词性转换 conversion
Ⅰ.汉语与英语各自的词 性转换 You can happy your friend, malice or foot your enemy, or fall an axe on his neck.
adj.v.

  1.现在分词和过去分词
  2.与动词同根词
  3.表示知觉、感情、欲望等表示心理状态的 形容词 例1:The people of the two countries seek a deep-rooted understanding through the multiplication of our economic and cultural ties.
例2:We find welcome emphasis on the principles of the equality of status all over the world in China’s approach to relations with other countries. 例3:Everybody present was unware of what had happened in the earlier days.
adv.v.
例1:Jane is out. 例2:The workers are out. 例3:She’d be down in a little.
英语中名词转换成动词

  1:For 20 years they were passive witnesses to the deterioration of prices of our raw materials and an excessive increase of the prices of manufactured goods. 例2:We also realized the growing need and necessity to industrialize certain sectors of economy.
例3:There is a big increase for all kinds of consumer goods in every part of our country. 例4:The sight and sound of our jet planes filed me with special longing. 例5:I’m afraid I cannot teach you skating. I think Tom is a better teacher than I. 例6:She is a well-known singer. Some of my class-mates are good singers.
例8:to have a rest to have a look 例9:The pessimistic forecast speaks of the destruction of the balance of naturepollution, waste and hunger. 例10:The victory of justice over arbitrary acts, of reason over decadence and blindness, of democracy over imperialism, of good over evil, our victory of 25 October will represent one of the glorious pages in history.
Prep.v. 例1:China is in. 例2:In view of human history, this could be a slight enough hope. 例3:The road to development is long but we are firmly on it.
转换成名词
v. n. Independent observers have commented favorably on the achievement you have made in this direction. adj. n. A week after the president’s visit to China, China was in in America.
词义引申

  1、什么是词义引申?
  2、依据 例
  1:The car in front of me stalled and I missed the green. 例
  2:A threatened king in chess must be protected. 例
  3:Another factor in the development of dermatology has been the growth of societies, regional and national, at which much cross-fertilization of minds took place.

  1、词义引申的范围 A.将词义做抽象化引申 例
  1:Every life has its roses and thorns. 例
  2:She felt that this moment of interview for her first job was a tremendous inch in her whole existence. 例
  3:As far as the head goes, at lease, she does credit to the educational system pursued at my establishment.
B.将词义做具体化引申 例:When the Sheridans were little, they were forbidden to set foot there because of the revolting language and of what might catch. C.适当运用成语 例
  1:I stood there, my whole attention fixed upon the motions of her finggers. 例
  2:Drew Pearson, a-thirty-four-year-old reporter, described them “ragged, weary and apathetic” with “no hope on their faces”.
D.变换表达方式

  1:This little, frail old man…sought comfort in the past. He was bewildered by the present, and afraid of the future. 例
  2:It is a no-win dilemma.
定语的翻译(一)

  1:He wears cotton underpants. 例
  2:She takes in stray cats who have no home. 例
  3:Well! That’s an interesting idea. 例
  4:Your selfish brother took all the ice cream. 例
  5:I am taking these flowers to my sick neighbor.
定语的翻译(二)

  1:My car is in my parking space. 例
  2:The unfriendly waiter made our meal unpleasant. 例
  3:The hunter waded across the shallow river. 例
  4:What a terrible thing to have happened!
定语的翻译(三)
例1:The dishonest man victimized an old lady by cheating her. 例2:He eats unhealthy food full of fat. 例3:That book is a tale about the Old South. 例4:I turned on the lights in a dark room.
增译法
一、定义:是指根据英汉两种语言的不同思 维方式、语言习惯和表达方式,在翻译是增 添一些词、短语或句子,以便更准确的表达 出原文所包含的意义。 二、英译汉:增加的动词比较多 汉译英:增加连词,介词,冠词 三、目的:译文语法结构的完整,保证译文 意思的明确 四、动词、形容词、副词、名词、语气助词、 量词、表复数的词和表时间的词

  1:My work, my family, my friends were more than enough to fill my time.(增加动词) 例
  2:Now and then his boots shone.(增加副 词) 例
  3:“This is grasping at straws, I know,”said the helpless man. 例
  4:He began to see things and to understand. 例
  5:He was wrinkled and black, with scant gray hair.
例6: Very acute problems exist among them. 例7: I knew it quite well as I know it now. 例8: This too was a complete lie. 例9: “All that made this Christmas Day was my knowing it was.” 五、根据句法的需求甚至可以增加主语和 谓语,增加一个主句(口语) 例
  10:What about calling him right away? 例
  11:If only I could see the realization of the four modernizations.
省略法(omission)
与增译法相反,省略法就是删去不符合目标 语思维习惯,语言习惯和表达方式的词
  1、you:常常繁殖所以在译文中往往可以省 略 例:You can never tell. After you.
  2、He shrugged his shoulders, shook his head, cast up his eyes but said nothing.
  3、连接词(并列、原因、条件、时间) 例
  1:I can do it, and so can you.

  2:If winter comes, can spring be far behind? 例
  3:As the temperature increase, the volume of water becomes greater.
  4、冠词 例
  1:The horse is a useful animal. 例
  2:A teacher should have patience in his work. 练习
  1、He ate and drank, for he was exhausted. 、

  2、“It will make a man of him ,” said 、 Jack, “college is the place.”
  3、Mother insisted to this day that she 、 thought I was just joking.
  4、Nobody could count on his restrain or 、 rationality.
 

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