The commercial law of market economy as adjustment basic legal system in the legal system, plays a very important role. But since China has no single intact for business jurisprudence research, and long-term attachment in civil law, and therefore not only make China business jurisprudence linger for a long time, the overhang and research of dealers some basic theoretical issues law also has not agreed. In September 2001, China Law Society was founded, consultation with legal research and marks as an independent legal commercial law 商法作为调整市场经济的基本法律制度, 在整个法律体系中占有非常重要的地位。 但由于中 国没有单独的商法典, 对商法学的研究长期依附于民法而进行, 因此不但使中国商法学的研 究长期徘徊不前,而且对商法学的一些基本理论问题也一直没有取得共识。2001 年 9 月, 中国法学会商法学研究会宣告成立,从而标志着商法作为一个独立法律

  1.What is language for? Some people seem to think it is for practicing grammar rules and learning lists of words??the longer the words the better. That‘s wrong. Language is for the exchange of ideas, for communication. 语言到底是用来干什么的呢?一些人认为它是用来操练语法规则和学习一大堆单词??而 且单词越长越好。这个想法是错误的。语言是用来交换思想,进行交流沟通的!
  2. The way to learn a language is to practice speaking it as often as possible. 学习一门语言的方法就是要尽量多地练习说。
  3. A great man once said it is necessary to dill as much as possible, and the more you apply it in real situations, the more natural it will become. 一位伟人曾说,反复操练是非常必要的,你越多的将所学到的东西运用到实际生活中, 他们就变的越自然。
  4.Listening and imitating should always go together. Use the LIP method! Listen-Imitate -Practice! 听和模仿一定要同时做,使用“LIP”方法:听、模仿、操练!
  5. Use all your senses to learn English. You must hear English, read English, touch English, smell English,and taste English. Feel English with your heart. Immerse yourself in this language. Begin to think in English. 运用一切感官学习英语。你必须听英语、说英语、触摸英语、闻英语,还要尝尝英语的 味道。用心去感受英语。让自己沉浸在这门语言当中。学会用英语思考。
  6. Relax! Be patient and enjoy yourself. Learning foreign languages is just a piece of cake. 放轻松!要有耐心,并且享受英语带来的乐趣!学习外语只不过是小菜一碟。
  7. Rome wasn‘t built in a day. Work harder and practice more. Your hardworking will be rewarded by God one day. God is equal to everyone! 冰冻三尺,非一日之寒。更加努力的学习,更加勤奋的操练,你所付出的一切将会得到 上帝的报答,上帝是公平的。
  8. Use a dictionary and grammar guide constantly. Keep a small English dictionary with you at all time. When you see a new word, look it up. Think about the word??use it. in your mind, in a sentence. 经常使用字典和语法指南。 随身携带一本小英文字典, 当你看到一个新字时就去查阅它,
思考这个字??然后学着去用它,在你的心中,在一个句子里。
  9. Try to think in English whenever possible. When you see something, think of the English word of it; then think about the word in a sentence. 一有机会就努力去用英文来思考。看到某事时,想想它的英文单词;然后把它用到一个句子 中去。
  10. Practice tenses as much as possible. When you learn a new verb, learn its various forms.A thousand words will not leave so an deep impression as one deed. 尽可能多的操练时 态。学习一个动词的时候,要学习它的各种形态。千言万语不如一个行动
  11. I would also like to learn more about the culture behind the language. When you understand the cultural background, you can better use the language. 我想学习和了解更多关于语言背后的文化知识, 当你理解了文化背景, 你就能更好地运 用语言。
  12.Keep an English journal.Try to write a few sentences about your day and then blurt them out as many times as possible before you go to sleep. This will teach you to “think” in English. This habit will also help you live a move organized and fruitful life. Besides, you will score higher on your composition exams! 坚持写英语日记。写几个句子描述一下你的一天,然后在睡觉前尽可能多地大声操练。 这个方法可以教会你用英语“思考”。这个习惯还可以帮助你生活得更有条理、更有成效。此 外,考试时作文你也可以拿更高的分!
  13.Choose materials that interest you! Reading about things that you like will naturally make learning more enjoyable and efficient. Everything is easier if you enjoy doing it! 选择让你感兴趣的资料!阅读你喜欢的东西自然会使学习变得更愉快、更有效。你喜欢 做,事情就会更容易!
  14.Make your friends proud by teaching them some English sentences. You can become an excellent teacher through tutoring your friends. Teaching is a great way to learn! Also remember, learning English can make people happier, feel younger and live longer! 教你的朋友们英语,让他们感到骄傲。教朋友的过程中你会成为一名出色的老师。教学 是学习的极好途径!别忘了,英语学习会让人更快乐、更年轻、活得更长久!
  15.Don‘t be afraid to ask for help. The more times you ask for help, the more powerful your English will become. Never hesitate to ask! Learn as much as you can from as many different people as you can! An eager student will always find a teacher! 不要害怕寻求帮助。你请 求别入帮越多的忙,你的英语就会越厉害。不要犹豫,尽管发问!尽可能从不同的人身上学 到更多的东西!求知欲强的学生总是会找到老师!
