法律英语培训- 法律英语培训-学前测试 查看全部课程, 法律英语培训>>>>> [查看全部课程,请参加 lawspirit 法律英语培训>>>>> ]
下面是一家外资所(lawfirm)的面试题,我们把它作为法律英语培训的第一课,也让大家测试 一下自己的法律英语水平,不管有多难,我们希望大家能够认真做一做,稍后我们会提供一 个参考答案给大家:) 所以,一定要抓紧时间。
如果这份试卷对您有难度,那我们的目的是:通过我们一年的培训,一年的共同 努力,我们就能很轻易地完成它! 加油!
案例题: 请用英文回答下列案例的问题: 案例
  1: Scat Youngen, attorney at law, fresh out of law school, goes to wor k for Tom Olden, an established personal injury plaintiff’s attorne y. The way the deal operates is this: Olden will given Youngen a bunc h of files to work on, and Youngen gets to keep half of what he make s off the file. Any cases that come in just to see Youngen get the sa me treatment. In return for the 50% Olden gets from Youngen’s work O lden pays all the overhead of the office. Everything was "at will" an d if Youngen ever wanted to leave, he had to pay Olden 50% of all rec overies on cases he took with him. Youngen soon made a name for himself and started getting clients on h is own. One day, two years after Youngen joined Olden, a huge case ca me into the office, just for Youngen. The client said: "I only want y ou to work on my case. Frankly, I don’t like Olden. `Fact o’ bidnes s’ is, I almost didn’t come to you at all, cause I don’t want Olde n to get any part of this fee." No problem, Youngen said. Youngen filed suit (Olden paid the filing fee) and worked the case fr om Olden’ office, then left with all his files one night about six m s onths later. Six months after that, Youngen settled the case for si x ka-zillion dollars, of which two ka-zillion was his fee. Olden file d suit for his one ka-zillion dollar divvy, and Youngen answered tha t the client only wanted youngen to get the fee. Naturally, because t his was a deal lawyers made amongst themselves (instead of for othe
r folks) everything was oral. Olden has a memo that he passed out t o everybody in the firm a year after Youngen joined which said "It ha s come to my attention that lawyers have left this firm in the past w ithout listing all the cases they took with them, and that I haven’ t been getting my half of those settlements. Henceforward, if anyon e leaves, they’ll have to give me a list and sign a promise to pay o ver half. If you don’t like it, give me your keys today. If any clie nts want you particularly to work their case, you can check the fil e out after the client agrees that I have a lien on any fee." Youngen didn’ give the list or sign the promise and his client didn’ t t agree that Olden had a lien. 问题: This case is tried before you without a jury. Write the opinion.
案例
  2: The articles of incorporation of Ergo, Inc. authorize the issuance o f 400,000 Class A Common Shares and 1,000,000 Class B Common Share s, all of which are issued and outstanding. Dart owns all of the Cla ss A shares and none of the Class B shares. Ergo’s Articles provid e that Ergo has seven directors elected by straight voting, with Clas s A shares to elect four directors and Class B shares to elect thre e directors. Several months ago, Ergo’s board of directors properly approved an e xpansion plan for the business that would require $5 million of addit ional capital. At their regular February 1 meeting, the directors di scussed possible sources to fund the expansion plan. One Class B dir ector suggested that Ergo borrow the funds from a bank. Dart, who had elected herself as one of the Class A directors, sugges ted that Ergo issue a new class of shares that Dart would purchase fo r $5 million. The new class of shares (Class C Preferred) would be e ntitled to a cumulative preferred dividend. In support of this alter native, Dart presented an opinion from an independent investment ban k that stated: (
  1) $5 million would be a fair value for the Class C Preferred, and (
  2) in the long run, payment of the proposed preferred dividend woul d be less costly to Ergo than interest payments on a loan.
After one hour of spirited discussion of these alternatives, all seve n directors voted to recommend to the shareholders that Ergo’s Artic les be amended to authorize the issuance of the Class C Preferred a s proposed by Dart. A special meeting of the shareholders was proper ly called for the purpose of voting on the proposed amendment to th e Articles. Prior to that meeting, a proxy statement was issued to all shareholde rs disclosing all relevant information about the plan to issue the Cl ass C Preferred to Dart. However, the proxy statement did not disclo se the alternative funding method the Class B director initially prop osed. At the shareholders meeting, a quorum was present, and the ame ndment to the Articles was adopted by the following vote: In Favor Class A Shares Class B Shares 400,000 720,000 Opposed 0 100,000
Following shareholder approval, the Ergo board of directors met to co nsider the issuance of the newly authorized Class C Preferred. All s even directors voted to issue the Class C Preferred to Dart for $5 mi llion in cash. A Class B shareholder filed a derivative action against the director s to enjoin the issuance of the Class C Preferred to Dart. The Clas s B shareholder alleged (a) that the directors erred in deciding to i ssue the Class C Preferred rather than borrow the money from the ban k; (b) that the directors had breached their duty of care to Ergo; an d (c) that Dart had breached her duty of loyalty to Ergo.
