of overseeing bodies that will have the power to investigate officials in governments and in the private sector who are involved in corruption. 必须通过反腐败法, 必须通过反腐败法,其中包括组成有权调查政府官员和私营部门的贪 污者监管机构。 污者监管机构。 注解:该句为复合句;定语从句that 注解:该句为复合句;定语从句that include the forming of overseeing bodies that will have the power to investigate official in governments and in the private sector who are corruption修饰的先行词是主语Anti修饰的先行词是主语Anti involved in corruption修饰的先行词是主语Anti-corruption laws,而该从句中又包含了两个定语从句, laws,而该从句中又包含了两个定语从句,前者修饰先行词 bodies,后者修饰先行词official official。 overseeing bodies,后者修饰先行词official。 。
Notes To Passage B
Passage B
E-government Programs To Be Successful

  3) Many countries are realizing that corruption has serious effects on the economic health of the country, in eradicating poverty and in creating an equal and just society for all. 许多国家逐渐认识到,腐败已严重影响到国家经济的健康发展, 许多国家逐渐认识到 , 腐败已严重影响到国家经济的健康发展 , 给消 除贫困,创造一个公平、公正的社会带来了严重的影响。 除贫困,创造一个公平、公正的社会带来了严重的影响。
注解:动词eradicate 意思是“根除;扑灭” 例如: 注解:动词eradicate 意思是“根除;扑灭”。 例如: Their goal was to eradicate poverty. 他们的目标是消除贫困
End Notes To Passage B

  17.6
Activities

  17.
  6.1 Tell whether the following statements are (T) or false (F) 1 Laws and regulations mandating transparency and accountability must be passed so as to make e-government programs successful It’s unnecessary for the Governments to be the leaders in developing transparency and accountability in the countries and jurisdictions over which they rule. Nowadays, few international funding organizations take steps to add riders to contracts, regarding corruption, when monies are donated. Most countries in the developing world have anti-corruption laws with serious sanctions for offenders. These freedom of information laws, privacy laws, anticorruption laws should be included in transparency laws.
T F F F T
2
3 4 5
Activities On Passage B

  17.6
Activities

  17.
  6.2 Match the English on the right with Chinese on the left 1 Transparency and accountability mechanisms 2 Anti-corruption laws 3 overseeing bodies 4 international funding organizations 5 financial scandals 6 the ultimate penalty 7 accepting bribes 8 ethical standards
A 监管机构 B 道德规范 C 最高处罚 D 反腐败法律 E 国际融资机构 F 受贿 G 透明度和问责机制 H 金融丑闻 End
Activities On Passage B
社交电文( 社交电文(
  3)
Social Message

  17.
  7.1 Letter of Apology 道歉信
If you want to thank a business for good service, low prices, or professional courtesies. A brief letter acknowledging will reinforce a solid business relationship. More likely than not, the receipt of such a letter will ensure you future good service. If you are going to thank a customer for purchasing a product or service, this letter may provide a courteous way to build a respectful and warm relationship with your customer and an opportunity to sell more products or services in the future. Try to follow these hints when writing thank-you letters: Keep your letters short and simple - usually one page is enough. Be sure your letters are professional, for example: typed, no errors, on quality paper, etc. Send your letter within in a short time - do not put it off! Provide new or main information of your company Express your continued interest and enthusiasm on the trade relationship
Basic E-commerce Writing
社交电文( 社交电文(2
 

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