  16.Keep English constantly in your mind by listening, speaking of reading every day! Constant exposure will make it much easier to master this language. If you review only once a week, you will have a hard time remembering what you‘ve learned. 每天听,每天说,每天读,让英语时刻留在你脑中!持续的接触会让你更容易掌握这门 语言。如果你只是一个星期复习一回,要记住你学的东西就太难了。
  17.Keep a positive attitude about English. If you think of English as a burden, it will be one! If you think of English as fun and exciting, you will practice more often and make progress more quickly! 学英语要有积极的态度。如果你认为英语是个负担,它就是个负担!如果你认 为英语有趣又刺激,你就会更经常地练习,进步得更快!
  18.Learning any language takes a lot of effort, but never give up. We will hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope!
学习任何语言都是需要花费很多努力,但绝不要放弃。从绝望中寻找希望,人生终将辉 煌
However, as a new legal department, social (public) interests as the standard, with JiangHangXing standard be facultative unity based, economic value concept is in deep private law on the mutual infiltration and blend, lies in the era of traditional method of spirit of innovation legal value concept. So, the core value of economic law is freedom and order, efficiency and fairness of a kind of harmony between state, its fundamental idea is standing in the height of the social standard to the state, the pursuit of economic and social balance coordination. Further said, economic law of economic relations by complete change, law of economic development in respect the law of social development and the physical world based on the law of development from the microcosmic level security personal, social organization and the government the balance of interests between subjects harmonious, take into account the individual interests, social interests and the interests of the state; From the macroscopic level of government, society, market and achieve social resources balanced on the whole, achieve the optimized allocation of natural person, society and the overall harmony. Two aspects of the common goal is to achieve the ultimate comprehensive development with people for the core of social economic sustainable development. So the book think economic law has three main fundamental principles: build harmonious economic environment balance principle, reasonable distribution of economic resources principle and principle of realizing economic sustainable development. Three principles not non-interference, applied independently, but are conditions, interdependence.
经济法作为一个新兴的法律部门,以社会(公共)利益为本位,是任意性规范与强行性规范 的统一体, 经济法价值理念的基础,在于公私法在深层次上的相互渗透和交融,在于法的 时代精神对传统法律价值理念的革新。所以,经济法的价值核心是自由和秩序、效益和公平 之间的一种和谐状态, 其基本理念是站在社会本位的高度追求对国家、 经济和社会的平衡协 调。 进一步说,经济法通过对经济关系全方位的调整,在尊重经济发展规律,社会发 展规律和物质世界发展规律的基础上, 从微观层次上保障个人、 社会组织与政府主体之间利 益的平衡和谐,兼顾个人利益、社会利益和国家利益;从宏观层次上对政府、社会、市场进 行平衡协调,实现社会资源在整体上的优化配置,达致人、社会与自然的整体和谐。两方面 的共同目的是实现以人的最终全面发展为核心的社会经济持续性发展。 因此本书认为经济法 主要有三个基本原则: 营造平衡和谐经济环境原则、 合理分配经济资源原则和实现经济可持 续发展原则。三大原则并非互不干涉、独立适用,而是互为条件、相互依存。
译文一:Since our country has implemented the socialist market economy, one batch of important trading law formulates.Among them, some has also carried on the new turn revision and the consummation.From this, the support business legal science research commercial law system resources enriched greatly.In this situation, discusses a legal science important aspect is studies the commercial law the implementation.To a great extent, the commercial law theory is implements many question thorough research to the commercial law the achievement.Solves the commercial law implementation problem from the theory and in the practice union, is enhances the commercial law theory standard unceasingly the important way. Is same with other countries, China's commercial law theory should most pay attention to our country the practice, namely bases the Chinese commercial law, solves the Chinese commercial law perfect and the suitable question. The early time, we once spent the big strength introduction overseas trading legal regime and the merchant law theory, today we still had to profit from the overseas law of corporation system and the law of corporation theory positively, but all these, all served in solves the Chinese commercial law perfect and the suitable question, served in the Chinese commercial law modernization, strengthened this aspect the research was extremely essential. How does the research commercial law implementation have to pay attention to the commercial law as far as possible place then transaction, the promotion transaction; Convenience investment, promotion investment.Among them, must deal with the good two issues appropriately specially: One, to the transaction potency judgment, two is the heterogeneity law standard to the transaction potency influence.In the commercial law implementation appropriately is suitable the different legal standard solution trading transaction potency the dispute, regarding protects the litigant legitimate rights and interests, has the extremely vital significance. 译 文 二 : Since our country implemented socialist market economy, a batch of important commercial affairs laws have been made out. Among them, some modification and completion that has also carried on new round. Therefore, one degree of resources of legal system of the trader whose law science of supporting trader studies is abundant greatly. In this case, an important respect of trader's law science is to study the implementation of the commercial law. To a great extent, the commercial law theory is to implement the achievement that a great deal of problems further investigate to the commercial law. Solve the commercial law and implement the problem from combination of theory and practice, it is an important means to improve theory level of the commercial law constantly. Like other countries, the commercial law theory of China should pay close attention to the national practice most, based on China's commercial law, solve the problem that China's commercial law improves and is applicable to. In early days, we have spent the large strength introducing the legal system of commercial affairs and commercial affairs law theory outside the country, we still need to draw lessons fr
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