问题: Considering the Class B shareholder’s allegations and all possible d efenses, who is likely to prevail? Explain. 翻译题: 翻译题:

  1.中译英:
  1.中译英: 中译英 授 权 委 托 书 (个人诉讼/仲裁/执行特别授权用)
委托人: 受委托人: 现委托上列受委托人在我(单位)与 的侵权损害赔偿纠纷之调解、仲裁和一 审诉讼、二审诉讼、申诉以及申请执行事项(下称"委托事项")中,作为我方代 理人。上述代理人在委托事项中实施的行为,我方承担完全的法律责任。 代理人 的代理权限: 调查取证,提起诉前财产保全、诉讼财产保全,提起诉讼/仲裁、反诉/反请求、 上诉、申诉、申请执行,确定仲裁庭组成方式、选定仲裁员,参加庭审,代理陈 述、答辩和辩论,处理相关的程序性事务,申请重新鉴定、勘验、评定和认证, 签署、签收全部相关文件,转委托代理,代理调解、和解,承认、变更、放弃诉 讼/仲裁/执行请求,撤回起诉/仲裁、反诉/反请求、上诉、申诉和执行申请,代 理接收全部案款和相关款项。 代理人 的代理权限: 委托期限:自本委托书签署之日起至委托事项办理终结止。 其他事项:本委托书为不可撤销之法律文件。 委托人: 年 英译中:
  2. 英译中: SECTION 1
  02. KNOWLEDGE AND NOTICE. (a) A person knows a fact if the person has actual knowledge of it. (b) A person has notice of a fact if the person: (
  1) knows of it; (
  2) has received a notification of it; or (
  3) has reason to know it e xists from all of the facts known to the person at the time in questi on. (c) A person notifies or gives a notification to another by taking st eps reasonably required to inform the other person in ordinary cours e, whether or not the other person learns of it. (d) A person receives a notification when the notification: (
  1) come s to the person’s attention; or (
  2) is duly delivered at the person’ s place of business or at any other place held out by the person a s a place for receiving communications. (e) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (f), a person other th an an individual knows, has notice, or receives a notification of a f act for purposes of a particular transaction when the individual cond ucting the transaction knows, has notice, or receives a notificatio n of the fact, or in any event when the fact would have been brough t to the individual’s attention if the person had exercised reasonab le diligence. The person exercises reasonable diligence if it maintai ns reasonable routines for communicating significant information to t 月 日
he individual conducting the transaction and there is reasonable comp liance with the routines. Reasonable diligence does not require an in dividual acting for the person to communicate information unless th e communication is part of the individual’s regular duties or the in dividual has reason to know of the transaction and that the transacti on would be materially affected by the information. (f) A partner’s knowledge, notice, or receipt of a notification o f a fact relating to the partnership is effective immediately as knowledge b y, notice to, or receipt of a notification by the partnership, excep t in the case of a fraud on the partnership committed by or with th e consent of that partner.
SECTION 1
  03. EFFECT OF PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT;NONWAIVABLE PROVISIONS. (a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (b), relations among the partners and between the partners and the partnership are governed by the partnership agreement. T o the extent the partnership agreement does not otherwise provide, this [Act] governs relations among the partners and between the partners and the partnership. (b) The partnership agreement may not: (
  1) vary the rights and duties under Section 10 5 except to eliminate the duty to provide copies of statements to all of the partners; (
  2) unreasonably restrict the right of access to books and records under Section 403( b); (
  3) eliminate the duty of loyalty under Section 404(b) or 603(b)(
  3), but: (i) the partnership agreement may identify specific types or categories of activities that d o not violate the duty of loyalty, if not manifestly unreasonable; or (ii) all of the p artners or a number or percentage specified in the partnership agreement may authoriz e or ratify, after full disclosure of all material facts, a specific act or transactio n that otherwise would violate the duty of loyalty; (
  4) unreasonably reduce the duty o f care under Section 404(c) or 603(b)(
  3); (
  5) eliminate the obligation of good faith a nd fair dealing under Section 404(d), but the partnership agreement may prescribe the standards by which the performance of the obligation is to be measured, if the standa rds are not manifestly unreasonable;(
  6) vary the power to dissociate as a partner und er Section 602(a), except to require the notice under Section 601(
  1) to be in writing; (
  7) vary the right of a court to expel a partner in the events specified in Section 601 (
  5);(
  8) vary the requirement to wind up the partnership business in cases specified i n Section 801(
  4), (
  5), or (
  6);(
  9) vary the law applicable to a limited liability partn ership under Section 106(b); or (
  10) restrict rights of third parties under this [Act ].
 

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